Sanskrit"IAST|bhaga" is a term for "lord, patron", but also for "wealth, prosperity". The cognate term in Avestanand Old Persianis " _pe. baga", of uncertain meaning but used in a sense in which "lord, patron" might also apply. A Slavic cognate is " _sl. bog" "god". The semantics is similar to English " lord" (from "" "bread warden"), the idea being that it is part of the function of a chieftain or leader to distribute riches or spoils among his followers. The name Baghdad shares its origins with the Middle Persian baga (baga-data: "god given", modern Persian: "Baghdad")
Personified, IAST|Bhaga is one of the
Adityas, a god of wealthand marriagein Hinduism. Virabhadra, a great powerful hero created by Shiva, once blinded him. In the RigvedaBhaga is the god who supervises the distribution of goods and destiny to each man corresponding to his merits. The word apparently, is cognative to "Bhagavan" and "Bhagya", terms used in several Indian languages to refer to God & destiny respectively.
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