Amrita or Amrit ( _sa. अमृत; _pa. ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤ; _kn. ಅಮೃತ; _te. అమృతము) is a
Sanskritword that literally means "without death", and is often referred to in texts as nectar. Corresponding to ambrosia, it has differing significance in different Indian religions.
Amrit is repeatedly referred to as the drink of the gods, which grants them
immortality. "Amrit" features in the " Samudra manthan", where the gods, because of a curse from the sage Durvasa, begin to lose their immortality. With the help of the " asuras" (demons), they churned the sea in order to find the nectar of immortality, "amrit". After drinking it, the gods regained their immortality and defeated the demons.
In yogic philosophy (see
yoga, Hindu philosophy) amrita is a fluid that can flow from the pituitary glanddown the throat in deep states of meditation. It is considered quite a boon: some yogic texts say that one drop is enough to conquer death and achieve immortality.
"Amrit" is also a common Hindu first name for men; the feminine is "Amritā".
Amrit is the name of the holy water used in the
baptismceremony (known as " Amrit Sanskar" or "Amrit Chhakhna" by the Sikhs). This ceremony is observed to initiate the Sikhs into the Khalsabrotherhood. The ceremony requires the drinking of the Amrit. This water is created by mixing a number of soluble ingredients, including sugar, and is then rolled with a [Khanda] (a type of knife) with the accompaniment of scriptural recitation of five sacred "Banis" (chants).
Amrita, under its Tibetan name of dutsi, also features in Tibetan Buddhist mythology, where it is linked to the killing of the monster
Rahuby Vajrapani, whose blood dripped onto the surface of this earth, causing all kinds of medicinal plants to grow.
Dutsi also refers to a
herbal medicinemade during ceremonies involving many high lamas in Tibetan Buddhism, known as drubchens. It usually takes the form of small, dark-brown grains that are taken with water, or dissolved in very weak solutions of alcohol, and is said to improve physical and spiritual well-being.Fact|date=February 2007
*lookfrom|Amrit, for other pages using the name "Amrit" or "Amrita"
*Dallapiccola, Anna L. "Dictionary of Hindu Lore and Legend". ISBN 0-500-51088-1
* [http://www.mapi.com/en/newsletters/ayurvedic_rasayana.html Ayurvedic Rasayana - Amrit]
* [http://www.baisakhi1999.org/amrit2.htm Immortal Boons of Amrit and Five Kakars]
* [http://angkorblog.com/_wsn/page8.html Depictions in stone at Angkor Wat and Angkor Thom (Cambodia) of how the gods dredged amrita from the bottom of the ocean]
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