Name = Hirsutism
DiseasesDB = 20309
ICD10 = L68.0
ICD9 = 704.1
MedlinePlus = 003148
eMedicineSubj = med
eMedicineTopic = 1017
eMedicine_mult = eMedicine2|derm|472
Hirsutism (from Latin "hirsutus" = shaggy, hairy) is defined as excessive and increased
hairgrowth in women in locations where the occurrence of terminal hairnormally is minimal or absent. It refers to a male pattern of body hair ( androgenic hair) and it is therefore primarily of cosmetic and psychologicalconcern. Hirsutism is a symptomrather than a diseaseand may be a sign of a more serious medical indication, especially if it develops well after puberty.
The cause of hirsutism can be either an increased level of
androgens (male hormones) or an oversensitivity of hair folliclesto androgens. Male hormones such as testosteronestimulate hair growth, increase size and intensify the growth and pigmentation of hair. Other symptoms associated with a high level of male hormones include acne and deepening of the voice and increased muscle mass.
Growing evidence implicates high circulating levels of
insulinin women to the development of hirsutism. This theory is consistent with the observation that obese (and thus presumably insulin resistant hyperinsulinemic) women are at high risk of becoming hirsute. Further, treatments that lower insulinlevels will lead to a reduction in hirsutism.
It is speculated that insulin, at high enough concentration, stimulates the ovarian theca cells to produce androgens. There may also be an effect of high levels of insulin to activate the insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-1) receptor in those same cells. Again, the result is increased androgen production.
The following may be some of the conditions that may increase a woman's normally low level of male hormones:
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
Tumors in the ovariesor adrenal gland( cancer)
* Certain medications
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Pregnancyooooooooohhhhhhhh my gooooooossssssshhhhhh inever knew that
Obesity: As there is peripheral conversion of estrogen to androgen in these patient, this is the same mechanism of PCOS (Polycystic ovarian syndrome).thats what happend to me
Appearance and evaluation
Hirsutism only affects women, since the rising of androgens causes a male pattern of body hair, particularly in locations where women normally do not develop terminal hair within their
puberty(chest, abdomen, back and face). The medical term for excessive hair growth that affect both men and women is hypertrichosis.
One method of evaluating hirsutism is the
Ferriman-Gallwey scorewhich gives a score based on the amount and location of hair growth on a woman.
Many women with unwanted hair seek methods of
hair removalto control the appearance of hirsutism. But the actual causes should be evaluated by physicians, who can conduct blood tests, pinpoint the specific origin of the abnormal hair growth, and advise on the best course of treatment.one of the few treatments is the antiandrogendrug Spironolactone.
* [http://www.hairchick.com/excess_hair/hirsutism.php/ Why the Bearded Lady Was Never a Laughing Matter: Hirsutism]
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Look at other dictionaries:
hirsutism — HIRSUTÍSM s.n. Creştere anormală de păr pe faţă, pe corp şi pe membre, în special la femei, datorită unor tulburări endocrine; hipertricoză. – Din fr. hirsutisme. Trimis de gall, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98 HIRSUTÍSM s. (med.) hipertricoză.… … Dicționar Român
hirsutism — 1927, from HIRSUTE (Cf. hirsute) + ISM (Cf. ism) … Etymology dictionary
hirsutism — [hʉr′so͞ot iz΄əm, hər so͞ot′iz΄əm] n. a heavy, esp. abnormal, growth of hair … English World dictionary
Hirsutism — Having an overabundance of hair. A person with hirsutism is said to be hirsute (pronounced hir suit). Hirsutism is the Roman way of saying hairy. It comes from the Latin hirsutus meaning bristly or rude. * * * Presence of excessive bodily and… … Medical dictionary
hirsutism — noun Date: 1927 excessive growth of hair of normal or abnormal distribution … New Collegiate Dictionary
hirsutism — /herr sooh tiz euhm, herr sooh tiz /, n. Med. excessive hairiness, esp. in women. [1925 30; HIRSUTE + ISM] * * * … Universalium
hirsutism — noun excessive and increased hair growth in women in locations where the occurrence of terminal hair normally is minimal or absent … Wiktionary
hirsutism — n. excessive hairiness (disease) … English contemporary dictionary
hirsutism — [ hə:sju:tɪz(ə)m] noun Medicine abnormal growth of hair on a woman s face and body … English new terms dictionary
hirsutism — hir·sut·ism … English syllables