"Bluenose" was a Canadian
schoonerfrom Nova Scotia, a celebrated racing ship (and hard-working fishing vessel) and a symbol of the province. The name "bluenose" originated as a nick-name for Nova Scotians.
William Rouéand built by Smith and Rhuland, "Bluenose" was launched at Lunenburg, Nova Scotia on March 26, 1921, as a racing ship and fishing vessel. This was in response to the defeat of the Nova Scotian Fishing Schooner Delawana by the Gloucester fishing schooner "Esperanto" in 1920. That race was sponsored by the " Halifax Herald" newspaper.
After a season fishing on the
Grand Banks, "Bluenose" defeated "Elsie" (out of Gloucester, Massachusetts), returning the trophy to Nova Scotia. During the next 17 years of racing, no challenger, American or Canadian, could wrest the International Fishermen's Trophy from her. It is notable that she was no mere racing ship, but also a general fishing craft that was worked hard throughout her lifetime. She fished scallops and other kinds of sea-food, and at least once won competitions for largest catches of the season and similar awards.Fact|date=April 2008
Fishing schooners became obsolete after
World War II, and despite efforts to keep her in Nova Scotia, the undefeated "Bluenose" was sold to work as a freighter in the West Indies. She foundered on a Haitian reef on January 28, 1946.
"Bluenose" and her captain,
Angus Walters, were inducted into the Canadian Sports Hall of Famein 1955, making her the first and only non-human CSHF inductee until 1960, when she was joined by Canadian Hydroplane Champion Miss Supertest III. That same year another honour was bestowed upon the famous sailing ship when a new Canadian National Railwayspassenger-vehicle ferry for the inaugural Yarmouth-Bar Harbor service was launched as the M/V "Bluenose".
"Bluenose", under full sail, is portrayed on the 1929 Canadian Bluenose postage stamp as well as on two other stamps issued in 1982 and 1999 and also appears on the current Nova Scotia
licence plate. The depiction of a generic schooner on the Canadian dime has for years been commonly known as the "Bluenose". In 2002, the government of Canada declared the depiction on the dime to be the "Bluenose".
Her daughter, "Bluenose II", was launched at Lunenburg on
July 24, 1963, built to original plans by many of the same workers. She cost $208,600 to build and was financed by the Oland Family as a marketing tool for their brewery operations in Halifax and Saint John. Her popularity led to her being sold to the government of Nova Scotia which in turn gave possession of the ship to the "Bluenose II Preservation Trust". The trust's mandate was to restore the aging and poorly maintained ship to full operational status and to operate her for the people of Nova Scotia. Over the winter of 1994-95 the trust restored the ship’s hull, leading to her being recommissioned in May 1995. The trust maintained and operated "Bluenose II" until 31 March 2005, when the government of Nova Scotia placed the vessel under the management of the Lunenburg Marine Museum Society.
The "Bluenose II" serves as a goodwill ambassador, tourist attraction in Lunenburg, and symbol of the province. During the summer, she visits ports all around Nova Scotia and frequently sails to other ports on the eastern seaboard.
In honour of her predecessor, "Bluenose II" does not officially race.
"Bluenose II"'s mainsail measures 386 m² (4,155 ft²) and she has a total sail area of 1036 m² (11,150 ft²).
Funds for the operation of the ship are raised through charging for passage on the vessel, public donations, and sales in the Fisheries Museum Gift Shop (in Lunenburg), run by the Lunenburg Marine Museum Society.
Joan Roue, the great-granddaughter of the designer, has started raising funds to build a new "Bluenose". Ms. Roue sees the need for a new ambassador for Nova Scotia and Canada. There is a web-site which lists all the particulars [http://www.schoonerbluenose.ca/] . The name "Bluenose III" is owned by the province of Nova Scotia and the province and Ms. Roue could not reach an agreement for its use on the new schooner. Ms. Roue and North Atlantic Enterprises are proceeding anyway, however, under the name "Bluenose IV". The "Bluenose II" still visits ports throughout the Eastern U.S. and Canada, including the Great Lakes.
