- Anatoliy Golitsyn
Anatoliy Mikhaylovich Golitsyn CBE ( _ru. Анатолий Михайлович Голицын;born
August 25, 1926in Piryatin, Ukrainian SSR) is a Soviet KGB defectorand author of two books about alleged long-term deception strategy of the KGB leadership. He provided "a wide range of intelligence to the CIAon the operations of most of the 'Lines' (departments) at the Helsinkiand other residencies, as well as KGB methods of recruiting and running agents." He is an Honorary Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) and is now an American citizen. Arnold Beichman, [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1282/is_v36/ai_3423788 New lies for old: the communist strategy of deception and disinformation. - book reviews] , " National Review", September 7, 1984]
Golitsyn worked in the strategic planning department of the
KGBin the rank of Major. In 1961 under the name "Anatole Klimov" he was assigned to the Soviet embassyin Helsinki, Finland. He was completely fluent in English, and had great familiarity with contemporary American literature Fact|date=July 2007. He defected with his wife and daughter to the Central Intelligence Agency(CIA) via Helsinkion December 15, 1961. He was flown to the United Statesand interviewed by James Jesus Angleton, CIA counter-intelligencedirector. In January 1962, the KGB sent instructions to fifty-four residents throughout the world on the actions required to minimize the damage. All meetings with important agents were to be suspended. Christopher Andrewand Vasili Mitrokhin(2000). "The Mitrokhin Archive: The KGB in Europe and the West." Gardners Books. ISBN 0-14-028487-7. ] . In November 1962, KGB head Vladimir Semichastnyapproved a plan for assassination of Golitsyn and other "particularly dangerous traitors" including Igor Gouzenko, Nikolay Khokhlov, and Bogdan Stashinsky. KGB made significant efforts to discredit Golitsyn by promoting disinformation that he was involved in illegal smuggling operations .
Golitsyn provided information about many famous Soviet agents including
Kim Philby, Donald Duart Maclean, Guy Burgess, John Vassall, double agent Aleksandr Kopatzkywho worked in Germany, and others . It was only with the defection of Anatoliy Golitsyn in 1961 that Philby was confirmed as a Soviet mole.
Golitsyn was a figure of significant controversy in the Western intelligence community. Military writer John Hackett and CIA counter-intelligence director James Angleton identified Golitsyn as "The most valuable defector ever to reach the West" [http://thefinalphase.com/angletonongolitsyn.htm] , [http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F50710FE3B5C0C718CDDAB0894DE484D81&n=Top%2fReference%2fTimes%20Topics%2fOrganizations%2fK%2fKGB] . However, the official historian for Britain's
MI5 Christopher Andrew[http://www.qub.ac.uk/schools/History/NewsandEvents/Conferences/WarandIntelligenceConference/ War and Intelligence Conference] ] described him as an "unreliable conspiracy theorist" Christopher Andrew, [http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/books/non-fiction/article1959688.ece Spy Wars: Moles, Mysteries and Deadly Games By Tennent H Bagley Reviewed by Christopher Andrew] , " The Sunday Times", June 24, 2007] . Andrew believes that although intelligence data provided by Golitsyn were reliable, some of his global political assessments of the Soviet and KGB strategy are questionable . In particular, he disputed the Golitsyn's claim that the "Sino-Soviet split was a charade to deceive the West".
Accusing Harold Wilson
Golitsyn falsely claimed that Rt Hon.
Harold Wilson(then Prime Minister of the United Kingdom) was a KGB informer and an agent of influence. This encouraged pre-existing conspiracy theories within the British security services concerning Wilson. [Dorril, Stephen and Ramsay, Robin (1992). "Smear! - Wilson and the Secret State". Grafton] During his time as President of the Board of Tradein the late 1940s, Wilson had been on trade missions to Russia and cultivated a friendship with Anastas Mikoyanand Vyacheslav Molotov. He continued these relationships when Labour went into Opposition, and according to Mitrokhin Archive, his insights into British politics were passed to and highly rated by the KGB. An "agent development file" was opened in the hope to recruit Harold Wilson, and the codename "OLDING" was given to him. However "the development did not come to fruition" according to the KGB file records . Golitsyn also accused the KGB of poisoning Hugh Gaitskell, Wilson's predecessor as leader of the Labour Party, in order for Wilson to take over the party. Gaitskell died after a sudden attack of lupus erythematosus, an autoimmune disorder, in 1963. Golitsyn's claims about Wilson were believed in particular by the senior MI5 counterintelligenceofficer Peter Wright. [Wright, Peter (1987). "Spycatcher". New York and London: Viking Penguin Inc.] Although Wilson was repeatedly investigated by MI5 and cleared of this accusation, individuals within the service continued to believe that he was an agent of the KGB, and this belief played a part in the coup plots against him. [Leigh, David (1988). "The Wilson Plot". Heinemann]
Golitsyn and Nosenko
Yuri Nosenko, a KGB officer working out of Geneva, Switzerland, insisted that he needed to defect to the USA, as his role as a double-agent had been discovered, prompting his recall to Moscow[Mangold, Tom. "Cold Warrior: James Jesus Angleton: The CIA's Master Spy Hunter". New York: Simon and Schuster, 1991. ISBN 0-671-66273-2.] Nosenko was allowed to defect, although his credibility was immediately in question because the CIA was unable to verify a KGB recall order. Nosenko made two extremely controversial claims: that Golitsyn was not a double-agent but a KGB plant; and that he had information on the assassination of President John F. Kennedyby way of the KGB's history with Lee Harvey Oswaldin the time Oswald lived in the Soviet Union.
