Amati is the name of a family of Italian
violinmakers, who flourished at Cremonafrom about 1549 to 1740.
Andrea Amati (ca.
1505– ca. 1578) was the earliest maker of violins whose instruments still survive today. Indeed he seems more or less responsible for giving the instruments of the modern violin family their definitive profile. A small number of his instruments survive, dated between the years of 1500 and 1574 and most bearing the coat of arms of Charles IX of France.
Antonio and Girolamo Amati
Andrea Amati was succeeded by his sons Antonio Amati (born ca. 1550) and Girolamo Amati (1551-1635). "The Brothers Amati", as they were known, implemented far-reaching innovations in design, including the perfection of the shape of the
f-holes. They are also thought to have pioneered the modern alto format of viola, in contrast to older tenor violas.
Nicolò Amati (
December 3, 1596– April 12, 1684) was the son of Girolamo Amati. He was the most eminent of the family. He improved the model adopted by the rest of the Amatis and produced instruments capable of yielding greater power of tone. His pattern was unusually small, but he also made a wider model now known as the "Grand Amati", which have become his most sought-after violins.
Of his pupils, the most famous were
Antonio Stradivariand Andrea Guarneri, the first of the Guarneri family of violin makers. (There is much controversy regarding the apprenticeship of Antonio Stradivari. While Stradivari's first known violin states that he was a pupil of Amati, the validity of his statement is questioned.)
The last maker of the family was Nicolo's son, Girolamo Amati, known as Hieronymus II (
February 26, 1649 – February 21, 1740). Although he improved on the arching of his father's instruments, by and large they are inferior and no match for the greatest maker of his day, Antonio Stradivari.
Extant Amati instruments
* Amati instruments at the [http://www.usd.edu/smm/ National Music Museum] :
** Andrea Amati:
*** [http://www.usd.edu/smm/Cellos/Amati/Amaticello.html Cello, "The King", circa 1545, the world's oldest extant cello]
*** [http://www.usd.edu/smm/Violas/Amati3370/3370AmatiViola.html Viola, 1560]
*** [http://www.usd.edu/smm/Violins/Amati3366/3366AmatiViolin.html Violin, 1560]
*** [http://www.usd.edu/smm/Violins/Amati5260/5260AmatiViolin.html Violin, 1574]
** Girolamo Amati:
*** [http://www.usd.edu/smm/Violins/Amati3423/3423AmatiViolin.html Violin, 1604]
*** [http://www.usd.edu/smm/Violins/Amati3364/HAmatiViolin.html Violin, 7/8-size, 1609]
*** [http://www.usd.edu/smm/Violins/AmatiViolinoPiccolo/3361ViolinoPiccolo.html Violino piccolo, 1613]
** Nicolò Amati:
*** [http://www.usd.edu/smm/Violins/AmatiNicolo/3356NAmatiViolin.html Violin, 1628]
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