List of lists of ethnic groups

The following is a list of lists of ethnic groups:

By region

* Africa
** North Africa
** Horn of Africa
** Sub-Saharan Africa
* Americas (indigenous)
** Brazil
** USA
*** Alaska
*** Hawaii
** Canada
* Asia
** Southeast Asia
*** Vietnam
*** Laos
*** Philippines
** Caucasus (transcontinental)
** Middle East (transcontinental)
** South Asia/Indian subcontinent
*** Pakistan
** Russia (indigenous) (transcontinental)
*** Siberia
** China (historical)

* Europe
** Caucasus (transcontinental)
** Russia (indigenous) (transcontinental)
* Oceania
** Pacific Islanders
** Australia (indigenous)

By linguistic phylum

* Altaic peoples
** Mongols
** Tungusic peoples
** Turkic peoples
* Afro-Asiatic
** Semitic
** Berber peoples
* Austronesian peoples
* Dravidian peoples
* Niger-Congo
** Bantu peoples
*** Bantu speaking peoples of South Africa
* Indo-Europeans
** Germanic
** Slavic peoples
** Iranian peoples
** Indo-Aryans
** Latin European peoples
* Tai peoples
* Uralic
** Finno-Ugric peoples
*** Finnic peoples
*** Ugric peoples
** Samoyedic peoples

By country

* Australia (indigenous)
* Canada (indigenous)
* China
* India
* Iran (minorities)
* Laos
* Philippines
* Russia (indigenous)
* USA (indigenous)
* Vietnam

By status

* List of stateless ethnic groups
* List of indigenous peoples
* Uncontacted peoples

By alphabet

A

* Abzinz - minority in Abkhazia, Karachay-Cherkessia and Adygeya of Russia
* Abenaki - Native Americans of Quebec, Vermont, New Hampshire, and possibly Maine and Nova Scotia (Algonquin people)
* Abipones - An ethnic minority in Argentina
* Abkhazs - Minority in Georgia, Turkey and Russia, perhaps plurality (since 1993 civil war) in Abkhazia
* Aborigines, indigenous peoples of mainland Australia.
* Acadian - French-Canadians of the Canadian Maritimes
* Accohannock - Native Americans of Maryland
* Achang - Yunnan, the People's Republic of China
* Acelmese - an ethnic minority in Indonesia
* Acholi
* Achomawi - Native Americans of California
* Acoma - Native Americans of the southwest United States and Mexico
* Adi - ethnic minority in Africa
* Adjarians - sub-group of Georgians of muslim religion
* Adyghe - Minority in Russia, in the north Caucasus region and Turkey.
* Adyhaffe
* Afar - in Ethiopia, Eritrea and Djibouti. Also known as "Danakil"
* African-American - citizens of the United States descended from West African slaves
* African Canadian
* African Hebrew Israelites of Jerusalem - an ethnic minority of coloured people in Israel
* African immigration to Puerto Rico
* Afrikaners - South African descendants of mostly Dutch ancestry, but also including the descendants of French Huguenot and German Protestant refugees, who intermarried with the Dutch settlers and adopted Afrikaans as their mother tongue - e.g., the French name 'Le Clerque' became the Afrikaans name 'De Klerk.'
* Afro Argentine
* Afro Bolivian
* Afro-Brazilian
* Afro-Chilean
* Afro-Colombian
* Afro-Costa Rican
* Afro-Cuban
* Afro-Dominican
* Afro-Ecuadorian people
* Afro-Latino
* Afro-Mexican
* Afro-Peruvian
* Afro-Trinidadian
* Afro-Uruguayan
* Aftsarians or Isaurians
* Agaw - ethnic group in northern Ethiopia
* Agni - minority group in Côte d'Ivoire
* Agta - an ethnic minority in the Philippines
* Aguls - Dagestani minority group
* Ahtna - Alaska Natives, along the Copper River
* Aimaq - Minority group in Afghanistan
* Ainu - Natives of Hokkaidō, much of Sakhalin, the Kuriles, and at one time northern Honshū, the Kamchatka Peninsula, and the Amur River basin
* Aynu of China - different from the Ainu of Japan and Russia.
* Aja - Minority group in Benin
* Aka
* Akie - ethnic minority in Africa
* Ak Chin - Native American group now resident in Pinal County, Arizona on the Tohono O'odham reservation
* Akan - People of West Africa, inhabiting principally Ghana and Côte d'Ivoire; linguistic group, not quite an ethnic group
* Akha - an ethnic minority in Thailand
* Akuapem - People living in Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana
* Akhvakhs
* Akyem - People living in Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana
* Alabama - Native American people from whom the state takes its name; now sharing a reservation in Texas with the Coushatta
* Alak - from Laos
* Albanians - a Balkan people, living in Albania, Kosovo, southern Serbia, western Macedonia, Montenegro, Greece, Turkey and southern Italy
* Albanian American
* Albanian Australian
* Aleut - Alaska Natives, mainly in the Aleutian Islands, as well as Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia
* Algonquian - Native Americans of the eastern United States and Canada; Language group
* Aliutors
* Altaic peoples - Non-homogeneous peoples of the Altay Mountains region
* Amahuaca - An ethnic minority in Bolivia
* Americo-Liberians - Mulatto African Americans were given reparations for slavery in the form of their own country back in their homeland and this is Liberia, so they are Liberians.
* Amhara - central Ethiopia
* Amish - North American religious minority, of German descent
* Amungme - ethnic group of Papua province, Indonesia
* Andalusians - Latin European people. Inhabitants of southern Iberia.
* Andis
* Anga - an ethnic minority group in Papua
* Anglo-Celtic Australian - Majority inhabitants of Australia with mixed English and Celtic (especially Irish and Scottish, but also Welsh and even Cornish and Manx) ancestry.
* Anglo-Indian - People of mixed Indian and English ancestry, living in India and England, or people of British ancestry living in India
* Anglo-Saxon - Historically, a collective name for the Germanic tribes resident Great Britain since the 5th century, especially prior to the Norman Conquest. Became the largest group to form the English people.
* Annamites or Vietnamese or Kinh or Jing - Majority ethnic group of Vietnam.
* Ansar people or Ansarie
* Anuak - a people living in southwestern Sudan and western Ethiopia
* Apaches - groups of Native Americans in the western plains of the United States
* Apinaje - Indigenous group of Brazil
* Arab - originally from Arabia, now widespread throughout the Middle East and North Africa (see Arabization)
* Araon - an ethnic minority in China
* Aramean-Syriac people - Middle Eastern, principally in Iraq, Iran, Lebanon, Syria and Turkey with large diaspora
* Aragonese - Inhabitants of Aragon (Iberian Peninsula). One of the nationalities of Spain. Ethnic Aragonese live primarily in Upper Aragon. There are also some Aragonese in the Spanish diaspora.
* Arapaho - Native American people, formerly inhabiting Colorado and Wyoming, now living in Oklahoma and Wyoming
* Arawak - natives of the Caribbean
* Arbëreshë - an Albanian population in Italy
* Archis
* Arikara - Native American people from the upper Midwest United States
* Armenians - natives of Eastern Anatolia, living primarily in Armenia, Russia, Iran, Georgia, Azerbaijan and Turkey with a large worldwide diaspora
* Aromanians (or "Macedo-Romanians") - a population group of Greece, Serbia, the Republic of Macedonia, Albania and Bulgaria
* Arvanites - an Albanian population in Greece
* Atoni - an ethnic minority in East Timor
* Indo-Iranians/Aryans - ancient inhabitants of South Asia (excluding Southern India), Central Asia and the Iranian plateau, ("Aryan" can also refer to Indo-Aryans, who are inhabiting the majority of South Asia, as well as Afghanistan
* Asante (Ashanti)
* Asheninka Indigenous groups of Peru
* Ashkenazi - mainly Jews who migrated north west out of the Levant and settled (and travelled) in Eastern Europe and Russia.
* Asmat - Indonesian Ethnic Group from Papua Province
* Assiniboine - Native American people living in Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Montana; one of the Sioux peoples
* Assyrians - Middle Eastern, principally in Iraq, Iran, Lebanon, Syria and Turkey with large diaspora
* Asturians - an ethnic and linguistic group in northwestern Spain, next to Galicia.
* Atta - an ethnic minority in the Philippines
* Ati - an ethnic minority in the Philippines
* Atikamekw
* Atsina - Native American people inhabiting Montana and formerly Saskatchewan
* Atsugewi
* Aukstaitians - Lithuanian sub-group
* Australian aborigine - generic name for native inhabitants of Australia
* Austrians - German group native to Austria
* Avars - inhabitants of the Russian republic of Dagestan
* Awá - an endangered Amazonian tribe of hunter-gatherers
* Aymaras - South American people of Bolivia and Peru
* Ayta - an ethnic minority in the Philippines
* Azeris (Azerbaijanis) - an ethnic group in Azerbaijan, northern Iran, Russia, Georgia, and Turkey.
* Aztecs - Native North American people, descendants widespread in Mexico

