Fort Wayne, Indiana

Infobox Settlement
official_name = City of Fort Wayne
settlement_type = City
nickname = The Summit City, The City That Saved Itself, The FortSalter Rodriguez, Rosa, [http://www.journalgazette.net/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20070622/FOCUS02/706220414/0/FOCUS01 'City of Churches' hard to prove: Census stats can't back up old moniker] , "The Journal Gazette", June 22, 2007. Retrieved on 2008-07-20.]
founder = Jean François Hamtramck
named_for = Gen. "Mad" Anthony Wayne
motto = "Room for Dreams"


imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Downtown Fort Wayne in May 2008



image_




mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Location in the state of Indiana, USA


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name = flagicon|US United States
subdivision_name1 = flagicon|Indiana Indiana
subdivision_name2 = Allen
government_type = Mayor-council government
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Tom Henry
leader_title1 = City Clerk
leader_name1 = Sandra Kennedy
leader_title2 = City Council
leader_name2 = Collapsible list
title = Common Council
title_style =
frame_style = border:none; padding: 0;
list_style = text-align:left;display:none;
1 = Marty Bender
2 = Liz Brown
3 = John Shoaff
4 = Tom Smith
5 = Karen Goldner
6 = Tom Didier
7 = Mitch Harper
8 = Tim Pape
9 = Glynn A. Hines

established_title = French settlement
established_date = 1680s
established_title1 = Founding
established_date1 = October 22, 1794
established_title2 = Incorporated (town)
established_date2 = 1829
established_title3 = Incorporated (city)
established_date3 = February 22, 1840
area_magnitude = 1 E9
area_total_sq_mi = 79.12
area_total_km2 = 204.92
area_land_sq_mi = 78.95
area_land_km2 = 204.48
area_water_sq_mi = 0.15
area_water_km2 = 0.4
area_urban_sq_mi = 135.25
area_urban_km2 = 350.30
area_metro_sq_mi = 1368
area_metro_km2 = 3554
population_as_of = 2007
population_note =
population_total = 251,247
population_metro = 570,779
population_urban =
population_density_km2 = 1006.1
population_density_sq_mi = 2605.7
timezone = EST
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
postal_code_type = ZIP Code
postal_code = 468
area_code = 260
latd = 41 |latm = 04 |lats = 50 |latNS = N
longd = 85 |longm = 08 |longs = 21 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 247
elevation_ft = 810
website = [http://www.cityoffortwayne.org/ www.cityoffortwayne.org]
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 18-25000GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0434689GR|3
twin1 =
twin1_country =
twin2 =
twin2_country =
twin3 =
twin3_country =
footnotes =

Fort Wayne is a city in northeastern Indiana, United States and the county seat of Allen County. As of July 1, 2008, the city had an estimated population of 251,247, making it the 71st largest city in the United States. [Shawgo, Ron, " [http://fortwayne.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/JG/20080710/LOCAL/807100303 City tops 250,000 mark: Annexation accounts for increase] ", "Fort Wayne Journal Gazette", July 10, 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-10.] Fort Wayne is Indiana's second largest city after Indianapolis. [ [http://www.50states.com/indiana.htm Indiana Largest Cities] . Retrieved on 2008-05-03.] In 2006, the combined population of the Fort Wayne Metropolitan Statistical Area was 570,779, making it the third largest metropolitan area in the state. [Shawgo, Ron, " [http://www.fortwayne.com/mld/journalgazette/14866771.htm City count approaches 250,000, census says] ", "Fort Wayne Journal Gazette", June 21, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-06-21.]

