Hors d'œuvre


Hors d'œuvre

Hors d'œuvre (French Audio-IPA|Fr-hors d oeuvre-fr-Paris.ogg| [ɔʁˈdœvʁ] literally 'outside the work'; English IPAEng|ɔrˈdɝv) or appetizers are food served before the main courses of a meal. The French singular and plural are "hors d'œuvre"; in English, the "œ" ligature is usually replaced by the sequence "oe", and the plural is often written "hors d'oeuvres" and pronounced IPAEng|ɔrˈdɝvz.

Use

If there is an extended period between when guests arrive and when the meal is served (for example, during a cocktail hour), these might also serve the purpose of sustaining guests during the wait. Hors d'oeuvre are sometimes served with no meal afterward. This is the case with many reception and cocktail party events.

Hors d'oeuvre may be served at the table as a part of the sit-down meal or they may be served before sitting at the table. Hors d'oeuvre prior to a meal are either stationary or passed. Stationary hors d'oeuvre are also referred to as "table hors d'oeuvre." Passed hors d'oeuvre are also referred to as “butler-style,” “butlered” or “butler-passed” hors d'oeuvre.

Though any food served prior to the main course is technically an hors d'oeuvre, the phrase is generally limited to individual items, not crudités, cheese or fruit. For example, a glazed fig topped with mascarpone and wrapped with prosciutto is considered an "hors d'oeuvre," whereas figs on a platter are not.

In catering, both frozen and fresh hors d'oeuvre are served. Generally the fresh, handmade items are more flavorful, beautiful and expensive.

A more substantial starter or first course served at the table might be referred to as an entrée (outside the U.S. and English Canada).

Hors d'oeuvre might include:
* Canapés
* Cold cuts
* Crudités (raw vegetables for dipping)
* Snack foods
* Cheeses
* Sausages
* Dumplings
* Bruschetta

Other languages and cultures

*"Antipasto" is the Italian equivalent of hors d'oeuvre, meaning “before the meal” ("anti" = before, "pasto" = meal). In Italian cuisine, this typically consists of savory cold foods such as cheeses and raw or marinated vegetables, as well as cold cuts and cured meats such as prosciutto.
*Meze is the equivalent of hors d'oeuvre found in Eastern Mediterranean and Middle Eastern cuisines.
*"Picaditas" or tapas is the Spanish equivalent of hors d'oeuvre in Argentina, "pasabocas" in Colombia, "entremeses" in Venezuela, "boquitas" in Honduras, "botanas" in Mexico, "entradas" in Chile and "bocaditos" in Peru.

*"Zakuski" is a hors d'oeuvre served in Russian cuisines. Usually presented buffet style, it often consists of cured meats and fishes, various pickled vegetables such as carrots, cucumbers, and garlic, prepared salads, caviar, and breads. Zakuski is often offered with vodka or other beverage.
*In China, it is called "lěng pán" 冷盘 ("cold plate") in Mandarin.

See also

*Amuse bouche
*Finger food
*Appetizer
* Antipasto - Italy
* Dim sum - China
* Kemia - Morocco
* Kujulpan - Korea
* Meze - Arab countries/Greece/Turkey
* "Minutas" and "Picadas" - Argentina
* Sushi - Japan
* Tapas - Spain
* Zakuski - Russia
* Voorgerechten - The Netherlands

External links

* [http://cooking.erp-volga.com/data/Appetizers/A/ Appetizer recipes]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • hors-d'œuvre — [ ɔrdɶvr ] n. m. inv. • 1596; de hors et œuvre 1 ♦ Archit. Pièce en saillie détachée du corps d un bâtiment. Littérature, arts Morceau accessoire ou superflu. 2 ♦ (XVIIe) Cour. Petit plat que l on sert au début du repas, avant les entrées ou le… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • hors d'œuvre — ⇒HORS( )D ŒUVRE, (HORS D ŒUVRE, HORS D ŒUVRE) subst. masc. A. ARCHIT. Partie d un édifice en saillie qui ne fait pas partie de l ordonnance générale de l ensemble. Cette partie du bâtiment est un hors d œuvre (NOËL 1968). P. anal. Partie… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • *hors-d'œuvre — ● hors d œuvre nom masculin invariable Plat froid ou chaud servi au début du repas ; partie du repas où est servi ce plat. Ce qui arrive, est fait, proposé avant quelque chose d autre, de plus important ou d essentiel, et qui l annonce, en donne… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Hors-D'œuvre — Le hors d œuvre correspond au premier plat dans le repas occidental classique. Il peut être suivi d un potage ; l entrée venant en quatrième position, après le relevé. Au XXIe siècle, le nombre de plats d un repas a beaucoup diminué et… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hors-d’œuvre — Hors d œuvre Le hors d œuvre correspond au premier plat dans le repas occidental classique. Il peut être suivi d un potage ; l entrée venant en quatrième position, après le relevé. Au XXIe siècle, le nombre de plats d un repas a… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • hors d'œuvre — hors d’œuvre (pl d’œuvre or d’œuvres /dœ vr’/) A savoury snack, eg olives, canapés, etc to whet the appetite before a meal • • • Main Entry: ↑hors …   Useful english dictionary

  • hors d’œuvre — (pl d’œuvre or d’œuvres /dœ vr’/) A savoury snack, eg olives, canapés, etc to whet the appetite before a meal ● hors …   Useful english dictionary

  • Hors d'œuvre — (franz., spr. ōr döwr ), Bei , Nebenwerk, beiläufige Bemerkung; Anbau, vorspringender Teil eines Gebäudes. In der Kochkunst leichte, appetitreizende Gerichte, die unmittelbar nach der Suppe gereicht werden, soz. B. Kroquetten, Pastetchen,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hors d' œuvre — Hors d œuvre (frz., spr. ohr döhwr), Nebenwerk, Nebensache; Nebenspeise; Anbau …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • hors-d’œuvre — |ór dêuvre| s. m. Cada um dos desenjoativos que se tomam depois da sopa.   ‣ Etimologia: palavra francesa …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa


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