- Frank Herbert
name = Frank Herbert
caption = Frank Herbert at the Octocon II convention, Santa Rosa, California, October 1978 (Robert E. Nylund)
birthdate = birth date|1920|10|8|mf=y
deathdate = death date and age|1986|2|11|1920|10|8
period = 1945-1986
movement = New Wave
Robert Jordan, George Lucas
Franklin Patrick Herbert, Jr. (
October 8 1920– February 11 1986) was a critically acclaimed and commercially successful American science fiction author. Although also a short story author, he is best known for his novels"During the next decade, he was an infrequent contributor to the sf magazines, producing fewer than 20 short stories (which nevertheless constituted a majority of his short fiction; he never made a significant impact with work below novel length). " The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction", Clute & Nicholls.] , most notably "Dune" and its five sequels. The "Dune" saga, set in the distant future and taking place over millennia, deals with themes such as human survival and evolution, ecology, and the intersection of religion, politicsand power. "Dune" itself is the "best-selling science fictionnovel of all time," and the series is widely considered to be among the classics in the genre. [cite web | title=SCI FI Channel Auction to Benefit Reading Is Fundamental | url=http://pnnonline.org/article.php?sid=4302|quote="Since its debut in 1965, Frank Herbert’s "Dune" has sold over 12 million copies worldwide, making it the best-selling science fiction novel of all time ... Frank Herbert's "Dune" saga is one of the greatest 20th Century contributions to literature."|accessdate=2006-07-13] Touponce, William F. (1988), "Frank Herbert", Boston, Massachusetts: Twayne Publishers imprint, G. K. Hall & Co, pg. 119, ISBN 0-8057-7514-5. "Locus" ran a poll of readers on 15 April 1975in which "Dune" "was voted the all-time best science-fiction novel...It has sold over ten million copies in numerous editions."]
Frank Herbert was born
October 8 1920in Tacoma, Washingtonto Frank Patrick Herbert Sr. and Eileen McCarthy Herbert. He graduated from high school in 1938, and in 1939 he lied about his age in order to get his first newspaperjob at the " Glendale Star".
There was a temporary hiatus in his career as he served in the U.S. Navy's
Seabeesfor six months as a photographer during World War IIuntil he was given a medical discharge. He married Flora Parkinson in San Pedro, Californiain 1941. They had a daughter, Penny (b. February 16 1942), but divorced in 1945.
After the war he attended the
University of Washington, where he met Beverly Ann Stuart at a creative writing class in 1946. They were the only students in the class who had sold any work for publication; Herbert had sold two pulp adventure stories to magazines, the first to "Esquire" in 1945, and Stuart had sold a story to "Modern Romance" magazine. They married in Seattle, Washingtonon June 20 1946. They had two sons, Brian Patrick Herbert (b. June 29 1947, Seattle, Washington), a best-selling novelist, and Bruce Calvin Herbert (b. June 26 1951, Santa Rosa, California), a gay rights activist who died from AIDS-related illness in 1993.
In 1947 Frank Herbert sold his first science fiction story, "Looking for Something", to "Startling Stories".
Frank Herbert did not graduate from college, according to his son, Brian, because he wanted to study only what interested him and so did not complete the required courses. After leaving college he returned to journalism and worked at the "
Seattle Star" and the " Oregon Statesman"; he was also a writer and editor for the " San Francisco Examiner's" "California Living" magazine for a decade.
His career as a
novelist began with the publication of " The Dragon in the Sea" in 1955, where he used the environment of a 21st century submarine as a way to explore sanity and madness. The book predicted worldwide conflicts over oil consumption and production. It was a critical success but not a major commercial one.Herbert began researching "Dune" in 1959 and was able to devote himself more wholeheartedly to his writing career because his wife returned to work full time as an advertising writer for department stores, becoming the main breadwinner during the 1960s. Herbert later related in an interview with Willis E. McNeilly that the novel originated when he was supposed to do a magazine article on sand dunes in the Oregon Dunes near Florence, Oregon, but he became too involved in it and ended up with far more raw material than needed for a single article. The article, entitled "They Stopped the Moving Sands," was never written, but it did serve as the seed for the ideas that led to "Dune".
