infobox UK place
country = England
population = 11,210 (2001 census)
region= North West England
constituency_westminster= Barrow and Furness
postcode_district = LA12
Ulverston is a
market townin the South Lakelanddistrict of Cumbriain north-west England. Historically part of Lancashire, the town is located in the Furnessarea, close to the Lake District, and just north of Morecambe Bay.
Ulverston's most visible landmark is
Hoad Monument, a concrete structure built in 1850to commemorate statesmanand local resident Sir John Barrow. [ [http://www.ukattraction.com/cumbria+lake-district/hoad-monument.htm UK Attraction] Hoad Monument] The monument provides scenic views of the surrounding areas, including Morecambe Bay and parts of the Lake District. Ulverston Canal, which is no longer navigable, is claimed to be the deepest, widest and shortest canal in the United Kingdomat 1¼ miles. [citeweb|url=http://www.visitcumbria.com/sl/ulverst.htm|title=Ulverston|publisher=Visit Cumbria|accessdate=2007-10-19] The canal was once a vital component of the town's economy. [cite book|last=Priestly|first=Joseph|authorlink=Joseph Priestly|title=Historical Account of the Navigable Rivers, Canals, and Railways, Throughout Great Britain|publisher=Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown and Green|year=1831]
The town is home to many shops and pubs, some of which are located on the setted main street, Market Street. At the head of the street is the war memorial to local soldiers who died in
World War I.
Ulverston is a comparatively large
civil parishthat stretches over a long strip of land. It is bound in the east by the Leven estuary, Crake, Coniston Water, and Yewdale Beck. To the west boundary follows a chain of hills, and beyond that lie the towns of Kirkby-in-Furnessand Askam and Ireleth. In the south is relatively low land, but it rises quickly. In the north are hills such as Coniston Old Man. The villages and homesteads of the town are mainly concentrated in the eastern part.citebook|author= Eilert Ekwall|publisher= Manchester University Press|title=The Place-Names of Lancashire|year=1922|accessdate=2008-09-19]
The name Ulverston, first recorded in the
Domesday Book(1086) as Ulvrestun probably means 'Úlfarr's farm' from the Old Norsepersonal name "Úlfarr" and "tun", 'farm, homestead' or the equivalent Old English"Wulfhere" + "tūn". [citebook|author=A.D. Mills|year=2003|title=Dictionary of British Place Names|publisher= Oxford University Press|page=475] The names "Úlfarr" and "Wulfhere" both translate roughly as 'wolf warrior' or 'wolf army', [citeweb|url=http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONMensNames.shtml#u|title=Viking Answer Lady Webpage - Old Norse Men's Names|author=Viking Answer Lady|accessdate=2007-11-04] which explains the presence of a wolf on the town's coat of arms. The loss of the 'W' is "Wulfhere" can be attributed to the historic Scandinavian influence in the region. Locally, the town has traditionally been known as Oostan. [Rollinson, W. (1997), "The Cumbrian Dictionary of Dialect, Tradition and Folklore", Smith Settle Ltd, p115] Other variations of the name recorded throughout history include Oluestonam (1127), and Uluereston (1189).
The town's Market Charter was granted in 1280 by Edward I. This was for a
marketevery Thursday; modern Ulverston keeps its old market town appearance, and market days are now held on both Thursdays and Saturdays. [citeweb|url=http://www.southlakeland.gov.uk/default.aspx?page=350|title=Ulverston Street Markets|publisher= South Lakeland District Council|accessdate=2008-09-21] The charter also allowed for all public houses to open from 10:30 am until 11:00 pm irrespective of any other statute on the books. During the summer months the market day (on the Saturday) is themed with craft stalls, charity stalls and locally produced wares on "Made in Cumbria" stalls.
Historically, the ancient parish included several other chapelries or townships which later became separate civil parishes:
Blawith, Church Coniston, Egtonwith Newland, Lowick, Mansriggs, Osmotherley, Subberthwaiteand Torver. From 1894 to 1974 the town constituted an urban districtin the administrative county of Lancashire. It became a successor parishin the Cumbria district of South Lakeland under the Local Government Act 1972. [citebook|author=Frederic A. Youngs|publisher=Boydell & Brewer|title=Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Volume 2]
Over the years the town has been the birthplace of several famous people.
