Faunal assemblage

Faunal Assemblage is the archaeological or paleontological term for a group of associated animal fossils found together in a given stratum.

The principle of faunal succession is used in biostratigraphy to determine each biostratigraphic unit, or biozone. The biostratigraphic unit being a section of geological strata that is defined on the basis of its characteristic fossil taxa or faunal assemblage.

For example, in East Africa, a distinctive group of animal species, mostly pigs, is characteristic of the fossils preserved from a particular period of time. This faunal assemblage has been used effectively to chronologically correlate the East African early hominid sites.

References

* Dawson, Peter Colin (1993) "From death assemblage to fossil assemblage understanding the nature of intra-site and inter-site variability in faunal assemblages" National Library of Canada, Ottawa, ISBN 0-315-78415-6
* Rogers, Alan R. (2000) "On Equifinality in Faunal Analysis" "American Antiquity" 65(4): p.709
* Crabtree, Pam J. (2005) "Exploring Prehistory: How archaeology reveals our past" McGraw-Hill, Boston p. 450, ISBN 0-07-297814-7

External links

* [http://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2005NE/finalprogram/abstract_82025.htm "A Marine Faunal Assemblage"]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tapinocephalus Assemblage Zone — The Tapinocephalus Assemblage Zone is a geological stratum and is the thickest faunal zone of the Beaufort Group, in which has been found a rich variety of early therapsids. The name refers to Tapinocephalus, a genus of large herbivorous… …   Wikipedia

  • Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone — The Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone is a geological stratum and a faunal zone of the Beaufort Group, of the South African Karoo. The name refers to Cistecephalus, a genus of small burrowing, mole like reptile, whose fossils have been found in that… …   Wikipedia

  • Dicynodon Assemblage Zone — The Dicynodon Assemblage Zone is a geological stratum and a faunal zone of the Beaufort Group, of the South African Karoo. The name refers to Dicynodon, a genus of mammal like reptile, that flourished in the Permian Period and whose fossils have… …   Wikipedia

  • Lystrosaurus Assemblage Zone — The Lystrosaurus Assemblage Zone is a geological stratum and a faunal zone of the Beaufort Group, of the South African Karoo. The name refers to Lystrosaurus, a genus of mammal like reptile, a dominant life form of the Early Triassic Period,… …   Wikipedia

  • Cynognathus Assemblage Zone — The Cynognathus Assemblage Zone is a geological stratum and a faunal zone of the Beaufort Group, of the South African Karoo. The name refers to Cynognathus, a genus of eucynodontian mammal like reptile, whose fossils have been found in that… …   Wikipedia

  • Pristerognathus Assemblage Zone — The Pristerognathus Assemblage Zone is a geological stratum and a faunal zone of the Beaufort Group, of the South African Karoo. The name refers to Pristerognathus, a genus of Therocephalian mammal like reptile, whose fossils have been found in… …   Wikipedia

  • Tropidostoma Assemblage Zone — The Tropidostoma Assemblage Zone is a geological stratum and a faunal zone of the Beaufort Group, of the South African Karoo. The name refers to Tropidostoma, a genus of dicynodont mammal like reptile, whose fossils have been found in that… …   Wikipedia

  • Eodicynodon Assemblage Zone — The Eodicynodon Assemblage Zone is a geological stratum and a faunal zone of the Beaufort Group, of the South African Karoo. The name refers to Eodicynodon, a small herbivore and the earliest genus of dicynodont mammal like reptile, whose fossils …   Wikipedia

  • Permian Period — Interval of geologic time, 290–248 million years ago. The last of the six periods of the Paleozoic Era, it follows the Carboniferous Period. During the Permian, the continents joined to form a single supercontinent, Pangea. Hot, dry conditions… …   Universalium

  • Biarmosuchia — Taxobox name = Biarmosuchia fossil range = Middle Permian Late Permian image width = 215 px image caption = Ivantosaurus . regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata subphylum = Vertebrata superclassis = Tetrapoda classis = Synapsida ordo = Therapsida… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”