B

* Babongo - ethnic minority in Gabon
* Badui - an ethnic minority in Indonesia
* Ba Na - inhabitants of Vietnam
* Baggara or "Baqqarah" - Sudan
* Baguirmi - inhabitants of Chad
* Bagulals
* Bai - national minority of the People's Republic of China, inhabiting Yunnan province
* Bajau - Ethnic group of in Borneo and the Philippines; Known as "Sea Gypsies", they touch land only to bury their dead.
* Baka - one of the Pygmy peoples of central Africa. They live in Cameroon and its surrounding area. See also Twa, Aka, Mbuti, Binga and Gelli Efé.
* Bakhtiyari - an ethnic minority in Iran
* Balinese people - ethnic group primarily found in Indonesia
* Bakongo/Kongo - majority population of the Republic of the Congo; also living in Angola
* Balkars - people of the northern Caucasus, mainly inhabiting the Russian republic of Kabardino-Balkaria
* Baloch (also Baluch, Balochi) - traditionally nomadic Muslim people of Balochistan in southwestern Pakistan, southern Afghanistan and southeastern Iran
* Baltic Germans
* Bamar (also Burmese and Burman) - the majority ethnic group of Burma
* Bambara - group living chiefly in Mali and Guinea
* Bamileke - majority inhabitants of Cameroon
* Banat Swabians - Germans of Romania and Vojvodina, Serbia
* Banawa
* Banda - one of the peoples of the Central African Republic
* Bandjabi - Inhabitants of Gabon
* Bangladeshi American - largely Bengalis by ethnicity, people with Bangladeshi ancestry in the United States
* Bangladeshi Briton - largely Bengalis, people with Bangladeshi ancestry in the United Kingdom
* Banjar - an ethnic minority in Indonesia
* Bantu - ethnic group widespread in central and southern Africa
* Baoule - major ethnic group in Côte d'Ivoire
* Bapou
* Bariba - national minority in Benin
* Bartangs
* Basarwa - ethnic minority in Botswana
* Bashkirs - Turkic people
* Basotho - inhabitants of Lesotho
* Basques - ethnic group mostly found in Spain and France, also in Latin America and other countries in diaspora
* Basque Argentine - Basques in Argentina
* Bassa - people of Liberia
* Bassari
* Baster (also known as Baaster) - people descended from the offspring of Dutch speaking whites and black African women
* Batak - an ethnic minority in Indonesia
* Batak (Negrito) - an ethnic minority in the Philippines
* Bateke - minority group in the Republic of the Congo
* Bats people
* Batswana (also Tswana) - largest ethnic group in Botswana, also found in surrounding states
* Bavarians
* Baya-Mandjia
* Beaver - Indian group in the USA
* Bedouins - nomadic group throughout North Africa and western Middle East
* Beja - nomadic group in northern Eritrea, southern Egypt, and northeastern Sudan
* Belarusians - Slavic people of eastern Europe, Belarus
* Bengalis - South Asian Indo-Aryan people, inhabiting Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal
* Bemba - an ethnic minority group in Zambia
* Berbers - a North African people, living in Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and Egypt
* Beta Israel - Ethiopian Jews
* Betamaribe - Benin ethnic group
* Bethio
* Beti-Pahuin - group of peoples from Central Africa
* Bezhtas
* Bhotia - majority population of Bhutan, of Tibetan descent, also found in Nepal and Sikkim
* Bhotiya
* Biafrans - inhabitant of eastern Nigerian region (see also Ibo)
* Bicolano - A Filipino ethnic group.
* Blackfeet (or "Blackfoot") - group of Native American peoples of the Great Plains of the United States, comprising the Blackfoot, Blood, and Piegan tribes.
* Black Indians - African Americans who have Native American ancestry and/or African Americans who were historically assimilated into Native American tribes
* Bo Y - Vietnamese ethnic group
* Boere-Afrikaners
* Bonairean - population of Bonaire, Netherlands Antilles
* Bonan
* Bosniaks - South Slavic people living mainly in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Sandžak region of Serbia and Montenegro. Descendants of indigenous converts to Islam during Bosnia's Ottoman period. Regional term (see also [Bosnian, a multi-ethnic term) recently became ethnic.
* Botlikhs
* Bouganvilleans - inhabitants of island near Papua New Guinea
* Boyar - Boyars are mainly found in South India as Hindu Telugu speaking community and non-pure kshatriyas.
* Boyko - the Ukrainian mountain people in Central Europe
* Bozo - an ethnic minority group in Mali
* Brau
* Bretons - a people indigenous to Brittany in northwest France
* British Canadian - Canadians with British ancestry
* Britons - indigenous minority of Great Britain.
* Brong - People living in Ghana and Côte d'Ivoire
* Brulé - Native American people inhabiting parts of Nebraska and South Dakota; one of the Sioux peoples
* Bru-Van Kieu - Vietnam
* Bubi minority ethnic group in Equatorial Guinea Majority Ethnic group on the island of Bioko
* Budukhs
* Bugis is one of the ethnics in Indonesia and Malaysia, mostly inhabiting South Sulawesi of Indonesia and state of Sabah of Malaysia.
* Bulang
* Bulgarians - Slavic people of the Balkans
* Bulgars - an ancient people
* Bunjevci - Slavic people of the Balkans
* Burgenland Croats
* Buryats - Mongolic people
* Bushongo - inhabitants of the Congo basin region
* Buyi - national minority of the People's Republic of China