"Dune" took six years of research and writing to complete. Far longer than commercial science fiction of the time was supposed to be, it was serialized in "Analog" magazine in two separate parts ("Dune World" and "Prophet of Dune"), in 1963 and 1965. It was then rejected by nearly twenty book publishers before finally being accepted. One editor prophetically wrote back "I might be making the mistake of the decade, but..." before rejecting the manuscript.
Chilton, a minor publishing house in Philadelphia known mainly for its auto-repair manuals, gave Herbert a $7,500 advance, and "Dune" was soon a critical success. It won the
Nebula Awardfor Best Novel in 1965 and shared the Hugo Awardin 1966. "Dune" was the first major ecological science fiction novel,Fact|date=September 2008 containing a multitude of sweeping, inter-relating themes and multiple character viewpoints, a method that ran through all Herbert's mature work.
The book was not an instant
bestseller. By 1968 Herbert had made $20,000 from it, far more than most science fiction novels of the time were generating, but not enough to let him take up full-time writing. However, the publication of "Dune" did open doors for him. He was the "Seattle Post-Intelligencer's" education writer from 1969 to 1972 and lecturer in general studies and interdisciplinary studies at the University of Washington (1970 – 1972). He worked in Vietnamand Pakistanas social and ecological consultant in 1972. In 1973 he was director-photographer of the television show "The Tillers".
By 1972, Herbert retired from writing for newspapers and became a full-time writer. During the 1970s and 1980s, Herbert enjoyed considerable commercial success as an author. He divided his time between homes in
Hawaiiand Washington's Olympic Peninsula; his home on the peninsula was intended to be an "ecological demonstration project". [Harvard reference
Publisher=Twayne Publishers imprint,
G. K. Hall & Co
ID=ISBN 0-8057-7514-5; PS3558.E63Z89
URL= - Chronology ] During this time he wrote numerous books and pushed ecological and philosophical ideas. He continued his "Dune" saga, following it with "
Dune Messiah", " Children of Dune", and " God Emperor of Dune". Other highlights were " The Dosadi Experiment", "The Godmakers", " The White Plague" and the books he wrote in partnership with Bill Ransom: " The Jesus Incident", " The Lazarus Effect", and " The Ascension Factor" which were sequels to "".
Herbert's change in fortune was shaded by tragedy. In 1974, Beverly underwent an operation for
cancer. She lived ten more years, but her health was adversely impacted by the surgery.Fact|date=November 2007 In the midst of this, Herbert was the featured speaker at the Octocon II science fiction convention at the El Rancho Tropicana in Santa Rosa, California in October 1978. Beverly Herbert died on February 7 1984, the same year that " Heretics of Dune" was published. In his afterword to 1985's " Chapterhouse Dune", Frank Herbert wrote a moving eulogy for his wife of 38 years.
1984 was a tumultuous year in Herbert's life. In the same year that his wife died, his career took off with the release of
David Lynch's film version of "Dune". Despite high expectations, a big-budget production design and an A-list cast, the movie drew mostly poor reviews in the United States. However, despite a disappointing response in the USA, the film was a critical and commercial success in Europe and Japan.
After Beverly's death, Herbert married Theresa Shackleford in 1985, the year he published "Chapterhouse Dune", which tied up many of the saga's story threads (though ending on a cliffhanger intended to lead into his planned "Dune 7"). This would be Herbert's final single work (the anthology "Eye" was also published that year, and "Man of Two Worlds" was published in 1986). He died of a massive
pulmonary embolismwhile recovering from surgery for pancreatic canceron February 11 1986in Madison, Wisconsinage 65.
