Emperor Kaika

nihongo|Emperor Kaika|開化天皇,|"Kaika-tennō" is the ninth emperor of Japan to appear on the traditional list of emperors. [Brown, Delmer "et al." (1979). "Gukanshō," p. 252; Varley, Paul. (1980). "Jinnō Shōtōki," p. 93; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). "Annales des empereurs du japon," pp. 6-7.]

No firm dates can be assigned to this emperor's life or reign. Kaika is regarded by historians as a "legendary emperor" because of the paucity of information about him, which does not necessarily imply that no such person ever existed. Rather, scholars can only lament that, at this time, there is insufficient material available for further verification and study.

In "Kojiki" and "Nihonshoki", only his name and genealogy were recorded. The Japanese have traditionally accepted this sovereign's historical existence, and an Imperial "misasagi" or tomb for Kaika is currently maintained; however, no extant contemporary records have been discovered which confirm a view that this historical figure actually reigned. He was the eighth of eight emperors without specific legends associated with them, also known as the nihongo|"eight undocumented monarchs"|欠史八代,|"Kesshi-hachidai". Aston, William. (1998). "Nihongi," Vol. 1, pp. 148-149.]

Later generations may have included this name to the list of emperors of Japan, thus making him posthumously an emperor and assigning him as one of the early sovereigns and ancestors of the dynasty that has reigned unbroken since time immemorial. If he lived, at his time the title "tenno" was not yet used, and the polity he possibly ruled did certainly not contain all or even the most of Japan. In the context created by his alleged successors in beginnings of historical time, it becomes reasonable to conclude that Kaika, if he existed, might have been a chieftain or a regional king in early Yamato tribal society.

Jien records that Kaika was the second son of Emperor Kōgen, and that he ruled from the palace of "Isakawa-no-miya" at Kasuga in what will come to be known as Yamato province. [Brown, p. 252.]

Kaika is a posthumous name. It is undisputed that this identification is Chinese in form and Buddhist in implication, which suggests that the name must have been regularized centuries after the lifetime ascribed to Kaika, possibly during the time in which legends about the origins of the Yamato dynasty were compiled as the chronicles known today as the "Kojiki". [see above] ]

Notes

References

* Aston, William George. (1896). "Nihongi: Chronicles of Japan from the Earliest Times to A.D. 697". London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner. [reprinted by Tuttle Publishing, Tokyo, 2007. 10-ISBN 0-8048-0984-4; 13-ISBN 978-0-8048-0984-9 (paper)]
* Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). [ Jien, c. 1220] , "Gukanshō (The Future and the Past, a translation and study of the Gukanshō, an interpretative history of Japan written in 1219)." Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-03460-0
* Titsingh, Isaac, ed. (1834). [Siyun-sai Rin-siyo/Hayashi Gahō, 1652] , "Nipon o daï itsi ran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon, tr. par M. Isaac Titsingh avec l'aide de plusieurs interprètes attachés au comptoir hollandais de Nangasaki; ouvrage re., complété et cor. sur l'original japonais-chinois, accompagné de notes et précédé d'un Aperçu d'histoire mythologique du Japon, par M. J. Klaproth." Paris: Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. [http://books.google.com/books?id=18oNAAAAIAAJ&dq=nipon+o+dai+itsi+ran ...Click link for digitized, full-text copy of this book (in French)]
* Varley, H. Paul , ed. (1980). [ Kitabatake Chikafusa, 1359] , "Jinnō Shōtōki ("A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa" translated by H. Paul Varley)." New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-04940-4

ee also

* Emperor of Japan
* List of Emperors of Japan
* Imperial cult


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kaika — may refer to:*Emperor Kaika of Japan *Kaika, Tibet …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Chūai — Chūai Emperor of Japan Reign legendary Born legendary Died legendary …   Wikipedia

  • Kaika — Représentation de l empereur Kaika Tombe attribuée à l em …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Emperor Sujin — was the tenth imperial ruler of Japan to appear on the traditional list of emperors. [Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, p. 253; Varley, Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 93 95; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 7… …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Meiji — Mingzhi redirects here. For other uses, see Meiji. Emperor Meiji 明治天皇 Emperor of Japan Reign 3 February 1867 – 30 July 1912 ( …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Tenji — Tenji Emperor of Japan (From Ogura Hyakunin Isshu) Reign 661–668 (regency) 668–672 Born …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Bidatsu — Bidatsu Emperor of Japan Reign 572 – 14 September 585 Born 538 Died 14 September 585 (aged 47) Buried Kawachi no Shinaga no naka no o no misasagi (Osaka) …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Nintoku — Nintoku Emperor of Japan Reign legendary Born legendary Died legendary …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Ninken — Ninken redirects here. For the fictional summoned dogs in Naruto, see Ninken (Naruto). Ninken Emperor of Japan Reign legendary Born legendary Died legendary Buried …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Ninmyō — Ninmyō Emperor of Japan Crown Prince (親王, Shinnō?) Reign 823 833 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”