The Principality of Bethio (also spelled Bequio, Bekio, Bitio, Bétio or Beetyo) was a small monarchy located for centuries along the lower
Senegal Rivervalley, on the border between modern Mauritaniaand Senegal, in the northeast of Biffeche. In the 18th Centuryit was also called the "Royaume d'Oral". Its capital was at Poum, then moved to N'Dombo, and finally moved to Ross, Senegal in the 19th Century(called Ross-Bethiosince then). The original, fertile farmlands of Bethio are in a region just east of the Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary.
1720s, the Brak (king) of Oualo (Waalo) was Erim M'Bagnick (Yérim Mbañik) and Béquio Malicouri king of the "Royaume d'Oral" was his vassal. The latter appears to have been succeeded by Fara Coro.
In the 18th century the most famous "Prince Bethio" was
Maalixuri (Malichouri)(Malikhuri Diop ) who was legendary for his cleverness, changes of strategy, and defiance in disputes with the Kingdom of Waaloand with the French at Saint-Louis, Senegal.
Today, Abdoulaye Diop, the current
Prince Bethio, lives at Ross-Bethio where he is a Senegalese political leader.
*Barry, Boubacar. "Le royaume du Waalo - Le Senegal avant la conquete". Karthala, 1985.
*V. Monteil. "Esquisses sénégalaises". Dakar, IFAN, 1966, p. 34-35
* [http://crdp.ac-martinique.fr/ressources/caraibe/histoiregeo/didactique/ali_shandora/resultats_recherche.htm Indigenous chief Béquio Malicouri]
* [http://tekrur-ucad.refer.sn/IMG/pdf/JOURHIST1729-1731global.pdf "Béco" reference]
* [http://epe.cirad.fr/fr/doc/atelier_09_05_corniaux.pdf Area Map]
* [http://etudesafricaines.revues.org/document154.html Abdoulaye Diop]
The name also appears as Béco and appears synonymous with the "Island of Becos" in the river delta. It has been suggested that this is the island nowadays known as Baba Gueye.
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