Ideas and themes
Frank Herbert used his science fiction novels to explore complex ["With its blend (or sometimes clash) of complex intellectual discourse and Byzantine intrigue, "Dune" provided a template for FH's more significant later works. Sequels soon began to appear which acrried on the arguments of the original in testingly various manners and with an intensity of discourse seldom encountered in the sf field. "Dune Messiah" (1969) elaborates the intrigue at the cost of other elements, but "Children of Dune" (1976) recaptures much of the strength of the original work and addresses another recurrent theme in FH's work - the evolution of Man, in this case into SUPERMAN;..." "Frank Herbert," "The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction".] ideas involving
philosophy, religion, psychology, politicsand ecology, which have inspired many of his readers to become interested in these areas. The underlying thrust in Frank Herbert's work was his fascination with the question of human survival and evolution. Frank Herbert has attracted a sometimes fanatical fanbase, many of whom have tried to read everything Frank Herbert has written, fiction or non-fiction, and see Frank Herbert as something of an authority on the subject matters of his books. Indeed such was the devotion of some of his readers that Frank Herbert was at times asked if he was starting a cult, [ [http://www.dunenovels.com/news/genesis.html "Omni" Magazine, June 1980] ] something he was very much against.
There are a number of key themes in Herbert's work:
* A concern with
leadership. He especially explored the human tendency to slavishly follow charismatic leaders. He delved deeply into both the flaws and potentials of bureaucracyand government.
* Herbert was probably the first science fiction author to popularize ideas about
ecologyand systems thinking. He stressed the need for humans to think both systematically and long term.
* The relationship between
religion, politicsand power.
* Human survival and evolution: Herbert writes of the
Fremen, the Sardaukar, and the Dosadi, who are molded by their terrible living conditions into dangerous super-races.
* Human possibilities and potential: Herbert offered
Mentats, the Bene Gesseritand the Bene Tleilaxas different visions of human possibilities.
* The nature of
sanityand madness. Frank Herbert was interested in the work of Thomas Szaszand the anti-psychiatrymovement. Often, Herbert questions, "What is sane?", and while there are clearly insane behaviors and psychopathies as evinced by characters ( Piter De Vriesfor instance), it is often suggested that "normal" and "abnormal" are relative terms which humans are sometimes ill-equipped to apply to one another, especially on the basis of statistical regularity.
* The possible effects and consequences of consciousness altering chemicals, such as Spice in the "Dune" saga.
languageshapes thought. More specifically, Frank Herbert was influenced by Alfred Korzybski's " General Semantics".
Sociobiology. How our instincts unconsciously influence our behavior and society.
Learning, teachingand thinking.
Frank Herbert carefully refrained from offering his readers firm answers to many of the questions he explored.
tatus and impact in science fiction
"Dune" and the "Dune" saga constitute one of the world's best-selling science fiction series and novels; "Dune" in particular has received widespread critical acclaim, winning the
Nebula Awardin 1965 and sharing the Hugo Award in 1966, and is frequently considered one of the best science fiction novels ever, if not the best. ["His dominant intellectual impulse was not to mystify or set himself up as a prophet, but the opposite – to turn what powers of analysis he had (and they wree considerable) over to his audience. And this impulse is as manifest in "Dune", which many people consider the all-time best science fiction novel, as it is in his computer book, "Without Me You're Nothing". ppg 2, Touponce 1988] . According to contemporary Robert A. Heinlein, Herbert's opus was "powerful, convincing, and most ingenious."
"Dune" is also considered a landmark novel for a number of reasons:
* Like Heinlein's 1961 "
Stranger in a Strange Land", Herbert's 1963 novella and 1965 novel, "Dune", represented a move toward a more literaryapproach to the science fiction novel. Before this period, it was often said that all a science fiction novel needed to be successful was a great technological idea. Characterization and great story took a distant second place.
* "Dune" is a landmark of
soft science fiction. Herbert deliberately suppressed technology in his "Dune" universe so he could address the future of humanity, rather than the future of humanity's technology. "Dune" considers the way humans and their institutions might change over time.
* "Dune" was the first major ecological science fiction novel. Frank Herbert was a great popularizer of scientific ideas; many of his fans credit Frank Herbert for introducing them to philosophy and psychology. In "Dune" he helped popularize the term "ecology" and some of the field's concepts, vividly imparting a sense of planetary awareness. Gerald Jonas explains in the "New York Times Book Review": "So completely did Mr. Herbert work out the interactions of man and beast and geography and climate that "Dune" became the standard for a new sub-genre of 'ecological' science fiction." As popularity of "Dune" rose, Herbert embarked on a lecture tour of college campuses, explaining how the environmental concerns of Dune's inhabitants were analogous to our own.
