London Borough of Lewisham

Infobox London Borough | name = London Borough of Lewisham
short_name = Lewisham
imagename =

status = London borough | area_rank = 329th
area_km2 = 35.15
ons_code = 00AZ | adminhq = Catford | ethnicity = 65.9% White
23.4% Black British
3.8% South Asian
1.4% Chinese
url = http://www.lewisham.gov.uk/
leadership = Mayor & Cabinet
mayor = Sir Steve Bullock
mps = Jim Dowd
Bridget Prentice
Joan Ruddock
gla_constituency = Greenwich and Lewisham
gla_member = Len Duvall
The London Borough of Lewisham (audio|En-uk-LBLewisham.ogg|pronunciation) is a London borough in south-east London, England and forms part of Inner London. The principal settlement of the borough is Lewisham and its council is based at Catford.

History

The borough was formed in 1965, by the London Government Act 1963, as an amalgamation of the former area of the Metropolitan Borough of Lewisham and the Metropolitan Borough of Deptford, which had been created in 1900 as divisions of the County of London. [ [http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/relationships.jsp?u_id=10108676&c_id=10001043 Vision of Britain] - Lewisham LB]

Minor boundary changes have occurred since its creation. The most significant amendments were made in 1996, when the former area of the Royal Docks in Deptford was transferred from the London Borough of Greenwich. [ [http://www.opsi.gov.uk/SI/si1993/Uksi_19931276_en_1.htm OPSI] – The Greenwich and Lewisham (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993]

Geography and landmarks

The borough is surrounded by the London Borough of Greenwich to the east, the London Borough of Bromley to the south and the London Borough of Southwark to the west. The River Thames forms a short section of northern boundary with the Isle of Dogs in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. Deptford Creek, Pool River, River Quaggy and River Ravensbourne pass through the borough.Major landmarks include All Saints Church in Blackheath, the Citibank Tower in Lewisham, Dietrich Bonhoeffer Church (Sydenham's German Church, technically located in Forest Hill) and the Horniman Museum in Forest Hill.

Demographics

According to the 2001 census, Lewisham has a population of 248,922. Its population is 66% White, 12% Black Caribbean, and 9% Black African. Fifty percent of households are owner-occupiers.

Civic affairs

Motto

The motto of the borough is "Salus Populi Suprema Lex", which means (roughly translated) "The Welfare of the People is the Highest Law".

Administration

The current Chief Executive is Barry Quirk. The borough is administered by the five directorates of the council: Children and Young People, Community Services, Customer Services, Resources, and Regeneration.

Twinning

The borough is twinned with the following towns:
* Charlottenburg, Berlin, Germany
* Antony, Hauts-de-Seine, France
* Matagalpa, Nicaragua

The borough has also signed a "friendship link" with Ekurhuleni, near Johannesburg, South Africa.

Freedom of the Borough

The honour of Freedom of the Borough has been awarded to:

* Alan Milner Smith OBE (9 Dec 1971)
* Frederick William Winslade (28 Nov 1975)
* Daisy Amelia Elizabeth Hurren (10 Oct 1985)
* Alfred Anderson Hawkins (30 Mar 1990)
* The Most Reverend Desmond Mpilo Tuto (4 May 1990)
* Terence Hardy Waite CBE (16 Nov 1992)
* Sybil Theodora Phoenix MBE MS (8 Mar 1996)
* Dame Cicely Mary Strode Saunders OM OBE FRCP (10 Mar 2000)
* James Leslie Eytle (8 Jun 2007)

Politics

Wards

The London Borough of Lewisham is divided into 18 wards, first used in the 2002 elections, they are:
*Bellingham
*Blackheath
*Brockley
*Catford South
*Crofton Park
*Downham
*Evelyn
*Forest Hill
*Grove Park
*Ladywell
*Lee Green
*Lewisham Central
*New Cross
*Perry Vale
*Rushey Green
*Sydenham
*Telegraph Hill
*Whitefoot

Previous wards

Previously the borough was divided into 26 wards and 6 areas, used for elections from 1978 to 1998. Some of these former wards had the same names as the present ones, but their borders where different. When the wards were revised for 2002, some became larger, absorbing others. The previous wards and areas were:

Transport and places

Transport

Lewisham station, once known as Lewisham Junction, is located at the junction of the lines to Dartford and Hayes, and is also the terminus of the southern branch of the Docklands Light Railway. The East London Line currently terminates at New Cross and New Cross Gate. An extension, currently under construction, and to be known as the "East London Railway" when complete, will serve Brockley, Honor Oak Park, Forest Hill, and Sydenham. It will form part of the London Overground.

