Camden, New Jersey


Camden, New Jersey
City of Camden, New Jersey
—  City  —
Motto: In a Dream, I Saw a City Invincible[1]
Map of Camden in Camden County. Inset: Location of Camden County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Camden, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°56′14″N 75°06′22″W / 39.93722°N 75.10611°W / 39.93722; -75.10611
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Camden
Settled 1626
Incorporated February 13, 1828
Government
 – Type Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)
 – Mayor Dana Redd (2013)[2]
Area[3]
 – Total 10.38 sq mi (26.9 km2)
 – Land 8.82 sq mi (22.8 km2)
 – Water 1.56 sq mi (4.0 km2)  15.03%
Elevation[4] 20 ft (6 m)
Population (2010 Census)[5][6][7]
 – Total 77,344
 – Density 7,451.3/sq mi (2,875.2/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 – Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 08102-08110[8]
Area code(s) 856
FIPS code 34-10000[9][10]
GNIS feature ID 0875105[11]
Website http://www.ci.camden.nj.us

The city of Camden is the county seat of Camden County, New Jersey. It is located across the Delaware River from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city had a total population of 77,344.[6] The 2010 population represents a decline of 2,560 (3.2%) from the 79,904 residents enumerated during the 2000 United States Census, with Camden ranking as the 12th largest municipality in the state in 2010 after having been ranked 10th in 2000.[5]

Camden was originally incorporated as a city on February 13, 1828, from portions of the now-defunct Newton Township, while the area was still part of Gloucester County. On March 13, 1844, Camden became part of the newly formed Camden County.[12]

Although once a thriving center for manufacturing and industry, Camden is perhaps best known for its struggles with urban dysfunction. Three Camden mayors have been jailed for corruption, the most recent being Milton Milan in 2000.[13] Since 2005 the school system and police department have been operated by the State of New Jersey; the takeover will expire in 2012. In 2008, Camden had the highest crime rate in the U.S. with 2,333 violent crimes per 100,000 people while the national average was 455 per 100,000.[14] Camden public schools spend $17,000 per student per year and two thirds of the students graduate. Two out of every five residents are below the national poverty line.[15]

Contents

History

Early history

Fort Nassau (located within the present boundaries of nearby Gloucester City, New Jersey), was built by the Dutch West India Company in 1626, and was the first European attempt to settle the area now occupied by Camden. Initial European activity in the vicinity of present-day Camden occurred along the banks of the Delaware River where the Dutch and the Swedish vied for control of the local fur trade. Europeans continued to settle in and improve the area during the 17th century. Much of the growth directly resulted from the success of another Quaker colony across the Delaware River known as Philadelphia, which was founded in 1682 and soon had enough population to attract a brisk trade from West Jersey and Camden. To accommodate the trade across the river, a string of ferries began operation.[16]

19th century onward

For over 150 years, Camden served as a secondary economic and transportation hub for the Philadelphia area. But that status began to change in the early 19th century. One of the U.S.'s first railroads, the Camden and Amboy Railroad, was chartered in Camden in 1830. The Camden and Amboy Railroad allowed travelers to travel between New York City and Philadelphia via ferry terminals in South Amboy, New Jersey and Camden. The railroad terminated on the Camden waterfront, and passengers were ferried across the Delaware River to their final Philadelphia destination. The Camden and Amboy Railroad opened in 1834 and helped to spur an increase in population and commerce in Camden.[17]

Originally a suburban town with ferry service to Philadelphia, Camden evolved into its own city, as industry and neighborhoods grew. Camden prospered during strong periods of manufacturing demand and faced distress during periods of economic dislocation.[18]

Remarks from FDR 1944 Camden visit

Like most American cities, Camden suffered from decline in the 20th century as the manufacturing base and many residents moved out to other locations. Currently, government, education, and health care are the three biggest employers in Camden; however, most employees commute to Camden and live in nearby suburbs such as Cherry Hill. Revitalization has occurred along the Camden Waterfront and in the neighborhoods of Cooper Grant, Cramer Hill, and Fairview, with direct access to Philadelphia.

