Epipaleolithic

The Epipaleolithic is a term used for the "final Upper Palaeolithic industries occurring at the end of the final glaciation which appear to merge technologically into the Mesolithic". [Bahn, Paul, "The Penguin Archaeology Guide", Penguin, London, pp. 141. ISBN 0-14-051448-1]

The term is sometimes confused with Mesolithic, and the two are sometimes used as synonyms. Yet, when a distinction is made, Epipaleolithic is used for those cultures that were not much affected by the ending of the Ice Age (like the Natufian culture of Western Asia [ [http://search.eb.com/eb/article-10760 agriculture, origins of] . (2008). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved April 10, 2008, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online.] ) and the term Mesolithic is reserved for Western Europe where the extinction of the Megafauna had a great impact of the paleolithic populations at the end of the Ice Age (like European post-glacial cultures: Azilian, Sauveterrian, Tardenoisian, Maglemosian, etc.).

The term is some times used in the opposite meaning, Alfonso Moure says in this respect:

"In the language of Prehistorical Archaeology, the most extended trend is to use the term "Epipaleolithic" for the industrial complexes of the post-glacial hunter-gatherer groups. Inversely, those that are in transitional ways towards artificial production of food are inscribed in the "Mesolithic" [A. Moure "El Origen del Hombre", 1999. ISBN 84-7679-127-5]

Epipalaeolithic hunter-gatherers made relatively advanced tools made from small flint or obsidian blades, known as microliths that were hafted in wooden implements. They were generally nomadic.

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Epipaleolithic — /ep euh pay lee euh lith ik, pal ee /, adj. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the human cultures existing at the end of the Paleolithic and the beginnings of the Mesolithic periods of the Stone Age. [1920 25; EPI + PALEOLITHIC] * * * …   Universalium

  • Epipaleolithic — 1. adjective Mesolithic 2. noun The Mesolithic period …   Wiktionary

  • epipaleolithic — epi·paleolithic …   English syllables

  • Epipaleolithic — noun middle part of the Stone Age beginning about 15,000 years ago • Syn: ↑Mesolithic Age, ↑Mesolithic • Instance Hypernyms: ↑time period, ↑period of time, ↑period • Part Holonyms: ↑Ston …   Useful english dictionary

  • Microlith — For the catalytic reactor, see Microlith (catalytic reactor). Backed edge bladelet A microlith is a small stone tool usually made of flint or chert and typically a centimetre or so in length and half a centimetre wide. It is produced from either… …   Wikipedia

  • Mesolithic — microliths The Mesolithic The Epipaleolithic This box …   Wikipedia

  • agriculture, origins of — Introduction  the active production of useful plants or animals in ecosystems that have been created by people. Agriculture has often been conceptualized narrowly, in terms of specific combinations of activities and organisms wet rice production… …   Universalium

  • Neve David — is an Early Epipaleolithic site located at the foot of the western slope of the Mount Carmel hills in northern Israel. It was inhabited in the later part of the Early Epipaleolithic, about 15,000–13,000 BC. Today, the Neve David site is just… …   Wikipedia

  • Prehistoric Iberia — The Prehistory of the Iberian peninsula begins with the arrival of the first hominins c.900,000 Before Present (BP) and ends with the Punic Wars, when the territory enters the domains of written history. In this long period, some of its most… …   Wikipedia

  • Neolithic — An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. Neolithic stone implements are by definition polished and except for specialty items not chipped. The Neolithic …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”