List of Brazilians

This is a list of well known Brazilians (by nationality or citizenship), ordered alphabetically within categories:

Actors

* Ana Paula Arósio (born 1975), actress
* Antônio Fagundes (born 1949), actor
* Bruno Campos, actor
* Bibi Ferreira, actress
* Bruna Lombardi, actress
* Cacilda Becker (1921–1969), actress
* Daniel Benzali, actor
* Daniele Suzuki, actress
* Débora Nascimento, actress
* Denise Fraga (born 1965), actress
* Dercy Gonçalves (1907-2008), entertainer
* Felipe Carneiro Doria (born 1986), pornographic actor
* Fernanda Montenegro (born 1929), actress
* Fernanda Torres (born 1965), actress
* Fábio Assunção (born 1971), actor
* Grande Otelo (1915–1993), actor
* Giovanna Antonelli (born 1976), actress
* Jéssica Sodré, actress
* José Lewgoy (1920–2003), actor
* José Wilker (born 1945), actor
* Juliana Didone (born 1984), actress
* Juliana Silveira (born 1980), actress and singer
* Lázaro Ramos, actor
* Lima Duarte (born 1930), actor
* Lucélia Santos (born 1957), actress, film director and producer
* Malu Mader (born 1966), actress
* Carmen Miranda (1909–1955), entertainer
* Marco Nanini (born 1948), actor
* Maria Fernanda (born 1928), actress
* Maria Fernanda Cândido (born 1974), actress
* Maria Flor (born 1983), actress
* Marilia Gabriela (born 1948), actress and journalist
* Marilia Pera (born 1943), actress
* Matheus Nachtergaele (born 1969), actor
* Miguel Falabela (born 1957), actor
* Murilo Benicio (born 1972), actor
* Oscarito, actor
* Paola Oliveira (born 1982), actress
* Paulo Autran (born 1922), actor
* Paulo Satinho (born 1979), actor and comedian
* Procópio Ferreira (1898–1979), actor and theatrical director
* Ranieri Gonzalez, actor
* Regina Duarte (born 1947), actress
* Renato Aragão (born 1936), actor
* Reynaldo Gianecchini (born 1972), actor
* Rodrigo Hilbert
* Rodrigo Santoro (born 1975), actor
* Ronald Golias (1929–2005), actor and comedian
* Selton Melo (born 1972), actor
* Seu Jorge (born 1970), entertainer
* Silvia Pfeifer (born 1958), actress
* Sônia Braga (born 1950), actress
* Tarcisio Meira (born 1935), actor
* Taís Araújo (born 1978), actress
* Teresa Seiblitz (born 1962), actress
* Vagner Dantas (born 1983), actor
* Vanessa de Oliveira (born 1969), actress and model
* Vera Fischer (born 1951), actress
* Viétia Zangrandi
* Xuxa Meneghel (born 1963), actress, singer, TV show host
* Cleyde Yaconis, actress
* Leonardo Villar, actor
* Natalia Timber, actress
* Gloria Menezes, actress
* Beatrice Segal, actress
* Noel Silva (born 1937), actor, producer of TV commercials
* Gianfrancesco Guarnieri, actor, playwright
* Raul Cortez, actor

Architects and urbanists

* Roberto Burle Marx (1909–1994), architect and landscape designer.
* Lúcio Costa (1902–1998), architect and urbanist, creator of Brasília
* Oscar Niemeyer (born 1907), architect of international renown
* Ruy Ohtake, architect
* Affonso Eduardo Reidy (1909–1964), architect and urban planner, reformer of Rio de Janeiro
* Paulo Mendes da Rocha (born 1928), architect, winner of the 2006 Pritzker Prize
* João Batista Vilanova Artigas (1915–1985), architect