Industrial history

From 1901 through 1929, Camden was headquarters of the Victor Talking Machine Company, and thereafter to its successor RCA Victor, the world's largest manufacturer of phonographs and phonograph records for the first two-thirds of the 20th century.[19] RCA Victor contained one of the first commercial recording studios in the United States, where Enrico Caruso, among others, recorded. General Electric reacquired RCA in 1986.[20]

In 1992, the state of New Jersey under the Florio Administration made an agreement with GE to ensure that GE would not close the Camden site. The state of New Jersey would build a new high tech facility on the site of the old Campbell Soup Company factory and trade these new buildings to GE for the existing old RCA Victor Buildings. Later, the new high tech buildings would be sold to Martin Marietta. In 1994, Martin Marietta merged with Lockheed to become Lockheed Martin. In 1997, Lockheed Martin divested the Camden Plant as part of the birth of L-3 Communications.

The Nipper Building

The famous "Nipper Building" depicting RCA's famous "His Master's Voice" trademark in its tower windows has since been renovated into a luxury apartment building called "The Victor." Building 8 is set to be rehabilitated into luxury condominiums called "Radio Lofts." Both projects are the work of Dranoff Properties, a well known Philadelphia development corporation that has specialized in these types of constructions.[21] Another older building, Victor Building No. 2, is used to this day to house the Camden City Board of Education. Most of the other old RCA Victor buildings have long since been demolished.

From 1899 to 1967, Camden was the home of New York Shipbuilding Corporation, which at its World War II peak was the largest and most productive shipyard in the world.[22] Notable naval vessels built at New York Ship include the ill-fated cruiser USS Indianapolis and the aircraft carrier USS Kitty Hawk. In 1962, the first commercial nuclear-powered ship, the NS Savannah, was launched in Camden.[23] The Fairview Village section of Camden (initially Yorkship Village) was a planned European-style garden village built by the Federal government during World War I to house New York Shipbuilding Corporation workers.[24]

At Camden's peak, 10,000 workers were employed at RCA, while another 40,000 worked at New York Shipbuilding. RCA had 23 out of 25 of its factories inside Camden. Campbell Soup was also a major employer.[25] By 1969, Camden had been losing jobs and residents for a quarter century due in large part to urban decay, highway construction, and racial tensions.[citation needed]

In his book Capital Moves: RCA's Seventy-Year Quest for Cheap Labor, Jefferson Cowie mentions that Camden in the 1920s was known as "the Citadel of Republicanism".[26]

On June 6, 1933, the city hosted the first drive-in movie.[27][28]

Decline

After years of economic and industrial growth, the city of Camden faced years of rising crime and blight. On September 6, 1949, mass murderer Howard Unruh went on a killing spree in his Camden neighborhood in which he killed thirteen people. Unruh, who was convicted and subsequently confined to a state psychiatric facility, died on October 19, 2009.[29]

Sections of downtown were looted and torched after racial riots occurred following the beating and death of a Puerto Rican motorist by city police in August 1971.[30]

The Camden 28 were a group of "Catholic left" anti-Vietnam War activists who in 1971 planned and executed a raid on a Camden draft board, resulting in a high-profile trial against the activists that was seen by many as a referendum on the Vietnam War in which 17 of the defendants were acquitted by a jury even though they admitted having participated in the break in.[31]

In 1996, Governor of New Jersey Christine Todd Whitman frisked Sherron Rolax in Camden, which allegedly violated Rolax's civil rights.[32]

Port

Situated on the Delaware River, with access to the Atlantic Ocean, the Port of Camden handles breakbulk and bulk cargo. The port consists of two terminals: the Beckett Street Terminal and the Broadway Terminal. The port receives hundreds of ships moving international and domestic cargo annually.[33]

In 2005, the Port of Camden (South Jersey Port Corporation) was subject to an unresolved criminal investigation[34] and a state audit.[35] Some activities in the port are under the jurisdiction of the Delaware River Port Authority.

