String quintet


String quintet

A string quintet is a musical composition for a standard string quartet (two violins, a viola, and a cello) supplemented by a fifth string instrument, usually a second viola (a so-called "viola quintet") or a second cello (a "cello quintet"), but occasionally a double bass. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, who favoured addition of a viola, is considered a pioneer of the form. Most famous of the cello quintets is Franz Schubert's Quintet in C major. Antonín Dvořák's Quintet Op. 77 uses a double bass, and Mozart's famous Eine kleine Nachtmusik may be performed with this instrumentation (the double bass being optional). Alternative additions include clarinet or piano (see Clarinet quintet, Piano quintet); and other closely related chamber music genres include the string quartet (much more common), the string trio, and the string sextet.

Many composers famous for their string quartets – such as Joseph Haydn (pioneer of the quartet genre), Béla Bartók, Paul Hindemith, and Dmitri Shostakovich – never composed a string quintet.

The term string quintet may refer to a group of five players that performs such works. It can also be applied to the standard five-part orchestral string section: first violins, second violins, violas, cellos, and double basses.

List of string quintet composers

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • String Quintet, Op. 29 (Beethoven) — String Quintet, Op. 29 in C major composed by Ludwig van Beethoven was first published in 1801. This work is a viola quintet in that is scored for string quartet and an extra viola (two violins, two violas and cello). With the Op. 104 quintet… …   Wikipedia

  • String quintet repertoire — Among the repertoire for the standard string quintet (2 violin s, viola, and 2 cellos) are the following works:Ordering is by surname of composer.tring Quintet Repertoire 2 Violins, Viola and 2 Cellos B*David Baker **Two Cello String Quintet… …   Wikipedia

  • String Quintet (Schubert) — The String Quintet in C major, D. 956, op. posth. 163, is a piece of chamber music written by Franz Schubert. It was composed during the summer of 1828, two months before his death, and is Schubert s final instrumental work. [Maurice J.E. Brown,… …   Wikipedia

  • String Quintet No. 2 (Dvořák) — Antonín Dvořák s String Quintet No. 2 in G major, Opus 77, (B. 49) was originally composed in early March, 1875 and first performed on March 18, 1876 in Prague at the concert of the Umělecká beseda. It is scored for two violins, viola, cello, and …   Wikipedia

  • String Quintet No. 3 (Mozart) — The String Quintet No. 3 in C major, K. 515 is written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Like all of Mozart s string quintets, this work is a viola quintet in that is scored for string quartet and an extra viola (two violins, two violas and cello). The …   Wikipedia

  • String Quintet No. 4 (Mozart) — The String Quintet No. 4 in G minor, K. 516 was written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Like all of Mozart s string quintets, this work is a viola quintet in that is scored for string quartet and an extra viola (two violins, two violas and cello).… …   Wikipedia

  • String Quintet No. 5 (Mozart) — The String Quintet No. 5 in D major, K. 593 is written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Like all of Mozart s string quintets, this work is a viola quintet in that is scored for string quartet and an extra viola (two violins, two violas and cello).… …   Wikipedia

  • String Quintet No. 6 (Mozart) — The String Quintet No. 6 in E flat major, K. 614, was completed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart on April 12, 1791. It is Mozart s last major chamber work. Like all of Mozart s string quintets, this work is a viola quintet in that is scored for string… …   Wikipedia

  • String Quintet No. 1 (Mozart) — The String Quintet No. 1 in B flat major, K. 174, was written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in December 1773. Like all of Mozart s string quintets, this work is a viola quintet in that is scored for string quartet and an extra viola (two violins,… …   Wikipedia

  • String Quintet No. 2 (Mozart) — The String Quintet No. 2 in C minor, K. 406/516b, was written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1787. Like all of Mozart s string quintets, this work is a viola quintet in that is scored for string quartet and an extra viola (two violins, two violas… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.