Kingdom of Essex

Infobox Former Country
common_name = Essex
native_name = "Est Seaxna"
conventional_long_name = Kingdom of Essex
continent = Europe
country = England
government_type = monarchy
s1 = Kingdom of Mercia



image_map_caption = Britain around AD 800
common_languages = Anglo-Saxon
year_start = 527
year_end = 812

The Kingdom of Essex ("Est Seaxna" "East Saxons"), was one of the seven traditional kingdoms of the so-called Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy) was founded around 500 AD and covered the territory later occupied by the counties of Essex, Hertfordshire and Middlesex.

The kingdom was bounded to the north by the River Stour and Kingdom of East Anglia, to the south by the River Thames and Kent, to the east lay the North Sea and to the west Mercia. The earliest record of the kingdom dates to Bede's "Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum", which noted the arrival of Bishop (later Saint) Mellitus in London in 604. The territory included the remains of two provincial Roman capitals Colchester and London. For a brief period in the 8th century the kingdom also encompassed the Kentish Kingdom to the South, but by the mid 8th century much of the kingdom, including London, had fallen to Mercia. After the defeat of the Mercian king Beornwulf around 825 AD, the kingdom became a possession of the Wessex king Egbert. In 870 the territory was ceded by Wessex, under the Treaty of Wedmore, to the Danelaw kingdom of East Anglia. The modern English county of Essex maintains the historic northern and the southern borders, but only covers the territory east of the River Lee.

The dates, names and achievements, like those of most early rulers in the Heptarchy, remain conjectural. The dynasty claimed descent from the god Seaxnēat, rather than the god Woden (from whom the other Saxon tribes claimed descent). The list of kings may omit whole generations.

List of Kings of the East Saxons (Essex)

Sigered was the last king of Essex, and he ceded the kingdom to Egbert of Wessex.

pelling of King's Names

There are a number of variations of the spelling of the names of the Kings listed above. This was a time when spellings varied widely, even within a document. Amongst these variations are the preference between þ and ð (unvoiced and voiced "th").

The character '7' was used as the ampersand '&' in contemporary Anglo-Saxon writings. The era pre-dates the emergence of forms of writing accepted today, notably minuscule, and the letters 'W' and 'U'. Where W was followed by U this was generally rendered as 'VV' (which was also used for 'W' alone).

Sources

* "Kings, Rulers and Statesmen, Clive Carpenter, Guinness Superlatives Ltd"
* "Rulers and Governments of the World, Vol1, Earliest Times to 1491, Martha Ross"

Notes

[cs:Essex (království)]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kingdom of Desmond — Former Monarchy Arms of The MacCarthy …   Wikipedia

  • Kingdom of England — This article is about the historical state (927–1707). For the modern constituent country of the United Kingdom, see England. Kingdom of England Personal union with the Kingdom of Scotland (1603–1649 / 1660–1707) …   Wikipedia

  • Kingdom of Kent — Infobox Former Country common name = Kent native name = conventional long name = Kingdom of Kent continent = Europe country = England government type = monarchy s1 = Wessex capital = Canterbury (believed) image map caption = Britain around AD 800 …   Wikipedia

  • Kingdom of Osraige — Osraige Country Ireland Ancestral house Ulaid / Érainn Titles Kings of Munster Kings of Leinster Kings of Osraige Kings of Corcu Loígde Kingdom of Ireland titles: Lord Baron of Upper Ossory Earl of Upper Ossory Baron Gowran …   Wikipedia

  • History of Essex — Essex is a county in the East of England which originated as the ancient Kingdom of Essex and one of the seven kingdoms, or heptarchy, that went on to form the Kingdom of England.OriginsThe name Essex derives from the Kingdom of Essex or Kingdom… …   Wikipedia

  • Sighere of Essex — Sighere was the joint king of the Kingdom of Essex along with his brother Sebbi from 664 to 683. He was outlived by Sebbi, who became the sole ruler of Essex after his death.Sighere and Sebbi were cousins of their predecessor Swithelm. While… …   Wikipedia

  • Saeward of Essex — Saeward was the joint king of the Kingdom of Essex from 616 to 617 along with his brother Sexred after the death of their father Saebert. Their father converted to Christianity in 604. After his death they repressed the Christian religion in… …   Wikipedia

  • Sigered of Essex — was the last king of Essex from 798 to 825. The son of Sigeric of Essex, Sigered became king when his father abdicated the throne.In 812 Sigered was reduced from king to duke by his Mercian overlords. In 825 he finally ceded the kingdom of Essex… …   Wikipedia

  • Sexred of Essex — Sexred became joint king of the Kingdom of Essex from 616 to 617 along with his brother Saeward after the death of their father Saebert. Their father converted to Christianity in 604. After his death they repressed the Christian religion in favor …   Wikipedia

  • Aescwine of Essex — Aescwine (Erchenwin) (494 587) was born in ancient Saxony in northern Germany. In 527 he became king of the Kingdom of Essex in modern day England. He reigned until his death in 587. Very little is known about him or his reign. He was succeeded… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”