In December 2006, Governor Jon Corzine speculated on moving port operations further south to allow the community greater access to the waterfront.[36]

Government

Federal Courthouse in Camden

Camden has historically been a stronghold of the Democratic Party. Voter turnout is very low; approximately 19% of Camden's voting age population participated in the 2005 gubernatorial election.[37]

Local government

Camden's City Hall opened in 1931.

Since July 1, 1961, the city has operated under a Mayor-Council form of government.[38] Under this form of government, the City Council consisted of seven Council members originally all elected at-large. In 1994, the City divided the city into four council districts, instead of electing the entire Council at-large, with a single council member elected from each of the four districts. In 1995, the elections were changed from a partisan election to a non-partisan system.[39]

Mayor Milton Milan was jailed for his connections to organized crime. On June 15, 2001, he was sentenced to serve seven years in prison on 14 counts of corruption, including accepting mob payoffs and concealing a $65,000 loan from a drug kingpin.[13]

As of 2011, Dana Redd is the Mayor of Camden.[40] She is a member of the Mayors Against Illegal Guns Coalition,[41] a bi-partisan group with a stated goal of "making the public safer by getting illegal guns off the streets." The Coalition is co-chaired by Boston Mayor Thomas Menino and New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg. Members of the City Council are Council President Francisco Moran (Ward 3), Vie President Curtis Jenkins (at large), Dana M. Burley (Ward 1), Luis A. Lopez (Ward 4), Deborah Person-Polk (at large), William W. Spearman (Ward 2) and Marilyn Torres (at large).[42]

Federal, state and county representation

Camden is in the 1st Congressional district and is part of New Jersey's 5th state legislative district.[43] The legislative district was kept unchanged by the New Jersey Apportionment Commission based on the results of the 2010 Census.[6]

New Jersey's First Congressional District is represented by Rob Andrews (D, Haddon Heights). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Frank Lautenberg (D, Cliffside Park) and Bob Menendez (D, Hoboken).

5th district of the New Jersey Legislature, which is represented in the New Jersey Senate by Donald Norcross (D, Camden) and in the New Jersey General Assembly by Angel Fuentes (D, Camden) and Gilbert "Whip" Wilson (D, Camden).[44] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham).[45] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[46]

Camden County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, its seven members elected at-large to three-year terms office on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year.[47] As of 2011, Camden County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Louis Cappelli, Jr. (Collingswood, term ends December 31, 2011)[48], Freeholder Deputy Director Edward McDonnell (Pennsauken Township, 2013)[49], Riletta L. Cream (Camden, 2011)[50], Rodney A. Greco (Gloucester Township, 2012)[51], Ian K. Leonard (Camden, 2012)[52], Jeffrey L. Nash (Cherry Hill, 2012)[53] and Carmen Rodriguez (Merchantville, 2013).[54][55][56][57]

Geography

Map of Camden County Highlighting Camden

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.38 square miles (26.9 km2); 8.82 square miles (22.8 km2) is land and 1.56 square miles (4.0 km2) is water. The total area is 15.03% water.[3]

Camden borders Collingswood, Gloucester City, Haddon Township, Pennsauken, and Woodlynne. Just offshore of Camden is Pettys Island, which is officially part of Pennsauken Township.

Camden contains the U.S.'s first federally funded planned community for working class residents, Yorkship Village (now called Fairview).[58] The village was designed by Electus Darwin Litchfield, who was influenced by the "garden city" developments popular in England at the time.[59]

Neighborhoods

Camden has approximately 32 neighborhoods:[60]

  • Ablett Village
  • Bergen Square
  • Biedeman
  • Bloomfield
  • Centerville
  • Center City/Downtown Camden/Central Business District
  • Central Waterfront
  • Cooper
  • Cooper-Grant
  • Cooper Point
  • Cramer Hill
  • Delaware Gardens
  • Dudley
  • East Camden
  • Fairview
  • Gateway
  • Lanning Square
  • Liberty Park
  • Marlton
  • Merchantville
  • Morgan Village
  • North Camden
  • Parkside
  • Pavonia
  • Pyne Point
  • Rosedale
  • South Camden
  • Stockton
  • Waterfront North
  • Waterfront South
  • Whitman Park
  • Yorkship Square