Artists

* Artur Barrio
* Alberto Guignard
* Anita Malfatti, painter
* Alfredo Volpi (1896–1988), painter
* Almeida Junior (1850–1899), painter
* Antonio Francisco Lisboa "O Aleijadinho" (1738–1814), Baroque sculptor
* Arnaldo Angeli Filho (born 1956), cartoonist
* Cândido Portinari (1903–1962), painter
* Carlos Gomes Lacerda (born 1964), painter, computer animation
* Celso Rodrigues (born 1980), art director
* Cybèle Varela (born 1943), painter, mixed-media artist
* Emiliano Di Cavalcanti (1897–1976), painter
* Fernando Ferreira de Araujo (born 1962), painter based in New York City
* Frans Krajcberg (born 1921)
* Glauco (born 1957), cartoonist
* Guto Lacaz, painter
* Hélio Oiticica (1937–1980), painter
* Iberê Camargo (1914–1994), painter
* Laerte Coutinho (born 1951), cartoonist
* Lasar Segall
* Leonardo Mereu (born 1981), writer, musician
* Lina Bo Bardi
* Lygia Clark (1920–1988)
* Lygia Pape (1924–2004)
* Manabu Mabe (1924–1997)
* Mario Gruber (born 1927)
* Mauricio de Sousa, cartoonist
* Moysés Baumstein, holographer, painter, film/video producer (1931–1991)
* Oscar Araripe, painter
* Oswaldo Goeldi (1895–1961), illustrator and engraver
* Raul Bopp, painter
* Renato de Almeida,(1921–1980), painter
* Renato Monterisi de Almeida,virtuoso guitar player and composer
* Roberto Monterisi de Almeida,painter
* Rodrigo Teixeira (born 1976), Visual Effects
* Silvia Matheus (born 1955), electronic musician and composer
* Taiguara (1945-1996), singer/songwriter
* Tarsila do Amaral (1886–1973), painter
* Victor Brecheret (1886–1973), painter
* Victor Meirelles (1832–1903)

Diplomats

* Barão do Rio Branco (1849–1912)
* Joaquim Nabuco (1849–1910)
* Luiz Martins de Souza Dantas
* Oswaldo Aranha
* Rui Barbosa
* Walter Moreira Salles
* Sérgio Vieira de Mello (1948–2003), UN representative

Film directors

* Alberto Cavalcanti (1897–1982), pioneer film-maker
* Annibal Requião, pioneer film-maker
* Anselmo Duarte (born 1920), winner of a Cannes Film Festival Palme d'Or
* Bruno Barreto, Golden Berlin Bear-nominated director
* Cacá Diegues
* Carolina Moraes-Liu
* Eduardo Coutinho
* Fernando Meirelles, Academy Award-nominated director
* Glauber Rocha (1939–1981), Cannes Film Festival award-winning director
* Guel Arraes
* Hector Babenco, Argentine-Brazilian Academy Award-nominated director
* Humberto Mauro (1897–1983), pioneer and inventive film-maker
* Joaquim Pedro de Andrade (1932–1988)
* José Mojica Marins (born 1936), also known as Coffin Joe, film-maker expert in horror movies.
* Karim Aïnouz
* Mário Peixoto, pioneer film-maker at a more "artistic" cinema
* Nelson Pereira dos Santos, director of "Rio 40 Graus" and "Rio Zona Norte", movies that brought, in the middle of the 50's, the Italian neo-realistic way of filming to Brazil.
* Oswaldo Caldeira
* Ruy Guerra
* Walter Salles, award-studded director of "Central do Brasil" (Central Station)
* Cao Hamburger
* Luiz Duarte (born 1956), director and screenplaywriter

Executives and business entrepreneurs

* Abílio Diniz
* Roger Agnelli
* Aloysio de Andrade Faria
* Andre Medici
* Antônio Ermírio de Moraes
* Armínio Fraga
* Assis Chateaubriand
* Bob Falkenburg
* Carlos Ghosn
* Daniel Dantas
* Edmond Safra
* Eike Batista
* Francesco Matarazzo
* Germán Efromovich
* Gustavo Franco
* Henrique Meirelles
* João Carlos di Genio
* Jorge Gerdau Johannpeter
* Jorge Paulo Lemann
* José Alencar
* Julio Bozano
* Norberto Odebrecht
* Oscar de Oliveira
* Pedro Moreira Salles
* Ricardo Semler
* Roberto Marinho
* Samuel Klein
* Victor Civita
* Walduck Wanderley
* Walter Moreira Salles

