- Hell's Angels (film)
name = Hell's Angels
imdb_id = 0020960
Harry Behn Howard Estabrook
Jean Harlow Ben Lyon
Tony Gaudio Harry Perry
editing = | producer =
released = 1930
runtime = 127 min.
language = English
country = USA
budget = $3,950,000
"Hell's Angels" is a 1930 American epic
war film, directed by Howard Hughesand starring Jean Harlow, Ben Lyon, and James Hall. The film, which was produced by Hughes and was written by Harry Behnand Howard Estabrook, centers on the combat pilots of World War I. It was released on November 15, 1930 by United Artists. [ [http://books.google.com/books?id=4PnEvNC_F9oC&pg=PA33&dq=hell%27s+angels+production+cost&sig=X4-N-8rPqSr7QUbsWBhDVXuFLPk Hells Angels Production Costs] Retrieved: 23 February 2008.] [ Robertson 2001, p. 33.]
Roy and Monte Rutledge are very different British brothers studying at Oxford together at the outset of
World War I. Mild-mannered Roy is in love with and idealizes the wayward Helen, played by Jean Harlow. Monte, on the other hand, is a free-wheeling womanizer who can't refuse any woman's advances. A German student by the name of Karl is best friends to both. After the outbreak of World War I, Karl is recruited into the German Air Force and the two British brothers enlist in the Royal Flying Corps; Roy enthusiastically as a sense of duty and Monte doing so only to get a kiss from a girl at the recruiting station. After their training, Roy finally introduces Monte to Helen, who seduces Monte.
Meanwhile, Karl is serving aboard a
zeppelinthat is flying over London for an attack from high above the clouds. Karl is the bombardier as he is lowered below the cloud-line in a pod, but because of his love for England he directs the zeppelin over a pond on a farm and bombs that instead. Before his superiors find out, RFC fighters are summoned, including Roy and Monte, to shoot down the zeppelin. Unbeknownst to them, the airship commander decides to sacrifice Karl by cutting the cable that secures his pod in order to obtain more altitude and speed to escape the English fliers. The sacrifice is in vain, as is the suicide of several German personnel who jump ship "for Kaiser and fatherland" in a harrowing sequence. German machine gunners manage to shoot down Roy and Monte's plane, which has a deeply unsettling effect on the latter. After his machine guns jammed on him, the last English pilot aloft steers his fighter into the dirigible, killing all aboard in a blazing fireball.
Word gets around that Monte is developing a "yellow streak" and Roy is determined that his brother restore his reputation. In a fit of anger and under enormous pressure from Roy, the brothers both volunteer for a dangerous bombing mission over Germany.
In the night before the raid, Roy discovers Helen in the arms of another officer in a pub. When he tries to take her home, she causes a scene and publicly splits up with him, leaving him devastated.
After the successful raid on a German munitions dump an aerial dogfight ensues, the brothers are shot down and captured. Given the option of a firing squad or treason, Monte's yellow streak fires up again and he plans on giving the enemy any information they want when the Germans promise that his life will be spared. Roy is forced to act so as to protect the thousands of British troops that would be harmed should they squeal, so he kills Monte and then refuses to divulge any information to his captors and is killed by the firing squad.
The film ends with footage of British soldiers successfully attacking the German front lines.
* "Would you be shocked if I put on something more comfortable?" — Jean Harlow as Helen
(in order of film credits)
Originally, the film was to star
James Halland Ben Lyonas Roy and Monte Rutledge, and Norwegian silent filmstar Greta Nissenas Helen, the female lead, and was to be directed by Marshall Neilan. Before the picture even began filming, Hughes' overbearing production techniques forced Neilan to quit. Hughes took over the directing reins, assisted by Luther Reed. Midway through production, the advent of the sound motion picture came with the arrival of "The Jazz Singer". Hughes incorporated the new technology into the half finished film, but the first casualty of the sound age became Greta Nissen due to her pronounced Norwegian accent. He paid her for her work and cooperation and replaced her, because her accent would make her role as a British aristocrat ludicrous. The role was soon filled with a teenage up-and-coming star found by Hughes himself, Jean Harlow.
The two color scenes provide the only color glimpse of Harlow on film. During the shoot, Hughes designed many aerial stunts for the dogfighting scenes. He hired actual World War I aces to fly the stunt planes, but they reportedly refused to fly for the final scene. The aviator in Hughes came out and he flew the scene, getting the shot. As the pilots predicted, however, he crashed the aircraft, escaping with only minor injuries.
