Hirsutism


Hirsutism

Infobox_Disease
Name = Hirsutism


Caption =
DiseasesDB = 20309
ICD10 = L68.0
ICD9 = 704.1
ICDO =
OMIM =
MedlinePlus = 003148
eMedicineSubj = med
eMedicineTopic = 1017
eMedicine_mult = eMedicine2|derm|472
MeshID =

Hirsutism (from Latin "hirsutus" = shaggy, hairy) is defined as excessive and increased hair growth in women in locations where the occurrence of terminal hair normally is minimal or absent. It refers to a male pattern of body hair (androgenic hair) and it is therefore primarily of cosmetic and psychological concern. Hirsutism is a symptom rather than a disease and may be a sign of a more serious medical indication, especially if it develops well after puberty.

Causes

The cause of hirsutism can be either an increased level of androgens (male hormones) or an oversensitivity of hair follicles to androgens. Male hormones such as testosterone stimulate hair growth, increase size and intensify the growth and pigmentation of hair. Other symptoms associated with a high level of male hormones include acne and deepening of the voice and increased muscle mass.

Growing evidence implicates high circulating levels of insulin in women to the development of hirsutism. This theory is consistent with the observation that obese (and thus presumably insulin resistant hyperinsulinemic) women are at high risk of becoming hirsute. Further, treatments that lower insulin levels will lead to a reduction in hirsutism.

It is speculated that insulin, at high enough concentration, stimulates the ovarian theca cells to produce androgens. There may also be an effect of high levels of insulin to activate the insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-1) receptor in those same cells. Again, the result is increased androgen production.

The following may be some of the conditions that may increase a woman's normally low level of male hormones:
* Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
* Cushing's disease
* Tumors in the ovaries or adrenal gland (cancer)
* Certain medications
* Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
* Insulin resistance
* Hormone imbalance
* Genetics
* Pregnancyooooooooohhhhhhhh my gooooooossssssshhhhhh inever knew that
* Aging
* Obesity : As there is peripheral conversion of estrogen to androgen in these patient, this is the same mechanism of PCOS (Polycystic ovarian syndrome).thats what happend to me

Appearance and evaluation

Hirsutism only affects women, since the rising of androgens causes a male pattern of body hair, particularly in locations where women normally do not develop terminal hair within their puberty (chest, abdomen, back and face). The medical term for excessive hair growth that affect both men and women is hypertrichosis.

One method of evaluating hirsutism is the Ferriman-Gallwey score which gives a score based on the amount and location of hair growth on a woman.

Treatment

Many women with unwanted hair seek methods of hair removal to control the appearance of hirsutism. But the actual causes should be evaluated by physicians, who can conduct blood tests, pinpoint the specific origin of the abnormal hair growth, and advise on the best course of treatment.one of the few treatments is the antiandrogen drug Spironolactone.

See also

* androgenic hair
* hypertrichosis
* hair removal
* bearded woman
* Trichophilia

Images

References

*

External links

* [http://www.hairchick.com/excess_hair/hirsutism.php/ Why the Bearded Lady Was Never a Laughing Matter: Hirsutism]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • hirsutism — HIRSUTÍSM s.n. Creştere anormală de păr pe faţă, pe corp şi pe membre, în special la femei, datorită unor tulburări endocrine; hipertricoză. – Din fr. hirsutisme. Trimis de gall, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  HIRSUTÍSM s. (med.) hipertricoză.… …   Dicționar Român

  • hirsutism — 1927, from HIRSUTE (Cf. hirsute) + ISM (Cf. ism) …   Etymology dictionary

  • hirsutism — [hʉr′so͞ot iz΄əm, hər so͞ot′iz΄əm] n. a heavy, esp. abnormal, growth of hair …   English World dictionary

  • Hirsutism — Having an overabundance of hair. A person with hirsutism is said to be hirsute (pronounced hir suit). Hirsutism is the Roman way of saying hairy. It comes from the Latin hirsutus meaning bristly or rude. * * * Presence of excessive bodily and… …   Medical dictionary

  • hirsutism — noun Date: 1927 excessive growth of hair of normal or abnormal distribution …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • hirsutism — /herr sooh tiz euhm, herr sooh tiz /, n. Med. excessive hairiness, esp. in women. [1925 30; HIRSUTE + ISM] * * * …   Universalium

  • hirsutism — noun excessive and increased hair growth in women in locations where the occurrence of terminal hair normally is minimal or absent …   Wiktionary

  • hirsutism — n. excessive hairiness (disease) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • hirsutism — [ hə:sju:tɪz(ə)m] noun Medicine abnormal growth of hair on a woman s face and body …   English new terms dictionary

  • hirsutism — hir·sut·ism …   English syllables


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