Regarding the first claim, Golitsyn had said from the beginning that the KGB would try to plant defectors in an effort to discredit him. Regarding the second claim, Nosenko told his debriefers that he had been personally responsible for handling Oswald's case and that the KGB had judged Oswald unfit for their services due to mental instability and had not even attempted to debrief Oswald about his work on the U-2 spy planes during his service in the
United States Marine Corps. Nosenko repeatedly failed lie detector tests. Judging the claim of not interrogating Oswald about the U-2 improbable given Oswald's familiarity with the U-2 program and faced with further challenges to Nosenko's credibility (he also falsely claimed to be a lieutenant colonel, a higher rank than he held in fact), Angleton did not object when David Murphy, then head of the Soviet Russia Division, ordered him held in solitary confinement for approximately three-and-a-half years.
James Angleton came to public attention in the United States when the
Church Commission(formally known as the Senate Select Committee to Study Governmental Operations with Respect to Intelligence Activities), following up on the Warren Commission, probed the CIA for information about the Kennedy assassination. The Nosenko episode does not appear to have shaken Angleton's faith in Golitsyn, although Helms and J. Edgar Hoovertook the contrary position. Hoover's objections are said to have been so vehement as to curtail severely counterintelligence cooperation between the FBI and CIA for the remainder of Hoover's service as the FBI's director.
New Lies for Old
In 1984, Golitsyn published the book "New Lies For Old" [http://www.premier1.net/~barkonwd/golitsyn.htm] , wherein he predicted the collapse of the communist bloc orchestrated from above. He warned about a long-term
deceptionstrategy designed to lull the West into a false sense of security, and finally economically cripple and diplomatically isolate the United States. Among other things, Golitsyn stated:
*"The 'liberalization' [in the Soviet Union] would be spectacular and impressive. Formal pronouncements might be made about a reduction in the communist party's role; its monopoly would be apparently curtailed."
*"If [liberalization] should be extended to
East Germany, demolition of the Berlin Wallmight even be contemplated."
European Parliamentmight become an all-European socialist parliament with representation from the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. 'Europe from the Atlantic to the Urals' would turn out to be a neutral, socialist Europe."
The Perestroika Deception
In 1995 Golitsyn published another book "The
PerestroikaDeception" where he claimed:
*"The [Soviet] strategists are concealing the secret coordination that exists and will continue between Moscow and the 'nationalist' leaders of [the] 'independent' republics."
*"The power of the KGB remains as great as ever... Talk of cosmetic changes in the KGB and its supervision is deliberately publicized to support the myth of 'democratization' of the Soviet political system."
*"Scratch these new, instant Soviet 'democrats,' 'anti-Communists,' and 'nationalists' who have sprouted out of nowhere, and underneath will be found secret Party members or KGB agents."
Author Mark Riebling stated that of 194 predictions made in "New Lies For Old", 139 had been fulfilled by 1993, 9 seemed 'clearly wrong', and the other 46 were 'not soon falsifiable'. [http://www.markriebling.com/predictions.html] .
According to Golitsyn, the programs of
perestroikaand glasnosthave been planned by the Soviet and KGB leadership to improve the international standing of the Soviet Union and deceive the West. This information was supported by publications claiming that Mikhail Gorbachevjustified his new policies as a necessary step to "hug Europe to death" and "evict the United States from Europe." Talk of Gorbachev at the meeting of the Soviet Politburo on March 26, 1987. [http://www.svobodanews.ru/Transcript/2007/01/20/20070120193322200.html New edition of documents of Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Interview with Pavel Stoilov. (Russian)] - by Radio Free Europe] Soviet dissident Vladimir Bukovskyalso supported this information: :"In 1992 I had unprecedented access to Politburo and Central Committee secret documents which have been classified, and still are even now, for 30 years. These documents show very clearly that the whole idea of turning the European common market into a federal state was agreed between the left-wing parties of Europe and Moscow as a joint project which Gorbachev in 1988-89 called our "common European home." (interview by The Brussels Journal, February 23, 2006).
