Charlton Automatic Rifle
Charlton Automatic Rifle
Charlton Automatic Rifle.jpg
Charlton Automatic Rifle at Waiouru Army Museum
Type Semi-automatic rifle/Light machine gun
Place of origin  New Zealand
Service history
In service 1942-1945
Used by New Zealand
Production history
Designer Philip Charlton
Designed 1941
Produced 1942-1945
Variants Electrolux SMLE Model
Specifications
Weight 16 lb (7.3 kg), unloaded
Length 44.5 in (1150 mm)

Cartridge .303 British
Calibre 0.303 inch (7.7 mm)
Action Gas-operated semi-automatic
Rate of fire 600 rounds/minute
Muzzle velocity 2,440 ft/s (744 m/s)
Effective range 1,000 yards (910 m)
Maximum range 2,000 yards (1830 m)
Feed system 10-round magazine or 30-round Bren gun magazine
Sights Sliding ramp rear sights, fixed post front sights

The Charlton Automatic Rifle was a fully automatic conversion of the Lee-Enfield rifle, designed by New Zealander Philip Charlton in 1941 to act as a substitute for the Bren and Lewis gun light machine guns which were in chronically short supply at the time.

The original Charlton Automatic Rifles were converted from obsolete Lee-Metford and Magazine Lee-Enfield rifles dating from as early as the Boer War,[1] and were intended for use as a semi-automatic rifle with the full-automatic capability retained for emergency use.[2] It used the 10-round Lee-Enfield magazines.

There were two versions of the Charlton: the New Zealand version, as designed and manufactured by Charlton Motor Workshops in Hastings, and a version produced in Australia by Electrolux, using the SMLE Mk III* for conversion.[3] The two designs differed markedly in external appearance (amongst other things, the New Zealand Charlton had a forward pistol grip and bipod[4], whilst the Australian lacked this making it lighter and cleaner in appearance[5], but shared the same operating mechanism.

Approximately 1,500 Charlton Automatic Rifles were manufactured in New Zealand,[6] and nearly all of them were destroyed in an accidental fire at the Palmerston North service storage facility shortly after World War II.[7]

An example of the New Zealand-manufactured Charlton Automatic Rifle is known to survive in the Imperial War Museum in London, along with a handful elsewhere– one is on display in the Waiouru Army Museum in New Zealand, and another at the Army Museum (Bandiana) in Australia.

Contents

See also

Media related to Charlton Automatic Rifle at Wikimedia Commons

Footnotes

  1. ^ Skennerton, Ian: The Lee-Enfield Story, page 183. Arms & Militaria Press, Australia, 1993
  2. ^ Skennerton, Ian: The Lee-Enfield Story, page 184. Arms & Militaria Press, Australia, 1993
  3. ^ Skennerton, Ian: The Lee-Enfield Story, page 185. Arms & Militaria Press, Australia, 1993,
  4. ^ http://img299.imageshack.us/img299/6537/smallarmsw44.jpg
  5. ^ http://img299.imageshack.us/img299/7979/smallarmsw42.jpg
  6. ^ Skennerton, Ian Small Arms Identification Seriess No. 13: Special Service Lee-Enfields; Commando & Auto Models, page 33. Arms & Militaria Press, Australia, 2001
  7. ^ Skennerton, Ian: The Lee-Enfield Story, page 185. Arms & Militaria Press, Australia, 1993

References

  1. ^ Skennerton, Ian: The Lee-Enfield Story, page 183. Arms & Militaria Press, Australia, 1993
  2. ^ Skennerton, Ian: The Lee-Enfield Story, page 184. Arms & Militaria Press, Australia, 1993
  3. ^ Skennerton, Ian: The Lee-Enfield Story, page 185. Arms & Militaria Press, Australia, 1993,
  4. ^ http://img299.imageshack.us/img299/6537/smallarmsw44.jpg
  5. ^ http://img299.imageshack.us/img299/7979/smallarmsw42.jpg
  6. ^ Skennerton, Ian Small Arms Identification Seriess No. 13: Special Service Lee-Enfields; Commando & Auto Models, page 33. Arms & Militaria Press, Australia, 2001
  7. ^ Skennerton, Ian: The Lee-Enfield Story, page 185. Arms & Militaria Press, Australia, 1993
  • Skennerton, Ian The Lee-Enfield Story (1993). Arms & Militaria Press, Australia. ISBN 1-85367-138-X
  • Skennerton, Ian Small Arms Identification Series No. 13: Special Service Lee-Enfields; Commando & Auto Models (2001). Arms & Militaria Press, Australia. ISBN 0-949749-37-0

External Image


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Huot automatic rifle — Infobox Weapon name=Huot automatic rifle caption= origin=flag|Canada|1921 type=Automatic Rifle is ranged=yes service= used by=Canadian Army wars= designer=Joseph Alphonse Huot design date=1916 manufacturer= production date=1916 number=4 variants …   Wikipedia

  • National Rifle Association — This article concerns the National Rifle Association of the USA. For the UK organisation, see National Rifle Association of the United Kingdom National Rifle Association of America National Rifle Association logo Formation …   Wikipedia

  • Pattern 1914 Enfield — Rifle, .303 Pattern 1914 Pattern 1914 Enfield Type Service rifle Place of origin …   Wikipedia

  • Lee-Enfield — This article is about the early twentieth century British rifle. For other uses, see Enfield rifle (disambiguation). Lee Enfield Short Magazine Lee Enfield No. 1 Mk. III Type …   Wikipedia

  • List of common World War II infantry weapons — Contents 1  Australia 2  Canada 3 China 4  Czechoslovakia 5  Finland …   Wikipedia

  • FN FAL — FAL 50.63 variant, featuring a folding stock and reduced barrel length. Type Battle rifle Place of  …   Wikipedia

  • De Lisle carbine — De Lisle Commando Carbine De Lisle Carbine Type Carbine Place of origin …   Wikipedia

  • Enfield revolver — Enfield Mk II Revolver Type Service revolver Place of origin …   Wikipedia

  • Flamethrower, Portable, No 2 — Type Flamethrower Place of origin  United Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • Ordnance ML 3 inch Mortar — This article is about the World War II mortar. For the World War I Stokes mortar, see Stokes Mortar. Ordnance ML 3 inch mortar In action in Burma, 1944 Type Mortar Place …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”