C

* Caddo - Native American peoples formerly residing in Louisiana, Arkansas and Texas, now located in central Oklahoma.
* Cahuilla
* Campa - An ethnic minority in Bolivia
* Caingang
* Cajun - French-Americans in Louisiana. See also Acadian.
* Caldoche - French people of New Caledonia
* Canaanites - ancient people of the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea
* Cape Coloured - mixed-race population of the Western Cape Province of South Africa
* Cape Malay - population descended from people of the Malay archipelago in the Western Cape Province of South Africa
* Castilian people - largest ethnic group of Spain (found in the Castile region, also found in the Spanish diaspora
* Caprivian - inhabitants of the Caprivi Strip in northeastern Namibia
* Caribs - group of Native American peoples of northern South America, the Lesser Antilles, and the east coast of Central America; now mostly extinct
* Carinthian Slovenes
* Caripuna
* Catalans - inhabitants of eastern Spain (Catalonia only, or Valencia and the Balearic Islands as well - disputed), southwestern France and Andorra, also found in the Spanish diaspora
* Catawba - Native Americans from the Carolina region of the United States, now resident in western South Carolina
* Cayuga - Native American people of New York state, now resident in Wisconsin and Oklahoma; one of the Iroquois group of peoples
* Cayuse - Native American people of northeast Oregon and southeast Washington
* Ceylon Moors - people who are of Arab stock living in Sri Lanka
* Chagga - a people of Bantu stock (Niger-Congo-B) living in Kilimanjaro Region in Tanzania
* Chaldeans - largely Christians found in Iraq
* Cham - a people of Indonesian stock living in Cambodia and central Vietnam, descended from people of the supplanted Champa kingdom
* Chambri - an ethnic minority group in Papua
* Chamalals
* Chamorro - the indigenous people of the Mariana Islands
* Chechens - inhabitants of northern Caucasus, chiefly in Chechnya in Russia
* Chehalis
* Chemakum
* Chemehuevi - Native American people of the southwest United States
* Chepang
* Chere
* Cherokee - Native American people originally of eastern and central Tennessee, most of Kentucky, southern West Virginia, western Virginia, northern Georgia, northern Alabama, northwestern South Carolina, and western North Carolina, now mostly living in Oklahoma and North Carolina.
* Cheyenne - Native American people of the Great Plains of the United States
* Chicanos - a term used by some United States citizens of Mexican origin
* Chickahominy
* Chickasaw - Native American people formerly of northeast Mississippi, west Tennessee, and northwest Alabama, now living in Oklahoma
* Chilcotin - Native American inhabitants of British Columbia
* Chinese (also known as Han or Han Chinese) - Han people, the dominant ethnic group of the People's Republic of China
* Chinese American
* Chinese Australian
* Chinese Brazilian
* Chinese Briton
* Chinese Bruneian
* Chinese Bulgarian
* Chinese Burmese
* Chinese Cambodian
* Chinese Canadian
* Chinese Chilean
* Chinese-Costa Rican
* Chinese Cuban
* Chinese Fijian
* Chinese Filipino - Overseas Chinese that have settled in the Philippines
* Chinese French
* Chinese Indonesian
* Chinese Israeli
* Chinese Italian
* Chinese Jamaican
* Chinese Japanese
* Chinese Korean
* Chinese Laotian
* Chinese Malaysian
* Chinese Mauritian
* Chinese Mexican
* Chinese Mongolian
* Chinese New Zealander
* Chinese Nicaraguan
* Chinese Panamanian
* Chinese Peruvian
* Chinese Romanian
* Chinese Russian
* Chinese Samoan
* Chinese Singaporean - Han Chinese, majority ethnic group of Singapore
* Chinese South African
* Chinese Spanish
* Chinese Thai
* Chinese Tongan
* Chinese Trinidadian
* Chinookan - members of a number of Native American peoples living in the Columbia River valley in Washington and Oregon
* Chipewyan - Native American people of northwest Canada
* Chippewa - Native American people inhabiting the Great Lakes region of Canada and also living in Minnesota, North Dakota, Wisconsin, Michigan and Montana
* Chitimacha - Native American people of southeastern Louisiana
* Cho Ro
* Choctaw - Native American people of Mississippi and Alabama, now mostly living in Oklahoma with many still living in Mississippi
* Chukchansi
* Chukchis
* Chulym Tatars
* Chumash - Group of Native American peoples inhabiting coastal southern California
* Chuncho
* Chut
* Chuukese - A ethnic group at Chuuk, part of the Federated States of Micronesia
* Chuvash - A Turkic people in Russia
* Ciboney - Mesoamerican inhabitants of Cuba, now extinct
* Circassians or Cherkezians see Adyghe minority in Russia, in the north Caucasus region and Turkey.
* Clayoquot - Native American people of Vancouver Island, British Columbia
* Co
* Coalhuiltec - Native American people
* Co Ho
* Co Lao
* Co Tu
* Coast Salish - Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest
* Cochiti - Native American people of the southwestern United States
* Cocopah
* Coeur d'Alene - Native American people of the Rocky Mountains
* Coharie
* Colchians or Kolchians
* Colombians - People from the South American country of Colombia.
* Coloured - term used to denote mixed-race inhabitants of South Africa. See also Cape Coloured
* Colville - Native American people inhabiting Washington; one of the Salish tribes
* Comanche - Native American people inhabiting Oklahoma, Texas, California and New Mexico
* Comorian
* Cong
* Copper - Native American people
* Coquille
* Cornish - a British people originating in Cornwall and the South West of Great Britain.
* Cossack - inhabitants of the southern steppe regions of Eastern Europe
* Costanoan - Native American people of central California, one of the Mission Indian peoples
* Coushatta - Native American now resident in Texas. See also Alabama
* Cowichan - Native American inhabitants of Vancouver Island, British Columbia
* Cowlitz - Native American people of western Washington; one of the Salish peoples
* Cree - widely dispersed Native American people inhabiting the northern United States and Canada
* Creek - Native American people originally of Alabama but now mostly residing in Oklahoma
* Créole - referring either to people of Iberian or French ancestry in the Americas, or people of mixed Native American and European ancestry in Alaska. See Louisiana Creole people
* Crimean Germans
* Crimean Goths
* Crimean Tatars - a Turkic people of Crimea
* Croats
* Croatian American - Croats in the United States
* Croatian Australian - Croats in Australia
* Croatian Brazilian - Croats in Brazil
* Croatian British - Croats in the United Kingdom
* Croatian Canadians - Croats in Canada
* Croatian-Peruvians
* Crow - Native American people of the northern Great Plains, now chiefly residing in southeast Montana; one of the Sioux peoples
* Cumans
* Cupeño
* Curaçaoan - people of Curaçao, Netherlands Antilles
* Cypriot Greeks - ethnic Greek population in Cyprus
* Czechs - Slavic people of central Europe, consisting of Bohemians and Moravians
* Czech American - Czechs in the United States
* Czech British - Czechs in the United Kingdom
* Czech Canadian - Czechs in Canada

D

* Daasanach - southern Ethiopia
* Dadhich
* Dai (Thai, Thai Lue)
* Dajaks - ethnic minority group in Indonesia
* Dakelh - First Nations people of British Columbia, Canada, one of the Athabaskan group of peoples
* "Dakota": the autonym of the Santee Sioux, sometimes applied to all Sioux
* Damara
* Danish - Germanic people of Scandinavia
* Danish American
* Danish Australian
* Danish Canadian
* Danmin
* Darhad - ethnic minority
* Dargins - Dagestani
* Daribi - an ethnic minority group in Papua
* Daur - an ethnic minority in China
* De'ang
* Deg Hit'an - Alaska Natives
* Degar (Montagnards)
* Delaware - Eastern United States Native American
* Dena'ina (also known as the Tanaina) - Athabascan Alaska Natives
* Dendi - Benin ethnic group
* Derbish
* Desana - An ethnic minority in Colombia
* Dhodia - Dhodia Tribes of India
* Didos
* Diegueno
* Dinka
* Diola
* Djerma Songhai from Niger
* Dogon - The Dogon are an ethnic group located mainly in the administrative districts of Bandiagara and Douentza in Mali, West Africa.
* Dolgans - An ethnic minority in northern Russia
* Dom - A Dalit or untouchable caste of India.
* Doma - Wandering Gypsies of the Middle East
* Dominican - American
* Don Cossacks
* Dong - an ethnic minority in China
* Dongxiang
* Dorze - southern Ethiopia
* Dravidians - inhabitants of Southern India and Sri Lanka
* Drung
* Druze - Also a Religion
* Du
* Duala people from the coast of Cameroon
* Dutch - Germanic people of northern Europe (mostly Netherlands and Belgium, also substantial diaspora in countries such as South Africa, the United States and Australia
* Dutch American
* Dutch Australian
* Dutch Brazilian
* Dutch Canadian
* Dutch, Cape

E

* E De
* Egyptians - native people of eastern North Africa, often seen as Arabs (see also Copts).
* Elema - an ethnic minority group in Papua
* Enets - Samoyedic people
* Enga - an ethnic minority group in Papua
* English - British people native to England
* English African
* English American
* English Australian
* English Canadian
* English Brazilian
* English Burmese
* English Indian
* Enxet
* Eshira
* Eskimo - see also Inuit and Yupik
* Esselen
* Estonians - Finnic people in Estonia, northeastern Europe
* Eurasian Avars
* Evens - An ethnic minority in Russia
* Evenki - an ethnic minority in Russia
* Ewe

F

* Falasha/Beta Israel - Jewish ethnic group from Ethiopia; beginning in 1984, most now live in Israel.
* Fante - People living in Ghana and Côte d'Ivoire
* Faroese - Germanic group of the Faroe Islands between Iceland and Scotland.
* Fars - native name for Persians
* Fereydan
* Fernandinos
* Fijian - Melanesian group, central South Pacific Ocean
* - Philippine citizens of Italian descent
* Filipinos of Spanish descent
* Finns - Ethnic group in Finland and Scandinavia, also found in countries such as the United States in diaspora
* Finnish American - Finns in the United States
* Flemish - Dutch-speaking ethnic group of Belgium, found primarily in Flanders
* Fon - Togo, Benin
* Fox - Native Americans
* Franco-Mauritian - people of French origin living in Mauritius
* Franco-Réunionnaise - a French people of Reunion, island in the Indian Ocean
* Franks - Germanic people of northwest Europe who settled in France in the time of the Roman Empire
* French - the people of France
* French American - United States person of French descent
* French British
* French Canadian - of French Canadian culture, historically self-identified as "Canadiens", then later as "Canadiens-français" and those today living in the province of Quebec as "Québécois". See also French-speaking Quebecer, Métis and Acadians.
* Frisians - Germanic group native to the "German Bight" along the North Sea
* Fula (also called Fulfulde, Fulani, or Fulbe)
* Fulni-o
* Fur - western Sudan (Darfur)

