Angiras (sage)

Angiras (अंगिरस्, pronounced as "əngirəs"; nominative singular Angirā - अंगिरा, pronounced as "əngirα:") is a Vedic rishi (or sage) who, along with sage Atharvan, is credited to have formulated ("heard") most of the fourth Veda called Atharvaveda. He is also mentioned in the other three Vedas. Sometimes he is reckoned as one of the Seven Great Sages, or saptarishis of the first Manvantara, with others being, Marichi, Atri, Pulaha, Kratu, Pulastya, and Vashishtha [ [http://www.sacred-texts.com/tantra/maha/maha00.htm Inhabitants of the Worlds] Mahanirvana Tantra, translated by Arthur Avalon, (Sir John Woodroffe), 1913, Introduction and Preface. The Rishi are seers who know, and by their knowledge are the makers of shastra and "see" all mantras. The word comes from the root rish Rishati-prapnoti sarvvang mantrang jnanena pashyati sangsaraparangva, etc. The seven great Rishi or saptarshi of the first manvantara are Marichi, Atri, Angiras, Pulaha, Kratu, Pulastya, and Vashishtha. In other manvantara there are other "sapta-rshi". In the present manvantara the seven are Kashyapa, Atri, Vashishtha, Vishvamitra, Gautama, Jamadagni, Bharadvaja. To the Rishi the Vedas were revealed. Vyasa taught the Rigveda so revealed to Paila, the Yajurveda to Vaishampayana, the Samaveda to Jaimini, Atharvaveda to Samantu, and Itihasa and Purana to Suta. The three chief classes of Rishi are the Brah-marshi, born of the mind of Brahma, the Devarshi of lower rank, and Rajarshi or Kings who became Rishis through their knowledge and austerities, such as Janaka, Ritaparna, etc. Thc Shrutarshi are makers of Shastras, as Sushruta. The Kandarshi are of the Karmakanda, such as Jaimini.] .

His wife is Surūpa and his sons are Utatya, Samvartana and Brihaspati. He is a Manasaputra (wish-born-son) of Lord Brahma. Other accounts say that he married smrithy, the daughter of Daksha.

The name Angirasas is applied generically to several Puranic individuals and things; a class of "Pitris", the ancestors of man according to Hindu Vedic writings, and probably descended from the sage Angiras. In the Rigveda, Agni is sometimes referred to as Angiras or as a descendant of Angiras (RV 1.1). In the Rigveda, Indra drives out cows from where they had been imprisoned by either a demon (Vala) or multiple demons (the Panis) and gifts them to the Angirasas (RV 3.31, 10.108 and a reference in 8.14). Mandala 6 of the Rigveda is attributed to a family of Angirasas.

Lord Buddha is said to be a descendant of Sage Angirasa in many Buddhist texts. [ "The Life of Buddha as Legend and History", by Edward Joseph Thomas ] Scholars like Dr. Eitel connects it to the Rishi Gautama. [ P. 95 "A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms" By James Legge ] There too were Kshatiryas of other clans to whom members descend from Angirasa, to fulfill a childless king's wish. [ P. 17 "Classical Dictionary of Hindu Mythology and Religion, Geography, History and Literature" By John Dowson ]

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Angiras — can refer to: *Angiras (sage), a Vedic sage who formulated the fourth Veda *the Angiris, a group of celestial beings in Hindu mythology …   Wikipedia

  • Sanatkumara — Sage Sanatkumara was one of the Four Kumaras, the four Manasputras (mind born sons) or spiritual sons of Brahma according to Puranic texts of Hinduism, including the Bhagavata Purana, whose other sons were Sanaka, Sanatana, and Sanandana [… …   Wikipedia

  • Vedic civilization/EB 1911 — TOC (Encyclopedia Britannica 1911, s.v. Sanskrit) [http://en.wikisource.org/w/index.php?title=User:Tim Starling/ScanSet TIFF demo vol=24 page=ED4A170] [http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/scans/EB1911 tiff/VOL24%20SAINTE… …   Wikipedia

  • Daivadnya Brahmin — Daivajña Brahmins Philanthropist Jagannath Shankarshet of Mumbai Total population 800,000 (estimated) …   Wikipedia

  • Mundaka Upanishad — Part of a series on Hindu scriptures …   Wikipedia

  • Bhrigu — For the descendants of Bhrigu, see Bhrigus. Maharishi Bhrigu (Sanskrit: महऋषि भृगु) was one of the seven great sages, the Saptarshis, in ancient India, one of the many Prajapatis (the facilitators of Creation) created by Brahma (The God of… …   Wikipedia

  • Rishi — Un rishi sculpté au bas d une colonnette du Phra Prang Sam Yod de Lopburi en Thaïlande. Rishi ( ऋषि en écriture devanāgarī, ṛṣi en translittération IAST) est un mot de vieil indien repris dans la langue sanskrite, construit sur la racine… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Glossary of terms in Hinduism — The following is a glossary of terms and concepts in Hinduism. The list consists of concepts that are derived from both Hinduism and Hindu tradition, which are expressed as words in Sanskrit as well as other languages of India. The main purpose… …   Wikipedia

  • Glossary of Hinduism terms — An article related to Hinduism …   Wikipedia

  • Durvasa — curses Shakuntala In Hindu mythology, Durvasa (दुर्वास in Devanagari or durvāsa in IAST, pronounced [d̪urʋɑːsɐ] in classical Sanskrit), or Durvasas, was an ancient sage, the son of Atri and Anasuya. He is supposed to be an inca …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”