One of the aviators was Rupert Syme Macalister, an Australian pilot. Three of the aviators were killed during production. Al Johnson crashed after hitting wires while landing at Caddo Field, near Van Nuys, California; C. K. Phillips crashed while delivering an S.E.5 fighter to the Oakland shooting location. Only mechanic Phil Jones died during filming; he failed to bail out before the crash of the German Gotha bomber.
"Hell's Angels" received its premiere at
Grauman's Chinese Theatrein Hollywoodon May 24, 1930. All the stars and makers of the film attended, as well as Buster Keaton, Dolores del Rio, Norma Talmadge, Mary Pickford, Billie Dove, Douglas Fairbanks, and Charlie Chaplinwith his girlfriend Georgia Hale. While Harlow, Lyon, and Hall received mixed reviews for their acting, Hughes was praised for his hard work on the filming and aircraft sequences. The film went into general release on November 15, 1930in the United States and did quite well at the box office, earning nearly $8 million, about double the production and advertising costs. After inflation, this is roughly equivalent to $90 million as of 2008.
Like many other classic films, "Hell's Angels" has been re-released on VHS and DVD formats by
Universal Studios, who in later years acquired the rights to the film.
* "Jet Pilot" (1957 film)
* Dolan Edward F. Jr. "Hollywood Goes to War". London: Bison Books, 1985. ISBN 0-86124-229-7.
* Hardwick, Jack and Schnepf, Ed. "A Viewer's Guide to Aviation Movies". "The Making of the Great Aviation Films", General Aviation Series, Volume 2, 1989.
* Oriss, Bruce. "When Hollywood Ruled the Skies: The Aviation Film Classics of World War II". Hawthorne, California: Aero Associates Inc., 1984. ISBN 0-9613088-0-X.
* "Production of 'Hell's Angels' Cost the Lives of Three Aviators," Syracuse Herald, Dec. 28, 1930, p. 59.
* Robertson, Patrick. "Film Facts". New York: Billboard Books, 2001. ISBN 0-82307-943-0.
*imdb title|id=0020960|title=Hell's Angels
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Hell’s Angels — Hell’s Angels were US gangs of Harley Davidson motorcycle riders who wanted to continue the camaraderie of the Second World War. A London chapter was authorized from Oakland, California, in 1968. The original Angels inspired the film The Wild… … Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture
Hell's Angels — motorcycle club, first attested 1957. They were called Black Rebels in the 1954 film The Wild One. Earlier the phrase had been used as the title of a film about World War I air combat (1930) … Etymology dictionary
Hell's Angels — Hells Angels Hells Angels Vue des Hells Angels de N.Y.C Date de fondation 17 mars 1948 Fondé par Otto Friedli Lieu … Wikipédia en Français
Hell's angels — Hells Angels Hells Angels Vue des Hells Angels de N.Y.C Date de fondation 17 mars 1948 Fondé par Otto Friedli Lieu … Wikipédia en Français
Hell's Angels — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel: Höllenflieger Originaltitel: Hell s Angels Produktionsland: USA Erscheinungsjahr: 1930 Länge: 127 Minuten Originalsprache: Englisch … Deutsch Wikipedia
Hell’s Angels — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel: Höllenflieger Originaltitel: Hell s Angels Produktionsland: USA Erscheinungsjahr: 1930 Länge: 127 Minuten Originalsprache: Englisch … Deutsch Wikipedia
City of Angels (film) — City of Angels Theatrical release poster Directed by Brad Silberling Produced by … Wikipedia
Film colorization — This article is about colorization of monochrome moving picture images. For colorization of still images, see Hand colouring. The 1935 fantasy film She, colorized. Film colorization is any process that adds color to black a … Wikipedia
Hell's Kitchen (1939 film) — Infobox Film name = Hell s Kitchen caption = Hell s Kitchen Theatrical Poster director = Lewis Seiler E.A. DuPont producer = Mark Hellinger Bryan Foy writer = Crane Wilbur Fred Niblo, Jr. starring = Billy Halop Bobby Jordan Leo Gorcey Huntz Hall… … Wikipedia
Film noir — Der Begriff Film noir [filmˈnwaʀ] (frz. für „schwarzer Film“) bezeichnet ein Filmgenre oder – je nach Sichtweise – eine Stilrichtung des Films. Seine klassische Ära hatte der Film noir in den Vereinigten Staaten der 1940er und 1950er Jahre.… … Deutsch Wikipedia