G

* Ga - people of southern Ghana
* Gaels - a Celtic people that originated in Ireland
* Gagauz - Turkic people in southern Moldova and southwestern Ukraine (in Budjak)
* Galicians - ethnic group of Galicia found in Galicia as well as other parts of Spain and Latin America in diaspora
* Gaoshan - aboriginal people of Taiwan
* Garifuna/Garinagu - a Central American people of mixed Amerindian and African descent
* Ge - northern South America, Caribbean coast
* Geba Buru - inhabitants of the Buru Island in the center of mollucas
* Gelao
* Georgian - Caucasus region, of Georgia
* Georgian American
* Germans - Germanic people of Central Europe, largest ethnic of Germany, as well as Austria, Liechtenstein, Switzerland and a native minority in Belgium, also found in the New World and other parts of Europe in the diaspora (especially in the United States, where they are the largest ethnic group)
* German American
* German Argentine
* German Australian
* German Brazilian - ethnic Germans in Brazil, found largely in southern Brazil
* German-Briton
* German Bulgarian
* German Canadian
* German-Chilean
* German Czech
* German Hungarian
* German Kazakhstani
* German Peruvian
* German Polish
* German Slovakian
* German Yugoslav
* Germanic peoples - branch of Indo-European peoples, originating in Northern Europe
* Gia Rai
* Giay
* Gie Trieng
* Gitanos - Gypsies in Spain
* Godoberis
* Gogodali - an ethnic minority group in Papua
* Gongduk
* Gorals
* Gorani - Slavic people in Serbia
* Goshute
* Goulaye
* Greeks
* Griqua - South Africa
* Gros Ventre
* Gruzinim - Georgian-speaking Jews from Georgia in the Caucasus.
* Guadeloupean
* Guajajara
* Guarani
* Gujaratis, inhabiting the state of Gujarat in Western India
* Gullah
* Gurage - Ethiopia
* Guria
* Guru - an ethnic minority group in Ivory Coast
* Guruks
* Gurung - ethnic group of Nepal

H

* Hadza - an ethnic minority group in Tanzania
* Haida - Native Americans inhabiting the Pacific Northwest part of the country
* Haitian Creole
* Hakka - a people of the People's Republic of China and Taiwan
* Haliwa-Saponi
* Hamer - southern Ethiopia
* Hamshenis - An Armenian ethnic group in Turkey
* Han Chinese - dominant ethnic group of the People's Republic of China, Taiwan and Singapore and largest ethnic group in the world
* Hani
* Hausa - an ethnic minority group in Chad
* Havasupai
* Haw
* Hawaiian - Polynesian indigenous people of the island chain in the Pacific Ocean
* Hazara - inhabitants of Afghanistan and Pakistan, who have mixed, Indo-Aryan, Iranian/Persian and Turkic descent.
* Herero - an ethnic minority group in Angola
* Hesquiat
* Hezhen
* Hidatsa - Native Americans
* Himba
* Hindoestanen
* Hinukhs
* Hispanics - Americans with origins in (as defined by law, in Cuba, Puerto Rico, or other Spanish-Speaking Cultures.
* Hmar
* Hmong - an ethnic minority in Laos
* Hmong American
* Hoa
* Ho-Chunk
* Hoh
* Hohokam
* Hoklo - A people of Taiwan and Fujian (Hokkien)
* Holikachuk
* Hopi - Native American, of the southwest United States
* Houma
* H'Re
* Hualapai - Natives of Mesoamerica
* Huastec
* Hui Chinese
* Huicol - Native Americans
* Hungarians - people in Hungary, central Europe
* Huns
* Hunzakuts - an ethnic minority in India
* Huli - an ethnic minority group in Papua
* Hunzibs
* Hupa
* Hurrians
* Huron - Eastern United States Native American
* Hutsuls - Ukrainian mountain people of Ukraine and Poland
* Hutu - Rwanda
* Hyksos -

I

* Iatmul - an ethnic minority group in Papua
* Iban - an ethnic minority in Indonesia
* Ibanag - A Filipino minority ethnic group.
* Ibibio - West Africa (Nigeria)
* Icelanders - Majority ethnic group of Iceland
* Igbo - West Africa (Nigeria)
* Igorot - A Filipino minority ethnic group
* I-Kiribati - Mix of diverse islander communities, including different populations on Phoenix-islands, Line-Islands, etc.
* Illiniwek, also known as the Illini, Illinois, or Illinois Confederacy
* Ilocano - Third largest Philippine ethnic group
* Ilonggo - A Filipino ethnic group
* Imereti
* Incan - Of western South America, along the Andes and particularly Peru
* Indo-Aryan - speakers of Indo-Aryan languages originating from Northern India, eastern Pakistan, Bangladesh and southern and central Sri Lanka
* Indo-Caribbean - Caribbean people (found mostly in Trinidad and Tobago, Jamaica) and South American people (found mostly in Guyana, Suriname)of South Asian origins India, Nepal, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
* Indo-Europeans - hypothetical pre-historic people that spoke the hypothetical Proto-Indo-European language
* Indo-Guyanese - Guyanese people of South Asian origins India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka
* Indo-Iranians - speakers of Aryan/Indo-Iranian languages originating from the Indian subcontinent, Iranian plateau and Central Asia (refers to many ethnic groups)
* Indo-Trinidadian - Trinidad and Tobago people of South Asian origins India, Nepal, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
* Ingessana - an ethnic minority group in Ethiopia
* Ingrians
* Ingushes - Ingushetia, northern Caucasus
* Innu - Native Americans of eastern Canada
* Inuit - Widespread in Alaska and northern Canada
* Irani - religious and ethnic community of the Indian subcontinent. See also Parsi.
* Iranian - Aryan speakers of Iranian languages inhabiting the Iranian plateau, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and other parts of the Caucasus and Central Asia (refers to a number of ethnic groups including Persians and Kurds)
* Irish - the native people of Ireland
* Irish American - Americans of Irish descent
* Irish Argentine
* Irish Australian
* Irish British
* Irish Canadians
* Irish Puerto Rican
* Irish Mexican
* Irish Newfoundlanders
* Irish Traveller - nomadic people of Irish origin living in Ireland, Great Britain and the United States
* Irish Quebecers
* Iroquois - Native Americans once widespread in the eastern United States and Canada
* Ishkashmis
* Isleta - Natives from New Mexico
* Isoko
* Istriot
* Istro-Romanians - Istria
* Italians - majority ethnic group of Italy, as well as Argentina in diaspora. Also found in states surrounding Italy, as well as many other countries in diaspora.
* Italian American - Americans of Italian descent
* Italian Australian
* Italian Brazilian
* Italian Britons
* Italian Canadian
* Italian-Chilean
* Italian Egyptian
* Italian Germans
* Italian Jews
* Italian Libyans
* Italian Mexican
* Italian Peruvian
* Italian Romanians
* Italian Scots
* Italian Swiss - third largest ethnic group of Switzerland
* Italian Tunisian
* Italian Uruguayan
* Italo-venezuelans
* Italian Welsh
* Itelmens
* Itsekiri - A Nigerian minority ethnic group, located in Delta State in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria, West Africa
* Izhorians

J

* Jakaltek people - Maya people of Guatemala
* Jakut - an ethnic minority in Russia
* Jamaican - mixture of African slaves, Central American natives and English settlers, Caribbean
* Janjevci
* Japanese people, ethnic Japanese - from the islands off the east coast of Asia (Yamato people, Ryukyuan people, Ainu people)
* Jat
* Javanese - especially central and eastern part of Java, Indonesia
* Jebala - an ethnic group of northern Morocco
* Jemez
* Jew - Also a religion. Most live in Israel
* Jing
* Jingpo
* Jino
* Jivaro - An ethnic minority in Peru
* Jola
* Jopadhola
* Jri