* "Dune" is considered truly epic world building. "The Library Journal" reports that "Dune is to science fiction what "
The Lord of the Rings" is to fantasy." Frank Herbert imagined every facet of his creation. He lovingly included glossaries, quotes, documents, and histories, to bring his universe alive to his readers. No science fiction novel before it had such a deeply realized reality.
Herbert wrote more than twenty novels after "Dune" that are regarded as being of variable quality. Books like "
The Green Brain", " The Santaroga Barrier" seemed to hark back to the days before "Dune", when a good technological idea was all that was needed to drive a sci-fi novel. And some fans of the "Dune" saga are critical of the follow-up novels as being subpar.Fact|date=February 2007
Herbert never again equalled the critical acclaim he received for "Dune". Neither his sequels to "Dune" nor any of his other books won a Hugo or Nebula Award, although almost all of them were "
New York Times" Bestsellers. Some felt that "Children of Dune" was almost too literary and too dark to get the recognition it may have deserved; others felt that "The Dosadi Experiment" lacked an epic quality that fans had come to expect.Fact|date=February 2007
Also largely overlooked because of the concentration on "Dune" was Herbert's 1973 novel, "
Hellstrom's Hive", with its minutely worked-out depiction of a human society modeled on social insects, which could be counted a major utopia/ dystopia. Malcolm Edwardsin the "Encyclopedia of Science Fiction" wrote:
Much of Herbert's work makes difficult reading. His ideas were genuinely developed concepts, not merely decorative notions, but they were sometimes embodied in excessively complicated plots and articulated in prose which did not always match the level of thinking ... His best novels, however, were the work of a speculative intellect with few rivals in modern
A film of the novel, "Dune", was directed by
David Lynchin 1984. Although panned by many fans and film critics, Frank Herbert was pleased with the movie. It has done well on video and DVD.
The Sci Fi Channel produced a commercially successful 2000 television
miniseriescalled " Frank Herbert's Dune". The "Dune" saga continued with a sequelminiseries in 2003 entitled " Frank Herbert's Children of Dune", which combined the novels "Dune Messiah" and "Children of Dune".
Production is underway at
Paramount Picturesfor a new film based on "Dune", directed by Peter Bergand with the participation of Brian Herbert and Kevin J. Anderson. The studio hopes the remake will be a "tentpole film," and potentially lead to a new franchise based on Herbert's series. [cite web |url=http://www.variety.com/VR1117982560.html |title=Berg to direct "Dune" for Paramount. |accessdate=2008-04-03 |author= |date=2008-03-17 |work= |publisher=Variety.com] [cite web |url=http://www.dunenovels.com/blog/page031.html |title=New "Dune Film" from Paramount. |accessdate=2008-04-03 |author= |date=2008-03-18 |work= |publisher=DuneNovels.com] [HT Syndication. "Peter Berg to direct "Dune" adaptation." "Hindustan Times". 18 March 2008.]
Continuation of the "Dune" series
In recent years, Frank Herbert's son
Brian Herbertand author Kevin J. Andersonhave begun adding to the "Dune" universe, in part using notes left behind by Frank Herbert and discovered over a decade after his death. Brian Herbert and Anderson have written two prequeltrilogies (" Prelude to Dune" and " Legends of Dune") exploring the history of the "Dune" universe before the events within "Dune", as well as two post-"Chapterhouse Dune" novels that complete the original series (" Hunters of Dune" and " Sandworms of Dune") based on Frank Herbert's own "Dune 7" outline.Herbert notes
# "Dune": Serial publication: "Analog", December 1963 – February 1964 (Part I, as "Dune World"), and January – May 1965 (Parts II and III, as "The Prophet of Dune"). First edition: Philadelphia: Chilton Books, 1965.
Dune Messiah": Serial publication: "Galaxy", July – November 1969. First edition: New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1970.
Children of Dune": Serial publication: "Analog", January – April 1976, "Children of Dune". First edition: New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1976.
God Emperor of Dune", New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1981.
Heretics of Dune", New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1984.