The city sits within a convert|250|mi|km|sing=on radius of 17 percent of the total United States population, within a day's drive of half of the nation's population, [ [http://www.ft-wayne.in.us/home/facts.html Fort Wayne Facts] . Retrieved 2008-02-27.] and nearly equidistant from the economical centers of Chicago, Cincinnati, Columbus, Detroit, and Indianapolis, [ [http://www.cityoffortwayne.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=468&Itemid=620 Fort Wayne Facts - City of Fort Wayne] . Retrieved on 2008-04-29.] greatly influencing Fort Wayne's local economy, primarily based on manufacturing, insurance, and healthcare. [ [http://www.city-data.com/us-cities/The-Midwest/Fort-Wayne-Economy.html Fort Wayne: Economy - City-Data] . Retrieved on 2008-04-29.] The metro area is also a contributor to the nation's agricultural sector. The city has been presented with the All-America City Award in 1982-1983 and 1998. [ [http://www.ncl.org/aac/past_winners/past_winners_state.html National Civic League Past Winners] . Retrieved 2008-01-22.]

United States Army general and American Revolutionary War statesman General "Mad" Anthony Wayne is the namesake of Fort Wayne. [cite web | url=http://www.cityoffortwayne.org/index.php?Itemid=247&id=99&option=com_content&task=view | title=Fort Wayne History | publisher=City of Fort Wayne | accessdate=2008-09-05] The United States Army built Fort Wayne last in a series of forts near the community of Kekionga, the largest of the Miami villages, which was located where the St. Joseph River and St. Marys River converge to form the Maumee River. [Brice, Wallace A. (1868) "History of Fort Wayne, from the Earliest Known Accounts of this Point to the Present Period". "D.W. Jones & son".]

History

The Miami nation first established a settlement at the Maumee, St. Joseph, and St. Marys Rivers in the mid-17th century called Kekionga. The village was the traditional capital of the Miami nation and related Algonquian tribes. Historians believe that around 1676, French priests and missionaries visited the Miami on their way back from a mission at Lake Michigan. In 1680, René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle sent a letter to the Governor-General of Canada stating he had also stopped there. In the 1680s, French traders established a post at the location because it was the crucial portage between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River. The Maumee River is approximately ten miles (16 kilometers) away from the Little River branch of the Wabash River, which flows, in turn, into the Ohio River. [Goodrich, De Witt C. and Charles Richard Tuttle (1875) An Illustrated History of the State of Indiana. (NP:R. S. Peale & Co., ND).]

In 1696, Comte de Frontenac appointed The Miami regained control of Kekionga, a rule that lasted for more than thirty years.

In 1790, President George Washington ordered the United States Army to secure Indiana. Three battles were fought in Kekionga against Little Turtle and the Miami Confederacy. Miami warriors annihilated the United States Army in the first two battles. Anthony Wayne led a third expedition, destroying the village while its warriors were away. When the tribe returned to their destroyed village, Little Turtle decided to negotiate peace. After General Wayne refused it, the tribe was advanced to Fallen Timbers where they were defeated on August 20, 1794. On October 22, 1794, the United States army captured the Wabash-Erie portage from the Miami Confederacy and built a new fort at the three rivers, Fort Wayne, in honor of General Wayne. [Hoxie, Frederick E. (1996) "Encyclopedia of North American Indians: Native American History, Culture, and Life from Paleo-Indians to the Present". "Houghton Mifflin Company". p.343 ISBN 0-395-66921-9.]

Fort Wayne prospered under the construction of the Wabash and Erie Canal, earning Fort Wayne's nickname, The Summit City, due to the city's placing at the zenith of the locks on the canal. Fort Wayne lost national prominence in the demise of the Wabash and Erie Canal as the railroad system quickly took its place. On February 22, 1840, the Town of Fort Wayne incorporated as the City of Fort Wayne. [ [http://www.answers.com/topic/fort-wayne-history?cat=travel Fort Wayne: History: County Seat Becomes Industrial Center] . Retrieved on 2008-05-04.] Population growth occurred most in the 19th century with the arrival of German, Polish, and Irish immigrants, bringing large numbers of Roman Catholics and Lutherans.