K

* Kabardin - A Caucasian people living in Russia
* Kabyle - a Berber people in North Africa
* Kadiweu - an ethnic minority in Paraguay
* Kaibartta - a people in South Asia
* Kakheti
* Kalasha of Chitral - an ethnic group in Pakistan
* Kalenjin
* Kallawaya - an ethnic minority in Peru
* Kaliai - an ethnic minority group in Papua
* Kalispel
* Kaluli - an ethnic minority group in Papua
* Kamas
* Kamayura - An ethnic minority in Brazil
* Kanembu
* Kapauku -- a Papuan ethnic group speaking Ekari
* Kapampangan - A Filipino ethnic group
* Karachay - A Turkic people in Russia (primarily Karachay-Cherkessia)
* Karaims
* Karaja - An ethnic minority in Brazil
* Karakalpaks - A Turkic people in Central Asia
* Karamanlides - Turkish-speaking people native to the Karaman and Cappadocia regions of Anatolia Turkey also in Greece
* Karamojong
* Karatas
* Karelians - Finnic people in Finland and Karelia, northeastern Europe
* Karen - Southeast Asia
* Karok
* Kashubians - a Slavic people of northern Europe
* Katang
* Kato
* Katuquina
* Kavango
* Kaw
* Kayapo - An ethnic minority in Brazil
* Kazakhs - Turkic people
* Kenyah - an ethnic minority in Indonesia
* Kereks
* Keresan
* Kets
* Khakas - A Turkic people of Russia, primarily Khakassia
* Khang
* Khants - An ethnic minority in Russia
* Khazars - Turkic people , many of whom converted to Judaism. The Khazar empire fell to Kievan Rus in the 11th century.
* Khevi
* Khevsureti
* Khinalugs
* Khmer - Found primarily in southeast Asia, especially Cambodia
* Khmer American
* Khmu - an ethnic minority in Laos
* Kho Mu
* Khoikhoi - Southern Africa
* Khojas - people of Indian descent
* Khomani or Nu
* Khufis
* Khvarchis
* Kickapoo - Native Americans
* Kĩkũyũ native to the African country of Kenya
* Kinh or Jing or Vietnamese
* Kiowa - Native Americans of the Great Plains of the United States
* Klallam
* Klamath - Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest
* Klikitat
* Kolchan
* Kombai - ethnic minority in Papua
* Kogi - an ethnic minority in Columbia
* Komi
* Koniag - An ethnic minority in the northern USA
* Kongo - a major ethnic group in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the largest in the Republic of the Congo
* Kootenai
* Koptian - an ethno-religious group, most live in Egypt
* Korean - from the Korean peninsula in Asia and southern Manchuria
* Korean American
* Korean Argentines
* Korean Australian
* Korean Brazilian
* Korean British
* Korean Canadian
* Korean Chilean
* Korean Chinese
* Korean Filipino
* Korean French
* Korean German
* Korean Guatemalan
* Korean Honduran
* Korean Hong Konger
* Koreans in the Arab world
* Korean Indonesian
* Korean Iranian
* Korean Japanese
* Korean Malaysians
* Korean Mexican
* Korean New Zealander
* Korean Palauan
* Korean Paraguayan
* Korean Peruvian
* Korean Singaporean
* Korean Taiwanese
* Korean Uruguayan
* Korean Venezuelan
* Korean Vietnamese
* Korowai - An ethnic minority in Papua
* Koryaks - An ethnic minority in Russia
* Kosraean - Ethnic group at Kosrae, part of the Federated States of Micronesia
* Koskimo
* Koyukon - Natives of Alaska
* Kpelle - Group from Guinea, western Africa
* Kraho - Natives of northwestern Brazil
* Krashovans
* Kri - Group from Sierra Leone, western Africa
* Kryz
* Kuban Cossacks
* Kubu - an ethnic minority in Indonesia
* Kuikuru - An ethnic minority in Brazil
* Kuna - an ethnic minority in Panama
* Kumeyaay
* Kumyks - Turkic people of northern Caucasus
* Kurds - live mostly in Turkey, Syria and Iraq
* Kuruba Gowda - Indigenous people of India
* Kutenai - Indigenous people of British Columbia and Idaho
* Kwakiutl - an ethnic minority in Canada
* Kwakwaka'wakw - Indigenous peoples of the central British Columbia coast
* Kyrgyz - Turkic people of Central Asia

L

* La Chi
* La Ha
* La Hu
* Laguna
* Lahu
* Laigain - from the northwestern region of Gaul
* Lakota - Native Americans of the Great Plains of the United States and Canada
* Laks - Caucasus
* Lamet
* Lao - southeast Asia
* Lao American
* Lao Sung - the People's Republic of China, Vietnam, Laos
* Lao Theung - Laos
* Latgalians - Baltic people in eastern part of Latvia, northeastern Europe
* Latvians - Baltic people of northeastern Europe
* lavae
* Laven
* Layap - ethnic minority in the North
* Laz
* Lazoi
* Lebanese American
* Lebanese Australian
* Lebanese Brazilian
* Lebou
* Lemkos - Slavic mountain people of Central Europe (Ukraine, Poland and Slovakia)
* Lenca - An ethnic minority in Honduras
* Lengua - An ethnic minority in Argentina
* Leonese - An European people in the northwest of the Iberian Peninsule (Spain and Portugal). Their language is Leonese.
* Lezgis - Dagestani
* Lhoba
* Lhotshampa - people of Nepali ancestry in Bhutan. Can be of any ethnic or religious group, but are mostly Pahari-speaking Hindus. Found mostly in the south of the country.
* Li
* Limbus
* Lipka Tatars
* Lipovans - Danube Delta, Romania
* Lisu - an ethnic minority in Thailand
* Lithuanians - Baltic people of northeastern Europe
* Livonians - Finnic people in Latvia, northeastern Europe
* Lo Lo
* Lobi
* Lotuko
* Louisiana Creole people - United States Louisiana
* Lozi
* Loyalists of Ontario and New Brunswick
* Lua - A minority cultural group of Laos, people in Laos, Southeast Asia
* Luba - an ethnic minority group in Chad
* Lue
* Luiseno - Native Americans
* Lumad - A Filipino minority ethnic group
* Lumbee - Native Americans
* Lummi - Native Americans
* Lunda - an ethnic minority group in DR Congo
* Luo
* Lusitanians
* Luxembourgers - ethnic group native to Luxembourg
* Luxembourg American