Railway stations
* Beckenham Hill
* Bellingham
* Blackheath – on the border between Lewisham & Greenwich
* Brockley
* Catford
* Catford Bridge
* Crofton Park
* Detpford
* Forest Hill
* Grove Park
* Hither Green
* Honor Oak Park
* Ladywell
* Lee
* Lewisham
* Lower Sydenham – on the border between the Boroughs of Lewisham and Bromley
* New Cross
* New Cross Gate
* St Johns
* Sydenham

DLR stations
* Deptford Bridge – on the border between Lewisham and Greenwich.
* Elverson Road – on the border between Lewisham and Greenwich.
* Lewisham

There are no Tube stations in the borough, as the East London Line is now becoming part of National Rail.

Main roadsThe South Circular Road passes through the centre of the borough from the border with Dulwich in the west to Eltham in the east. Except for a short section in Lee as it approaches Eltham, it is purely a one-lane-each-way road.

List of settlements

It includes the areas:

Postcode areas within the borough

Bromley, BR1 (part), Bromley, BR2 (small part), Beckenham, BR3 (part)

SE3 (part), SE4 (all), SE6 (all), SE8 (part), SE9 (small part), SE10 (part), SE12 (part), SE13 (all), SE14 (all), SE15 (part), SE16 (part), SE23 (part), SE26 (part),

Famous current and former residents

*Danny Baker (Broadcaster) lived in Deptford
*Rosa May Billinghurst (Suffragette) lived in Lewisham
*Kate Bush (Musician) lived in Brockley and Lewisham
*James Callaghan (Politician) lived in Blackheath
*Sir James Clark Ross (Explorer) lived in Blackheath
*Jim Connell (Socialist) lived in Crofton Park and Honor Oak
*Ernest Dowson (Poet) lived in Catford and Lee
*Gabrielle (Musician) lived in Brockley and Honor Oak
*W. G. Grace (Cricketer) lived in Sydenham
*Malcolm Hardee (Comedian) lived in Blackheath and Lewisham
*George Julian Harney (Chartist) lived in Deptford
*Sir Isaac Hayward (Politician) lived in Deptford
*Frederick John Horniman (Collector) lived in Forest Hill
*Leslie Howard (British actor) lived in Forest Hill
*Glenda Jackson (Politician) lived in Blackheath
*David Jones (Poet) lived in Brockley
*Jude Law (Actor) lived in Lewisham
*Laurence Llewelyn-Bowen (Designer) lived in Blackheath
*Marie Lloyd (Entertainer) lived in Lewisham and New Cross
*Eleanor Marx (Politician) lived in Sydenham
*Spike Milligan (Comedian) lived in Catford, Crofton Park and Honor Oak
*Edith Nesbit (Writer) lived in Blackheath, Grove Park and Lewisham
*Mica Paris (Musician) lived in Lewisham
*Gladys Powers (centenarian) was born in Lewisham
*Russian Tsar, Peter the Great, lived in Deptford
*Luke Pritchard (musician) was born in Lewisham
*Louise Redknapp (TV Presenter) was born in Lewisham
*Ignatius Sancho (Writer and campaigner) lived in Blackheath
*Dame Cicely Saunders (Founder of Hospice movement) lived in Sydenham
*Sir Ernest Shackleton, Antarctic explorer, lived in Sydenham
*Timothy Spall (Actor) lives in Forest Hill
*Jason Statham (Actor) lived in Sydenham
*Doris Stokes (Medium) lived in Lewisham
*E. W. Swanton (Writer) lived in Forest Hill
*David Sylvian (Musician) lived in Lewisham
*Terry Waite (Humanitarian) lived in Blackheath
*Max Wall (Comedian) lived in Lee
*Barnes Wallis (Engineer) lived in New Cross
*Ian Wright (Footballer) lived in Lewisham
*Maxwell Confait, Colin Lattimore, Ronal Leighton and Ahmet Salih lived in Catford

References

External links

* [http://www.lewisham.gov.uk/ Lewisham London Borough Council]
* [http://broadwaytheatre.org.uk Broadway Theatre based in Catford]
* [http://groups.yahoo.com/group/lewishamfreecycle/ Lewisham Freecycle]


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