Politics of French Polynesia

Politics of French Polynesia takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic French overseas collectivity, whereby the President of French Polynesia is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Assembly of French Polynesia. Between 1946 and 2003, French Polynesia had the status of an overseas territory (French: "territoire d'outre-mer", or "TOM"). In 2003 it became an overseas collectivity (French: "collectivité d'outre-mer", or COM). Its statutory law of 27 February 2004 gives it the particular designation of "overseas country" to underline the large autonomy of the territory.

Executive branch

High Commissioner
Anne Boquet
"Non-Partisan"
10 September 2005
-
President of French Polynesia
Gaston Tong Sang
O Porinetia To Tatou Ai'a
15 April 2008
-
President of the Assembly
Edouard Fritch
Tahoera'a Huiraatira
12 April 2007

The President of the French Republic is represented by the High Commissioner of the Republic in French Polynesia ("Haut-Commissaire de la République en Polynésie française"). The government is headed by the President of French Polynesia. He submits as Council of Ministers a list of members of the Territorial Assembly, the Assembly of French Polynesia ("Assemblée de la Polynésie française"), for approval by them to serve as ministers.It has been hinted new elected president on September 14th will be an interim president before a new round of fresh parliamentary elections expected to take place by the end of the year, followed by a new presidential election.

Legislative branch

French Polynesia elects the Assembly of French Polynesia ("Assemblée de la Polynésie française"), the unicameral legislature on the territorial level. The Assembly of French Polynesia has 57 members, elected for a five year term by proportional representation in multi-seat constituencies. Since the territorial elections of March 6th, 2001, the parity bill now binds that the number of women matches the number of men at the Assembly.

Political parties and elections

The members of the Assembly of French Polynesia are elected in 6 different electoral districts or electoral circumscriptions ( _fr. circonscriptions électorales) which slightly differ from the administrative subdivisions ("subdivisions administratives") on the Tuamotus and the Gambier Islands. The 6 electoral circumscriptions ("circonscriptions électorales") are:
* electoral circumscription of the Windward Islands ("circonscription des Îles du Vent") (37 members)
* electoral circumscription of the Leeward Islands ("circonscription des Îles Sous-le-Vent") (8 members)
* electoral circumscription of the Austral Islands ("circonscription des Îles Australes") (3 members)
* electoral circumscription of the Gambier Islands and the Islands Tuamotu-East ("circonscription des Îles Gambier et Tuamotu Est") (3 members)
* electoral circumscription of the Islands Tuamotu-West ("circonscription des Îles Tuamotu Ouest") (3 members)
* electoral circumscription of the Marquesas Islands ("circonscription des Îles Marquises") (3 members)

2007 elections

On September 14, 2007, Oscar Temaru, 63, was elected president of French Polynesia for the 3rd time in 3 years (with 27 of 44 votes cast in Tahiti assembly). He replaced former President Gaston Tong Sang, who lost a no-confidence vote in the 31 August parliament. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/6994513.stm BBC NEWS, French Polynesia gets new leader] ]

Judicial branch

Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel; Court of the First Instance or Tribunal de Premiere Instance; Court of Administrative Law or Tribunal Administratif.

Administrative divisions

French Polynesia has 5 administrative subdivisions ( _fr. subdivisions administratives):
* Windward Islands (French: "Îles du Vent" or officially "subdivision administrative des Îles du Vent") (the two "subdivisions administratives" Windward Islands and Leeward Islands are part of the Society Islands)
* Leeward Islands (French: "Îles Sous-le-Vent" or officially "subdivision administrative des Îles Sous-le-Vent") (the two "subdivisions administratives" Windward Islands and Leeward Islands are part of the Society Islands)
* Marquesas Islands (French: "(Îles) Marquises" or officially "subdivision administrative des (Îles) Marquises")
* Austral Islands (French: "(Îles) Australes" or officially "subdivision administrative des (Îles) Australes") (including the Bass Islands)
* Tuamotu-Gambier (French: "(Îles) Tuamotu-Gambier" or officially "subdivision administrative des (Îles) Tuamotu-Gambier") (the Tuamotus and the Gambier Islands)"note:" Clipperton Island ( _fr. Île de Clipperton), just off the coast of Mexico, was administered by France from French Polynesia.

International organization participation

ESCAP (associate), FZ, ITUC, SPC, WMO

See also

* French Polynesia
* Elections in French Polynesia
* French Polynesian legislative election, 2004
* Assembly of French Polynesia

External links

* [http://francepolitique.free.fr/om-pf.htm Francepolitique]
* [https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/fp.html CIA World Factbook — French Polynesia]
* [http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Fr_Polynesia.html Listing of politicians of French Polynesia]

References


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