Jyotirmath

Jyotirmath

Infobox Indian Jurisdiction
native_name = Joshimath | type = city | latd = 30.57 | longd = 79.57
state_name = Uttarakhand
district = Chamoli
leader_title =
leader_name =
altitude =
population_as_of = 2001
population_total = 13,202| population_density =
area_magnitude= sq. km
area_total =
area_telephone =
postal_code =
vehicle_code_range =
sex_ratio =
unlocode =
website =
footnotes =

Jyotirmath ( ज्योतिर मठ ), also called Jyotir Math and Joshimath( जोशी मठ ), is a city and a municipal board in Chamoli District in the Indian state of Uttarakhand. It is home to one of the four cardinal "pītha"s established by Adi Shankara.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census [GR|India] , Joshimath had a population of 13,202. Males constitute 61% of the population and females 39%. Joshimath has an average literacy rate of 77%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 83%, and female literacy is 67%. In Joshimath, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.

The matha

Jyotirmath is the "uttarāmnāya matha" or northern monastery, one of the four cardinal institutions established by Adi Shankara, the others being those at Sringeri, Puri and Dwaraka. Their heads are titled "Shankaracharya". According to the tradition initiated by Adi Shankara, this matha is in charge of the Atharva Veda.

Jyotirmath, which is close to the pilgrimage town of Badrinath, has not always been an active matha. It is sometimes said incorrectly that the original northern matha was established at Badrinath.

In its most recent history, the Jyotirmath became inactive in the early 19th century. The formal occupation of the matha was restarted with the aid of the heads of some of the other mathas from about 1940 onward. However, there is an unresolved controversy over the succession to the headship of Jyotirmath. The best known of the claimants to be the current head or Shankaracharya is Svarūpānanda Sarasvatī who is also head of the Dwaraka matha. The other two claimants are Vāsudevānanda Sarasvatī and Mādhavāśrama. [See detailed article at http://indology.info/papers/sundaresan]

References

External links

* [http://www.paulmason.info/gurudev/photogallery.htm "Photos of Shankaracharya Swami Brahmanand Saraswati"] Shri Jyotishpeethodwarak Brahmleen Jagadguru Bhagwan Shankaracharya Shrimad Swami Brahmanand Saraswatiji Maharaj of Jyotirmath, Badrikashram
* [http://www.shankaracharya.org Life and Works of Adi Shankara]
* [http://www.paulmason.info/gurudev/upadesh.htm"Shri Shankaracharya Upadesh Amrita"] 108 Hindi quotations of Shankaracharya Swami Brahmanand Saraswati
* [http://www.paulmason.info/gurudev/AKtransrough.htm"Amrita-Kana' (Droplets of Nectar) Short quotations of Shankaracharya Brahmananda Saraswati"]
* [http://www.paulmason.info/gurudev/gdbooklet.htm "Booklet of 30 short quotations of Shankaracharya Swami Brahmanand Saraswati translated into English language"] Booklet of Quotations
* [http://indology.info/papers/sundaresan "The Jyotirmath Sankaracharya Lineage in the 20th Century"] About the succession controversy at Jyotirmath
* [http://www.paulmason.info/gurudev/miscellaneous.htm "Quotations of 'Guru Dev' Swami Brahmananda Saraswati Ji"] Miscellaneous list of quotations of Shri Jyotishpeethodwarak Brahmleen Jagadguru Bhagwan Shankaracharya Shrimad Swami Brahmanand Saraswatiji Maharaj of Jyotirmath, Badrikashram
* [http://www.paulmason.info/gurudev/AKtransrough.htm "Quotations of Guru Dev"] Quotations of 'Guru Dev' Swami Brahmananda Saraswati Ji.
* [http://www.advaita-vedanta.org/avhp/ad-today.html "An account of the four amnaya mathas"] An account of the four amnaya mathas, and the "Dashanamī parampāra".

Related link

* [http://www.paulmason.info/gurudev/gurudev.htm Quotations from Shankaracharya Swami Brahmananda Saraswati]


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