In recent history, the focus of citizens has been the concern of bolstering business and beautification in the core of Fort Wayne. Within the last decade, the city has improved in this venture, with the renovations and expansions of the Main Library Branch and Grand Wayne Convention Center. In 2006, it was announced that plans for a new $125 million development, [Lanka, Benjamin "Fort Wayne Journal Gazette", February 21, 2008. Retrieved on 2008-02-27.] containing a new baseball stadium, parking garage, condominiums, shops, and Courtyard by Marriott Hotel were to be built in downtown Fort Wayne between 2008 and 2010. This project has come to be known as the Harrison Square project. [Leininger, Kevin, [http://www.news-sentinel.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080101/NEWS/801010314 Harrison Square] , "Fort Wayne News-Sentinel", January 1, 2008. Retrieved on 2008-01-27.] [ [http://www.downtownfortwayne.com/story.php?cat=1&sub=&uid=135 Harrison Square] . Retrieved on 2008-02-27.] [ [http://jordan.fortwayne.com/jgweb/specials/multimedia/Harrison-Square/Harrison-Square.html Harrison Square] . Retrieved on 2008-02-27.]

Geography

Fort Wayne is located at coor dms|41|04|50|N|85|08|21|W|city (41.07253, -85.13937). [ [http://tiger.census.gov/cgi-bin/mapsurfer?infact=2&outfact=2&act=move&on=CITIES&on=GRID&on=cen_blkg&on=censusb&on=con_dist&on=counties&on=indian&on=majroads&on=miscell&on=msa&on=places&on=railroad&on=shorelin&on=streets&on=tracts&on=interstate&on=statehwy&on=states&on=street_names&on=ushwy&on=water&on=zip_code&tlevel=-&tvar=-&tmeth=i&mlat=41.07375&mlon=-85.13902&msym=redpin&mlabel=Fort_Wayne__IN&murl=&lat=41.07253&lon=-85.13937&wid=0.031&ht=0.031&conf=mapnew.con US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990] . United States Census Bureau (2005-05-03). Retrieved on 2008-10-02.] For a regional summit, Fort Wayne lies on fairly flat land, with the exception of few hills and depressions throughout the region. Marshes and wetlands are prevalent in portions of southwest Fort Wayne and Allen County, as well as some quarries. West of the city lies the Tipton Till Plain while land east of the plain is the former Black Swamp. The St. Marys River cuts through the southeast section of Allen County, flowing northward, while the St. Joseph River cuts through the northeast section of the county, flowing southward. Both rivers converge roughly in the center of the county to form the Maumee River, which flows northeastward, eventually emptying into Lake Erie.

Climate

Fort Wayne, like most of the Midwest, has a humid continental climate. Summers are hot and humid, and winters are generally cold with frequent snowfall. Precipitation is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year. Severe weather is not uncommon, with tornadoes rarely occurring, particularly in the spring and summer months, though funnel clouds are observed more frequently. [ [http://www.crh.noaa.gov/iwx/CLI/FWA/history/climatedescription.php Fort Wayne, Indiana Climate - Tornadoes - NWS Northern Indiana] . Retrieved on 2008-04-30.] The most severe tornado, an F2 on the Fujita scale, struck portions of northern Fort Wayne on May 26, 2001, causing extensive damage to Northcrest Shopping Center and other businesses along the Coliseum Boulevard corridor, moving on to a subdivision, but resulting in only three minor injuries. [ [http://www.crh.noaa.gov/iwx/program_areas/events/2001/05_26_01_fwator/index.php NOAA - A Summary of the May 26, 2001 Tornado Event Over Northern Indiana and Extreme Northwest Ohio] . Retrieved on 2008-04-25.]

The National Weather Service reports the highest recorded temperature in the city at convert|106|°F|°C|abbr=on on July 14, 1936, and June 29, 1988, and the lowest recorded temperature at convert|-24|°F|°C|abbr=on on January 12, 1918. [ [http://www.crh.noaa.gov/iwx/CLI/FWA/history/climatedescription.php Fort Wayne, Indiana Climate - Heat / Cold - NWS Northern Indiana] . Retrieved on 2008-04-30.] The wettest month on record was July 1986, with convert|11.00|in|mm of precipitation recorded. The greatest 24-hour rainfall was convert|4.93|in|mm on August 1, 1926. The average annual precipitation ranges from convert|36.55|in|mm at the airport to convert|37.90|in|mm at the Fort Wayne Water Pollution Control Plant. During the winter season, snowfall accumulation averages convert|32.4|in|mm per year. Lake effect snow is not rare to the region, but usually appears in the form of light snow flurries. The snowiest month on record was convert|29.5|in|mm in January 1982 (the 1981-1982 winter season was also the snowiest season on record, with convert|81.2|in|mm reported). The greatest 24-hour snowfall was convert|12.6|in|mm on March 10, 1964. [ [http://www.crh.noaa.gov/iwx/CLI/FWA/history/climatedescription.php Fort Wayne, Indiana Climate - Winter Weather - NWS Northern Indiana] . Retrieved on 2008-04-30.]