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1840 3,371
1850 9,479 181.2%
1860 14,358 51.5%
1870 20,045 39.6%
1880 41,659 107.8%
1890 58,313 40.0%
1900 75,935 30.2%
1910 94,538 24.5%
1920 116,309 23.0%
1930 118,700 2.1%
1940 117,536 −1.0%
1950 124,555 6.0%
1960 117,159 −5.9%
1970 102,551 −12.5%
1980 84,910 −17.2%
1990 87,492 3.0%
2000 79,318 −9.3%
2010 77,344 −2.5%
historical data sources:[5][61][62][63][64][6][7]

As of the census[9] of 2010, there were 77,344 people, 24,475 households, and 16,918 families residing in the city. The racial makeup was 17.6% White (4.9% non-hispanic white), 48.1% Black or African American (43.5% non-hispanic black), 0.8% Native American, 2.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 27.6% Some other race, 3.8% Two or More Races. 47.0% of residents were Hispanic or Latino, of any race.[7][65]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 79,904 people, 24,177 households, and 17,431 families residing in the city. The population density was 9,057.0 people per square mile (3,497.9/km²). There were 29,769 housing units at an average density of 3,374.3 units per square mile (1,303.2/km²).[64]

As of the Census Bureau's 2005-2009 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, the racial makeup of the city was 49.9% Non-Hispanic Black, 15.5% White, 2.6% Asian, 0.8% Native American, 0.0% Pacific Islander, and 28.5% from other races. 2.7% of residents were from two or more races. 42.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race, majority of which were Puerto Rican. 13.3% of the population is foreign-born.[66]

There were 24,177 households out of which 42.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 26.1% were married couples living together, 37.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.9% were non-families. 22.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.52 and the average family size was 4.00.[64]

In the city, the population is quite young with 34.6% under the age of 18, 12.0% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 16.3% from 45 to 64, and 7.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 94.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.0 males.[64]

The per capita income for the city was $11,967. 35.4% of the population and 38.3% of families were below the poverty line. 45.5% of those under the age of 18 and 23.8% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.[64]

52% of the city's residents lived in poverty in 2006, one of the highest rates in the nation.[67] The city had a median household income of $18,007, the lowest of all U.S. communities with populations of more than 65,000 residents, making it America's poorest city.[68] A group of poor Camden residents were the subject of a 20/20 special on poverty in America broadcast on January 26, 2007, in which Diane Sawyer profiled the lives of three young children growing up in Camden.[69] A follow-up was shown on November 9, 2007.[70]

As of 2009, the unemployment rate in Camden was 19.2%, compared to the 10% overall unemployment rate for Burlington, Camden and Gloucester counties and a rate of 8.4% in Philadelphia and the four surrounding counties in Southeastern Pennsylvania.[71]

In the 2000 Census, 28.85% of Camden residents identified themselves as being of Puerto Rican heritage. This was the third highest proportion of Puerto Ricans in a municipality on the United States mainland, behind only Holyoke, Massachusetts and Hartford, Connecticut, for all communities in which 1,000 or more people listed an ancestry group.[72]

Transportation

The River Line (New Jersey Transit) at Walter Rand - a light rail system connecting Camden to Trenton.

New Jersey Transit's Walter Rand Transportation Center is located at Martin Luther King Boulevard and Broadway. In addition to being a hub for New Jersey Transit (NJT) buses in the Southern Division, Greyhound Lines, the PATCO Speedline and River Line make stops at the station.

The PATCO Speedline offers frequent train service to Philadelphia and the suburbs to the east in Camden County, with stations at City Hall, Broadway (Walter Rand Transportation Center) and Ferry Avenue.

Since its opening in 2004, NJT's River Line has offered frequent light rail service to towns along the Delaware north of Camden, and terminates in Trenton. Camden stations are 36th Street, Walter Rand Transportation Center, Cooper Street-Rutgers University, Aquarium and Entertainment Center.