M

* Maasai - people of southern Kenya and northern Tanzania
* Macedonians - South Slavic ethnic group of the Balkans
* Macedonian Albanian
* Macedonian American
* Macedonian Australian
* Macedonian Bulgarian
* Macedonian Canadian
* Macuxi
* Madurese
* Magar people
* Magyar - majority people of Hungary, more commonly known in English as Hungarians
* Magyar American/Hungarian American
* Magyar Canadian/Hungarian Canadian
* Magyar Vojvodinian/Hungarians in Vojvodina - the second largest ethnic group of Vojvodina, Serbia, after the Serbs
* Mahican - Native Americans from New England
* Mahorian
* Maidu
* Mailu - an ethnic minority group in Papua
* Maingtha - see Achang
* Maka - people of southern Cameroon
* Makah
* Makong
* Makua
* Malagasi - an ethnic minority in Madagascar
* Malay - located primarily in the Malay peninsula, and parts of Sumatra and Borneo.
* Malayalee People of Kerala State, South India
* Malinké - an ethnic minority group in Mali
* Maliseet
* Maltese - syncretist group in the Mediterranean
* Mam - a Maya people of Guatemala
* Mamamwa - an ethnic minority in the Philippines
* Manasi - An ethnic minority in Bolivia
* Manchu - Manchuria, now part of the People's Republic of China, north of Korea
* Mandan - Native Americans
* Mandinka - an ethnic minority in Senegal
* Mang people
* Mangbetu - an ethnic minority in DR Congo
* Mangyan - A Filipino minority ethnic group.
* Mansis - An ethnic minority in Russia
* Manx - indigenous people of the Isle of Man
* Maonan
* Māori - indigenous people of New Zealand
* Mapuche - Non-homogeneous peoples of South America, inhabiting Chile and western Argentina
* Maratha - Kshatriya caste of Marathis
* Marathis a.k.a. Maharashtrians due to the state they are the majority in - ethnic group of Maharashtra, Goa and surrounding states in India
* Mari - Ugro-Finnic
* Maricopa
* Marind-Anim - an ethnic minority in Papua New Guinea
* Mashantucket Pequots - Native Americans of New England
* Matabele - Southern Africa
* Mataco - An ethnic minority in Argentina
* Matis - ethnic minority
* Mattaponi
* Maubere
* Maya - collective term for diverse groups of indigenous peoples of south-east Mexico and northern Central America, widespread although most live in Mexico and Guatemala
* Mayo - An ethnic minority in Mexico
* Mazandarenis - Southern Caspian people
* M'Baka
* Mbaya - An ethnic minority in Paraguay
* Mbochi - third largest ethnic group of the Republic of the Congo
* Mbuti
* Megleno-Romanians - a Vlach ethnic group in Greece
* Meherrin
* Mekeo - an ethnic minority group in Papua
* Melungeon
* Memon - ethnic group in India and Pakistan
* Menba
* Mende - an ethnic minority group in Ivory Coast
* Menominee - Eastern United States Native American
* Mentawai - Mentawai Islands, West Sumatra, Indonesia
* Meskhetians
* Métis
* Me-Wuk
* Miao - better known as the Hmong (see H)
* Mbuti - an ethnic minority group in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
* Miccosukee - Eastern United States Native American
* Mi'kmaq - Eastern United States and Atlantic Canada Native American
* Mina - Meenas, Meena or Mina is a community mainly found in Rajasthan, India.
* Mekeo - an ethnic minority group in Papua
* Minahasa/Manadonese - Northern Part of Sulawesi (formerly known as North Celebes) Indonesia
* Minangkabau - West Sumatra, Indonesia
* Mingo
* Mingrelians - sub-group of Georgians
* Miskito - native people of coastal Nicaragua
* Mission
* Mitsogo - an ethnic minority group in Gabon
* Miwok
* Mixtec - Central American natives. Live in Mexico
* Mizrahim - Jewish communities of the Middle East and North Africa, (not to be confused with Sephardim), whose presence predates Arab– conquest.
* Mizo - an ethnic minority in Bangladesh
* Mlabri - an ethnic minority in Laos
* Mnong
* Modoc
* Mohave - Native Americans of the southwest United States
* Mohawk - Eastern United States Native American
* Mohegan
* Moldovan - ethnic group that lives mainly in the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine
* Molise Croats
* Mon - southeast Asia, particularly Burma, Thailand
* Monacan - Native American ethnic group from the Eastern United States, not to be confused with a person from Monaco
* Mongo
* Mongols - Majority in Mongolia, Kalmykia, Russia and Inner Mongolia, China
* Mono - Native Americans from Eastern California and Nevada
* Montagnais - Native Americans
* Montaukett
* Montenegrins - largest ethnic group of Montenegro, a Serb subgroup
* Motu - an ethnic minority in Papua New Guinea
* Moor - people living mainly in Western Sahara, Morocco and the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, from which the latter country derives its name
* Moravians - people living in the Moravia region of Czech Republic
* Moriori - indigenous ethnic-group of the Chatham Islands, New Zealand
* Morisco - Spanish Muslims who converted to Christianity
* Morlachs
* Moro people - the largest and most dominant non-Christian minority in the Philippines.
* Mossi - an ethnic minority group in Niger
* Motu - an ethnic minority group in Papua
* Muckleshoot
* Mudéjar - Muslims of Al-Andalus, who remained in Christian territory after the Reconquista
* Muhajir (Pakistan) - Urdu speaking population of Pakistan, who migrated from India to Pakistan at the time of partition of India in 1947
* Mulam
* Mulatto - Latin Americans with mixed European and African ancestry
* Mundas
* Mundurucu - An ethnic minority in Brazil
* Muong
* Mursi
* Museu
* Myene

N

* Naga - an ethnic group in India and Burma
* Nahanni
* Nahua (Nahuatl-speaking groups of Mexico)
* Namaqua
* Nanais
* Nansemond
* Narragansett - natives of New England
* Nasia - an ethnic minority group in New Guinea
* Natchez - An ethnic minority in Mexico
* Nauruan - Micronesian group of islands in the Pacific Ocean
* Navajo - Native Americans of the southwest United States. Mostly siuated in Arizona, New Mexico and Utah
* Naxi
* Ndau
* Negidals
* Negrito - Umbrella term of many minority groups of the Malay Archipelago
* Nenets - Samoyedic people living in Russia
* Nespelem - alternate spelling "Nespelim" or "Nespilim"; Salish Native Americans of eastern Washington State
* Nevisian
* Newar
* Nez Percé - Native Americans of the Rocky Mountains area
* Ngac'ang - See Achang
* Ngasan - An ethnic minority in Russia
* Ngae
* Nganasans - Samoyedic people
* Nhahuen
* Nhuon
* Niominka
* Nipmuc
* Nishka
* Nisqually
* Nivkhs - An ethnic minority in Russia
* Niuean - Polynesian island in the Pacific Ocean
* Ni-Vanuatu - of Vanuatu, an island chain in the Pacific Ocean
* Njem - people of southern Cameroon
* Nogais - Tatars
* Nomlaki
* Nooksack - Native Americans of Washington
* Norwegians
* Norwegian American
* Norwegian Canadian
* Nu
* N/u or Khomani
* Nuba - an ethnic minority group in Sudan
* Nubians - an African people native to the upper Nile Valley, between Egypt and Sudan
* Nuer - southern Sudan and western Ethiopia
* Nukak - an ethnic minority in Columbia
* Nung
* Nuu-chah-nulth - Native Americans of the Pacific northwest of North America.
* Nyagatom - ethnic minority in Ethiopia
* Nzema - People living in Ghana and Côte d'Ivoire

O

* O Du
* Odawa
* Ogaden
* Oglala - Native Americans of the central United States
* Ogoni
* Ojibwa - Native Americans
* Okamba
* Okande
* Omaha
* Omagua - An ethnic minority in Brazil
* Oneida
* Onondaga
* O'Odham see Tohono O'Odham
* Orochis
* Orokaiva - an ethnic minority group in Papua
* Oroks
* Oromo - in Ethiopia
* Oroqin
* Oroshoris
* Osage Nation of Oklahoma (formerly also of Missouri, Kansas, and Arkansas)
* Ossetians - Iranian speaking people of the Caucasus
* Otavaleño - an ethnic minority in Ecuador
* Otoe-Missouria
* Ottawa - Native Americans
* Ovambo