In the media
folk singer Stan Rogershonours both ships in his song "Bluenose", found on his albums "Turnaround", released in 1978, and " Home In Halifax", released posthumously in 1994. A sailing ship called 'Bluenose' appears in the 1990s children's television program, Theodore Tugboat. In the series TUGS, there is a character called Bluenose that, although it is not a schooner, may be named after the schooner.
*Marq de Villiers. "Witch in the Wind:The True Story of the Legendary Bluenose." Toronto: Thomas Allen, 2007.
*Keith McLaren. "A Race for Real Sailors: The Bluenose and the International Fishermen's Race 1920 - 1938." Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre, 2006.
* [http://www.gov.ns.ca/nsarm/virtual/Lunenburg/archives.asp?ID=32 Bluenose Under Construction]
* [http://www.schoonerbluenose2.ca/ Bluenose II]
* [http://www.gov.ns.ca/nsarm/virtual/bluenose/ Bluenose: A Canadian Icon]
* [http://www.bluenose2.ns.ca/ Bluenose II Preservation Trust]
* [http://www.bluenose2.ns.ca/Legacy/Specifications.html Bluenose's specifications]
* [http://archives.cbc.ca/IDC-1-69-220-1118-11/on_this_day/life_society/bluenose_2_donated Bluenose II donated to Nova Scotia (1971 footage)]
* [http://www.cadets.net/atl/615air/intro_e.htm 615 Bluenose Royal Canadian Air Cadets]
* [http://www.histori.ca/minutes/minute.do?id=10213 Bluenose Heritage Minute]
* [http://modelshipbuilder.com/models/model-ship-builder-philip-eisnor.html Bluenose Model Builder]
* [http://modelshipbuilder.com/models/model-ship-builder-kenneth-murphy.html Construction of a Bluenose II Replica model] - A group of pictures which follows the construction of a highly detailed scaled wooden model of the Bluenose II.
* [http://www.sailwx.info/shiptrack/shipposition.phtml?call=CYJZ Bluenose II's Latest Reported Position] from
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Bluenose — Le Bluenose, vers 1930 Type Monocoque Fonction Pêche, régate Équipage 5 officiers, chef c … Wikipédia en Français
Bluenose II — Équipage 12 marins Gréement goélette ( Schooner ) Débuts 1963 Longueur hors tout 54 m … Wikipédia en Français
Bluenose — Blue nose , n. A nickname for a Nova Scotian; also, a Nova Scotian ship (called also … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
bluenose — [blo͞o′nōz΄] n. [prob. after BLUE LAW, in reference to Puritan attitudes] Informal ☆ 1. a puritanical person who tries to impose a strict moral code on others 2. [orig. used of a potato with a bluish skin, grown in Nova Scotia; later used of the… … English World dictionary
Bluenose — Die berühmte Bluenose Die Bluenose ist ein berühmter kanadischer Schoner. Die Bluenose war das schnellste von Fischern betriebene Segelschiff. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geschichte … Deutsch Wikipedia
bluenose — noun informal 1》 US a priggish or puritanical person. 2》 (Bluenose) Canadian a person from Nova Scotia. Derivatives bluenosed adjective Origin prob. with ref. to blue law … English new terms dictionary
bluenose — /ˈblunoʊz / (say bloohnohz) noun (plural bluenose or bluenoses) a kind of wrasse, Pseudolabrus tetricus, common in southern Australian and Tasmanian waters, which grows to a length of 50 cm. The colour varies with growth, adults having two broad… … Australian English dictionary
bluenose — noun Date: 1903 a person who advocates a rigorous moral code • bluenosed adjective … New Collegiate Dictionary
bluenose — /blooh nohz /, n. 1. a puritanical person; prude. 2. (cap.) Also, Blue Nose. Canadian. an inhabitant of the Maritime Provinces, esp. of Nova Scotia. 3. Naut. Slang. a. a sailing vessel of Nova Scotia. b. a seaman on such a vessel. [1780 85 (def.… … Universalium
bluenose — noun a) A prude b) A nickname for a person from Nova Scotia, Canada … Wiktionary