Sir John Barrow, born at Dragley Beck, Ulverston, was the Admiralty's Second Secretary: a much more important position than First Secretary. A monument to him — a replica of the third Eddystone Lighthouse— stands on Hoad Hill overlooking the town. Famous Ulverstonians include Norman Birkett, [citeweb|url=http://www.amazon.co.uk/Norman-Birkett-Life-Ulverston-Crime/dp/0140113452|title=Norman Birkett: The Life of Lord Birkett of Ulverston|publisher= Amazon.co.uk|accessdate=2008-09-21] who represented Britain at the Nuremberg Trials; Maude Green, the mother of Rock and Rollmusic legend, Bill Haley; [citeweb|url=http://www.classicbands.com/haley.html|title=Bill Haley and his Comets|publisher=Classic Bands|accessdate=2006-01-18] Norman Gifford, [citeweb|url=http://content-www.cricinfo.com/england/content/player/13365.html|title=Norman Gifford|publisher=cricinfo.com|accessdate=2008-02-01] an England test cricketer; Francis Arthur Jefferson, a soldier awarded with the Victoria Cross; [citeweb|url=http://www.lancs-fusiliers.co.uk/feature/jefferson/Frankjeffersonvc.htm|title=Feature Page of Francis Arthur Jefferson VC|publisher=Lancashire Fusiliers|accessdate=2008-02-01] and comedian Stan Laurel, [citeweb|url=http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0491048/|title=Stan Laurel|publisher= Internet Movie Database|accessdate=2008-02-01] of Laurel and Hardyfame. The Laurel & Hardy Museum, situated in Ulverston, is the only one of its kind in the world. [citeweb|url=http://www.lakedistrictletsgo.co.uk/attractions/attractions_pages/laurel_hardy.html|title=Laurel and Hardy Museum|publisher=lakedistrictletsgo.co.uk|accessdate=2008-02-01]
Ulverston Victoria High School(UVHS) is the town's secondary schoolwith approximately 1200 pupils. The school has a sixth formwhich draws students from Ulverston as well as the surrounding areas; the numbers of students attending the sixth form is roughly 200. [citeweb|url=http://www.ofsted.gov.uk/oxedu_reports/display/(id)/90110|title=Ofsted inspection report (2007)|publisher= Ofsted|date=2007-11-29|accessdate=2008-09-21] There are also three infant schools, two junior schools, five primary schools, [citeweb|url=http://www.cumbriacc.gov.uk/elibrary/Content/Internet/537/3135/38884101858.pdf|title=FURNESS LPG – ULVERSTON PRIMARY SCHOOLS LIST|publisher= Cumbria County Council|accessdate=2008-02-01] and one disabled school in the vicinity. The nearest access to private educationis Chetwynde Schoolin Barrow-in-Furness.
Ulverston railway station, which serves the town, is located on the Furness Linefrom Barrow-in-Furnessto Lancaster, ultimately leading on to Manchester Airport. The railway station is a short walk from the town centre. The town is also served by several vital bus services. These include the X35, running to Kendal from Barrow in Furness, via Grange over Sands. There is also the X12 that runs from Coniston, it passes through the scenic village of Spark Bridge. Other services include the X31 to Tarn Hows and the 6A and 6 to Barrow in Furness, the largest town in the region.
Ulverston calls itself a 'Festival Town' in reference to the many and varied festivals which take place in Ulverston over the course of the year. [citeweb|url=http://www.ulverston.net/ulverston_home.asp|title=Ulverston home|publisher=ulverston.net|accessdate=2008-02-01] The most renowned of these is the Lantern Procession, which involves hundreds of local residents creating lanterns out of
willowand tissue paperand parading them through the town in winding rivers of light. The annual event culminates in a lively display of theatrical performance and fireworks in Ford Park, and was organized by the community themselves for the first time in 2007.
Other popular festivals include:
*International Music Festival
*Word Market — including 'Pub Scripts'
*Spring Buddhist Festival
*Summer Buddhist Festival
*Ulverston Carnival Parade
*Furness Festival of Tradition
*Summer Music Festival
*Festival of Fashion
*The Feast of St George
Details and dates of the festivals can be found on the Ulverston.net website.
Sir John Barrow
Francis Arthur JeffersonVC
Ulverston is twinned with:
*flagicon|FRA Albert, France
* [http://www.ulverston.net The official Ulverston website]
* [http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/LAN/Ulverston/history.html Ulverston history at GENUKI]
* [http://www.rootsweb.com/~ukuhc/ Heritage First (formerly Ulverston Heritage Centre)]
* [http://www.liv.ac.uk/~mhbarker/ulverston.html Ulverston on the web]
* [http://www.virtualulverston.co.uk/ Virtual tour of the town]
* [http://www.ulverstonvictoria.cumbria.sch.uk/ Ulverston Victoria High School (UVHS)]
* [http://www.ulverstonmusicfestival.co.uk/ Ulverston International Music Festival]
* [http://www.ulverstonrant.zoomshare.com/ Ulverston Mind]
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