The Epipaleolithic is a term used for the "final Upper Palaeolithic industries occurring at the end of the final glaciation which appear to merge technologically into the
Mesolithic". [Bahn, Paul, "The Penguin Archaeology Guide", Penguin, London, pp. 141. ISBN 0-14-051448-1]
The term is sometimes confused with
Mesolithic, and the two are sometimes used as synonyms. Yet, when a distinction is made, Epipaleolithic is used for those cultures that were not much affected by the ending of the Ice Age (like the Natufianculture of Western Asia [ [http://search.eb.com/eb/article-10760 agriculture, origins of] . (2008). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved April 10, 2008, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online.] ) and the term Mesolithic is reserved for Western Europe where the extinction of the Megafaunahad a great impact of the paleolithic populations at the end of the Ice Age (like European post-glacial cultures: Azilian, Sauveterrian, Tardenoisian, Maglemosian, etc.).
The term is some times used in the opposite meaning, Alfonso Moure says in this respect:
"In the language of Prehistorical Archaeology, the most extended trend is to use the term "Epipaleolithic" for the industrial complexes of the post-glacial hunter-gatherer groups. Inversely, those that are in transitional ways towards artificial production of food are inscribed in the "Mesolithic" [A. Moure "El Origen del Hombre", 1999. ISBN 84-7679-127-5]
hunter-gatherers made relatively advanced tools made from small flintor obsidianblades, known as microliths that were hafted in wooden implements. They were generally nomadic.
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