P

* Pa Then
* Paiute - Native Americans
* Pākehā - New Zealanders of European ancestry
* Pakoh
* Palcene
* Paliyan
* Pamunkey
* Pangasinense - A Filipino ethnic group
* Panoan
* Pa-O - Myanmar/Burma
* Pashu - Myanmar/Burma
* Pashtun (Pathan) - large group inhabiting Afghanistan and Pakistan (with smaller communities in Iran and the United Arab Emirates)
* Parsi - ethno-religious group of the Indian subcontinent (etymologically related to, but not to be confused with Persian language word for a person from Pars). Descended from Zoroastrian Persians who migrated to the northern Indian subcontinent
* Passamaquoddy
* Pataxo
* Pa-Thi - Myanmar/Burma
* Paugusset
* Pawnee - Eastern United States Native American
* Pennsylvania Dutch - members of Plain sects who conduct religious services in Pennsylvania German, a dialect very similar to the German spoken in the lower Rhine area, from which they came.
* Penan - ethnic minority in Indonesia
* Pennsylvania German - people of many religious affiliations whose families were formerly Pennsylvania Dutch. Called Pennsylvania Dutch by some.
* Penobscot - Eastern United States Native American
* Peoria
* Perce - Native Americans
* Persians - largest ethnic group of Iran
* Petchenegs
* Phoenicians - historical ethnic group of the Levant
* Phong
* Phu La
* Phu Noi
* Phu Thai
* Pied-noir - French people who live(d) in North Africa
* Piegan
* Pima - Native Americans
* Pit River Indians
* Pitcairn-Norfolk
* Pilaga - An ethnic minority in Argentina
* Polabian Slavs
* Polish - Slavic people of Central Europe
* Pomaks - Slavic Muslims found in Bulgaria, Turkey and Greece
* Pomo - Western United States Native American. Most live in California
* Ponca
* Ponhpeian - ethnic group at Pohnpei, part of the Federated States of Micronesia
* Pontic Greeks - a population group in Greece and the southern coast of Black Sea
* Poospatuck
* Portuguese - extreme southwest of Europe
* Potawatomi - Eastern United States Native American
* Potiguara
* Powhatan - Eastern United States Native American
* Proto-Indo-Europeans - pre-historic speakers of the hypothetical Proto-Indo-European language
* Pu Peo
* Pueblo people - Native Americans of the Rocky Mountains-area
* Puelche - An ethnic minority in Argentina
* Puget Sound Salish - of Washington
* Purépecha - Native Americans living in western Mexico
* Punan - an ethnic minority in Indonesia
* Pumi
* Punjabis - Indo-Aryan group inhabiting the Punjab, located in India and Pakistan. More specifically, the majority in the provinces, territories and states of Islamabad Capital Territory, Punjab, Pakistan, Punjab, India, Chandigarh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Azad Kashmir and Delhi.
* Puyallup

Q

* Qashqai - minority group of South-Western Iran
* Q'eros
* Qiang
* Quahatika
* Quapaw
* Quechan
* Quechuas - South American people (various ethnic groups speaking Quechua) of Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Argentina, and Chile
* Quiché
* Quileute
* Quinault
* Quinqui - semi-nomadic group of Spain

R

* Ra Glai
* Rais
* Rakhine - Rakhine State, Myanmar
* Rakuba - an ethnic minority group in Chad
* Ramapough Mountain Indians
* Rappahannock - of the mid-Atlantic region of the United States
* Rashaida - minority group in Sudan, closely related to the Bedouin
* Ro Mam
* Rohingya - Muslim minority group in North western Myanmar
* Roma - one of the two groups more commonly known as Gypsies, who are of North Indian/Indo-Aryan descent
* Romanians - a Vlach ethnic group of the Balkans
* Romanian American
* Roshanis
* Rotuman - Native of Rotuma, Fiji
* Russians - Eastern Slavs of eastern Europe, majority group of most areas of Russia, including large parts of the Caucasus and Siberia.
* Russian American
* Russian Australian
* Russian Belarusians
* Russian Bulgarians
* Russian Brazilian
* Russian Canadian
* Russian Chinese
* Russian Finns
* Russian Georgians
* Russian Japanese
* Russian Kazakhstani
* Russian Koreans
* Russian Ukrainians
* Russian Mexican
* Russian Germans
* Rusyns
* Ruthenians
* Rutuls - Dagestani
* Ryukyuans - the native inhabitants of the Ryukyus, a chain of islands starting about 200 km southwest of the Japanese mainland. They are usually subgrouped as follows: Northern Ryukyuans are further subdivided into Amamians and Okinawans, and Southern Ryukyuans are further subdivided into Miyakoans, Yaeyamans, and Yonagunians

S

* Sadang
* Saek
* Saho - northern Ethiopia
* Saingolo
* Salar
* Salish - of Washington and British Columbia
* Samanthan
* Samaritan
* Samegrelo
* Sami - Finnic people
* Samoans - Polynesian island chain in the Pacific Ocean
* Samogitians - Baltic people in western part of Lithuania, northeastern Europe
* Samojeeds - ethnic minority in Russia
* Samtao
* Samburu - an ethnic minority group in Somalia
* San - an ethnic minority group in Botswana
* San Chay
* San Diu
* Sanema - ethnic minority in South America
* Santal
* Santee Sioux - native Americans
* Saponi - Native American people of North Carolina - related to the Catawba
* Sara
* Saramaka - ethnic minority in Suriname
* Sarakatsani - a Greek population of transhumant shepherds in Greece and parts of the Southern Balkans
* Sauk - Native Americans
* Sauk-Suiattle
* Saxons
* Scanger
* Scots-Irish, or Scotch-Irish - descendants of Ulster-Scots who migrated to North America
* Scots-Irish American
* Scottish - people native to Scotland
* Sekani
* Selk'nam
* Selkups - Samoyedic people
* Seminole - Native Americans of Florida
* Sena
* Seneca - Native Americans of the New York area
* Sentinelese
* Sephardi - Jews who entered Spain with the Arabs, who after the exodus from Spain settled in North Africa, the Middle East, Turkey, the Balkans, and Amsterdam. Sephardim who remained in Spain and Portugal hiding their Jewish identity are known as Crypto Jews.
* Serbs - South Slavic Orthodox people of southeastern Europe (Balkans) living in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina (Republika Srpska) as well as Croatia and Macedonia
* Serer
* Serer-Ndut
* Seychellois Creole people
* Shan
* Shangaan
* Shasta
* Shavante - An ethnic minority in Brazil
* Shawnee
* She
* Sherpa - group in Nepal and the Himalaya
* Shinnecock
* Shipibo - An ethnic minority in Peru
* Shoalwater Bay Tribe
* Shona - ethnic minority in Zimbabwe and Mozambique
* Shors
* Shoshone - Native Americans
* Shughnis
* Shui
* Si La
* Sidamo - southern Ethiopia
* Siddi
* Siksika
* Silesians - inhabitants of Silesia
* Siletz
* Sindhis - Found mainly in Sindh, Pakistan. Most Sindhi Hindus also moved to Gujarat and Rajasthan in India after partition.
* Singmun
* Sinhalese or Sinhalas - inhabitants of Sri Lanka
* Sinti - one of the two main groups of Gypsies, who are of North Indian/Indo-Aryan descent
* Sioux - Northern Central United States
* Siuslaw
* Skagit - Native Americans
* S'Klallam
* Skokomish
* Sḵwxwú7mesh
* Slavs
* Slovaks - Slavic people of central Europe
* Slovak American
* Slovaks in Bulgaria
* Slovaks in Vojvodina
* Slovenes - Slavic people of central and southeastern Europe
* Slovene Americans
* Slovene Australians
* Slovene Canadians
* Slovene Hungarians
* Sokci
* Somali - in Somalia, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Yemen, Kenya, Middle East
* Somba
* Songhai - Western Africa
* Sorbs - concentrated Slavic minority in Germany
* Soso - Guinea, Conakry
* Souei
* Southern Tutchone
* Spanish - southwestern Europe
* Spokane
* Squaxin Island Tribe
* Sri Lankan Moors - People of mixed Arab descent in Sri Lanka
* Stillaguamish
* Sundanese - western part of Java, Indonesia
* Sudanese Australian - Australian people of Sudanese decent.
* Suquamish
* Suri - ethnic minority in Ethiopia
* Surui - An ethnic minority in Brazil
* Susu
* Suyá - tribe of Brazil
* Svans - sub-group of Georgians
* Aramean-Syriacs
* Swahili people - ethnic minority in Kenia and Tanzania
* Swazi - Largest ethnic group of Swaziland, also significant population in South Africa
* Swedes - a Germanic people of Scandinavia
* Swedish American
* Swedish Argentine
* Swedish Australian
* Swedish British
* Swedish Canadian
* Swedish Estonian
* Swedish Finns
* Swinomish