Explorers and discoverers

* Cândido Rondon, famous explorer and engineer
* Orlando Villas Boas (1914–2003), explorer and indigenist
* Amyr Klink, adventurer and navigator, first solo rowing across the South Atlantic
* Sydney Possuelo (born 1940), explorer, social activist and Indian expert

Fashion designers

* Clodovil Hernandes
* Gilson Martins
* Guilherme Guimarães
* Vivian Crettol
* Mara MacDowell da Costa (Mara-Mac Mariazinha)
* Alexandre Herchcovitch
* Ocimar Versolato
* Tufi Duek
* Zuzu Angel Jones

Geologists

* Alberto Betim Paes Leme (born 1910)
* Aluízio Licínio de Miranda Barbosa (born 1916, Alto do Rio Doce-MG)
* A.P. Lobo.
* Bhaskara Rao Adsumilli
* Antonino Juarez Borges (born 1945, Estrela do Sul-MG, Brazil) Head of the Department of Applied Geophysics of Brazilian Geological Service, CPRM. Author of numerous geophysical studies and maps in the Brazilian territory, since early 70's.
* Antonio Tomás dos Santos Ferreira da Silva.
* Arnaldo de Carvalho Gramani
* Aroldo Misi
* Átila Carvalho de Godoy.
* Ben Edmestone Barnes (1903–1969, born London, UK, died Rio de Janeiro)
* Benjamin Bley de Brito Neves, prolific tectonicist and hydrogeologist. Professor at IGC-Universidade de São Paulo.
* Benedito Paulo Alves (born 1917, died 20th century, born Ouro Preto, died Belo Horizonte)
* Carlos Maurício Noce.
* Carlos Schobbenhaus, brilliant geologist and main responsible for the publication of the different Geologic, Tectonic and Mineral Deposits of Brazil by [http://www.cprm.gov.br/ CPRM] .
* Djalma Guimarães (1895–1973, born Santa Luzia, MG, died Belo Horizonte)
* Eberhard Wernick.
* Edison José Milani, is contributing outstandingly for the petroleum geology of Brazil.
* Eduardo Antonio Ladeira.
* Elmer Prata Salomão
* Emiliano Cornélio de Souza.
* Euzébio Paulo de Oliveira (born 1905)
* Evaristo Penna Scorza (1899–1969)
* Fernando Flávio Marques de Almeida (born 1916, Rio de Janeiro), one of the most outstanding geologists of the 20 century; he is still active in researching, teaching, lecturing, and publishing in the 21st century
* Fernando Flecha Alkmim Prominent professor of Tectonics at the Escola de Minas de Ouro Preto.
* Glycon de Paiva (born 1927)
* Guilherme Estrella Director of Exploration and Production of PETROBRÁS. During his management, Brazil reached self-sufficiency in oil production.
* Hardy Jost expert geologist in gold and diamonds.
* Heinz Ebert one of the greatest tectonicists of the 20 Century.
* Jad Salomão
* Jaime Duchini, outstanding exploration geologist for gold.
* João Henrique Grossi Sad, ex-director of GEOSOL and a dedicated Professor of Geology at the Escola de Minas de Ouro Preto and Institute of Geosciences, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais.
* John Van Nostrand Dorr II (1910–1996, born in New York City, died Bethesda, Maryland), lived about one fourth of his life doing geology in Brazil.
* José Bonifácio de Andrada e Silva (1763–1838)
* José Ferreira de Andrade Jr. (born 1925)
* José Jayme Rodrigues Branco
* J.C.J.Conceição
* José Augusto Sartori Loyola Brandão
* José Moacyr Vianna Coutinho
* Louis Agassiz
* Louis de Loczy (Hungria, 1897–1980, born Brazil, Rio de Janeiro)
* Luciano Jacques de Moraes (1896–1968)
* Luciano Tavares Siqueira
* Luiz A. P. Gamboa
* Luiz Flores Moraes Rego (born 1920)
* Manoel Teixeira da Costa (died 1979)
* M.C.Lana
* Miguel Arrojado Ribeiro Lisboa (born 1894)
* Milton Guimarães Bueno do Prado, dynamic exploration geologist and entrepreneur in junior mining company.
* Nikolai Alexandrovitch Kudryavtsev
* Naldo Torres, ex-President of GEOSOL and outstanding manager of drilling projects for several mineral deposits.
* Nivaldo Destro
* Octávio Barbosa
* Orville Adalbert Derby (1851–1915, born Kellogsville, New York, died Rio de Janeiro), American geologist who worked in Brazil particularly for the DNPM, [http://www.cprm.gov.br/ CPRM] .
* Othon Henry Leonardos I (born 1925), famous geologist of 20th Century and productive writer on geology and history of sciences and mining in Brazil. He was for many years Director of the School of Geology of Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Member of several world geological societies.
* Othon Henry Leonardos Jr.
* Paulo Ercichsen de Oliveira (1911–1969)
* Paul Ferrand (1855–1895, born França, died Ouro Preto)
* Paulo Pereira Martins
* Pedro De Moura (born 1925).
* Pedro Victor Zalán
* Peter Szatmary.
* Reinhardt Adolfo Fuck, famous petrologist of IGC-UnB.
* Reinhard Maack (1982–1969, born Germany, died Brazil)
* Ronald Fleischer, outstanding exploration geologist, tectonicist and metallogeneticist.
* Sérgio Estanislau do Amaral
* Sergio Nertan Alves de Brito, entrepreneur, expert on geology of foundations dams, and on slope stability of excavations both open pit and underground.
* Sérgio Estanislau do Amaral.
* Sérgio Luiz Martins Pereira Director of São Bento Mining Co.
* Vargas de Bedemar.
* Viktor Leinz (born 1936, died 20th century, born Germany, died São Paulo, Brazil), founder of the Course of Geology of Universidade de São Paulo and writer.
* Wilhelm Ludwig von Eschwege, author of "Pluto Brasiliensis".
* Vladimir Porfire'v.
* Walter K. Link, USA geologist. Controversial organizer of Oil Exploration in Brazil.
* Yociteru Hasui, Outstanding tectonicist. Professor at IGC-Universidade de São Paulo. Prolific writrer on geological sciences.