# "", New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1985.
The Dragon in the Sea": Serial publication: "Astounding", November 1955 – January 1956. First edition: New York: Doubleday, 1956. Also titled "Under Pressure" and "21st Century Sub",
The Green Brain": Serial publication: "Amazing", March 1965, under the title "Greenslaves." First edition: New York: Ace, 1966.
* "": Serial publication: "Galaxy", August 1965, as "Do I Wake or Dream?"First edition: New York: Berkeley, 1966 revised in 1978.
The Eyes of Heisenberg": Serial publication: "Galaxy", June – August 1966, as "Heisenberg's Eyes." First edition: New York: Berkeley, 1966.
The Heaven Makers": Serial publication: "Amazing", April – June 1967. First edition: New York: Avon, 1968
The Santaroga Barrier": Serial publication: "Amazing", October 1967 – February 1968. First edition: New York: Berkeley, 1968
Whipping Star": Serial publication: "Worlds of If", January – April 1970. First edition: New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1970.
* "Soul Catcher", New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1972.
* "The Godmakers": Serial publication: "
You Take the High Road", "Astounding", May 1958, "Missing Link", "Astounding", February 1959, "Operation Haystack", "Astounding", May 1959 and " The Priests of Psi" "Fantastic", February 1960. First edition: New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1972.
Hellstrom's Hive": Serial publication: "Galaxy", November 1972 – March 1973, "Project 40." First edition: New York: Doubleday, 1973.
The Dosadi Experiment": Serial publication: "Galaxy", May – August 1977 "The Dosadi Experiment". First edition: New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1977.
The Jesus Incident" (with Bill Ransom): Serial publication: "Analog", February 1979.
Direct Descent": Serial publication: "Astounding", December 1954, "Packrat Planet". First edition: New York: Ace Books, 1980.
The White Plague", New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1982.
The Lazarus Effect" (with Bill Ransom), New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1983.
Man of Two Worlds" (with Brian Herbert), New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1986.
The Ascension Factor" (with Bill Ransom), New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1988.
hort fiction collections
The Worlds of Frank Herbert", London: New English Library, 1970.
The Book of Frank Herbert", New York: DAW Books, 1973.
The Best of Frank Herbert", London: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1975.
The Priests of Psi", London: Gollancz Ltd, 1980.
* "Eye" (
Jim Burns, illustrator), New York: Berkeley, 1985.
* "Survival of the Cunning," "Esquire", March 1945.
* "Yellow Fire," "Alaska Life" (Alaska Territorial Magazine), June 1947.
* "Looking for Something?" "Startling Stories", April 1952.
* "Operation Syndrome," "Astounding", June 1954. also in T.E. Dikty's Best Science Fiction Stories and Novels, 1955 series
* "The Gone Dogs," "Amazing", November 1954.
* "Packrat Planet," "Astounding", December 1954.
* "Rat Race," "Astounding", July 1955.
* "Occupation Force," "Fantastic", August 1955.
* "The Nothing," "Fantastic Universe", January 1956.
* "Cease Fire," "Astounding", January 1956.
* "Old Rambling House," "Galaxy", April 1958.
* "You Take the High Road," "Astounding", May 1958.
A Matter of Traces," "Fantastic Universe", November 1958.
* "Missing Link," "Astounding", February 1959. also in "Author's Choice", ed. Harry Harrison, New York: Berkeley, 1968.
* "Operation Haystack," Astounding, May 1959.
* "The Priests of Psi," "Fantastic", February 1960.
* "Egg and Ashes," "Worlds of If", November 1960.
* "A-W-F Unlimited," "Galaxy", June 1961.
* "Try to Remember," "Amazing", October 1961.
* "Mating Call," "Galaxy", October 1961.
* "Mindfield," "Amazing", March 1962.
* "The Mary Celeste Move," "Analog", October 1964.
The Tactful Saboteur," "Galaxy", October 1964.
* "Greenslaves," "Amazing", March 1965.
* "Committee of the Whole," "Galaxy", April 1965.
* "The GM Effect," "Analog", June 1965.
* "Do I Wake or Dream?" "Galaxy", August 1965.
* "The Primitives," "Galaxy", April 1966.
* "Escape Felicity," "Analog", June 1966.
