List of environmental agreements

List of international environmental agreements. Most of the following agreements are legally binding.

Agreements are listed in both alphabetical order and in order of topic.

These lists need tidying up and making congruent with one-another.

Alphabetical order

*Aarhus Convention Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters, Aarhus, 1998
*Alpine Convention together with its nine protocols
*ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution
*Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR), Canberra, 1980.
**Agreed Measures for the Conservation of Antarctic Fauna and Flora [http://www.ats.aq/documents/recatt%5Catt080_e.pdf Antarctic Fauna and Flora] ]
**Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Seals [http://www.oceanlaw.net/texts/seals.htm Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Seals ] ]
**Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources [http://www.oceanlaw.net/texts/ccamlr.htm Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources ] ]
**Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty
*Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty (ABM Treaty) (ABMT)
*Asia-Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate
*Barcelona Convention Convention for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment and Coastal Region of the Mediterranean Sea
*Basel Convention Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal, Basel, 1989.
*Biological Weapons Convention (Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological [Biological] and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction) (BWC)
*Bonn Agreement (environment)
*Carpathian Convention Framework Convention on the Protection and Sustainable Development of the Carpathians [http://www.carpathianconvention.org]
*Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety
*Chemical Weapons Convention
*China Australia Migratory Bird Agreement
*CITES Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna
*Climate Change Agreement
*Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT)
*Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Seals
*Convention for Co-operation in the Protection and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the West and Central African Region, Abidjan, 1981.
*Convention for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment and Coastal Region of the Mediterranean Sea Barcelona Convention, Barcelona, 1976.
*Convention for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment of the Wider Caribbean Region, Cartagena de Indias, 1983.
*Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and Coastal Area of the South-east Pacific, Lima, 1981.
*Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-east Atlantic OSPAR Convention, Paris, 1992.
*Convention for the Protection of the Natural Resources and Environment of the South Pacific Region, Nouméa, 1986.
*Convention of the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Eastern African Region, Nairobi, 1985.
*Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters Aarhus Convention, Aarhus, 1998
*Convention on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency (Assistance Convention), Vienna, 1986.
*Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), Nairobi, 1992.
*Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons
*Convention on Civil Liability for Damage Caused during Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road, Rail, and Inland Navigation Vessels (CRTD), Geneva, 1989.
*Convention on Cluster Munitions
*Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident (Notification Convention), Vienna, 1986.
*Convention on Fishing and Conservation of Living Resources of the High Seas
*Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution
*Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-east Atlantic OSPAR Convention, Paris, 1992.
*Convention on Nuclear Safety, Vienna, 1994.
*Vienna Convention on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage, Vienna, 1963.
*Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats
*Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals, (CMS), Bonn, 1979.
*Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna, (CITES), Washington DC, 1973.
*Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping Wastes and Other Matter
*Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques
*Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes (ECE Watr Convention), Helsinki, 1992.
*Convention on the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents, Helsinki, 1992.
*Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially As Waterfowl Habitat
*Convention to Combat Desertification (CCD), Paris, 1994.
*Convention on the Protection of the Black Sea against Pollution, Bucharest, 1992.
*Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area 1992 Helsinki Convention, Helsinki, 1992.
*Conventions within the UNEP Regional Seas Programme
*Convention on the ban of the Import into Africa and the Control of Transboundary Movements and Management of Hazardous Wastes within Africa, Bamako, 1991.
**EMEP Protocol
**Nitrogen Oxide Protocol
**Volatile Organic Compounds Protocol
**Sulphur Emissions Reduction Protocols 1985 and 1994
**Heavy Metals Protocol
**POP Air Pollution Protocol
**Multi-effect Protocol (Gothenburg protocol) [ [http://www.unece.org/env/lrtap/multi_h1.htm Protocol to Abate Acidification, Eutrophication and Ground-level Ozone] ]
*Directive on the legal protection of biotechnological inventions
*Energy Community (Energy Community South East Europe Treaty) (ECSEE)
*Espoo Convention Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context, Espoo, 1991.
*European Agreement Concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Inland Waterways (AND), Geneva, 2000.
*European Agreement Concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR), Geneva, 1957.
*FAO International Code of Conduct on the distribution and use of Pesticides, Rome, 1985.
*FAO International Undertaking on Plant Genetic Resources, Rome, 1983.
*Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), New York, 1992.
*Geneva Protocol (Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare)
*International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships
*International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT), Rio de Janeiro, 1966.
*International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling (ICRW), Washington, 1946.
*International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
*International Tropical Timber Agreement, 1983 (expired)
*International Tropical Timber Agreement, (ITTA), Geneva, 1994.
*Kuwait Regional Convention for Co-operation on the Protection of the Marine Environment from Pollution, Kuwait, 1978.
*Regional Convention for the Conservation of the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden Environment, Jeddah, 1982.
*Kyoto Protocol - greenhouse gas emission reductions
*Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918
*Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer, Montreal, 1989.
*North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation
*Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty
*Putrajaya Declaration of Regional Cooperation for the Sustainable Development of the Seas of East Asia, Malaysia, 2003.
*Ramsar Convention Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, especially as Waterfowl Habitat, Ramsar, 1971.
*Rotterdam Convention Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade, Rotterdam, 1998.
*Stockholm Convention Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants Stockholm, 2001.
*Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space, and Under Water
*Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty 1996
*United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea
*United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification
*United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
*Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, Vienna, 1985, including the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, Montreal 1987.
*Vienna Convention on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage, Vienna, 1963.
*Waigani Convention Convention to Ban the Importation into Forum Island Countries of Hazardous and Radioactive Wastes and to Control the Transboundary Movement and Management of Hazardous Wastes within the South Pacific Region, Waigani, 1995.
*Western Regional Climate Action Initiative

