Vigevano


Vigevano

Infobox CityIT
img_coa = Vigevano-Stemma.png official_name = Comune di Vigevano
name=Vigevano
mapx = #expr:45 + 19 / 60.0
mapy = #expr:8 + 52 / 60.0
region = Lombardy
province = Pavia (PV)
elevation_m = 116
area_total_km2 = 82
population_as_of = december 31, 2004
population_total = 59964
population_density_km2 = 667
timezone = CET, UTC+1
coordinates = coord|45|19|N|8|52|E
frazioni = Piccolini, Morsella, Fogliano, Sforzesca, Buccella
telephone = 0381
postalcode = 27029
gentilic = Vigevanesi
saint =
day =
mayor = Ambrogio Cotta Ramusino (since April 5, 2005)
website = [http://www.comune.vigevano.pv.it www.comune.vigevano.pv.it]

Vigevano is a town and commune in the province of Pavia, Lombardy, northern Italy, which possesses many artistic treasures and runs a huge industrial business. It is at the center of a district called Lomellina, a great rice-growing agricultural centre.

History

The earliest notices of Vigevano date from the 10th century AD, when it was a favoured residence of the Lombard king Arduin, for the sake of the good hunting in the vicinity.

Vigevano was a Ghibelline commune, favoring the Emperor and was accordingly besieged and taken by the Milanese in 1201 and again in 1275. In 1328 it finally surrendered to Azzone Visconti, and thereafter shared the political fortunes of Milan. The Church of S. Pietro Martire (St. Peter Martyr) was built, with the adjacent Dominican convent, by Filippo Maria Visconti in 1445. In the last years of Visconti domination it sustained a siege by Francesco Sforza. Once he was settled in power in Lombardy, Sforza procured the erection of Vigevano as the seat of a bishop and provided its revenues.

Main sights

Castello Sforzesco

Vigevano is crowned by the Castello Sforzesco, a stronghold rebuilt 1492-94 for Ludovico Maria Sforza (Ludovico il Moro), the great patron born in the town, who transformed the fortification of Luchino Visconti (who in turn had re-used a Lombard fortress) into a rich noble residence, at the cusp of Gothic and Renaissance. Leonardo da Vinci was his guest at Vigevano, and Bramante came to work for him: he finished the famous Tower entitled to him, who had been begun in 1198. The old castle has a unique raised covered road, high enough for horsemen to ride through, that communicates between the new palace and the old fortifications; there is a Falconry, an elegant loggiato supported by 48 columns, and, in the rear area of the mastio, the Ladies' Loggia made for Duchess Beatrice d'Este.

Piazza Ducale

Vigevano's main attraction is one of the finest "piazzas" in Italy, the Piazza Ducale, an elongated rectangle that is almost in the ideal proportions 1:3 advocated by the architectural theorist Antonio Filarete Fact|date=March 2008, which is also said to have been laid out by Bramante, and was certainly built for Ludovico il Moro, starting in 1492-93 and completed in record time, unusual for early Renaissance town planning. Piazza del Duomo was actually planned to form a noble forecourt to his castle, unified by the arcades that completely surround the square, an amenity of the new North Italian towns built in the 13th century. The town's main street enters through a sham arcaded façade that preserves the unity of the space as at the Place des Vosges. Ludovico demolished the former palazzo of the commune of Vigevano to create the space.

Cathedral

In the 17th century one end of the Piazza Ducale was enclosed by the concave Baroque façade of the Cathedral, cleverly adjusted to bring the ancient duomo into a line perpendicular to the axis of the piazza and centered on it.

The Cathedral was begun in 1532 under Duke Francesco II, who commissioned the design to Antonio da Lonate. The edifice was completed in 1606. The interior is on the Latin cross plan, with a nave and two aisles, and houses works by Macrino d'Alba, Bernardino Ferrari and others, as well as tempera polyptych of the school of Leonardo da Vinci.

Notable Vigevanesi

* Guido da Vigevano (* around 1280; † around 1349), physician and inventor
* Ludovico Sforza (1452-1508), known as Ludovico il Moro, "The Moor", Duke of Milan.
* Eleonora Duse (1858–1924), Italian actress, often known simply as Duse, was born in Vigevano.
* Gian Carlo Rota (1932–1999), mathematician and philosopher, was born in Vigevano.

Gallery

External links

* [http://www.comune.vigevano.pv.it/turismo/lomellina_eng.html The Lomellina]

References

*cite book|first=Siegfried|last=Giedion|title=Space, Time and Architecture



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  • Vigevano —   [vi dʒɛːvano], Stadt in der Lombardei, Provinz Pavia, Italien, 116 m über dem Meeresspiegel, rechts vom Tessin, 59 800 Einwohner; Bischofssitz; Museum, Lederfachschule; Zentrum der italienischen Schuhindustrie, außerdem Schuhmaschinenfabriken u …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Vigevăno — (spr. Widschewano), 1) früher Provinz des sardinischen Fürstenthums Piemont, zwischen Vercelli, Novara, Mortara u. Mailand; 45 QM., 25,000 Ew.; gehört jetzt zur italienischen Provinz Pavia; 2) Hauptstadt hier, unweit des Tessino an der Zweigbahn… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Vigevano — (spr. widschéwano), Stadt in der ital. Provinz Pavia, Kreis Mortara, nahe dem rechten Ufer des Tessin, an der Eisenbahn Mailand Mortara, mit Dampfstraßenbahnen nach Novara und Ottobiano, hat eine Pfarrkirche San Francesco mit Terrakottafassaden… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Vigevano — (spr. widschéw ), Stadt in der ital. Prov. Pavia, am Tessin, (1901) 23.909 E.; Seidenhandel …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Vigevano — (Widschew–), sardin. Stadt am Ticino, Bischofs sitz, mit 15500 E., Seidemanufacturen …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Vigevano — Original name in latin Vigevano Name in other language Vidzhevano, Vigebanum, Vigevano, vuVigevanoijevuVigevanoano, Виджевано State code IT Continent/City Europe/Rome longitude 45.31166 latitude 8.86114 altitude 103 Population 57450 Date 2012 02… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database


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