- Abu Anas al-Shami
Abu Anas al-Shami ( _ar. أبو أنس الشامي) was known as Omar Yusef Juma'a ( _ar. عمر يوسف جمعة) prior to joining
Abu Musab al-Zarqawi's Jama'at al-Tawhid wal Jihadgroup in Iraq.
Originally from the Palestinian
West Banktown of Tulkarm, Abu Anas moved with his family to Jordan, then Saudi Arabia, and later, Kuwait. He obtained an Islamic studiesdegree at MadinahUniversity in Saudi Arabia. He then returned to Jordan to preach Salafiyah theology at an Ammanmosque. In the mid-1990s he went to Bosnia-Herzegovina where he truly embraced radicalism. He then returned to Jordan to found a radical fundamentalist outreach center. In the late 1990s, the Jordanian officials shut down an Islamic center that al-Shami had established in Amman on the grounds that it was promoting a fanatical interpretation of Islam.
In 2003, al-Shami joined
Abu Musab al-Zarqawiin Northeastern Iraq. He was appointed to the advisory council of al-Tawheed wal-Jihad and soon became Zarqawi's second in command.
Abu Anas al-Shami was killed in September 2004 (the exact date is disputed) in an American missile strike against his car, near
Abu Ghraib[http://www.ccc.nps.navy.mil/si/2006/Apr/boukharsApr06.asp The Challenge of Terrorism and Religious Extremism in Jordan] , Center for Contemporary Conflict, US Navy] . Al-Shami had been sent by Zarqawi to the Shiite Sadr City area of Baghdad to install an Al-Qaedateam to recruit former Mehdi Armymilitiamen looking for leadership following Shiite cleric Moqtada Sadr’s defeat in Najaf.
A eulogy to this terrorist was written by
al-Qaeda's top cleric, Abu Muhammad al-Maqdisi, and still appears on the "Tawhed" website which is run by Maqdisi's organisation on behalf of al-Qaeda.
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