Topic order

General

*Aarhus Convention Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters, Aarhus, 1998
*Espoo Convention Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context, Espoo, 1991

Atmosphere

*Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP), Geneva, 1979.
* Annex 16, vol. 2 to the 1944 Chicago Convention on Civil Aviation, Montreal, 1981.
*Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), New York, 1992.
*Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer, Montreal, 1989.
*Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, Vienna, 1985, including the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, Montreal 1987.

Freshwater Resources

*Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Waterciourses and International Lakes ECE Water Convention, Helsinki, 1992.

Hazardous substances

*Basel Convention Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal, Basel, 1989.
*Convention on Civil Liability for Damage Caused during Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road, Rail, and Inland Navigation Vessels (CRTD), Geneva, 1989.
*Convention on the ban of the Import into Africa and the Control of Transboundary Movements and Management of Hazardous Wastes within Africa, Bamako, 1991.
*Convention on the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents, Helsinki, 1992.
*Rotterdam Convention Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade, Rotterdam, 1998.
*European Agreement Concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Inland Waterways (AND), Geneva, 2000.
*European Agreement Concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR), Geneva, 1957.
*FAO International Code of Conduct on the distribution and use of Pesticides, Rome, 1985.
*Stockholm Convention Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants Stockholm, 2001.
*Waigani Convention Convention to Ban the Importation into Forum Island Countries of Hazardous and Radioactive Wastes and to Control the Transboundary Movement and Management of Hazardous Wastes within the South Pacific Region, Waigani, 1995.

Marine environment – Global Conventions

*Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter (London Convention), London, 1972.
* [International Conventiion for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL 73/78), London 1973 and 1978.
*International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage 1969 (1969 CLC), Brussels, 1969, 1976 and 1984.
*International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage 1971 1971 Fund Convention, Brussels, 1971.
*International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea (HNS), ondon, 1996.
*International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation (OPRC), London, 1990.
*International Convention Relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution Casualties Intervention Convention, Brussels, 1969.
*United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea LOS Convention, Montego Bay, 1982.

Marine environment – Regional Conventions

*Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-east Atlantic OSPAR Convention, Paris, 1992.
*Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area 1992 Helsinki Convention, Helsinki, 1992.
*Conventions within the UNEP Regional Seas Programme
*Convention on the Protection of the Black Sea against Pollution, Bucharest, 1992.
*Convention for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment of the Wider Caribbean Region, Cartagena de Indias, 1983.
*Convention of the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Eastern African Region, Nairobi, 1985.
*Convention for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment and Coastal Region of the Mediterranean Sea Barcelona Convention, Barcelona, 1976.
*Convention for ther Protection of the Natural Resourcesd and Environment of the South Pacific Region, Nouméa, 1986.
*Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and Coastal Area of th South-east Pacific, Lima, 1981.
*Convention for Co-operation in the Protection and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the West and Central African Region, Abidjan, 1981.
*Kuwait Regional Convention for Co-operation on the Protection of the Marine Environment from Pollution, Kuwait, 1978.
*Regional Convention for the Conservation of the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden Environment, Jeddah, 1982.

Marine Living Resources

*Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR), Canberra, 1980.
**Agreed Measures for the Conservation of Antarctic Fauna and Flora
**Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Seals
**Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources
**Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty
*International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT), Rio de Janeiro, 1966.
*International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling (ICRW), Washington, 1946.

Nature Conservation and Terrestrial Living Resources

*Antarctic Treaty, Washington DC, 1959.
* World Heritage Convention Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, Paris, 1972.
*Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), Nairobi, 1992.
*Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS), Bonn, 1979.
*Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna, (CITES), Washington DC, 1973.
*Ramsar Convention Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, especially as Waterfowl Habitat, Ramsar, 1971.
*Convention to Combat Desertification (CCD), Paris, 1994.
*FAO International Undertaking on Plant Genetic Resources, Rome, 1983.
*International Tropical Timber Agreement, (ITTA), Geneva, 1994.

Nuclear Safety

*Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty 1996
*Convention on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency (Assistance Convention), Vienna, 1986.
*Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident (Notification Convention), Vienna, 1986.
*Convention on Nuclear Safety, Vienna, 1994.
*Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space, and Under Water
*Vienna Convention on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage, Vienna, 1963.

References

See also

* CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora)
* Conservation movement
* Environmental movement
* Environmental organizations
* Environmentalism
* Forest management
* Forestry
* International environmental law
* Kyoto Protocol
* List of climate change initiatives
* List of environmental lawsuits
* List of treaties
* Sustainable forest management
* Sustainable forestry
* Wildlife conservation
* Wildlife Enforcement Monitoring System
* Wildlife management

External links

* [http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/envir_e/envir_neg_mea_e.htm Relationship between MEAs and the World Trade Organization]


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