Heroes and historical figures

* Admiral Tamandaré, military combatant, war veteran, Father of the Navy.
* Aimberê, Tupinambá chieftain, leader of the Tamoio insurgency against Portuguese colonizers, he was killed in battle.
* Ana Néri, pioneering nurse, she assisted Brazilian forces on the battlefield, Mother of Nursery.
* Anita Garibaldi (1807–1849), revolutionary combatant, fought in Brazil and Italy, was married to Giuseppe Garibaldi.
* Barão do Amazonas, Admiral of the Navy, war hero, led the decisive Battle of Riachuelo.
* Bárbara de Alencar, mother of the Independence and Republic.
* Bento Gonçalves, military commander, led a separatist movement.
* Chico Mendes (1944–1988), murdered rural leader and martyr of ecological movements in the Amazon.
* Duke of Caxias, military commander, nationalist leader, Father of the Army.
* Frei Caneca (1779–1825), a priest and martyr of the independence, executed.
* José Bonifácio, Patriarch of the Independence.
* José Plácido de Castro, military combatant and nationalist leader; led the Acre revolution.
* Luís Gonzaga Pinto da Gama (1830–1882), abolitionist leader.
* Manuel Beckman, led an insurgency movement on the XVII century in Maranhão against the Portuguese Crown, and was executed by hanging.
* Maria Quitéria (1792–1853), heroin of the fight for Independence in Bahia.
* Padre Feijó (1784–1843), a priest, teacher and politician, who made important role on the Independence period and as regent during The Regency Era.
* Princess Isabel (1846–1921), Princess Imperial of Brazil, second daughter of Emperor D. Pedro II, signed the abolition of slavery in Brazil.
* Luiz Carlos Prestes (1898–1990), leader of the "tenente" rebellion of "Coluna Prestes", and later a communist leader.
* Tiradentes (1746–1792), leader of a failed conspiracy against the Portuguese, executed by hanging.
* Tristão de Alencar Araripe, republican leader assassinated by Brazilian Empire forces.
* Vladimir Herzog (1937–1975), Croatian-Brazilian journalist, tortured and murdered by the military dictatorship, became a martyr for the democratic resistance.
* Zumbi dos Palmares (1655–1695), African-born leader of a slave revolt, murdered by the Portuguese Crown.

