- Ergative case
The ergative case is the
grammatical casethat identifies the subject of a transitive verbin ergative-absolutive languages.
In such languages, the ergative case is typically marked (most
salient), while the absolutive caseis unmarked. New work in case theoryhas vigorously supported the idea that the ergative case identifies the agent (the intentful performer of an action) of a verb (Woolford 2004).
Kalaallisut(Greenlandic) for example the ergative case is used to mark subjects of transitive verbs and possessors of nouns.
Other languages that use the ergative case are Georgian, Chechen, and other
Caucasian languages, Mayan languages, Mixe-Zoque languages, Wagiman and other Australian Aboriginal languagesas well as Basque and Burushaski.
* [http://people.umass.edu/ellenw/ Woolford, Ellen.] [http://people.umass.edu/ellenw/Woolford%20Lexical%20and%20Inherent%20Case.pdf "Lexical Case, Inherent Case, and Argument Structure"] . Feb 2005.
* Bomfoco, Marco. [http://ezinearticles.com/?What-is-Ergativity?&id=249623 "What is Ergativity?."] EzineArticles.com
22 July 2006. Retrieved 2008-06-13.
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