Flinders Ranges National Park


Flinders Ranges National Park

Infobox_protected_area_of_Australia | name = Flinders Ranges National Park
iucn_category = II



caption =
locator_x = 176
locator_y = 152
nearest_town_or_city = Hawker
coordinates = coord|31|25|20|S|138|42|18|E|
area = 912 km²
established = 1945
visitation_num =
visitation_year =
managing_authorities = Department for Environment and Heritage
official_site = [http://www.environment.sa.gov.au/parks/flinders_ranges/ Flinders Ranges National Park]

The Flinders Ranges are South Australia's largest mountain range, and is situated approximately 400 km north of Adelaide. The discontinuous ranges stretch for over 430 km from Port Pirie to Lake Callabonna. Its most characteristic landmark is Wilpena Pound, a large, sickle-shaped, natural amphitheatre covering nearly 80 square kilometres, containing the range's and South Australia's highest peak, St Mary Peak (1170m).

The Flinders Ranges National Park is located in the northern part of the Flinders Ranges. The park covers an area of 912 square kilometres, northeast of the small town of Hawker. The park includes the Wilpena Pound and St Mary Peak.

The Heysen Trail and Mawson Trail pass through the park.

There are many lookouts, scenic vistas, small canyons and unusual rock formations located in the park. These include Wilpena Pound, Wilkawillina Gorge, Hucks Lookout, Brachina Gorge, Bunyeru Gorge and Arkaroo Rock . An amazing rock formation called the Great Wall of China is located just outside the park. The park centre at Wilpena Pound is accessible by sealed road from Hawker. Other areas in the park can be reached by un-sealed roads, which are mostly accessible by two-wheel drive vehicles except in exceptionally bad weather. Camping is permitted at many locations in the park.

Geology

The Flinders Ranges are largely composed of folded and faulted sediments of the Adelaide Geosyncline. This very thick sequence of sediments were deposited in a large basin during the Neoproterozoic on the passive margin of the ancient continent of Rodinia. During the Cambrian, approximately 540 million years ago, the area underwent the Delamerian orogeny where the geosynclinal sequence was folded and faulted into a large mountain range. Since this time the area has undergone erosion resulting in the relatively low ranges today.

Most of the high ground and ridgetops in the Flinders are sequences of quartzites that outcrop along strike. The high walls of Wilpena Pound are formed by the outcropping beds of the eponymous Pound Quartzite in a synclinal structure. The same formation forms many of the other high parts of the Flinders, including the high plateau of the Gammon Ranges and the Heysen Range. Cuesta forms are also very common in the Flinders.

Flora and Fauna

The flora of the Flinders Ranges is composed largely of species adapted to a semi-arid environment such as cypress-pine, mallee, and black oak. Moister areas near Wilpena Pound support grevilleas, Guinea flowers, lilies and ferns. Reeds and sedges grow near permanent water sources such as springs and waterholes.

Since the eradication of dingos and the establishment of permanent waterholes for stock, the numbers of red kangaroos, western grey kangaroos and euros in the Flinders Ranges have increased. The yellow-footed rock-wallaby, which neared extinction after the arrival of Europeans due to hunting and predation by foxes, has now stabilized. Other endemic marsupials include dunnarts, planigales and echidnas. Insectivorous bats make up significant proportion of mammals in the area. There are a large number of bird species including parrots, galahs, emus, the wedge-tailed eagle and small numbers of water birds. Reptiles include goannas, snakes, dragon lizards, skinks and geckos. The streambank froglet is an endemic amphibian.

External links

* [http://www.southaustralia.com/FlindersRangesOutback.aspx SouthAustralia.com Flinders Rangers & Outback - Travel Guides, Accommodation, Maps, Events etc]

References

ee also

*Wilpena Pound
*Protected areas of South Australia
*Ediacara
*Arkaroola
*Gammon Ranges
*Mawson Plateau
*Mount Chambers


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Flinders Ranges National Park — noun a national park located in the Flinders Ranges, SA. 95 000 ha …   Australian English dictionary

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  • Vulkathunha-Gammon Ranges National Park — /vʊlkəˌtanə ˈgæmən/ (say voolkuh.tahnuh gamuhn) noun a national park in central eastern SA, west of Lake Frome, incorporating the northern part of the Flinders Ranges. 128 230 ha. Formerly (until 2003), Gammon Ranges National Park …   Australian English dictionary

  • Flinders-Ranges-Nationalpark — Flinders Ranges National Park Wilpena Pound …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Flinders Ranges — The Flinders Ranges is South Australia s largest mountain range which starts approximately 200 km north west of Adelaide. The discontinuous ranges stretch for over 430 km from Port Pirie to Lake Callabonna. Its most characteristic landmark is… …   Wikipedia

  • Flinders Ranges — p1f1 Flinderskette Höchster Gipfel St. Mary’s Peak (1.170 m) Lage South Australia Teil von Australien …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Flinders Ranges — Mountain region north of Adelaide, South Australia. Continuing the Mount Lofty Ranges from Gulf St. Vincent, it extends some 250 mi (400 km) to the northeast. The Flinders exceed 3,000 ft (900 m) at several points, reaching 3,825 ft (1,166 m) at… …   Universalium

  • Flinders Ranges — /flɪndəz ˈreɪndʒəz/ (say flinduhz raynjuhz) plural noun mountain ranges in south eastern SA extending over 400 km from Port Pirie and Peterborough to the areas between Lake Torrens and Lake Frome. Highest peak, St Mary Peak, 1171 m. The Flinders… …   Australian English dictionary


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