Intellectuals and thinkers

* Anísio Teixeira (1900–1971), educator
* Benjamin Sodré
* Benjamin Constant, abolitionist and republican
* Caio Prado Jr. (1907–1990), writer, publisher and sociologist
* Dalmo de Abreu Dallari, jurist and university professor
* Darcy Ribeiro (1922–1997), anthropologist and educator, scientific leader and politician
* Elisa Sotelino (born 1872), professor, Virginia Tech
* Francisco José de Oliveira Vianna (1883–1951)
* Fernando de Azevedo (1894–1974)
* Florestan Fernandes (1920–1995), sociologist
* Gilberto Freyre (1900–1987), sociologist
* Heráclito Sobral Pinto (1893–1991), jurist and civil rights activist
* José do Patrocínio, liberal abolitionist and republican
* Mário Ferreira dos Santos, philosopher
* Mário Pedrosa (1900–1982)
* Marlos Barroso, Engineer
* Nisia Floresta Augusta (1810–1885), early feminist
* Leonardo Boff, friar, theologian, silenced by the Vatican due to his socialist stance
* Milton Santos (1926–2001), geographer, writer and university professor
* Paulo Freire (1921–1997), educator and university professor
* Raymundo Faoro (1925–2003), jurist

Models

"See also: "

Female

* Adriana Lima
* Adriana de Oliveira
* Alessandra Ambrosio
* Ana Beatriz Barros
* Ana Claudia Michels
* Ana Hickmann
* Angelique dos Santos
* Bruna Erhardt
* Caroline Bittencourt
* Caroline Ribeiro
* Caroline Trentini
* Cintia Dicker
* Daniella Cicarelli
* Daniella Sarahyba
* Fernanda Lessa
* Fernanda Lima
* Fernanda Motta
* Fernanda Tavares
* Gianne Albertoni
* Gisele Bündchen
* Gracyanne Barbosa
* Isabeli Fontana
* Isabella Fiorentino
* Izabel Goulart
* Jeisa Chiminazzo
* Juliana Imai
* Juliana Martins
* Letícia Birkheuer
* Luciana Curtis
* Luciana Gimenez
* Luiza Brunet
* Lílian Ramos
* Marcelle Bittar
* Mariana Weickert
* Maryeva Oliveira
* Michelle Alves
* Raica Oliveira
* Raquel Zimmermann
* Shirley Mallmann
* Vanessa de Oliveira
* Yasmin Brunet

Male

* Alex Eckshmidt
* Alex Schultz
* Alexandre Verga
* Álvaro Jacomossi
* Anderson Dornelles
* Andre Rezende
* Bruno Santos
* Caco Ricci
* Daniel Aguiar
* Evandro Soldati
* Felipe Matarazzo
* Henzo Hulle
* João Vellutini
* Leandro Becker
* Marcelo Boldrini
* Mateus Verdelho
* Newton Maia Salomao Alves
* Paulo Zulu
* Rafael Monteiro
* Rafael Verga
* Raphael Laus
* Rodrigo de Carli
* Romulo Pires
* Thomaz De Oliveira
* Tiago Riani
* Victor Pecoraro

Monarchs

* Maria II of Portugal,(1819–1853)
* D. Pedro II (1825–1891)
* Queen Silvia of Sweden (born 1943) (née Silvia Sommerlath, German-Brazilian)

