- Jack Parsons
John Whiteside Parsons (born Marvel Whiteside Parsons on
October 2, 1914– died June 17, 1952), was an American rocketpropulsion researcher at the California Institute of Technologyand co-founder of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory(JPL) and the Aerojet Corp.. He was also an enthusiastic occultist, and one of the earliest American devotees of Aleister Crowley.
His formal education was limited, but Parsons demonstrated tremendous scientific aptitude, particularly in
chemistry. His rocket research was some of the earliest in the United States, and his pioneering work in the development of solid fuel and the invention of JATOunits for aircraft was of great importance. The noted engineer Theodore von Kármán, Parsons's friend and benefactor, declared that the work of Parsons and his peers helped usher in the age of space travel.
Parsons and the Occult
Parsons was also an avid practitioner of the
occultarts, and a follower of " Thelema". He saw no contradiction between his scientific and magical pursuits, and before each rocket test launch, Parsons would invoke the name of the Greek god Pan.
Parsons was chosen by
Aleister Crowleyto lead the "Agape Lodge", the Thelemic " Ordo Templi Orientis" ("O.T.O.") in California, in 1942, after Crowley expelled Wilfred Smith from the position. Sarah Northrup(aka "Sarah Elizabeth" or "Betty" Northrup), began living with Parsons after his wife, Sarah's half-sister Helen Northrup, left with Wilfred Smith. Sarah Northrup later married L. Ron Hubbard, the founder of Scientologyand sometime magical partner of Parsons. Parsons and Hubbard participated in a ritual known as the Babalon Workingwhich is famous in occult circles — loosely, it was an attempt to summon a living goddessand change the course of history.Fact|date=May 2008 They were aided in this work by Sampson Bennetts of the Rosicrucian Orderand his wife Sara Melian Gabriel, a spiritualist from India.
In January 1946, Parsons, Betty, and Hubbard started a boat dealing company named Allied Enterprises. Parsons put in the sum of approximately $21,000— Hubbard put in $1,200, and Sarah Northrup nothing. Hubbard eventually abandoned Parsons and their business plans, leaving a port in Florida with the boat and with Betty. It is said Parsons retreated to his hotel room and summoned a typhoon in retribution (i.e. with an evocation of "Bartzabel" [citation|author=Alexander Mitchellurl=http://www.lermanet.com/scientologynews/crowley-hubbard-666.htm|title=SCIENTOLOGY: Revealed for the first time...|publisher=
The Sunday Times|date=October 5, 1969] - the so-called "intelligence" supposedly presiding over the planet Mars). A Florida court later dissolved the poorly-contracted business, ordered repayment of debts to Parsons, and awarded ownership of the boat to Hubbard.
The Hubbard/Allied Enterprises relationship lasted until 1947, when Hubbard again defrauded Parsons of a sum of money and ran off again with Sarah Northrup. Hubbard used much of this money from Allied Enterprises to promulgate and publish his book "
Dianetics", whose "teachings" later evolved into and was superseded by so-called " Scientology". Parsons set out to find another partner, his so called "scarlet woman", a magical partner with whom he could sire a "Moonchild." The Moonchild is traditionally the incarnation of a god, as prophesied in Aleister Crowley's channeledscript " The Book of the Law". The creation of this Moonchild was covered in Aleister Crowley's novel, "Moonchild".
When Parsons met the artist and poet
Marjorie Cameron, he regarded her as the fulfilment of his magical rituals. This same year he resigned his leadership of the "O.T.O."
Jack Parsons died on
June 17 1952in an explosion of fulminate of mercuryat his home laboratory - which is generally regarded as accidental. He had stored many volatile chemicals and compounds in his laboratory. Though gravely injured, he survived the immediate explosion, but he died of his wounds a few hours later. Distraught, Parsons' mother killed herself just hours after he died.cite book | first=George | last=Pendle | title=Strange Angel: The Otherworldly Life of Rocket Scientist John Whiteside Parsons | publisher=Harcourt | year=2005 | isbn=0-297-84853-4 | oclc=59352636]
Parsons in Popular Culture
Jack Parsons has an appearance in Anthony Boucher's murder mystery novel "Rocket to the Morgue" (1942) as the character Hugo Chantrelle. The book also includes
L. Ron Hubbardas D. Vance Wimpole. His relationship with Hubbard also appears in Paradox's "Big Book of Conspiracies", Alan Moore's Cobweb story in "Top Shelf asks the big questions" and Jon Atack's A Piece of Blue Sky.
