Baynard's Castle

Baynard's Castle in London was at various times a castle, house and palace. It existed on the same site, in the south west corner of the City of London, for 600 years from the time of the Norman Conquest until the Great Fire of London. The name is said to be from a Norman landowner Ralph Baynard [ [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=45043] ; also Baignard, Bainardus, Baignardus in various records. Baynard is mentioned in the Domesday Survey.] . It gives its name to the Castle Baynard ward of the City of London.

It had a strategic position on the bank of the Thames where the city walls came down to the river, by the River Fleet and the Fleet Tower (near the present day Blackfriars station).

Although nothing of the building remains, it can be seen in old views of London, and the name survives as Castle Baynard Street, just south of Queen Victoria Street.

Part of William Shakespeare's play "Richard III" takes place in Baynard Castle.

Near the original site today sits "Baynard House" a telephone exchange building (and offices nowadays) owned and operated by BT. Due to the history, near-by road name and "fortress style" architecture, employees refer to the building as "Castle Baynard".

Notes

Reference to Richard III act http://www.shakespeare-online.com/plays/richardiii_3_7.html

References

* [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=36103 1541 London Subsidy roll on British History Online]

ee also

*Fortifications of London


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  • Baynard's Castle — Das Baynard s Castle war eine Festung in London, die im Laufe der Zeit zu einem Palast umgebaut wurde. König Wilhelm I. ließ sie nach der normannischen Invasion im Jahr 1066 errichten, um die Stadt vor Angriffen der Wikinger zu schützen und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Baynard’s Castle — Das Baynard s Castle war eine Festung in London, die im Laufe der Zeit zu einem Palast umgebaut wurde. König Wilhelm I. ließ sie nach der normannischen Invasion im Jahr 1066 errichten, um die Stadt vor Angriffen der Wikinger zu schützen und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Baynard's Castle Wharf —    South out of Thames Street at Baynard s Castle, in Castle Baynard Ward (W. Stow, 1722). In the parish of St. Andrew Wardrobe and St. Bennetts, Paul s Wharf, part of and belonging to a place called Baynard s Castle, containing on the north side …   Dictionary of London

  • Baynard's Castle Stairs —    See Baynard s Castle Wharf …   Dictionary of London

  • Baynard's Castle Lane —    In Upper Thames Street (Strype, 1755 Boyle, 1799). Probably leading to the Wharf.    Not named in the maps.    Named after the Castle …   Dictionary of London

  • Castle Baynard — infobox UK place official name= Ward of Castle Baynard map type= Greater London country= England region= London london borough= City of London latitude= 51.51307 longitude= 0.10471 os grid reference= TQ315811 post town= LONDON postcode area= EC… …   Wikipedia

  • Castle Baynard Wharf —    On the south side of Upper Thames Street at Nos. 12 and 13 (P.O. Directory). In Castle Baynard Ward.    Shown in O.S. 1880.    Named after Baynard s Castle (q.v.).    It seems to be somewhat further east than the old Baynard s Castle Wharf… …   Dictionary of London

  • Castle Street —    1) By Fleet Ditch (W. Stow, 1722).    Qy. = Newcastle Street.    2) See Newcastle Street, Farringdon Street; also Furnival Street, Holborn.    3) South out of Upper Thames Street, in Castle Baynard Ward, west of Paul s Wharf (O. and M. 1677… …   Dictionary of London

  • Castle Baynard Ward —    One of the twenty six wards of the City of London, to the south. Bounded on the north and west by Farringdon Ward Within, east by Queenhithe and Bread Street Wards, and south by the Thames.    First mention: Cal. Letter Book B. p. 257, 1275.… …   Dictionary of London

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