Musicians

Politicians

"See also: List of Brazilian presidents"
* Aécio Neves, governor of Minas Gerais, grandson of former president Tancredo Neves.
* André Franco Montoro, senator and governor of the state of São Paulo
* Adhemar de Barros, governor of the state of São Paulo
* Artur da Costa e Silva, general and president during the military regime
* Carlos Lacerda (1914–1977), mayor and governor of Rio de Janeiro
* Cesar Maia, mayor of Rio de Janeiro.
* Ciro Gomes, mayor of Fortaleza, governor of Ceará, presidential candidate and minister
* Ernesto Geisel, general and president during the military regime, started the political liberalization
* Esperidião Amin, senator and governor of Santa Catarina
* Eurico Gaspar Dutra, marshall of the Army, was appointed president by the Congress, succeeding the dictator Getúlio Vargas in 1945.
* Fernando Collor de Mello, mayor, governor of Alagoas and impeached president in 1992
* Fernando Henrique Cardoso (born 1931), sociologist and university professor, senator, minister and twice president
* Geraldo Alckmin, ex-mayor of Pindamonhangaba, vice-governor and ex-governor of São Paulo
* Getúlio Vargas (1883–1954), senator and twice president, was also a dictator, killed himself in 1954
* Golbery de Couto e Silva, early conspirator of the military coup against Goulart, and powerful political figure behind the office of the president under Ernesto Geisel
* José Bonifácio de Andrade e Silva, regent of the empire, politician, hero of the independence
* José Sarney (born 1930), governor of Maranhão and senator, vice-president of Tancredo Neves, took office of president when the later died suddenly
* Júlio Prestes, governor of the state of São Paulo and defeated presidential candidate
* Juscelino Kubitschek (1902–1976), mayor, governor of Minas Gerais, senator and president
* Jânio Quadros, mayor and governor of São Paulo, president (renounced 1961)
* João Goulart, vice-president of Jânio Quadros, president (deposed by a military coup in 1964)
* Lauro Sodré
* Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva (born 1946), labor activist and politician, current president.
* Mário Covas, mayor and governor of the state of São Paulo, senator and federal representative
* Marta Suplicy, Federal representative and mayor of São Paulo
* Paulo Maluf, state governor and twice mayor of the state capital of São Paulo, defeated presidential candidate
* Roberto Requião, mayor of Curitiba, governor of the state of Paraná and senator
* Tancredo Neves (1910–1985), several times federal representative and senator, elected president by the Congress in 1985, being the first civil president after the military ruled, but died before taking charge.

Religious leaders

* Antonio Conselheiro, also known outside Brazil as "The Counselor", founder of Canudos
* Cícero Romão Batista (1844–1934), Catholic priest, charismatic religious leader, has a large following; there are numerous miracles attributed to him.
* David Miranda, Christian missionary, founder of the Deus é Amor church.
* Edir Macedo, founder of the Universal Church of the Kingdom of God.
* Saint Anthony of Saint Anne Galvão (Friar Galvão), friar, Catholic saint.
* D. Helder Câmara (1909–1999), Catholic archbishop of Olinda and Recife, a fierce defender of civil rights during the military regime.
* D. Paulo Evaristo Arns, former archbishop of São Paulo, also a civil rights leader.
* D. Cláudio Hummes, Bishop, Archbishop and Catholic Cardinal of São Paulo, current Mayor of the Congregation for the Clergy.
* Helvécio Martins, General Authority of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
* Chico Xavier (1910–2002), main figure of Spiritism.

Journalists and TV celebrities

* Abelardo Barbosa
* Alexandre Garcia
* Amaury Jr.
* Angélica Ksyvickis
* Boris Casoy
* Cid Moreira
* Eliana
* Fátima Bernardes
* Fausto Silva
* Gugu Liberato
* Jô Soares
* Leo Batista
* Leonel Kimura
* Luciana Gimenez
* Marcos Mion
* Marcos Uchôa
* Marília Gabriela
* Pedro Bial
* Raul Gil
* Renata Vasconcelos
* Renato Machado
* Sérgio Chapelin
* Silvio Santos
* William Bonner

