- Coorong National Park
Coorong National ParkIUCN Category II (National Park) Nearest town/city Goolwa Coordinates Area 467 km² Established 1966 Managing authorities Department for Environment and Heritage Official site Coorong National Park
The Coorong is a national park and lagoon ecosystem in South Australia (Australia), 156 km southeast of Adelaide. Its name is thought to be a corruption of the local Aboriginal people's word kurangh, meaning "long neck"; a reference to the shape of the lagoon system. The name is also thought to be from the Aboriginal word Coorang, "sand dune", a reference to the sand dunes that can be seen between the park and the Southern Ocean.
The western end of the Coorong lagoon is at the Murray Mouth near Hindmarsh Island and the Sir Richard Peninsula, and it extends about 130 km southeast. The park area includes the Coorong itself, and Younghusband Peninsula which separates the Coorong from Encounter Bay in the Southern Ocean. The Coorong has been cut off from Lake Alexandrina by the construction of the Goolwa Barrages (weirs) from Goolwa to Pelican Point during the late 1930s.
The park was formed in 1966 as a sanctuary for many species of birds, animals and fish. It attracts many migratory species. It provides refuge for these animals during some of Australia's regular droughts. The 467 km² also supports coastal dune systems, lagoons and coastal vegetation. One of the unique things about the Coorong is the interaction of water along its length, with sea water and Murray River water meeting rainfall and groundwater. The freshwater supports the fauna of the area while the sea water is the habitat for much of the birdlife.
The waters of the Coorong are a popular venue for recreational and commercial fishers. The popular 'Coorong Mullet' and 'School Mulloway' are the main species. The region was the setting of the popular 1977 film Storm Boy.
The Coorong has been recognised by BirdLife International as an Important Bird Area. It has supported over 1% of the world populations of Chestnut Teal, Australian Shelduck, Sharp-tailed Sandpiper, Red-necked Stint, Banded Stilt, Red-necked Avocet, Pied Oystercatcher and Red-capped Plover. Australasian Bitterns have been recorded. It has also supported significant numbers of Orange-bellied Parrots, Fairy Terns and Hooded Plovers, although their usage of the site has declined from reduced freshwater inflows.
Sunset over the northern part of The Coorong, approaching the town of Meningie, South Australia
Protected areas of South Australia National Parks Conservation Parks
Acraman Creek · Billiatt · Black Hill · Cape Gantheaume · Cleland · Cox Scrub · Danggali · Deep Creek · Fairview · Finniss · Fort Glanville · Gum Laqoon · Kelly Hill · Hacks Lagoon · Hallett Cove · Horsnell Gully · Kaiserstuhl · Lake Gilles · Mamungari · Marino · Monarto · Morialta · Mount Magnificent · Naracoorte Caves · Ngarkat · Peebinga · Piccaninnie Ponds · Scott Creek · Seal Bay · Simpson Desert · Spring Gully · Talisker
Recreation Parks Regional Reserves Conservation Reserves Wilderness Protection Areas Game Reserves
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Coorong National Park — Younghusband Peninsula … Deutsch Wikipedia
Coorong National Park — noun a national park in south eastern SA comprising the Coorong lagoon and the peninsula which divides the lagoon from Encounter Bay; created in 1966 as a wildlife sanctuary. 46 700 ha … Australian English dictionary
Canunda National Park — Canunda National Park … Deutsch Wikipedia
Nullarbor National Park — IUCN Category II (National Park) … Wikipedia
Coffin Bay National Park — IUCN Category II (National Park) … Wikipedia
Flinders Ranges National Park — Wilpena Pound … Deutsch Wikipedia
Naracoorte Caves National Park — Skeleton of a Marsupial Lion (Thylacoleo carnifex) in the Victoria Fossil Cave, Naracoorte Caves National Park Naracoorte Caves National Park IUCN Category II ( … Wikipedia
Onkaparinga River National Park — IUCN Category II (National Park) … Wikipedia
Mount Remarkable National Park — IUCN Category II (National Park) … Wikipedia
Murray River National Park — IUCN Category II (National Park) … Wikipedia