* "By the Book," "Analog", August 1966.
* "The Featherbedders," "Analog", August 1967.
* "The Mind Bomb" (aka "The Being Machine"), "Worlds of If", October 1969.
* "Seed Stock," "Analog", April 1970.
* "Murder Will In," "The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction", May 1970.
* "Project 40" (three installments), "Galaxy", November 1972 – March 1973. also in "Five Fates", New York: Doubleday, 1970.
* "Encounter in a Lonely Place," "The Book of Frank Herbert", New York: DAW Books, 1973.
* "Gambling Device," "The Book of Frank Herbert New York", DAW Books, 1973.
* "Passage for Piano," "The Book of Frank Herbert New York", DAW Books, 1973.
* "The Death of a City," "Future City", ed. Roger Elwood. Trident Press: New York, 1973.
* "Come to the Party" with
F. M. Busby, "Analog", December 1978.
* "Songs of a Sentient Flute," "Analog", February 1979.
Frogs and Scientists," "Destinies", Ace Books, August-September 1979.
* "Feathered Pigs," "Destinies", Ace Books, October-December 1979.
The Road to Dune," "Eye", New York: Berkeley 1985.
* "New World or No World" (editor), New York: Ace Books, 1970 (paper).
* "Threshold: The Blue Angels Experience", New York: Ballantine, 1973 (paper). Companion to documentary of same name about
Blue Angelsflight team.
* "Without Me, You're Nothing" (with Max Barnard), New York: Pocket Books, 1981 (hardcover).
Essays and introductions
* "Introduction to Saving Worlds," by
Roger Elwoodand Virginia Kidd. New York: Doubleday, 1973. Reissued by Bantam Books as "The Wounded Planet".
* "Introduction: Tomorrow's Alternatives?" in "Frontiers 1: Tomorrow's Alternatives", ed. Roger Elwood. New York: Macmillan, 1973.
* Introduction to "Tomorrow and Tomorrow and Tomorrow". Heitz, Herbert, Joor McGee. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1973.
* " [http://www.aeriagloris.com/Resources/FrankHerbertEssay/index.html Listening to the Left Hand] ", "Harper's Magazine", December 1973, pp. 92 – 100.
* "Science Fiction and a World Crisis" in "Science Fiction: Today and Tomorrow", ed. Reginald Bretnor. New York: Harper and Row, 1974.
* "Men on Other Planets", "The Craft of Science Fiction", ed. Reginald Bretnor. New York: Harper and Row, 1976.
* "The Sky is Going to Fall", in "Seriatim: The Journal of Ecotopia", No. 2, Spring 1977, pp. 88 – 89. (slightly different article appeared in "The San Francisco Examiner" "Overview" column,
July 4, 1976.)
* "The ConSentiency and How it Got That Way", "Galaxy", May 1977 (may be considered as a fiction story and therefore in the "Original Single Story" section)
* " [http://www.dunenovels.com/news/genesis.html Dune Genesis] ", "Omni", July 1980.
ignificant newspaper articles
* "Flying Saucers: Fact or Farce?", "San Francisco Sunday Examiner & Chronicle", people supplement,
October 20, 1963.
* "2068 A.D.", "San Francisco Sunday Examiner & Chronicle", California Living section,
July 28, 1968.
* "We're Losing the Smog War" (part 1). "San Francisco Sunday Examiner & Chronicle", California Living section,
December 1, 1968.
* "Lying to Ourselves About Air" (part 2). "San Francisco Sunday Examiner & Chronicle", California Living section,
December 8, 1968.
* "You Can Go Home Again." "San Francisco Sunday Examiner & Chronicle", California Living section,
March 29, 1970. (Refers to some of Herbert's childhood experiences in the Northwest)
* "Carthage: Reflections of a Martian", "Mars, We Love You", ed. Jane Hipolito and Willis E. McNelly. New York: Doubleday, 1971.
* "Sandworms of Dune", New York: Caedmon Records, 1978.
* "Dune: The Banquet Scene", New York: Caedmon Records, 1979.
* "The Battles of Dune", New York: Caedmon Records, 1979.
