Alessandro Allori

Alessandro di Cristofano di Lorenzo del Bronzino Allori (May 3, 1535 - September 22, 1607) was an Italian portrait painter of the late Mannerist Florentine school.

Born in Florence. After the death of his father in 1540 he was brought up and trained in art by a close friend, often referred to as his 'uncle', the mannerist painter Agnolo Bronzino, whose name he sometimes assumed in his pictures. In some ways, Allori is the last of the line of prominent Florentine painters, of generally undiluted Tuscan artistic heritage: Andrea del Sarto worked with Fra Bartolomeo (as well as Leonardo Da Vinci), Pontormo briefly worked under Andrea, and trained Bronzino, who trained Allori. Subsequent generations in the city would be strongly influenced by the tide of Baroque styles pre-eminent in other parts of Italy.

Freedburg derides Allori as derivative, claiming he illustrates "the ideal of Maniera by which art (and style) are generated out of pre-existing art." The polish of figures has an unnatural marble-like form as if he aimed for cold statuary. It can be said of late phase mannerist painting in Florence, that the city that had early breathed life into statuary with the works of masters like Donatello and Michelangelo, was still so awed by them that it petrified the poses of figures in painting. While by 1600 the Baroque elsewhere was beginning to give life to painted figures, Florence was painting two-dimensional statues. Furthermore, in general, with the exception of the "Contra Maniera" artists, it dared not stray from high themes or stray into high emotion.

Among his collaborators was Giovanni Maria Butteri and his main pupil was Giovanni Bizzelli. Cristoforo del Altissimo, Cesare Dandini, Aurelio Lomi, John Mosnier, Giovanni Battista Vanni, and Monanni also were his pupils [Hobbes J.R. page 5] . Allori was one of the artists, working under Vasari, included in the decoration of the Studiolo of Francesco I.

He is the father of Cristofano Allori (1577-1621).

Main works

*"Christ and the Samaritan Woman", (Altarpiece, 1575, Santa Maria Novella, now Prato)
*"Road to Calvary", (1604, Rome)
*"Dead Christ and Angels", (Museum Fine Arts, Budapest) [ [http://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/html/a/allori/alessand/ Web Gallery of Art, image collection, virtual museum, searchable database of European fine arts (1100-1850) ] ]
*"Portrait of Piero de Médici", (São Paulo Art Museum, São Paulo)
*"Pearl Fishing", (1570-72, Studiolo of Francesco I, Palazzo Vecchio, Florence) [http://www.ocaiw.com/jmpopera.php?id=18012 image]
*""
*"Allegory of Human Life", [ [http://www.wga.hu/art/a/allori/alessand/portra2.jpg] Dead link|date=July 2008]
*"The Miracle of St. Peter Walking on Water", [http://www.wga.hu/art/a/allori/alessand/st_peter.jpgimage]
*"Venus and Cupid", [http://www.wga.hu/art/a/allori/alessand/venus_cu.jpgimage] (Musée Fabre, Montpellier)

In 2006 the BBC foreign correspondent Sir Charles Wheeler returned an original Alessandro Allori painting to the Gemäldegalerie, Berlin. He had been given it in Germany in 1952, but only recently realized its origin and that it must have been looted in the wake of World War II. The work is a portrait of Eleonora di Toledo, wife of Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and measures 12 cm x 16 cm.cite news
url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/5037002.stm
publisher=BBC
title=Reporter returns looted portrait
date=June 1, 2006
]

References

*1911 The article is available here: [ [http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Alessandro_Allori Alessandro Allori - LoveToKnow 1911 ] ]
* [http://www.all-art.org/early_renaissance/allori1.html Alessandro Allori in the "History of Art"]
*"Painting in Italy 1500-1600", S.J. Freedberg, (Penguin History of Art, 2nd Edition, 1983).
*cite book | first= James R.|last= Hobbes| year=1849| title= Picture collector's manual adapted to the professional man, and the amateur| editor = | pages= | publisher= T&W Boone, 29 Bond Street; Digitized by Googlebooks | id= | url= http://books.google.com/books?q=intitle:picture+intitle:collector's | authorlink=


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  • Alessandro Allori — Autorretrato (1561). Alessandro di Cristofano di Lorenzo del Bronzino Allori (también conocido como Alexandre Allori o Alessandro Allori del Bronzino) fue un pintor italiano manierista perteneciente a la escuela florentina que nació y murió en… …   Wikipedia Español

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  • Allori — * Alessandro Allori (1535 1607) was an Italian portrait ainter * Angelo Allori (1502 1572) better known as Il Bronzino for his dark complexion was a Florentine Mannerist painter * Cristofano Allori (1577 1621) was an Italian portrait painter …   Wikipedia

  • Alessandro — hace referencia a: Alessandro Algardi, escultor italiano. Alessandro Allori, pintor italiano. Alessandro Baricco, novelista, dramaturgo y periodista italiano. Alessandro Manzoni, escritor italiano. Sandro Pertini, ex presidente de Italia …   Wikipedia Español

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