Architecture

*Allen County Courthouse, Clinton Street, Beaux-Arts-style government building, Brentwood S. Tolan, 1897-1902
*Allen County War Memorial Coliseum, 4000 Parnell Avenue, sports arena, Alvin M. Strauss, 1952
*Anthony Wayne Bank Building, 203 East Berry Street, commercial highrise, 1964
*Canal House, 114 West Superior Street, warehouse, 1852
*Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, Gothic-style church, 1860
*Center School, restored schoolhouse, 1893
*Concordia Senior College (now Concordia Theological Seminary), Eero Saarinen, 1953
*Crooks House, residence, postmodernist Michael Graves, 1976
*Embassy Theatre and Indiana Hotel, 121 West Jefferson Boulevard, theater and hotel, Alvin M. Strauss, 1928
*Fort Wayne Museum of Art, 311 East Main Street, art museum, Walter Netsch, 1984
*Grand Wayne Center, 120 West Jefferson Boulevard, convention center, 1985, 2005
*Hanselmann House, residence, Michael Graves, 1967
*Hugh McCulloch House, 616 West Superior Street, residence, 1853
*J.B. Franke House, 2131 Forest Park Boulevard, residence, Francis Barry Byrne, 1914
*J. Ross McCulloch House, 334 East Berry Street, residence, 1883
*Lincoln Bank Tower, 116 East Berry Street, Art-Deco highrise, Alvin M. Strauss, 1930
*Old City Hall, 302 East Berry Street, Richardsonian Romanesque-style government building, 1893
*One Summit Square, 101 East Washington Boulevard, commercial highrise, 1981
*Pennsylvania Railroad Station, 231 West Baker Street, train station, 1914
*Chief Jean Baptiste de Richardville House, 5705 Bluffton Road, Greek Revival residence, 1827
*Saint Paul's Evangelical Lutheran Church, 1126 Barr Street, Gothic-style church, 1889
*Snyderman House, residence, Michael Graves, 1972
*The Landing, Columbia Street, Italianate, Renaissance, and Romanesque commercial lowrises, 1868-1943
*Trinity English Lutheran Church, 405 West Wayne Street, church, 1923
*Wermuth House, residence, Eero Saarinen, 1942

Demographics

Media

The major newspaper in the city is the independent "Fort Wayne Journal Gazette", a daily that has more than twice the circulation of the city's second daily, the Pulitzer Prize-winning "Fort Wayne News-Sentinel". The two dailies have separate editorial departments, but under a joint operating agreement, printing, advertising, and circulation are handled by Fort Wayne Newspapers, Inc. The city is also served by several free weekly and monthly alternative and neighborhood newspapers, including "Aboite & About", "Dupont Valley Times", "Frost Illustrated", "Ink", "The Macedonian Tribune" (the oldest and largest Macedonian language publication produced outside of the Balkans [ [http://www.macedonian.org/tribune/ About the "Macedonian Tribune"] . Retrieved on 2008-05-30.] ), "St. Joe Times", "Whatzup Magazine", and "The Waynedale News".

The Fort Wayne radio market is the 105th-largest in the nation. Beginning broadcasting in 1925, Fort Wayne's second radio station, WOWO, is now an independent news/talk radio station, featuring local and network news talkshows. Two National Public Radio stations, WBNI and WBOI, are based in the city. Fort Wayne is served by a handful of UHF television stations as the 106th-largest media market in the nation. Broadcast network affiliates include WANE-TV (CBS), WFFT-TV (FOX), WISE-TV (NBC), WPTA (ABC), and WFWA (PBS). Religious broadcasters include WINM and W07CL. The CW Network and My Network TV also are cable-only for many Fort Wayne market viewers as they are broadcast by digital sub-channels of WPTA-TV and WISE-TV, respectively, and not broadcast on an NTSC channel.