NJT bus service is available to Philadelphia on the 313, 315, 317, and 318 and various 400 series lines, to Atlantic City is served by the 551 bus. Local service is offered on the 450, 451, 452, 453, and 457 lines.[73]

Interstate 676 and Route 30 runs through Camden to the Benjamin Franklin Bridge on the north side of the city.

Fire department

The City of Camden is protected 24/7 by the professional firefighters of the City of Camden Fire Department. Officially organized in 1869, the Camden Fire Department is the oldest paid fire department in the state of New Jersey and is among the oldest in the United States. In 1916, the Department was the first in the United States that had an all-motorized fire apparatus fleet.[74][75] The Camden Fire Department currently operates out of 6 Fire Stations, located throughout the city, and operate a front line fire apparatus fleet of 4 Engines, 3 Ladders, 1 Squad, 1 Rescue, 1 Haz-Mat Unit, 1 Special Operations Unit, a Fire Boat, and numerous special, support, and reserve units, under the command of a Deputy Chief and a Battalion Chief. In the past two years, the Camden Fire Department has suffered severe economic cutbacks, including company closures and staffing cuts.[76] Layoffs have forced the city to rely on assistance from volunteer companies in surrounding communities when firefighters from all eight companies are out on calls. The CFD has been reduced from 6 Engines, 3 Ladders, 1 Squad, 1 Rescue, 2 Battalions, and 1 Deputy Chief to 4 Engines, 3 Ladders, 1 Squad, 1 Rescue to use when needed, 1 Battalion, and 1 assistant Chief and 1 department Chief .[77]

Fire Station Locations and Apparatus

Engine Company Ladder Company Special Unit Battalion Chief Address Neighborhood
Engine 1 Ladder 1 Marine Unit Car 3(Deputy Chief) 4 N. 3rd St. Center City
Squad 7 1115 Kaighns Ave. Whitman Park
Ladder 2 Rescue 1, Rescue 2 (Special Ops.), Haz-Mat. 1 Battalion 1 1301 Broadway South Camden
Engine 9 Tower Ladder 3 3 N. 27th St. East Camden
Engine 10 2500 Morgan Blvd. South Camden
Engine 11 901 N. 27th St. Cramer Hill

Waterfront

One of the most popular attractions of Camden is the city's waterfront, along the Delaware River. The waterfront is highlighted by its four main attractions, the USS New Jersey; the Susquehanna Bank Center; Campbell's Field; and the Adventure Aquarium.

The Adventure Aquarium was originally opened in 1992 as the New Jersey State Aquarium at Camden. In 2005, after extensive renovation, the aquarium was reopened under the name Adventure Aquarium.[78] The aquarium was one of the original centerpieces in Camden's plans for revitalizing their city.[79]

The recently renamed Susquehanna Bank Center (formerly known as the Tweeter Center) is a 25,000-seat open-air concert amphitheater that was opened in 1995 and renamed after a 2008 deal in which the bank would pay $10 million over 15 years for naming rights.[80]

Campbell's Field, opened in 2001, is home to the Camden Riversharks[81] of the independent Atlantic League; and the Rutgers-Camden baseball team.

The USS New Jersey (BB-62) was a U.S. Navy battleship that was intermittently active between the years 1943 and 1991. After its retirement, the ship was turned into a museum along the waterfront that opened in 2001. The New Jersey saw action during World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, and provided support off Lebanon in early 1983.[82]

Other attractions at the Waterfront are the Wiggins Park Riverstage and Marina, One Port Center, The Victor Lofts, the Walt Whitman House,[83] the Walt Whitman Cultural Arts Center, the Rutgers-Camden Center For The Arts and the Camden Children's Garden.

The Waterfront is also served by two modes of public transportation. New Jersey Transit serves the Waterfront on its River Line, while people from Philadelphia can commute using the RiverLink Ferry, which connects the Waterfront with Old City Philadelphia.[84]

Riverfront State Prison

Riverfront State Prison,[85] which opened in August 1985,[86] was a state penitentiary located near downtown Camden, north of the Benjamin Franklin Bridge. It held 1,009 inmates in 2006. The last prisoners were transferred in June 2009 to other locations, and the prison was closed and subsequently demolished. The site is expected to be redeveloped by the State of New Jersey, the City of Camden, and private investors.[87]

Economy

Entrance to Campbell Soup Company headquarters in Camden.