ports

Writers and poets

* Álvares de Azevedo (1831–1852), poet and writer
* Alfredo D'Escragnolle Taunay (1843–1871), writer and historian
* Alfredo Dias Gomes (1922–1999), playwriter
* Augusto dos Anjos (1884–1914), poet
* Antônio Gonçalves Dias (1823–1864), poet
* Carlos Drummond de Andrade (1902–1987), poet and writer
* Cecília Meireles (1901–1964), poet
* Clarice Lispector (1925–1977), writer
* Eduardo de Paula Barreto (born 1963), poet
* Érico Verissimo (1905–1975), writer
* Fernando Sabino (1923–2004), writer
* Ferreira Gullar, writer and poet
* Haroldo de Campos (1929–2003), poet
* Holdemar Menezes (1921–1996) writer
* João Cabral de Melo Neto (1920–1999), poet
* João Guimarães Rosa (1908–1967), writer
* João Pedro Jorge, writer and poet
* Jorge Amado (1912–2001), writer
* José de Alencar (1829–1877), writer
* Julio Ribeiro, writer
* Luis Fernando Veríssimo (born 1936), writer
* Lya Luft (born 1938), writer and poet
* Machado de Assis (1839–1908), writer
* Manuel Bandeira (1886–1968), poet
* Maria Clara Machado (1921–2001), playwriter
* Mário de Andrade (1893–1945), writer
* Márcio Souza (born 1946), writer
* Menotti del Picchia, critic and writer
* Monteiro Lobato (1882–1948), writer and publisher
* Nelson Rodrigues (1912–1980), journalist and writer
* Regina Herkenhoff, teacher and writer
* Oduvaldo Vianna Filho (1936–1974), playwriter
* Olavo Bilac (1865–1918), poet
* Otto Maria Carpeaux (1900–1978), critic
* Otto Lara Rezende, writer, critic and journalist
* Oscar Araripe, Poet and painter
* Oswald de Andrade (1890–1954), writer and critic
* Paulo Coelho (born 1947), writer
* Patrícia Galvão ("Pagu"), wife of Oswald de Andrade
* Plínio Marcos (1935–1999), playwriter
* Raquel de Queiroz, writer
* Vinícius de Morais (1913–1980), poet
* Luiz Duarte (born 1956), writer, playwriter, and screenplaywriter