Recreation

Fort Wayne's first park (and smallest), the 0.2 acre (800 m²) Old Fort Park, was established in 1863. The newest developed park includes Buckner Park, established in 2004. Franke Park is Fort Wayne's most extensive park, at 316.4 acres (1.3 km²), also the home of the Fort Wayne Children's Zoo (ranked as the ninth best zoo in the nation by "Child Magazine" in 2004 [cite web | title= Magazine: Tampa zoo tops for kids | publisher= "Saint Petersburg Times" | url= http://www.sptimes.com/2004/05/05/Tampabay/Magazine__Tampa_zoo_t.shtml | accessdate=2008-02-02] ). Downtown Fort Wayne is home to the Foellinger-Freimann Botanical Conservatory [ [http://www.botanicalconservatory.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=23&Itemid=18 Botanical Conservatory - About the Conservatory] , Foellinger-Friemann Botanical Conservatory. Retrieved on 2008-06-28.] and the convert|20000|sqft|m2|sing=on Lawton Skatepark. [ [http://www.fortwayneparks.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=72&Itemid=310 Fort Wayne Parks & Recreation - Lawtown Skatepark] , Fort Wayne Parks and Recreation. Retrieved on 2008-06-28.] As of 2007, Fort Wayne Parks and Recreation maintained 84 parks and dozens of smaller community parks and playgrounds, covering 2,805 acres (8.9 km²). Allen County Parks include Cook's Landing County Park, Fox Island County Park, Metea County Park, and Payton County Park, all four of which cover nearly 900 acres (3.6 km²). [ [http://allencountyparks.org/parks/fox-island/ Fox Island County Park] , Allen County Parks. Retrieved on 2008-04-12] Northeast of Fort Wayne, near Grabill, is Hurshtown Reservoir, the largest body of water in Allen County, at convert|240|acre|km2.

Fort Wayne is also making efforts in restoring natural wetlands to the region. In southwest Allen County, the Little River Wetlands Project's Eagle Marsh contains 683 acres (2.8 km²) of protected wetlands, making it the third largest wetland restoration in the state of Indiana. Nearby Arrowhead Marsh is also in the process of restoration. Many species of turtles, herons, and cranes have been reported of making a resurgence in the wetlands. [ [http://www.lrwp.org/wildlife_habitats.html Little River Wetlands Project – Wildlife/Habitats] , Little River Wetlands Project. Retrieved on 2008-04-12.] [ [http://www.lrwp.org/eagle_marsh.html Eagle Marsh] , Little River Wetlands Project. Retrieved on 2008-04-12.] [ [http://www.lrwp.org/arrowhead.html Arrowhead Marsh] , Little River Wetlands Project. Retrieved on 2008-04-12.]

Trails

In recent decades, Fort Wayne has developed new paths and paved walking trails along the riverbanks, known as the Rivergreenway Trail System, not only to beautify the riverfronts, but to also promote healthier living habits for residents around the community. The Rivergreenway Trail System currently encompasses around convert|20|mi|km throughout Allen County. [ [http://www.fortwayneparks.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=24&Itemid=52 Fort Wayne Parks & Recreation - Rivergreenway] , Fort Wayne Parks and Recreation. Retrieved on 2008-06-28.]