Largest employers

Urban enterprise zone

Portions of Camden are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3½% sales tax rate (versus the 7% rate charged statewide).[88]

Redevelopment

Camden suffers from unemployment, urban decay, poverty, and many other social issues.

Camden had been passed over for redevelopment for many decades. The dawn of the 21st century has brought new redevelopment plans. Campbell Soup Company has decided to go forward with a scaled down redevelopment of the area around its corporate headquarters in Camden, including an expanded corporate headquarters.[89] The nearby Sears building was bought by a local developer, with plans for loft-style housing and commercial businesses. Cherokee Investment Partners had a grand plan to redevelop north Camden with 5,000 new homes and a shopping center on 450 acres (1.8 km2). Cherokee dropped their plans in the face of local opposition and the slumping real estate market.

Recent projects

  • Communications plan
  • Adventure Aquarium
  • Campbell's Field baseball park
  • Ferry Terminal Building
  • L-3 Communications headquarters
  • One Port Center
  • Radio Lofts (in progress)
  • Susquehanna Bank Center, fmr. Tweeter Center
  • Victor Lofts

Education

Public schools

Camden's public schools are operated by Camden City Public Schools district. As of the 2009-10 school year, the city's 32 schools served 13,106 students.[90] The district is one of thirty-one Abbott Districts,[91] a group of New Jersey school districts identified as being in "poorer urban districts" or "special needs districts", that receive special state funding including free preschools for three- and four-year-olds.

High schools

Private education

Holy Name School, Sacred Heart Grade School, San Miguel School, St. Anthony of Padua School, St. Joseph Pro-Cathedral School are elementary schools that operate under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden.[92]

Higher education

The University District, adjacent to the downtown, is home to the following institutions:

Libraries

The city was once home to two Carnegie libraries, the Main Building[94] and the Cooper Library in Johnson Park.[95] The city's once extensive library system has been beleguered by financial difficulties and in 2010 it threatened to close, but was incorporated by the county system.[96] Nonetheless the main branch did close in February 2011.[97]

Sports

Club Sport League Venue Logo
Camden Riversharks Baseball Atlantic League of Professional Baseball Campbell's Field Riversharks.JPG

Crime

Camden
Crime rates (2009)
Crime type Rate*
Homicide: 34
Forcible rape: 60
Robbery: 766
Aggravated assault: 1,020
Violent crime: 1,880
Burglary: 1,035
Larceny-theft: 2,251
Motor vehicle theft: 649
Arson: 137
Property crime: 3,935
Notes
* Number of reported crimes per 100,000 population.
2009 population: 78,980
Source: 2009 FBI UCR Data

Based on statistics reported to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Camden was the third-most dangerous city in the U.S. during 2002, and has been ranked the nation's most dangerous city in 2004, 2005 and 2009, based on crime statistics in the six categories of murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, and auto theft.[98] In 2005, homicides in Camden dropped sharply, to 34 — 15 fewer murders than were reported in 2004.[99] Though Camden's murder rate is still much higher than the national average, the reduction in 2005 was a drop of over 30%. Then in 2006, the numbers of murders climbed to 40. With murders dropping by 10% across New Jersey in 2009, Camden's murder rate declined from 55 in 2008 down to 33, a drop of 40% that was credited to anti-gang efforts and more firearms seizures.[100] Despite significant cuts in the police department due to the city's fiscal difficulties, murders in 2009 and 2010 were both under 40, staying below the peak that had occurred in 2008, and had continued to decline into early 2011.[101]

Morgan Quitno Corporation has ranked Camden in the top ten most dangerous cities in the U.S. since 1998, when they first included cities with populations below 100,000. It was ranked the most dangerous overall in 2004 and 2005.[102][103] It dropped down to the fifth spot for the 2006 and 2007 rankings but rose to number two in 2008[104][105][106] and to the top spot in 2009.[107] In The Nation, journalist Chris Hedges describes Camden as "the physical refuse of postindustrial America",[108] afflicted by homelessness, drug trafficking, prostitution, robbery, looting, constant violence, and an overwhelmed police force (presently facing reduction by half due to budget cuts).[109]