June 8, 1995, the British Conservative Member of Parliament Christopher Gillquoted "The Perestroika Deception" during a House of Commons debate, saying "It stretches credulity to its absolute bounds to think that suddenly, overnight, all those who were Communists will suddenly adopt a new philosophy and belief, with the result that everything will be different. I use this opportunity to warn the House and the country that that is not the truth," and "Every time the House approves one of these collective agreements, not least treaties agreed by the collective of the European Union, it contributes to the furtherance of the Russian strategy." [http://www.parliament.the-stationery-office.co.uk/pa/cm199495/cmhansrd/1995-06-08/Debate-5.html Christopher Gill MP] , House of Commons Hansard Debates for 8 Jun 1995, Column 370 ]
According to Russian political scientist
Yevgenia Albats, Golitsyn's book "New Lies for Old" claimed that "as early as 1959, the KGB was working up a perestroika-type plot to manipulate foreign public opinion on a global scale. The plan was in a way inspired by the teachings of the sixth-century B.C. Chinese theoretician and military commander Sun Tsu, who said, "I will force the enemy to take our strength for weakness, and our weakness for strength, and thus will turn his strength into weakness" Albats argued that the KGBwas the major beneficiary of political changes in Russia, and perhaps indeed directed Gorbachev. According to her, "one thing is certain: perestroika opened the way for the KGB to advance toward the very heart of power [in Russia] " Yevgenia Albats and Catherine A. Fitzpatrick. "The State Within a State: The KGB and Its Hold on Russia--Past, Present, and Future." 1994. ISBN 0-374-52738-5, see chapter "Who was behind perestroika?" ] .
Golitsyn's publications are vigorously supported by American political writers
Jeffrey Nyquist[ Nyquist, J.R. "Origins of the Fourth World War: [and the Coming Wars of Mass Destruction] ." Eureka, CA: Broadway Printing, 1998. ISBN 0-96668-770-1 ] and Joel Skousen, [Joel Skousen. [http://www.joelskousen.com/threats.html Analysis of Strategic Threats In the Current Decade (2000-2010)] , "JoelSkousen.com", May 2004] as well as by the John Birch Society. [William F. Jasper. [http://www.thenewamerican.com/node/2401 Putin’s Russia] , " The New American", January 22, 2007]
Golitsyn's views are shared by leading Czech dissident and politician
Petr Cibulka, who has alleged that the 1989 Velvet Revolutionin Czechoslovakiawas staged by the communist StBsecret police.
The 1996 American film "" featured a fictionalized character based on Anatoliy Golitsyn named Alexander Golitsyn, played by actor
The 1992 PC adventure game "KGB" (Titled "Conspiracy" in The United States) by Cryo Games is based around the investigation into the murder of a man named Golitsin.
Angleton and Golitsyn reportedly sought the assistance of
William F. Buckley, Jr.(himself once a CIA man) in writing "New Lies for Old". Buckley refused but later went on to write a novel about Angleton, "Spytime: The Undoing of James Jesus Angleton". [Buckley, William F., Jr. "Spytime: the Undoing of James Jesus Angleton: A Novel". New York: Harcourt, 2000. ISBN 0-15-100513-3.]
*Anatoliy Golitsyn. "New Lies for Old" G. S. G. & Associates, Incorporated, 1990, ISBN 0-945-00113-4
*Anatoliy Golitsyn. "The Perestroika Deception : Memoranda to the Central Intelligence Agency" Edward Harle Ltd; 2nd Ed edition (1998) ISBN 1-899-79803-X
Christopher Story, editor of "The Perestroika Deception"; [http://www.reformed-theology.org/html/issue07/perestroika_01.htm part I] , [http://www.reformed-theology.org/html/issue08/perestroika_02.htm part II] , [http://www.reformed-theology.org/html/issue09/perestroika_03.htm part III]
* [http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/SSgolitsin.htm Anatoliy Golitsyn] , Spartacus Educational website by
* [http://www.jrnyquist.com/nyquist_2004_1218.htm Bombs Away] , interview with
Jeffrey Nyquist, 18 December 2004
* [http://www.financialsense.com/stormwatch/geo/pastanalysis/2005/0106.html Unmasking Spies, Then and Now] , by
Jeffrey Nyquist, Geopolitical Global Analysis, 01.06.2005
* [http://www.spiritoftruth.org/coup.htm Memorandum to the CIA: 26 August 1991] , by Anatoliy Golitsyn
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