- Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair National Park
Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair National ParkIUCN Category II (National Park) Nearest town/city Queenstown Coordinates Coordinates: Area 161,443 ha Established 1922 Visitation 209,000 (in 2005) Managing authorities Tasmania Parks and Wildlife Service Official site Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair National Park
Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair National Park is located in the Central Highlands area of Tasmania (Australia), 165 km northwest of Hobart. The park contains many walking trails, and is where hikes along the well-known Overland Track usually begins. Major features are Cradle Mountain and Barn Bluff in the northern end, Mount Pelion East, Mount Pelion West, Mount Oakleigh and Mount Ossa in the middle and Lake St Clair in the southern end of the park. The park is part of the Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area.
Access from the south (Lake St. Clair) is usually from Derwent Bridge on the Lyell Highway. Northern access (Cradle Valley) is usually via Sheffield, Wilmot or Mole Creek. A less frequently used entrance is via the Arm River Track, from the east.
In 2005, the Tasmanian Parks and Wildlife Service introduced a booking system and fee for use of the Overland Track over peak periods. Initially the fee was $100, but this was raised to $150 in 2007, and as at August 2011 is $180. The money that is collected is used to finance the park ranger organisation, track maintenance, building of new facilities and rental of helicopter transport to remove waste from the toilets at the huts in the park.
The Tasmanian Government has moved to allow development in national parks and conservations areas. An 'In principle' permit has been granted for the establishment of an 'eco-friendly' resort at Pumphouse Point at Lake St Clair.
Flora and fauna
The Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair National Park is a significant location of Tasmania's endemic species—40–55% of the park's documented alpine flora is endemic. Furthermore, 68% of the higher rainforest species recorded in alpine areas in Tasmania are present in the Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair National Park. The park's alpine vegetation is very diverse and, has largely escaped forest fires that have caused neighboring regions to suffer.
The park has been identified as an Important Bird Area (IBA) because it provides habitat for 11 of Tasmania's endemic bird species, as well as for the Flame and Pink Robins and the Striated Fieldwren. The IBA is important as a representative protected area in north-central Tasmania for those species.
- ^ "Reserve Listing - National Parks". National Parks website. Parks and Wildlife Service Tasmania. http://www.parks.tas.gov.au/index.aspx?base=5714. Retrieved 2009-05-22.
- ^ "Parks and Wildlife Service Tasmania". http://www.parks.tas.gov.au/index.aspx?base=7831. Retrieved 9 August 2011.
- ^ "IBA: Cradle Mountain". Birdata. Birds Australia. http://www.birdata.com.au/iba.vm. Retrieved 2011-06-16.
- Chapman, John, Monica Chapman and John Siseman (2006) Cradle Mountain, Lake St Clair and Walls of Jerusalem National Parks 5th ed. Laburnum, Vic. : J. Chapman. ISBN 1-920995-01-3
- Tasmania's Parks and Wildlife Service page about Lake St. Clair
- Tasmania's Parks and Wildlife Service page about Cradle Mountain
- UNESCO's World Heritage List web page for the Tasmanian Wilderness
- An article touching on the park's flora
- Wikitravel's Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair National Park site
National parks of TasmaniaBen Lomond · Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair · Douglas-Apsley · Franklin-Gordon Wild Rivers · Freycinet · Hartz Mountains · Kent Group · Maria Island · Mole Creek Karst · Mount Field · Mount William · Narawntapu · Rocky Cape · Savage River · South Bruny · Southwest · Strzelecki · Tasman · Walls of Jerusalem
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