Santa Clara, California

Santa Clara, California

Infobox Settlement
official_name = City of Santa Clara, California
other_name =
native_name =
nickname =
settlement_type = City
motto =



imagesize =
image_caption = Santa Clara Convention Center


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mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Location in Santa Clara County and the state of California


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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = California
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Santa Clara
subdivision_type3 =
subdivision_name3 =
subdivision_type4 =
subdivision_name4 =
government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Patricia M. Mahan
leader_title1 =
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area_magnitude = 1 E8
unit_pref =
area_footnotes =
area_total_km2 = 47.6
area_land_km2 = 47.6
area_water_km2 = 0.0
area_total_sq_mi = 18.38
area_land_sq_mi = 18.4
area_water_sq_mi = 0.0
area_water_percent =
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population_as_of = 2005
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population_note =
population_total = 109000
population_density_km2 = 2149.1
population_density_sq_mi = 5566.2
population_metro =
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timezone = PST
utc_offset = -8
timezone_DST = PDT
utc_offset_DST = -7
latd = 37 |latm = 21 |lats = 16 |latNS = N
longd = 121 |longm = 58 |longs = 9 |longEW = W
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 23
elevation_ft = 75
postal_code_type = ZIP codes
postal_code = 95050-95056
area_code = 408
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 06-69084
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1654953
website = http://www.santaclaraca.gov/
footnotes =

Santa Clara, California (IPAEng|ˌsæntəˈklærə), founded in 1777 and incorporated in 1852, is a city in Santa Clara County, in the U.S. state of California. The city is the site of the eighth of 21 California missions, Mission Santa Clara de Asís, and was named after the mission. The Mission and Mission Gardens are located on the grounds of Santa Clara University.

Santa Clara is located in the center of Silicon Valley, and is home to the headquarters of Intel, Applied Materials, Sun Microsystems, NVIDIA, Agilent Technologies, and many other high-tech companies. It is home to both Mission College and Santa Clara University, the latter being the oldest institution of higher learning in the state of California.

Santa Clara is also home to Great America, an amusement park operated by Cedar Fair, L.P. The San Francisco 49ers NFL football team has its heaquarters and practice facilities in Santa Clara. On Wednesday, November 8, 2006, the 49ers announced their intention to move the team to Santa Clara, after negotiations failed with the city of San Francisco to build a new stadium. [cite news | url=http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20061109/ap_on_sp_fo_ne/fbn49ers_relocate_5 | title=Source: 49ers plan to move out of S.F. | publisher=Yahoo News | date=November 9 2006 (Link dead as of 15 January 2007)]

Santa Clara owns and operates an electric utility called Silicon Valley Power. In 2005 Silicon Valley Power brought online the Donald Von Raesfeld (DVR) Power Plant. The new combined-cycle gas turbine plant produces 147 megawatts of electricity for the city and its residents. ["Silicon Valley Power Dedicates Donald Von Raesfeld Power Plant on June 15, 2005," City of Santa Clara news release (2005)] As a result, the going rate for electricity in Santa Clara is considerably cheaper than that offered by Northern California's dominant utility, Pacific Gas and Electric.

Geography and environment

Santa Clara is drained by three seasonal creeks, all of which empty into the southern portion of San Francisco Bay; these creeks are San Tomas Aquino Creek, Saratoga Creek, and Calabazas Creek.

There are some significant biological resources within the city including habitat for the burrowing owl, a species of special concern in California due to reduction in habitat from urban development during the latter 20th century. ["Environmental Impact Report for the Esperanca property, Santa Clara, California", Earth Metrics Inc., California State Clearinghouse (1990}] This owl uses burrows created by ground squirrels and prefers generally level grasslands and even disturbed areas.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000GR|2, there were 102,361 people, 38,526 households, and 24,117 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,566.2 people per square mile (2,149.1/km²). There were 39,630 housing units at an average density of 2,155.0/sq mi (832.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 55.59% White, 29.27% Asian, 2.29% African American, 0.53% Native American, 0.43% Pacific Islander, 6.94% from other races, and 4.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.99% of the population.

There were 38,526 households out of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the city the population was spread out with 19.9% under the age of 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 39.1% from 25 to 44, 19.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 103.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.9 males.

According to a 2006 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $80,048, and the median income for a family was $90,701. [http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=ChangeGeoContext&geo_id=16000US0669084&_geoContext=01000US%7C04000US06%7C16000US0668252&_street=&_county=santa+clara&_cityTown=santa+clara&_state=04000US06&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=010&_submenuId=factsheet_1&ds_name=ACS_2006_SAFF&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null&reg=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry=] Males had a median income of $58,641 versus $43,131 for females. The per capita income for the city was $31,755. About 4.5% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.3% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.

