Albi


Albi

:"For the city in Calabria, Italy, see Albi, Italy."French commune
nomcommune=Albi
View of Albi
région=Midi-Pyrénées
département=Tarn| arrondissement=Albi
canton=
insee=81004
cp= 81000
maire=Philippe Bonnecarrère
mandat=2001-2008
intercomm=Albigeois
alt moy=169 m
longitude=2.146389
latitude=43.928889
alt mini=130 m
alt maxi=308 m
hectares=4426
km²=44.26
sans=46,299
date-sans=1999
dens=1046
date-dens=1999

Albi is a commune in southern France. It is the capital of the Tarn department. It is located on the Tarn River 50 miles northeast of Toulouse. Its inhabitants are called "Albigensians" (French: "Albigeois"/ "Albigeoise(s)"). It was the seat of the Archbishop of Albi.

Administration

Albi is the seat of 6 cantons, covering 18 communes, with a total population of 67,729.

History

The first human settlement in Albi was in the Bronze Age.

After the Roman conquest of Gaul in 51 BC, the town became "Civitas Albigensium", the territory of the Albigeois, "Albiga".Archaeological digs have not revealed any traces of Roman buildings, which seems to indicate that Albi was a modest Roman settlement.

In 1040, Albi went through a period of expansion with the construction of the Pont Vieux (Old Bridge). New quarters were built, indicative of considerable urban growth.The city grew rich at this time, thanks to trade and commercial exchanges, and also to the tolls charged for using the Pont Vieux.

In 1208, the Pope and the French King joined forces to combat the Cathars, who had developed their own version of Christianity (a dangerous heresy to the dominant Catholic faith). Repression was severe, and many were burnt at the stake throughout the region. The area, until then virtually independent, was reduced to a state that enabled it to be annexed to the French Crown.

After the upheaval of the Albigeois crusade against the Cathars, the bishop Bernard de Castanet, in the late 13th century, completed work on the Palais de la Berbie, a Bishops' Palace with the look of a fortress, and ordered the building of the impressive cathedral of Sainte-Cécile starting in 1282.

From 1450 to 1560, Albi enjoyed a period of commercial prosperity largely due to the cultivation of "Isatis Tinctoria" commonly known as woad. The superb town houses of the Renaissance bear witness to the vast fortunes amassed by the pastel merchants.

Albi has conserved its rich architectural heritage which encapsulates the various brilliant periods of its history.A great deal of improvement and restoration work has been done, to embellish the old quarters and to give them a new look, in which brick reigns supreme.

Main sights

Albi was built around the original cathedral and episcopal group of buildings. This historic area covers 63 hectares. Red brick and tiles are the main feature of most of the edifices.

Along with Toulouse and Montauban, Albi is one of the main cities built in Languedoc-style brick .Among the monuments of the town is the Sainte Cécile cathedral. This monument is a masterpiece of the Southern Gothic style. It is characterized by a strong contrast between its austere, defensive exterior and its sumptuous interior decoration. Built as a statement of the Christian faith after the upheavals of the Cathar heresy , this gigantic brick structure was embellished over the centuries: the Dominique de Florence Doorway, the 78 m high bell tower the Baldaquin over the entrance (1515–1540). The rood screen is a veritable filigree work in stone in the Flamboyant Gothic style. It is decorated with a magnificent group of polychrome statuary carved by artists from the Burgundian workshops of Cluny and comprising over 200 statues which have retained their original colours.

Older than the Palais des Papes in Avignon, the "Palais de la Berbie", formerly the Bishops' Palace of Albi, now the Toulouse-Lautrec Museum, is one of the oldest and best-preserved castles in France. This imposing fortress was completed at the end of the 13th century. Its name comes from the Occitan word Bisbia, meaning Bishops' Palace.

The Old Bridge ("Pont Vieux") is still in use today after almost a millennium of existence. Originally built in stone (in 1035), then clad with brick, it rests on 8 arches and is 151m long. In the 14th century, it was fortified, reinforced with a drawbridge and houses were built on the piers.

