- Gissur Þorvaldsson
Gissur Thorvaldsson (1208 –
January 12 1268) ( _is. Gissur Þorvaldsson) was a medieval Icelandic chieftain or " goði" of the Haukdælirfamily clan, and great-grandson of Jón Loftsson.
Gissur played a major role in the civil war which is now known as "
Sturlungaöld", or the Age of the Sturlungs: he fought alongside Kolbeinn the Youngagainst the forces of Sturla Sighvatssonof the Sturlungarclan in the Battle of Örlygsstaðirin 1238 and led the force of men who murdered saga-writer Snorri Sturlusonin 1241, at the behest of Haakon IV, King of Norway. In 1258, he was made Earl of Iceland ( _is. jarl) for his loyal service to the king. He held this title till his death.
Gissur worked actively to promote the
Old Covenant( _is. Gamli sáttmáli), an agreement which brought Icelandunder the sovereignty of the Norwegian crown in 1264. The covenant is hence sometimes known as Gissur's Covenant, or "Gissurarsáttmáli".
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