cience and technology

* Adib Jatene, heart surgeon
* Adolfo Lutz, physician and pioneer of public health
* Alberto Santos-Dumont, aviator and inventor.
* Aldo Misi, engineer and entrepreneur.
* Antônio Rebouças Filho, pioneer engineer and urbanist
* André Rebouças (1838–1898), pioneer engineer, brother of Antônio Rebouças Filho.
* Aristides Leão, physician and physiologist, discovered Leão's depression, a phenomenon of the nervous tissue
* Aurélio Buarque de Hollanda, historiographer and linguist
* Carlos Chagas, physician and biomedical scientist, discovered Chagas Disease.
* Carlos Chagas Filho, physician and physiologist, former president of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences. Son of Carlos Chagas.
* Celso Furtado, noted economist and ideologue of economy of developing nations
* César Lattes, experimental physicist, co-discoverer of pi meson, a kind of atomic particle
* Eduardo Krieger, physician and physiologist, current president of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences
* Ely Caetano Xavier Junior, young researcher, won the national Cientistas de Amanhã prize, sponsored by the UNESCO, in 2006 for his study on children's health.
* Ennio Candotti, physicist and scientific leader
* Euryclides Zerbini, heart surgeon, pioneer of first heart transplant in Brazil
* Evandro Chagas, physician and biomedical scientist specialized in tropical medicine. Son of Carlos Chagas.
* Florestan Fernandes (1920–1995), father of Brazilian sociology
* Gilberto Freyre (1900–1987), historiographer and sociologist
* Getúlio Vargas Barbosa,geographer, geomorphologist, Professor of the Instituto de Geociências of the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais ('IGC- UFMG') and one of the main scientists of Projeto RADAM ('Amazonas Radar Project').
* Henrique da Rocha Lima,
* Hércules Florence, pioneer of photography
* Horacio Carlos Panepucci, (1937-2004) physicist, born in Argentina, later moved to Brazil where he took Brazilian citizenship and eventually built a full body MRI device nowadays in use at the local hospital of his town.
* Isaias Raw, physician, biochemist and scientific leader
* Ivan Izquierdo, physician and neuroscientist, discovered neural mechanisms of memory
* Jacob Palis, mathematician of international fame
* Jorge Stolfi, computer scientist, nowadays professor at UNICAMP
* Johanna Döbereiner (1924–2000), biologist of international fame, discoverer of the nitrogen fixation role of soil bacteria
* José Aristodemo Pinotti, physician and gynecologist, former president of the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics
* José Goldemberg, physicist, former Minister of Science & Technology and Dean of the University of São Paulo
* José Leite Lopes, theoretical physicist
* José Lutzenberger (1926–2002), ecologist and zoologist
* José Reis, biologist, greatest Brazilian science writer
* Luiz Hildebrando Pereira da Silva, physician, infectologist and immunologist
* Manuel de Abreu, physician, inventor of abreugraphy (mass radiography of the lungs for screening tuberculosis)
* Marcelo Gleiser, physicist, writer and professor of physics and astronomy at the Dartmouth College since 1991
* Marcos Pontes, first Brazilian astronaut, Expedition 13
* Mário Schenberg, one of the most noted theoretical physicists in the world
* Maurício Rocha e Silva, physician and pharmacologist, discovered bradykinin, an active cardiovascular peptide
* Mayana Zatz, biologist and geneticist
* Miguel Nicolelis, neuroscientist, one of Scientific American's best scientists of 2004
* Mílton de Arruda Martins, physician, pulmonary scientist and medical educator
* Milton Santos (1926–2001), geographer
* Newton da Costa (born 1929), mathematician and logician, recognised for his works in paraconsistent logic
* Nise da Silveira (1905–1999), psychiatrist and mental health reformer
* Oswaldo Cruz, physician and public health champion, eliminated yellow fever, bubonic plague and smallpox in Rio de Janeiro at the turn of the 20th century
* Paulo Emilio Vanzolini, zoologist and as hobbist, a composer of Brazilian popular music.
* Paulo Hilário Nascimento Saldiva, pathologist and pioneer in study health impact from environmental pollutants
* Paulo Roberto D'Amore, CPA, Accountant, 1st Brazilian to envision the growth of software usage by small business in Brazil. Owner of United Software Ltd [São Paulo] , est. in 1978.
* Paulo Nogueira Neto, ecologist, zoologist and scientific leader
* Roberto Landell de Moura, pioneer of telephony
* Roberto Evaristo, Knowledge Management specialist
* Rogério César de Cerqueira Leite, physicist and scientific leader and writer
* Santiago Americano Freire (1908–1997), physician and professor of pharmacology, psychiatrist,writer, painter.
* Sérgio Henrique Ferreira, physician and pharmacologist, discovered the active principle of a new drug against hypertension
* Sonia Ambrosio de Nelson, journalist and sociologist.
* Vital Brazil, physician and scientist, discoverer of the antivenom for snakes and other venomous animals
* Warwick Estevam Kerr, geneticist, researcher on the biology and genetics of bees
* Wilson Teixeira Beraldo, co-discoverer of bradykinin

Foreign scientists and engineers who lived in Brazil

* Alfonso Bovero, Italian anatomist and teacher at São Paulo Surgery and Medicine School (now University of São Paulo Medical School)
* Carl August Wilhelm Schwacke, German botanist
* Charles Frederick Hartt, Canadian-American geologist and paleontologist
* Claude Lévi-Strauss, French anthropologist
* Émil Goeldi, Swiss naturalist
* Emmanuel Liais, French astronomer and naturalist
* Erasmo Recami, Italian physicist
* Friedrich Sellow, German botanist
* Fritz Müller, German naturalist
* Fritz Köberle, Austrian physician and pathologist
* Giorgio Mortara, Italian Demographer and Statistician
* Grigori Ivanovitch Langsdorff, German/Russian naturalist
* Giuseppe Occhialini, Italian physicist
* Gleb Wataghin, Ukrainian/Italian physicist
* Helmut Sick, German zoologist
* Hermann von Ihering, German naturalist
* Louis Couty, French physiologist and pharmacologist
* Lucien Lison, Belgian anatomist
* Ludwig Riedel, German botanist
* Miguel Rolando Covian, Argentinian physiologist
* Orville Adalbert Derby, American geologist
* Peter Wilhelm Lund, Danish zoologist and paleontologist
* Richard Feynman, American physicist
* David Bohm, American physicist
* Dr Peter Szatmari, Hungarian geologist

ee also

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