Przeworsk culture

Przeworsk culture

The Przeworsk culture is part of an Iron Age archaeological complex that dates from the 2nd century BC to the 4th century. It was located in what is now central and southern Poland and parts of eastern Slovakia and Carpathian Ruthenia ranging between the Oder and the middle and upper Vistula Rivers into the headwaters of the Dniester and Tisza Rivers. It takes its name from the village near the town Przeworsk where the first artefacts were found.

The immediately preceding Pomeranian culture occupied this same area. To the east, in what is now northern part of Ukraine and southern Belarus, was the Zarubintsy culture, to which it is linked as a larger archaeological complex. In the east and to the north of the Zarubintsy culture was the Chernoles culture, which is usually identified as a very early Slavic community, representing a stage near to Proto-Slavic.

At its northeastern edge, the Goths developed the Wielbark culture along the lower and middle Vistula. To the northeast of the Goths, there was a Baltic (and likely Baltic-speaking) culture, perhaps the Aesti.

Roman-era writers report this area as being occupied by Veneti as well as Lugians, to the South. A substantial effort has been expended in the past to characterize the latter as an early Slavic-speaking community. Modern thinking, however, leans towards assigning the culture to an association of tribes of proto-Slavic, Germanic, or Celtic origin. The early Burgundians are known to have been settled in portions of the area towards the end of this cultural period. The Veneti who were later Slavicized (see "Relation between Veneti and Slavs") were found here.

ee also

* Lendians

Resources

*JP Mallory, "Przeworsk culture", "Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture", Fitzroy Dearborn, 1997.
* [http://www.muzarp.poznan.pl/archweb/gazociag/title5.htm "The Goths in Greater Poland", Tadeusz Makiewicz]


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