Argument (disambiguation)

In general parlance, an argument is a discussion involving conflicting points of view.

General types of argument

* Argument, a demonstration of a proof, or using logical reasoning for persuasion
* Argument form, the logical structure of an argument
* Argument map, a method of displaying an informal argument
* Argumentation theory, the science and theory of civil debates
* deductive argument, if valid, the conclusion follows by necessity
* inductive argument, if strong, the conclusion is, at best, probably true
* "Informal argument", in Informal logic is one presented in ordinary language
* oral argument, a verbal presentation to a judge by a lawyer
* heuristic argument, a proof or demonstration relying on experimental results, or one which is not fully rigorous
* argument of a Function (mathematics) , A specific input in a function is called an argument of the function.
* argument of a predicate, in First-order predicate logic a specific input in a predicate is called an argument of the predicate

Specific arguments

* ontological argument, a proof by intuition or reason for the existence of God
* political argument, the use of logic rather than propaganda in promoting political ideas
* practical arguments, the structure of a persuasive argument
* doublespeak argument, the use of misleading or irrelevant reasoning by one side during a debate
* javelin argument, a cosmological reasoning about the infinite size of the universe

Mathematics, science and linguistics

* In mathematics, science (including computer science), linguistics and engineering, an argument is, generally speaking, an independent variable or input to a function.
* the angular component φ of a complex number represented in polar coordinates
* argument principle, a theorem in complex analysis about meromorphic functions inside and on a closed contour
* verb argument, a phrase in a sentence that qualifies a verb
* Specific types of proofs:
** Cantor's diagonal argument, a type of proof over an infinite domain, used to demonstrate that two sets have different cardinalities
** probabilistic argument, a type of proof using probability theory
* argument (computer science), an input to a subprogram or subroutine
** command-line argument, an input from a command line interface to a program
** default argument, an actual parameter to a program that is used when no other actual parameter is provided

Other

* "The Argument", a 2001 album by Fugazi
* argument (literature), the brief summary at the beginning of a section of a poem
* Closing argument -- (also called "summation") is the final presentation by an attorney in court.
* grand argument story, a type of story that is intended to be conceptually complete
* Distinction without a difference
* The Argument Sketch, from Monty Python's Flying Circus
* Toulmin Model, the model of an argument
* Argumentative, a type of evidentiary objection to a question for a witness during a trial...
* Argument (ship), an Australian ship sunk in 1809.

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