:"This page refers to the Eddur, poems and tales of Norse Mythology. For Edda, the ancestress of serfs in the Rígsthula, see
Ríg. For the Hungarian rock group, see Edda művek."
The term Edda (Plural: Eddas or Norse plural: Eddur) applies to the Old Norse "Poetic Edda" and "Prose Edda", both of which were written down in Iceland during the
13th century, although some of the poems included in them may be centuries older.Heathenism portal
There are several theories concerning the origins of the word "edda". One theory holds that it is identical to the word that seems to mean "great-grandmother". (See
Ríg.) Another theory holds that edda derives from Old Norse "óðr", "poetry." A third is that it means "the book of Oddi", Oddibeing the place where students (including Snorri Sturluson) were educated. The most plausible idea is that the word was coined as a diminutive of Latin "edo" (I compose [poetry] ) in imitation of Old Icelandic "kredda" (superstition), which is derived from Latin "credo" (creed, literally 'I believe'). See www.VSNRweb-publications.org.uk/Edda.pdf
The Poetic Edda
The Poetic Edda, also known as Sæmundar Edda or the Elder Edda, is a collection of Old Norse poems from the
Icelandic medieval manuscript Codex Regius('The King's Manuscript'). Along with Snorri's Edda the Poetic Edda is the most important source on Norse mythologyand Germanic heroic legends. The first part of the Codex Regius preserves poems that narrate the creation and destruction of the Old Norse mythological world as well as individual myths about gods such as Odin, Thor and Heimdall. The poems in the second part narrate legends about heroes and heroines such as Sigurdthe Dragonslayer, Brynhildrand Gunnar.
The Codex Regius was written down in the
13th centurybut nothing is known of its whereabouts until 1643when it came into the possession of Brynjólfur Sveinsson, then Bishop of Skálholt. At that time versions of Snorri's Edda were well known in Iceland but scholars speculated that there once was another Edda - an Elder Edda - which contained the pagan poems Snorri quotes in his book. When the Codex Regius was discovered it seemed that this speculation had proven correct. Brynjólfur attributed the manuscript to Sæmundr the Learned, a larger-than-life 12th centuryIcelandic priest. While this attribution is rejected by modern scholars the name Sæmundar Edda is still sometimes encountered.
Bishop Brynjólfur sent the Codex Regius as a present to the Danish king, hence the name. For centuries it was stored in the Royal Library in
Copenhagenbut in 1971it was returned to Iceland.
The Prose Edda
The Younger Edda, known also as the Prose Edda or Snorri's Edda is an
Icelandic manual of poetics which also contains many mythological stories. Its purpose was to enable Icelandic poets and readers to understand the subtleties of alliterative verse, and to grasp the mythological allusions behind the many " kennings" that were used in skaldic poetry.
It was written by the Icelandic scholar and historian
Snorri Sturlusonaround 1220. It survives in seven main manuscripts, written down from about 1300 to about 1600.
The Prose Edda consists of a Prologue and three separate books: the
Gylfaginning, concerning the gods' creation and destruction, the Skáldskaparmál, a dialogue between Ægir, the god of the sea and Bragi, the god of poetry, and the Háttatal, a demonstration of verse forms used in Norse mythology.
* [http://www.sacred-texts.com/neu/poe/index.htm The Poetic Edda] , translation: Henry Adams Bellows, 1936
* [http://www.sacred-texts.com/neu/pre/index.htm The Prose Edda] , translation: Arthur Gilchrist Brodeur, 1916
* [http://fax.libs.uga.edu/PT7234xE211/ The Elder Eddas and Younger Eddas] , 1906 "(a searchable facsimile at the University of Georgia Libraries;
**Translation of the Elder Eddas: Benjamin Thorpe
**Translation of the Younger Eddas: I. A. Blackwell
* [http://www.cybersamurai.net/Mythology/nordic_gods/LegendsSagas/Edda/PoeticEdda/Index.htm#ice Poetic Edda] (in Old Norse) & [http://www.cybersamurai.net/Mythology/nordic_gods/LegendsSagas/Edda/PoeticEdda/Index.htm#en Poetic Edda] , translation: Henry Adams Bellows, 1936
* [http://www.cybersamurai.net/Mythology/nordic_gods/LegendsSagas/Edda/ProseEdda/ContentsIcelandic.htm Snorra Edda] (Prose Edda in Old Norse) & [http://www.cybersamurai.net/Mythology/nordic_gods/LegendsSagas/Edda/ProseEdda/ContentsEnglish.htm Prose Edda] , translation: Arthur Gilchrist Brodeur, 1916Also of interest may be several of the external links of these articles:
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