Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski


Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski

Prince Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski (1734-1823) was a Polish noble, writer, literary and theater critic, and statesman.

Life

He was the son of Prince August Aleksander Czartoryski, voivode of the Ruthenian Voivodship, and Maria Zofia Sieniawska. He married Izabela Fleming on November 18, 1761, in Wołczyn, Poland.

A member of the "Familia," in 1763 he declined to be a candidate for the Polish crown, preferring instead to be a patron of the arts. He became a leader of the Patriotic Party and co-founder of Poland's Commission of National Education. Together with his wife, he created at the Czartoryski Palace in Puławy a major center of Polish intellectual and political life.

He served from 1758 as general starost of Podolia. Founder of the "Little Monitor", in 1765 he co-founded the "Monitor", the leading periodical of the Polish Enlightenment. In 1768 he became the commander of the School of Chivalry (Corps of Cadets). In 1788-1792 he was Deputy from Lublin to the historic "Four-Year Sejm." He supported the Polish Constitution of May 3, 1791, and refused to joint the Targowica Confederation established to bring it down.

He was Marshal of the Convocation Sejm of May 7 - June 23, 1764, and of the Extraordinary Sejm of June 26 - June 28, 1812, held in Warsaw. Thus he became Marshal of General Confederation of Kingdom of Poland.

Awards

* Order of the White Eagle (November 25, 1764).
* Order of Saint Stanisław.

Works

* "Panna na wydaniu" (1771).
* "Katechizm kadecki" (The Cadet's Catechism, 1774).
* "Kawa" (Coffee, 1779).
* "Myśli o pismach polskich" (1810).

ee also

*Adam Jerzy Czartoryski


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