- Baynard's Castle
Baynard's Castle in London was at various times a
castle, house and palace. It existed on the same site, in the south west corner of the City of London, for 600 years from the time of the Norman Conquestuntil the Great Fire of London. The name is said to be from a Norman landowner Ralph Baynard[ [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=45043] ; also Baignard, Bainardus, Baignardus in various records. Baynard is mentioned in the Domesday Survey.] . It gives its name to the Castle Baynardward of the City of London.
It had a strategic position on the bank of the
Thameswhere the city walls came down to the river, by the River Fleetand the Fleet Tower(near the present day Blackfriars station).
Although nothing of the building remains, it can be seen in old views of London, and the name survives as Castle Baynard Street, just south of Queen Victoria Street.
William Shakespeare's play "Richard III" takes place in Baynard Castle.
Near the original site today sits "Baynard House" a telephone exchange building (and offices nowadays) owned and operated by BT. Due to the history, near-by road name and "fortress style" architecture, employees refer to the building as "Castle Baynard".
Reference to Richard III act http://www.shakespeare-online.com/plays/richardiii_3_7.html
* [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=36103 1541 London Subsidy roll on British History Online]
Fortifications of London
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