Albi is a well known city for its elite "Lycée Lapérouse", a high school with 500 students situated inside an old monastery boasting several literature classes. Furthermore, it is one of the few holding a full scale music section with special high tech rooms for this section.Albi is the home of the [http://www.musee-toulouse-lautrec.com/index-en.htm Toulouse-Lautrec Museum] . More than 1000 works, including the 31 famous posters, are kept within the walls. This body of work forms the largest public collection in the world devoted to Toulouse-Lautrec.

port

* RC Albi - A rugby league that competes in the Elite One Championship.
* SC Albi - The city's rugby union team that plays in the Rugby Pro D2
* Albi held Stage 13 of the 2007 Tour de France. The stage was a 55 km individual time trial which started and finished in the city.

Twin towns

Albi is twinned with:
* Girona, Spain
* Palo Alto, United States

External links

* [http://www.albi-tourisme.com/us/ Tourist Office of Albi]
* [http://www.mairie-albi.fr/eng/index.html Albi official Website in english]
* [http://www.mairie-albi.fr/ Albi official Website in french]
* [http://france-for-visitors.com/languedoc/albi.html Visiting Albi] (English)
* [http://colindaylinks.com/france/albi.html Albi photographs,history etc.] (English)
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01267a.htm Archdiocese of Albi (Albia)] - Article from the Catholic Encyclopedia 1908
* [http://www.albivisit.com Walking tours of Albi - cathedral, Toulouse-Lautrec Museum, Old City]
* [http://www.ophorus.com Excursions to Albi departing from Toulouse]


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  • Albi — Albi …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Albi — Albị,   Stadt in Südfrankreich, zwischen Zentralmassiv und Aquitanischem Becken am Tarn, 46 500 Einwohner; Erzbischofssitz; Verwaltungssitz des Départements Tarn   Wirtschaft:   sowie Handels und Industriestadt (Metallurgie, Chemiefasern, Glas,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • albi — ALBÍ, albesc, vb. IV. 1. refl., intranz. şi tranz. A deveni sau a face să devină (mai) alb. ♦ A trata produsele textile cu agenţi oxidanţi sau reducători pentru a le face mai hidrofile (mai albe), distrugând pigmenţii naturali. ♦ A colora uşor în …   Dicționar Român

  • ALBI — ALBI, town in France. The church council held at Albi in 1254 issued a number of canons (63–70) embodying anti Jewish restrictive measures. One or two Jewish families resided in Albi toward the end of the 13th century. A few settled there after… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • albi- — ⇒ALBI , ALBO , élément préf. Tiré du lat. albi (albus « blanc »), sert de 1er élément à un certain nombre d adj. composés sav., vieillis ou tombés en désuétude, qui ont appartenu aux sc. naturelles, en partic. à la zool. Le 2e élément désigne gén …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • albi- Ⅱ — *albi , *albiz? germ.?, Adjektiv: nhd. weiß; ne. white (Adjektiv); Rekontruktionsbasis: ae.?, ahd.?; Hinweis: s. *Albī; Etymologie: s. ing. *albʰos, Adjektiv …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

  • albi- Ⅲ — *albi , *albiz? germ., stark. Femininum (i): nhd. weißer Fluss; ne. white river; Rekontruktionsbasis: ae., ahd.; Hinweis: s. *Albī; Etymologie: s. ing. *albʰos, Adje …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

  • Albī? — *Albī? germ., Femininum, FlN: nhd. Elbe; ne. Elbe (name of a German river); Rekontruktionsbasis: ae., ahd.; Hinweis: s. *albi , *alb ; Quelle: FlN (1. Jh. v. Chr.); Etymologie: vergleiche idg …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

  • Albi [1] — Albi (Kirchengesch.), so v.w. Albati 3) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Albi [2] — Albi, 1) Bezirk des französischen Departement Tarn; 2) Hauptstadt desselben u. des Departements, am Tarn, Handelsgericht, Bischof, Kathedrale, Departementbehörden, Gesellschaften für Handel, Landbau u. Vertheilung protestantischer Bibeln, Waidbau …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon


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