Edda

:"This page refers to the Eddur, poems and tales of Norse Mythology. For Edda, the ancestress of serfs in the Rígsthula, see Ríg. For the Hungarian rock group, see Edda művek."

The term Edda (Plural: Eddas or Norse plural: Eddur) applies to the Old Norse "Poetic Edda" and "Prose Edda", both of which were written down in Iceland during the 13th century, although some of the poems included in them may be centuries older.Heathenism portal

Etymology

There are several theories concerning the origins of the word "edda". One theory holds that it is identical to the word that seems to mean "great-grandmother". (See Ríg.) Another theory holds that edda derives from Old Norse "óðr", "poetry." A third is that it means "the book of Oddi", Oddi being the place where students (including Snorri Sturluson) were educated. The most plausible idea is that the word was coined as a diminutive of Latin "edo" (I compose [poetry] ) in imitation of Old Icelandic "kredda" (superstition), which is derived from Latin "credo" (creed, literally 'I believe'). See www.VSNRweb-publications.org.uk/Edda.pdf

The Poetic Edda

The Poetic Edda, also known as Sæmundar Edda or the Elder Edda, is a collection of Old Norse poems from the Icelandic medieval manuscript Codex Regius ('The King's Manuscript'). Along with Snorri's Edda the Poetic Edda is the most important source on Norse mythology and Germanic heroic legends. The first part of the Codex Regius preserves poems that narrate the creation and destruction of the Old Norse mythological world as well as individual myths about gods such as Odin, Thor and Heimdall. The poems in the second part narrate legends about heroes and heroines such as Sigurd the Dragonslayer, Brynhildr and Gunnar.

The Codex Regius was written down in the 13th century but nothing is known of its whereabouts until 1643 when it came into the possession of Brynjólfur Sveinsson, then Bishop of Skálholt. At that time versions of Snorri's Edda were well known in Iceland but scholars speculated that there once was another Edda - an Elder Edda - which contained the pagan poems Snorri quotes in his book. When the Codex Regius was discovered it seemed that this speculation had proven correct. Brynjólfur attributed the manuscript to Sæmundr the Learned, a larger-than-life 12th century Icelandic priest. While this attribution is rejected by modern scholars the name Sæmundar Edda is still sometimes encountered.

Bishop Brynjólfur sent the Codex Regius as a present to the Danish king, hence the name. For centuries it was stored in the Royal Library in Copenhagen but in 1971 it was returned to Iceland.

The Prose Edda

The Younger Edda, known also as the Prose Edda or Snorri's Edda is an Icelandic manual of poetics which also contains many mythological stories. Its purpose was to enable Icelandic poets and readers to understand the subtleties of alliterative verse, and to grasp the mythological allusions behind the many "kennings" that were used in skaldic poetry.

It was written by the Icelandic scholar and historian Snorri Sturluson around 1220. It survives in seven main manuscripts, written down from about 1300 to about 1600.

The Prose Edda consists of a Prologue and three separate books: the Gylfaginning, concerning the gods' creation and destruction, the Skáldskaparmál, a dialogue between Ægir, the god of the sea and Bragi, the god of poetry, and the Háttatal, a demonstration of verse forms used in Norse mythology.

External links

* [http://www.sacred-texts.com/neu/poe/index.htm The Poetic Edda] , translation: Henry Adams Bellows, 1936
* [http://www.sacred-texts.com/neu/pre/index.htm The Prose Edda] , translation: Arthur Gilchrist Brodeur, 1916
* [http://fax.libs.uga.edu/PT7234xE211/ The Elder Eddas and Younger Eddas] , 1906 "(a searchable facsimile at the University of Georgia Libraries; DjVu & PDF format)"
**Translation of the Elder Eddas: Benjamin Thorpe
**Translation of the Younger Eddas: I. A. Blackwell
* [http://www.cybersamurai.net/Mythology/nordic_gods/LegendsSagas/Edda/PoeticEdda/Index.htm#ice Poetic Edda] (in Old Norse) & [http://www.cybersamurai.net/Mythology/nordic_gods/LegendsSagas/Edda/PoeticEdda/Index.htm#en Poetic Edda] , translation: Henry Adams Bellows, 1936
* [http://www.cybersamurai.net/Mythology/nordic_gods/LegendsSagas/Edda/ProseEdda/ContentsIcelandic.htm Snorra Edda] (Prose Edda in Old Norse) & [http://www.cybersamurai.net/Mythology/nordic_gods/LegendsSagas/Edda/ProseEdda/ContentsEnglish.htm Prose Edda] , translation: Arthur Gilchrist Brodeur, 1916Also of interest may be several of the external links of these articles:
*Völuspá
*Poetic Edda
*Prose Edda


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  • Edda — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Edda prosaica. Los Edda son colecciones de historias relacionadas con la mitología nórdica. Con este nombre se conocen dos recopilaciones literarias islandesas medievales que juntas forman el corpus más importante… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Edda — • A title applied to two different collections of old Norse literature, the poetical or Elder Edda and the prose or Younger Edda Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Edda     Edda    …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Edda — Művek Жанр рок Годы 1973–1978, 1978–1983, 1985– Страна …   Википедия

  • Edda — (altnord., d.i. Urgroßmutter), Sammlung von Religions , mythologischen u. heldensagischen Schriften Skandinaviens. Es gibt eine doppelte: I. Ältere (Poetische, Lieder ) E., auch Sämundr E., nach dem isländischen Priester Sämundr hinn Frodi… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • edda — ÉDDA s.f. Nume sub care sunt cunoscute culegerile de legende şi mituri ale vechilor popoare scandinave. [< germ. Edda, cf. scand. edda – străbun]. Trimis de LauraGellner, 25.02.2005. Sursa: DN  ÉDDA s. f. culegere de legende şi mituri ale… …   Dicționar Român

  • Edda — (chants de l ), nom de deux recueils de poèmes islandais (VIIe XIIIe s.) découverts en 1642 dans la Bibliothèque royale de Copenhague. d1./d Edda poétique, ensemble de grands poèmes (dans leur version des XIIe et XIIIe s., riche mais incomplète)… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Edda — Ed da, n.; pl. {Eddas}. [Icel., lit. great grandmother (i. e., of Scandinavian poetry), so called by Bishop Brynj[ u]lf Sveinsson, who brought it again to light in 1643.] The religious or mythological book of the old Scandinavian tribes of German …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Edda — 1771, by some identified with the name of the old woman in the O.N. poem Rigsþul, by others derived from O.N. oðr spirit, mind, passion, song, poetry (cognate with O.Ir. faith poet, Welsh gwawd poem, O.E. woþ sound, melody, song, L. vates seer,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Edda — (izg. ȅda) ž DEFINICIJA knjiž. dvije zbirke skandinavskih mitova i legendi iz 13. st.; danas izvor za nordijsku mitologiju [Velika Edda; Mala Edda] ETIMOLOGIJA stnorv …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Edda — [ed′ə] n. [ON] either of two early Icelandic literary works: a) the Prose (or Younger) Edda ( c. 1230), a summary of Norse mythology with two treatises on skaldic poetry, attributed to Snorri Sturluson b) the Poetic (or Elder) Edda, a collection… …   English World dictionary

  • Edda — (Ильзенбург,Германия) Категория отеля: Адрес: 38871 Ильзенбург, Германия Опи …   Каталог отелей

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