Nikah

Nikah, or nikkah, ( _ar. النكاح ), is the contract between a bride and bridegroom and part of an Islamic marriage, a strong covenant (mithaqun Ghalithun) as expressed in Qur'an 4:21.

The first part of the marriage ceremony, nikah, is the signing of the marriage contract itself.

Various traditions may differ in how nikah is performed because different groups accept different texts as authoritative. Therefore, Sunnis will likely accept Bukhari Hadith while Shia will have their own collections, for example Furu al-Kafi, thus producing different procedures. This contract requires the consent of both parties if they are adults. There is a tradition in some Muslim countries, outside of the religion, to pre-arrange a marriage for young children. However, the marriage still requires consent when the wedding actually goes ahead. A nikah allows both parties to add conditions. Islam does allow divorce (talaq) so this contract is revocable. Marriage is seen as a necessity in Islam and is seen as helpful in avoiding zina (extramarital sex), or cruelty. An unofficial marriage that does not inform the public is called the nikah urfi.

Mahram

A Mahram is a close relative who is not allowed to marry other relatives. Mahram is of two kinds: Permanent Mahrams, who are blood relatives; and Temporary Mahrams, who are related through marriage.

See also

* Walima (Marriage banquet)
* Islamic view of marriage
* Nikah urfi
* Nikah Mut‘ah (An Islamic Contract Marriage)
* Ketubah (A Jewish Marriage contract)
* Quaker wedding (Christian marriage "by declaration" signed by all witnesses present at wedding)

External links

* [http://www.nikah.com Nikah Muslim Matrimonials]
* [http://www.haqislam.org/marriage/nikah-khutbah.htm Nikah Khutbah]
* [http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/fundamentals/hadithsunnah/bukhari/062.sbt.html Sahih Bukhari, Book 62 - hadith about marriage]
* [http://nikahsearch.com/marriage/marriage.htm Marriage Hadiths and Marriage in Islam]
* [http://www.soundvision.com/info/Islam/marriage.nikah.asp An-Nikah: The Marriage]
* [http://www.muslimwedding.org/yartix.html Articles on Marriage within Islam]

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • nikah — /nēˈkä/ (Islam) noun A marriage contract or marriage ceremony ORIGIN: Ar …   Useful english dictionary

  • nikâh — is., huk., Ar. nikāḥ 1) Bir erkekle bir kadının evlilik birliği kurmasını sağlayacak yasal işlem On beş güne kadar nikâhınız oluyor diye işittim, pek sevindim. R. N. Güntekin 2) esk. Nikâh sırasında erkeğin kadına borçlandığı para Kadın… …   Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük

  • nikah — is. <ər.> Kəbin, izdivac, evlənmənin qanuni şəklə salınması. <Arvadların> hər birisi ki, razı olsa ona dübarə Abbas Məhəmməd oğluna nikah oxuna və kəbin kağızı yazıla və hər birisi ki, razı olmasa, haman saat buraxıla. . M. F. A …   Azərbaycan dilinin izahlı lüğəti

  • Nikah — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen (Literatur, Webseiten oder Einzelnachweisen) versehen. Die fraglichen Angaben werden daher möglicherweise demnächst gelöscht. Hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • nikah — ə. kəbin, izdivac, evlənmə …   Klassik Azərbaycan ədəbiyyatında islənən ərəb və fars sözləri lüğəti

  • NİKÂH — Evlenme. Şeriata uygun şekilde evlenme. * Resmi evlenme muâmelesi. (Bak: Mücâhede …   Yeni Lügat Türkçe Sözlük

  • nikah — Bir erkekle bir kadının evlilik birliği kurmasını sağlayacak yasal işlem …   Hukuk Sözlüğü

  • Nikah Urfi — is a kind of marriage. Etymology Urfi (Arabic: عرفي) comes from the Arabic word Urf, which means custom, convention, or a customary act.In its modern context, Urfi is used to connote something which is in difference to official state ceremony or… …   Wikipedia

  • Nikah Ijtimah — (English: combined marriage) is a form of polyandry that existed in the Pre Islamic period in the Arabian peninsula. Contents 1 Definition 2 History 3 References 4 See also …   Wikipedia

  • Nikah Misyar — Nikâh al Misyar Religion religions abrahamiques : judaïsme · christianisme · islam …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”