Representation

*California Governor ::Arnold Schwarzenegger (R)

*Federal Senators::Barbara Boxer (D)::Dianne Feinstein (D)

*Federal Representative::Mike Honda (D) of California's 15th congressional district

*State Senator::Elaine Alquist (D)

*State Assembly Members::Sally J. Lieber (D) of California's 22nd Assembly District::James T. Beall, Jr. (D) of California's 24th Assembly District

*Santa Clara County Board of Supervisors::Ken Yeager of District 4

*City Manager::Jennifer Sparacino

*Mayor::Patricia M. Mahan

*City Council::Dominic J. Caserta ::Will Kennedy::Kevin Moore::Joe Kornder::Patrick Kolstad::Jamie McLeod

History

The first European to visit the valley was José Francisco Ortega in 1769. He found the area inhabited by Native Americans the Spanish called the Costanos, "coast people," later known as the Ohlone. The Spanish began to colonize California with 21 missions and the
Mission Santa Clara de Asis was founded in 1777.

In 1846, the American flag was raised over Monterey and symbolized the transfer of California to the United States. In 1851, Santa Clara College was established where the old mission used to be. In 1852, Santa Clara was incorporated as a town; it became state-chartered by 1862. The economy centered on family farms since orchards and vegetables were thriving on the fertile soil. In 1905, the first public high-altitude flights by man were made over Santa Clara in gliders designed by John J. Montgomery. By the beginning of the 20th century, the population had reached 5,000 and stayed about the same for many years.The semiconductor industry, which sprouted around 1960, changed the valley forever; little of its agricultural past remains.

Santa Clara's first medical hospital was built in 1963. This structure, on Kiely Boulevard, was replaced in 2007 with the new Kaiser Permanente medical center located on Lawrence Expressway at Homestead Road.

Santa Clara was also home to a major mental health facility, Agnews State Hospital. According to the National Park Service, more than 100 persons were killed at this site in the 1906 earthquake. The site is now home to Sun Microsystems and is listed in the National Register of Historic Places.

26th Mar Thoma Family Conference of the Diocese of North America & Europe of the Mar Thoma Syrian Church of Malabar, the Church which was started by St. Thomas, one of the Apostles of Jesus, was held at Santa Clara from 24th to 27th of July 2008. About 1000 families from all US, Canada and Europe attended the Conference. Rev.James Veeramala, Vicar of San Francisco Mar Thoma Parish served as the President of the Conference

ister cities

Santa Clara currently has three sister cities. They are:
*
*
*

Notable residents and natives

* Soccer player Michelle Akers was born in Santa Clara.
* Several champion swimmers, including Donna De Varona, Claudia Kolb, and Mark Spitz, attended Santa Clara High School and trained in the Santa Clara International Swim Center.
* NFL Quarterback Dan Pastorini graduated from Santa Clara University.
* NFL Quarterback Steve Bartkowski graduated from Buchser High School (later renamed Santa Clara High School) in Santa Clara.
* Major League Baseball third-baseman Carney Lansford attended Wilcox High School in Santa Clara.
* Two-time NBA MVP Steve Nash and Giants fielder Randy Winn played basketball together for Santa Clara University. Former Lakers forward and former Lakers Head Coach and current Lakers assistant Kurt Rambis played basketball for Santa Clara University.
* Santa Clara is home to the six-time DCI Division I World Champions, the Santa Clara Vanguard.
* Colorado Rockies shortstop Troy Tulowitzki was born in Santa Clara on October 10, 1984.
* Disney animator and cartoon voice actor, Tony Anselmo raised in Santa Clara.
* Darren Huckerby, San Jose Earthquakes soccer player, resides in Santa Clara.

ee also

*Santa Clara Unified School District
*Golden State Baptist College
*Santa Clara University
*Santa Clara County, California
*Santa Clara Convention Center
*Agnew's Village, California

References

External links

* [http://www.santaclaraca.gov/ City of Santa Clara website]
* [http://www.library.santaclaraca.gov/ Santa Clara City Library]
* [http://www.gsbc.edu Golden State Baptist College of Santa Clara]
* [http://www.santaclara.org Santa Clara Convention and Visitors Bureau website]
* [http://www.santaclarachamber.org Santa Clara Chamber of Commerce website]
* [http://www.kaisersantaclara.org Kaiser Hospital Santa Clara website]
* [http://maps.google.com/?ie=UTF8&om=1&z=12&ll=37.343413,-121.926956&spn=0.118459,0.2314&t=k Santa Clara Aerial Shot]


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