* "The Truths of Dune "Fear is the Mindkiller", New York: Caedmon Records, 1979.
* " [http://members.lycos.co.uk/Fenrir/ctdinterviews.htm Interviews with Frank Herbert] , 1973, 1977.
* " [http://www.motherearthnews.com/library/1981_May_June/The_Plowboy_Interview__Frank_Herbert The Plowboy interview Frank Herbert] , "The Mother Earth News", May 1981.
* " [http://www.sinanvural.com/seksek/inien/tvd/tvd2.htm The Willis E. McNelly Interview with Frank Herbert] , February 1969.
Limited bibliography by universe
Children of Dune"
God Emperor of Dune"
Heretics of Dune"
A Matter of Traces"
The Tactful Saboteur"
The Dosadi Experiment"
"Destination: Void" universe
The Jesus Incident"
The Lazarus Effect"
The Ascension Factor"
Books about Frank Herbert and "Dune"
* "Cliffs Notes on Herbert's Dune & Other Works", by L David Allen, Lincoln, NE: Cliffs Notes, 1975, ISBN 0-8220-1231-6
* "Frank Herbert", by Timothy O'Reilly Serial publication: none First edition: New York: Frederick Ungar, 1980. [http://tim.oreilly.com/sci-fi/herbert/index.html Online version of this out-of-print book]
* "Starmont Reader's Guide 5: Frank Herbert", by David M Miller, Mercer Island, WA: Starmont, 1980, ISBN 0-916732-16-9
The Dune Encyclopedia", compiled and edited by Dr. Willis E. McNelly, New York: Berkeley Publishing Group, 1984 (trade paper), ISBN 0-425-06813-7 (US edition).
* "The Maker of Dune", edited by Timothy O'Reilly, New York: Berkeley Publishing Group, 1987 (trade paper).
* "Dune Master: A Frank Herbert Bibliography", by Daniel JH Levack and Mark Willard, Westport, CT: Meckler, 1988, ISBN 0-88736-099-8
* "SparkNotes: Dune, Frank Herbert", by Jason Clarke, New York: Spark Publishing, 2002, ISBN 1-58663-510-7
* "Dreamer of Dune : The Biography of Frank Herbert", by Brian Herbert, New York: Tor Books, 2003.
The Science of Dune", by Kevin R. Grazier, PhD, Dallas, TX: BenBella Books, 2008, ISBN 1933771283 [ [http://www.smartpopbooks.com/allbooks/2008.html#dune "The Science of Dune" (January 2008) - SmartPopBooks.com] ] [cite web |url=http://www.dailycamera.com/news/2008/mar/14/exploring-duniverse-of-frank-herbert/ |title=Review: Exploring Frank Herbert's "Duniverse" |accessdate=2008-10-10 |author=Evans, Clay |date=March 14, 2008 |work= |publisher=DailyCamera.com]
* [http://www.dunenovels.com Official website for Brian Herbert and Kevin Anderson]
* [http://www.usul.net One of the oldest "Dune" sites]
* [http://www.ibdof.com/IBDOF-author-booklist.php?author=50 Internet Book Database of Fiction bibliography]
* [http://www.moongadget.com/origins/dune.html Article on the inspirations for "Dune"]
* [http://baheyeldin.com/literature/arabic-and-islamic-themes-in-frank-herberts-dune.html Arabic and Islamic themes in Frank Herbert's "Dune" novels]
* [http://tim.oreilly.com/herbert Study] by
Tim O'Reillyof Frank Herbert's work up to the "Jesus Incident"; one of the more in-depth studies of Frank Herbert's thoughts and ideas
*isfdb name|id=Frank_Herbert|name=Frank Herbert
* [http://web.archive.org/web/20050324094830/http://www.dreamersofdune.com/ Cached version of a website and message-board about "Dune" and Frank Herbert]
*IBList |type=author|id=51|name=Frank Herbert
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=Herbert Jr., Frank; Herbert, Frank Patrick
SHORT DESCRIPTION=American author and journalist
DATE OF BIRTH=birth date|1920|10|8|mf=y
PLACE OF BIRTH=
DATE OF DEATH=death date|1986|2|11|mf=y
PLACE OF DEATH=
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