The Parsons crater on the far side of the Moon has been named after him.cite book | first=John | last=Carter | title=Sex and Rockets: The Occult World of Jack Parsons | publisher=Feral House | year=2000 | isbn=0-922915-56-3 | pages=vii]
* Freedom is a two-edged Sword; by John Whiteside Parsons, Edited by Hymenaeus Beta, ISBN 0972658327
* "The [http://web.archive.org/web/20040211081706/http://www.babalon.net/jwp/babalon.html Collected Writings of Jack Parsons] : The Book of Babalon, The Book of Antichrist, and other writings" including:
** The Book of Babalon
** The Book of Antichrist
** The Birth of Babalon (poem)
** We are the Witchcraft
** The Woman Girt with a Sword
** Letters to Cameron
The Books on Jack Parsons:
* Testa, Anthony; The Key of the Abyss, Lulu.com, 2006, ISBN 1430301600
* Carter, Jack; Sex and Rockets, Feral House, 1999
* Pendle, George; Strange Angel: The Otherworldly Life of Rocket Scientist John Whiteside Parsons, Harcourt, 2005
*Rowlett, Curt (2006). "Labyrinth13: True Tales of the Occult, Crime & Conspiracy", Chapter 2, "The Strange Case of John Whiteside Parsons". Lulu Press. ISBN 1-4116-6083-8.
* [http://altreligion.about.com/library/texts/bl_twoedged.htm Freedom is a Two-edged Sword]
* [http://www.reason.com/news/show/32190.html The Magical Father of American Rocketry] , "Reason Online"
* [http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/mad-science/jack-parsons/ Rotten.com bio]
* [http://feralhouse.com/press/sexandrockets/index.html Feral House's "Sex and Rockets" mini-site] .
* [http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/ The Jet Propulsion Laboratory]
* [http://www.aerojet.com/ Aerojet corporation]
* [http://www.thelemapedia.org/index.php/Jack_Parsons Thelemapedia entry on Jack Parsons]
* [http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/jplhistory/videos/rocketmen.php JPL history video]
* [http://www.webcomicsnation.com/rscarbonneau/parsons/series.php Webcomic based on the life of Jack Parsons]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Jack Parsons — John „Jack“ Whiteside Parsons (* 2. Oktober 1914; † 17. Juni 1952, Geburtsname Marvel Whiteside Parsons), war ein US amerikanischer Raketenantriebsforscher des California Institute of Technology und Mitbegründer des Jet Propulsion Laboratory… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Jack Parsons — John Whiteside Parsons (nombre de nacimiento Marvel Whiteside Parsons 2 de octubre, 1914 – 17 de junio, 1952) fue un ingeniero aeroespacial, científico y ocultista estadounidense. Contenido 1 Carrera científica 2 Creencias religiosas 3 … Wikipedia Español
Jack Parsons (cricketer) — John Henry Parsons (May 30, 1890 February 2, 1981) was an English first class cricketer for Warwickshire County Cricket Club. A right handed batsman, he made 17969 runs at 35.72 in his 355 game career which lasted 26 years.External links* … Wikipedia
Parsons — The name Parsons may refer to:People* Alan Parsons * Albert Parsons * Alibe Parsons * Andy Parsons * Benny Parsons * Betty Parsons, New York art dealer * Bob Parsons * Charles Parsons (philosopher) * Charles Algernon Parsons, engineer, best known … Wikipedia
Parsons (crater) — lunar crater data latitude=37.3 N or S=N longitude=171.2 E or W=W diameter=40 km depth= Unknown colong=171 eponym=John W. ParsonsParsons is a lunar impact crater on the battered far side of the Moon. It is located to the west northwest of the… … Wikipedia
Jack et le Haricot magique — Illustration de Walter Crane (1875) Conte populaire Titre Jack et le Haricot magique Titre original Jack and the Beanstalk … Wikipédia en Français
Jack Schaeffer — (born March 19, 1946 in Los Angeles, California) American musician, recording artist, producer and arranger.The saxophone player and vocalist was signed by producer Gary Usher to a recording contract at MCA/Universal Studios, Decca Records. As a… … Wikipedia
Jack Harris (musician) — Jack Harris (b. 3 October 1951 in London) was a vocalist for British progressive rock band The Alan Parsons Project. He sang lead vocals on Day After Day (The Show Must Go On) on the album I Robot (1977), and the single Pyramania taken from the… … Wikipedia
Parsons School of Design — Parsons was founded in 1896 by American Impressionist painter William Merritt Chase and originally named the Chase School. In 1898, the name was changed to the New York School of Art. In 1904, Frank Alvah Parsons (ca. 1880 1938) joined the… … Historical Dictionary of the Fashion Industry
Jack Sheppard — (4 March 1702 – 16 November 1724) was a notorious English robber, burglar and thief of early 18th century London. Born into a poor family, he was apprenticed as a carpenter but took to theft and burglary in 1723, with little more than a year of… … Wikipedia