Cottbus


Cottbus
Cottbus
Cottbus Altmarkt (old market square)
Cottbus Altmarkt (old market square)
Coat of arms of Cottbus
Cottbus is located in Germany
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Cottbus
Coordinates 51°45′38″N 14°20′3″E / 51.76056°N 14.33417°E / 51.76056; 14.33417Coordinates: 51°45′38″N 14°20′3″E / 51.76056°N 14.33417°E / 51.76056; 14.33417
Administration
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Urban district
Lord Mayor Frank Szymanski (SPD)
Basic statistics
Area 164.28 km2 (63.43 sq mi)
Elevation 70 m  (230 ft)
Population 102,091 (31 December 2010)[1]
 - Density 621 /km2 (1,610 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate CB
Postal codes 03042-03055
Area code 0355
Website www.cottbus.de

Cottbus (Lower Sorbian: Chóśebuz) is a city in Brandenburg, Germany, situated around 125 km (78 mi) southeast of Berlin, on the River Spree. As of 2010-12-31, its population was 102,091.[2]

Contents

History

The settlement was established in the 10th century, when Sorbs erected a castle on a sandy island in the River Spree. The first recorded mention of the town's name was in 1156. In the 13th century German settlers came to the town and thereafter lived side-by-side with the Sorbs. In medieval times Cottbus was known for wool, and the town's drapery was exported all over the Brandenburg, Bohemia and Saxony. In 1462 Cottbus was acquired by the Margraviate of Brandenburg; in 1701 the city became part of the Kingdom of Prussia. In 1815 the surrounding districts of Upper and Lower Lusatia were ceded by the Kingdom of Saxony to Prussia.

From 1949 until German reunification in 1990, Cottbus was part of the German Democratic Republic.

Culture and education

Cottbus is the cultural centre of the Lower Sorbian minority. Many signs in the town are bilingual, and there is a Lower Sorbian-medium Gymnasium, but Sorbian is rarely spoken on the streets.

Next to Cottbus is the famous Branitz Park, created by Prince Hermann von Pückler-Muskau after 1845.

Cottbus is also home of the Brandenburg University of Technology (BTU) and the maths/science-oriented Max-Steenbeck-Gymnasium, which is named after the physicist Max Steenbeck.

Every year Cottbus is host to the East European Film Festival.

Cottbus has a football (soccer) team called Energie Cottbus currently playing in the 2nd Division.

Power generation

There are several coal-fired power stations in the area around Cottbus (Lausitz). The biggest stations are "Schwarze Pumpe" (1600 MW), "Boxberg" (1900 MW) and "Jänschwalde" (3000 MW).

International relations

Twin towns – Sister cities

Cottbus is twinned with:

See also

References

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cottbus — Cottbus …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cottbus — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Cottbus Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • COTTBUS — COTTBUS, city in Germany. Jews are first recorded in Cottbus in 1448. They were expelled in 1510 and not allowed to enter the city until 1712 and 1739, when Jewish wool merchants from Poland were permitted to stay temporarily for business… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Cottbus — Cottbus, 1) Kreis des preußischen Regierungsbezirkes Frankfurt; 15,9 QM., 51,500 Ew., im NO. Haideland, an der Spree, die den Kreis durchfließt, Moor u. Sumpf, u. überhaupt nicht eben fruchtbar, daher der Bodenertrag nur mittelmäßig, bedeutender… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cottbus — Cottbus, Kreisstadt im preuß. Reg. Bez. Frankfurt, l. an der Spree, (1900) 39.322 E., Garnison, Land , Amtsgericht, Reichsbankstelle, Gymnasium, Realschule, höhere Webschule; königl. Schloß, Tuch Buckskinfabriken …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cottbus — [kät′bəs, kät′boos΄] city in E Germany, on the Spree River, in the state of Brandenburg: pop. 129,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Cottbus — Wappen Deutschlandkarte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cottbus — Cọtt|bus: Stadt an der Spree. * * * Cọttbus,   sorbisch Chośebuz [ xɔɕɛbuz],    1) kreisfreie Stadt in der Niederlausitz, Brandenburg, 75 m über dem Meeresspiegel, an der mittleren Spree und am Südostrand des Spreewalds, (1999) 110 900… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Cottbus — /kot beuhs/; Ger. /kawt boos/, n. a city in E Germany, on the Spree River. 107,623. * * * ▪ Germany also spelled  Kottbus        city, Brandenburg Land (state), eastern Germany. It lies on the …   Universalium

  • Cottbus — Original name in latin Cottbus Name in other language CBU, Chocebuz, Chociebuz, Chociebu Chosebuz, Chotebuz, Chotbuz, Choebuz, Choebuz, Chebuz, Cotbusium, Cottbus, Gorad Kotbus, Kotbus, Kotbusa, Kotbusas, Kottbus, ke te bu si, khxthth bus,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database


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