Points of interest

Noted residents

References

  1. ^ Anthony DePalma, "The Talk of Camden; A City in Pain Hopes for Relief Under Florio", The New York Times, February 7, 1990.
  2. ^ 2011 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed July 2, 2011.
  3. ^ a b GCT-PH1. Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2000 for Camden County, New Jersey -- County Subdivision and Place, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 7, 2011.
  4. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Camden, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed April 16, 2007.
  5. ^ a b c The Counties and Most Populous Cities and Townships in 2010 in New Jersey: 2000 and 2010, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 7, 2011. HTML version of original Excel spreadsheet.
  6. ^ a b c d 2011 Apportionment Redistricting: Municipalities sorted alphabetically, New Jersey Department of State, p. 2. Accessed July 3, 2011.
  7. ^ a b c Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Camden city, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed September 7, 2011.
  8. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code, United States Postal Service. Accessed September 7, 2011.
  9. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ "A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey", Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 14, 2008.
  11. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ Snyder, John P. (1969). The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606–1968. Bureau of Geology and Topography (Trenton, New Jersey). p. 104.
  13. ^ a b Staff writer (July 16, 2001). "Milan Begins Sentence". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2001/07/16/nyregion/metro-briefing-new-jersey-camden-milan-begins-sentence.html. Retrieved December 25, 2009. "Former Mayor Milton Milan, 38, convicted of corruption charges in December, is now serving his seven-year sentence at a low-security federal prison in Loretto, Pa., where he was transferred Friday. ... On June 15, Mr. Milan was sentenced on 14 counts of corruption, including taking payoffs from the mob, as well as concealing the source of a $65,000 loan from a drug kingpin." 
  14. ^ Hirsch, Deborah. "Report ranks Camden most dangerous U.S. city", Courier-Post, November 24, 2009. Accessed February 17, 2011. "According to the study, Camden had 2,333 violent crimes for every 100,000 residents in 2008. By comparison, the national rate is 455."
  15. ^ Staff writer (November 26, 2009). "Camden's Crisis — Ungovernable? — The State May Have Failed the City It Took Over". Reuters (via The Economist). http://www.economist.com/world/unitedstates/displaystory.cfm?story_id=14974307. Retrieved December 23, 2009. "Camden had the highest crime rate in the country in 2008, according to CQ Press, with 2,333 violent crimes for every 100,000 people. The national average is 455. Camden spends $17,000 per child on education, yet only two thirds complete school. Two fifths of Camden residents live below the poverty line." 
  16. ^ Early Settlement, City of Camden. Accessed July 3, 2011.
  17. ^ Greenberg, Gail. County History, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 3, 2011.
  18. ^ "Rutgers University Computing Services - Camden"
  19. ^ "Made in S.J.: RCA Victor". Portal to gallery of photographs (22) related to the Victor Talking Machine Company. Courier-Post, January 30, 2008. Accessed July 3, 2011.
  20. ^ Staff. "General Electric gets go-ahead to acquire RCA", Houston Chronicle, June 5, 1986. Accessed July 3, 2011. "The Federal Communications Commission cleared the way today for General Electric Co. to acquire RCA Corp. and its subsidiaries, including the NBC network. In allowing the transfer of RCA, the commission rejected four petitions to block the $6.28 billion deal.'
  21. ^ Ott, Dwight. "Dranoff to rehab 2d Camden site The Redevelopment Agency authorized the builder to redevelop an RCA factory into waterfront condos.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, May 4, 2006. Accessed July 3, 2011. "The panel unanimously authorized Philadelphia developer Carl Dranoff to rehabilitate the former RCA No. 8 factory into 86 condominiums, with commercial space on the first floor."
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Coordinates: 39°55′33″N 75°07′11″W / 39.92583°N 75.11972°W / 39.92583; -75.11972


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