It was announced November 2007, that the Indiana Department of Transportation (INDOT) had awarded the City of Fort Wayne nearly $1 million to aid in construction that will soon begin on a new extension of the Rivergreenway, called the Pufferbelly Trail, that will eventually link the Fort Wayne Children's Zoo in Franke Park and the northern suburbs of Fort Wayne with the rest of the trail system. The final plan includes joining Pokagon State Park near Angola, Indiana in the north, and Ouabache State Park in the south near Bluffton, Indiana. [cite web | title=Area nature trails get $3.3 million | publisher= "Fort Wayne Journal Gazette" | url=http://www.journalgazette.net/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20071113/LOCAL/71113007 | accessdate=2007-11-15]

In the spring of 2008, ABC affiliate WPTA-TV received $10,000 in seed money from the reality television series "Oprah's Big Give" which was then received by Aboite New Trails, Fort Wayne Trails, Greenway Consortium, and Northwest Allen Trails, four organizations in Fort Wayne. The donations topped $1 million April 12, 2008 at a community celebration named "Oprah's Big Give: Fort Wayne Trails" in Headwaters Park with Indianapolis Colts Coach Tony Dungy and players in attendance. [cite web | title=Big Give: Trails top $1 million | publisher= "Fort Wayne Journal Gazette" | url=http://www.journalgazette.net/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20071113/LOCAL/71113007 | accessdate=2008-04-12] On April 21, 2008, Fort Wayne was featured on a segment of "The Oprah Winfrey Show" in recognition for raising the most money of the ninety participating cities in the country. The final total rounded-out to $1.2 million. [ [http://www.oprah.com/about/oprahsbiggive/viewers/tows_112.jhtml Big Give in Fort Wayne, Indiana] , "The Oprah Winfrey Show". Retrieved 2008-04-25.]

Infrastructure

Transportation

Fort Wayne International Airport (formerly known as Baer Field during World War II and Fort Wayne Municipal Airport from 1946-1991) is the state's third busiest airport behind Indianapolis International Airport and South Bend Regional Airport, serving approximately 650,000 passengers annually. [http://www.theallianceonline.com/atc.htm Fort Wayne-Allen County Economic Development Alliance - Airport Development] . Retrieved on 2008-04-30.] Fort Wayne International shares the distinction with O'Hare International Airport and Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport as one of three Midwest commercial airports containing a convert|12000|ft|m|sing=on runway. Fort Wayne International is also homebase for the 122nd Fighter Wing of the Indiana Air National Guard. [ [http://www.inftwa.ang.af.mil/Default.htm 122nd Fighter Wing - Home of the Blacksnakes] . Retrieved on 2008-04-29.] Smith Field, in northern Fort Wayne, is used primarily for small aircraft and pilot education and training. [ [http://www.sfas.us/ Smith Field Air Service] . Retrieved on 2008-04-29.]

Major highways


=Interstates=

*, straddling the west and north fringes of Fort Wayne
* (Ronald Reagan Expressway) [cite web | last = | first = | authorlink = | coauthors = | year = 2005 | url = http://www.in.gov/legislative/bills/2005/SRESF/SC0011.html | title = Indiana 114th Senate Concurrent Resolution #11 | format = | work = | publisher = State of Indiana | accessdate = 2007-07-19] completes a beltway around Fort Wayne and New Haven's southern and eastern outskirts


=U.S. Routes=

*
*
*
*


=Indiana State Roads=

*
*
*
*
*

Airport Expressway, a four-lane divided highway, provides direct access to Fort Wayne International Airport from Interstate 69.

Fort Wayne's mass transit system is managed by the Fort Wayne Public Transportation Corporation. "Citilink" provides bus service via twelve routes through the city, some stops being Georgetown, Glenbrook Square, IPFW, New Haven, and Waynedale, [ [http://www.fwcitilink.com/schemaps.htm Riding Citilink: Schedules & Maps] , Fort Wayne Public Transportation Corporation. Retrieved on 2008-06-25.] along with "Citiloop", a trolley service offered downtown in the summer season. [ [http://www.fwcitilink.com/citiloop.htm Citilink: Citiloop] , Fort Wayne Public Transportation Corporation. Retrieved on 2008-06-25.] In 2007, Citilink served over two million passenger trips. [ [http://www.fwcitilink.com/news.htm Citilink: A service of the Fort Wayne Public Transportation Corporation] , Fort Wayne Public Transportation Corporation. Retrieved on 2008-06-25.]