T

* Ta Oi
* Tabasarans - Dagestani
* Tache
* Tachi
* Tagalogs - The second largest Filipino ethnic group
* Tagish
* Taíno - natives of the Caribbean
* Taiwanese American
* Taiwanese aborigines
* Tajik - Iranian peoples
* Tajiks in China - one of 56 nationalities officially recognized by the People's Republic of China
* Taliang
* Talysh are an ethnic group in Iran and Azerbaijan
* Tamang - group in Nepal and the Himalaya
* Tamil - Dravidian group widespread in Southern India and parts of Sri Lanka, Singapore, Malaysia, South Africa
* Tamil British
* Tamil Canadian
* Tamil Indians in Sri Lanka
* Tamil Malaysians
* Tamil Sri Lankans
* Tanna - An ethnic monority in Vanuatu
* Tanana
* Taos
* Tapajo - An ethnic minority in Brazil
* Tapirapé - An ethnic minority in Brazil
* Tapuia
* Tarahumara - Native Americans of the Mexican state of Chihuahua
* Tarascan
* Tasaday - an ethnic minority in the Philippines
* Tatars - Turkic people
* Tats - an ethnic group in Azerbaijan and Dagestan
* Tay
* Teda - an ethnic minority group in Chad
* Tehuelche - An ethnic minority in Argentina
* Teimani Jewish Jews of Yemenite extraction
* Tejano - Latino immigrants to Texas
* Telefolmin - an ethnic minority group in Papua
* Terena
* Tetons - Native Americans of the Rocky Mountains area
* Tewa
* Thai - majority ethnic group of Thailand
* Thai American
* Thai Australian
* Thai British
* Tharu
* Thin
* Tho
* Tibetans - majority ethnic group of the Tibetan Autonomous Region (China), Ladakh (India), Baltistan (Pakistan), northern Bhutan, parts of Nepal and historically Sikkim
* Ticuna
* Tigray people
* Tigray-Tigrinia - in Ethiopia, Eritrea
* Tigre people
* Tigrinya people
* Tigua
* Tindis
* Tlakluit
* Tlingit - Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest
* Toala - an ethnic minority in Indonesia
* Toba - an ethnic minority in Argentina
* Tocharians
* Tofalars
* Tohono O'odham - Native Americans of Arizona and Mexico
* Tokelauan - Polynesian island chain in the Pacific Ocean
* Tolowa
* Tolais - ethnic minority in Papua New Guinea (New Britain)
* Toltec - Central America
* Tonga - East Africa
* Tongans - a Polynesian ethnic group, majority people of Tonga
* Tongva
* Tonkawa
* Topachula
* Toraja - Indigenous Peoples in Sulawesi Island of Indonesia
* Torbesh
* Torres Strait Islanders - indigenous people of the Torres Strait Islands, Australia.
* Totonac
* Toubou
* Transylvanian Saxons - Germans of Romania
* Trukhmens
* Tsakhurs - Dagestani
* Tsetsaut
* Tsimishian - Pacific Northwest Native Americans
* Tsonga - Southern Africa
* Tsuu T'ina
* Tswana people - ethnic minority in South Africa and Botswana (see also Batswana)
* Tuareg - Berber people of Niger and surrounding area
* Tujia
* Tukano - An ethnic minority in Brazil
* Tukolor
* Tuamotu - Island group in French Polynesia; ethnically diverse from other French Polynesian islands [ [http://horizon.documentation.ird.fr/exl-doc/pleins_textes/pleins_textes_5/b_fdi_14-15/19314.pdf Tuamotus ethnically diverse from other French Polynesian Islands] ]
* Tulalip
* Tulutni
* Tum
* Tumbuka
* Tungus
* Tunica-Biloxi
* Tupian
* Tupinamba - An ethnic minority in Argentina
* Turkmen - Turkic people
* Turks - Turkic people of Anatolia and theSoutheastern Europe
* Turkish American
* Turkish Australian
* Turkish Austrian
* Turkish Azerbaijanis
* Turkish Belgian
* Turkish British
* Turkish Canadian
* Turkish Cypriots
* Turkish Danish
* Turkish Dutch
* Turkish French
* Turkish Germans
* Turkish Japanese
* Turkish Liechtensteiners
* Turkish Swedish
* Tusheti
* Tutsi - of Rwanda and southern Africa
* Tuvaluans - a Polynesian ethnic group
* Tuvans
* Twa
* Txicao - An ethnic minority in Brazil
* Tzigane

U

* U'wa - Indigenous peoples in the northeast of Colombia
* Ubykh - minority Northwest Caucasian people of Manyas, Turkey
* Udeghes
* Udis
* Ukrainian - widespread Slavic people north of the Black Sea, in Ukraine, Russia, Belarus, Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Moldova, Serbia, Greece and other several countries.
* Ukrainian American
* Ukrainian Argentine
* Ukrainian Canadian
* Ukrainian Russian
* Ulchs
* Ulster-Scots descendants of Scots who migrated to Ulster
* Ulta - An ethnic minority in Russia
* Umatilla
* Umpqua
* Upper Skagit
* Ute - Native Americans of the Rocky Mountains area
* Uyghur - Turkic Muslim people in the People's Republic of China
* Uzbek - Turkic people of central Asia

V

* Vaccaei - ancient people group in Northern Spain
* Vandals - ancient Germanic people living in North Africa
* Vaturanga - a people of the Guadalcanal
* Venda - South Africa
* Veps
* Vietnamese or Kinh or Jing or archaically Annamites
* Vietnamese American
* Vietnamese British
* Vietnamese Czechs
* Vietnamese Europeans
* Vietnamese Norwegians
* Vietnamese people in Bulgaria
* Vietnamese people in Russia
* Visayan - The largest Filipino ethnic group
* Vlachs
* Volga Germans
* Votes

W

* Wa
* Wabanaki - native Americans
* Waccamaw
* Wailaki
* Waitaha - pre-Maori people of AoTeaora (New Zealand)
* Waiwai - An ethnic minority in Guyana
* Waki - a ethnic minority in Pakistan and China
* Wakhs
* Walla Walla
* Wampanoag
* Wasco
* Washoe
* Wayana - An ethnic minority in Guyana
* Welayta people - people of southern Ethiopia
* Welsh - a British people native to Wales
* Welsh American
* Welsh Australian
* Welsh Canadian
* Wends - Slavic people from north-central Europe
* White Mountain Apache
* White people
* Wichita
* Wintun
* Wiyot - northern California
* Wolof - Senegal and elsewhere in western Africa
* Wyandot
* Wyyanaha

X

* Xacriaba
* Xavante
* Xerente
* Xhosa - of South Africa
* Xibe
* Xikrin - ethnic minority in Brazil, subdivision of Kayapo Indians
* Xinh Mun
* Xo Dang
* Xtieng
* Xucuru
* Xueda

Y

* Yae
* Yaghan - An ethnic minority in Chili
* Yaghnabis
* Yagua - An ethnic minority in Peru
* Yakama
* Yakughir - An ethnic minority in Russia
* Yakuts - Turkic people of Siberia in Russia
* Yang
* Yankton Sioux - Native Americans
* Yanomami - the Amazon River basin, Brazil
* Yao - an ethnic minority in Thailand
* Yavapai: Yavapai-Apache Nation, Yavapai-Prescott Indian Tribe
* Yapese - Ethnic group at Yap, part of the Federated States of Micronesia [ [http://www.answers.com/topic/federated-states-of-micronesia Ethnic groups at Federated States of Micronesia] ]
* Yaqui - Native Americans
* Yawanawa
* Yawalpiti - Native Americans
* Yazgulamis
* Yekuana - An ethnic minority in Venezuela
* Yi
* Yocha-Dehe
* Yokut - An ethnic minority in Russia
* Yurok - Native Americans
* Yoruba - an ethnic minority group in Nigeria, Benin and Togo
* Yörük - semi-nomadic Turkish people of Balkans and Anatolia
* Yuchi
* Yugur
* Yukaghirs
* Yuki - Native Americans of northwestern California
* Yuma
* Yumbri
* Yupik
* Yurok

Z

* Zaghawa - Nilotic tribe in eastern Chad and western Sudan
* Zapotec - Central America
* Zeibeks - people of Thracian origin in Izmir, Turkey
* Zazas - people of Iranian origin in Eastern Turkey, Turkey
* Zhuang - an ethnic minority in China
* Zou [http://zokuomthawn.tk]
* Zulian - People of Western Venezuela from the state of Zulia.
* Zulu - An ethnic minority in southern Africa
* Zuni - Native Americans (southwestern United States)

References

* [http://www.allbookstores.com/book/9780062502681/Goran_Burenhult/Traditional_Peoples_Today.html Traditional Peoples Today: Continuity and Change in the Modern World by Goran Burenhult]

See also

* List of indigenous peoples
* List of people by nationality
* List of active autonomist and secessionist movements
* Y-DNA haplogroups by ethnic groups


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