Healthcare

Fort Wayne is served by six hospitals; Parkview Hospital, Lutheran Hospital of Indiana, Saint Joseph Hospital, Dupont Hospital, Rehabilitation Hospital of Fort Wayne, and Parkview North Hospital, encompassing over 1,300 patient beds. [http://www.answers.com/topic/fort-wayne-health-care?cat=travel Answers.com - Fort Wayne: Health Care] . Retrieved on 2008-05-11.] These six hospitals belong to either of the two health networks serving the region; Parkview Health Systems or Lutheran Health Network. Parkview Hospital, the flagship hospital of Parkview Health Systems, is the fourth largest hospital in Indiana, as well as the largest outside of Indianapolis.

Utilities

Electricity is provided to Fort Wayne residents by Indiana Michigan Power (a unit of American Electric Power), headquartered in the city and serving 575,000 customers in northeastern Indiana and southern Michigan. [ [http://www.indianamichiganpower.com/about/ Indiana Michigan Power - About Us] , Indiana Michigan Power. Retrieved on 2008-05-11.] Northern Indiana Public Service Company (NIPSCO) provides area residents with natural gas. [Benman, Keith, [http://nwitimes.com/articles/2008/05/14/business/business/doc1015708e173bc3498625744800639928.txt NIPSCO says it won't shock customers] , "The Northwest Indiana and Illinois Times Newspaper, May 14, 2008. Retrieved on 2008-07-24.] The City of Fort Wayne supplies residents with 72 million gallons of water per day via the Three Rivers Water Filtration Plant and Saint Joseph River. [ [http://www.cityoffortwayne.org/index.php/content/view/528/703/ Three Rivers Filtration Plant] , City of Fort Wayne. Retrieved on 2008-05-11.] Hurshtown Reservoir, in northeast Allen County, contains 1.8 billion gallons of water to be rationed in the event of a major drought or disaster at the three rivers. [ [http://www.fortwayneparks.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=41&Itemid=308 Hurshtown Reservoir] , Fort Wayne Parks and Recreation. Retrieved on 2008-05-11.]

References

Further reading

*Beaty, John D., "History of Fort Wayne & Allen County, Indiana, 1700-2005", M.T. Publishing Company, 2006, ISBN 1-932439-44-7
*Bushnell, Scott M., "Historic Photos of Fort Wayne", Turner Publishing Company, 2007, ISBN 9781596523777
*Gramling, Chad, "Baseball in Fort Wayne", Arcadia Publishing, 2007, ISBN 9780738541297
*Griswold, Bert J., "Fort Wayne, Gateway of the West", AMS Press, 1973, ISBN 0-404-07133-3
*Hawfield, Michael C., "Fort Wayne Cityscapes: Highlights of a Community's History", Windsor Publications, 1988, ISBN 0-89781-244-1
*Jarosh, Andrew, "Son of a Son of a Politician: Paul Helmke Behind City Hall Doors", Writers Club Press, 2002, ISBN 0595216005
*Martone, Michael, "Fort Wayne is Seventh on Hitler's list: Indiana Stories", Indiana University Press, 1993, ISBN 0-253-33687-2
*Paddock, Geoff, "Headwaters Park: Fort Wayne's Lasting Legacy", Arcadia Publishing, 2002, ISBN 0-7385-1971-5
*Violette, Ralph, "Fort Wayne, Indiana", Arcadia Publishing, 2000, ISBN 0752413090

ee also

*List of people from Fort Wayne, Indiana
*Northern Indiana
*Siege of Fort Wayne

External links

* [http://www.acpl.lib.in.us/ Allen County Public Library]
* [http://www.memorialcoliseum.com/ Allen County War Memorial Coliseum]
* [http://www.cityoffortwayne.org/ City of Fort Wayne]
* [http://www.visitfortwayne.com/ Fort Wayne/Allen County Convention and Visitors Bureau]
* [http://www.fwchamber.org/ Greater Fort Wayne Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.fwhistorycenter.com/ Fort Wayne History Center]
* [http://www.flyfwa.com/ Fort Wayne International Airport]
* [http://www.grandwayne.com/ Grand Wayne Convention Center]
* [http://downtownfortwayne.com/index.php?cat=0 The Downtown Improvement District]


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