Helsingør

:"Elsinore redirects here. For other places and things named Elsinore, see Elsinore (disambiguation)."Geobox City
name =
category = City



image_size = 250px
image_caption = Kronborg Castle


flag_size =
symbol = Helsingørs våben 1584.png symbol_size = 110px
country = Denmark
region = Sjælland
district_type = Municipality
district = Helsingør municipality

lat_d = 56 | lat_m = 02 | lat_s = 0 | lat_NS = N
long_d= 12 | long_m= 37 | long_s= 0 | long_EW = E
population_as_of = 2006-01-01
population = 35,100
timezone = CET | utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST = CEST | utc_offset_DST = +2
postal_code = 3000


map_caption = Helsingør (right center) in Denmark

Helsingør (pronounced|hɛlseˈŋøɐ̯ˀ in Danish; in English also known by the name Elsinore) is a city in Helsingør municipality on the northeast coast of the island of Zealand ("Sjælland") in eastern Denmark. It is known internationally as the setting of William Shakespeare's "Hamlet", whence the spelling 'Elsinore' originated.

The name is derived from *"Hals" meaning "neck" and thus here also "narrow strait", i.e. the narrow strait (Øresund) between what is now Helsingør and Helsingborg. The "Rerum Danicarum Historica" (1631) claims that the history of Helsingør can be traced back to 70 BC, but this information is highly dubious. The people were mentioned, as "Helsinger" (which may mean "the people of the strait"), for the first time in King Valdemar the Victorious's "Liber Census Daniæ" from 1231 (but they should not be confused with the Helsings of Hälsingland in Sweden). These two placenames show that the Helsinger may have had their main fort at Helsingborg and a fortified landing place at Helsingør, to control the ferry route across the strait.

Before the Middle Ages Helsingør was just a marketplace where people sold goods. About 1200 AD the first church, Sct Olai Church, was built. A number of convents once surrounded the church, but now all that remains is the church building, today the cathedral of the Diocese of Helsingør.

Helsingør as we know it today was founded in the 1420s by the Danish king Eric of Pomerania. He established the Sound Dues in 1429 and built the castle 'Krogen', which was made bigger in the 1580s and named Kronborg. The oldest parts of the cathedral of Helsingør date back to the 1200s and tell us that the fishermen's village, as Helsingør was then, was a town of a certain importance. At least, there have always been some form of ferryboats crossing between Helsingør and Helsingborg.

Kronborg Castle is a main tourist attraction. "Hamlet" has been performed a number of times in its courtyard.

The Swedish city of Helsingborg lies a short distance across the Øresund from Elsinore. European route E55 traverses the two cities; ferries connect the two ends.

Immigrants

Helsingør has a large number of foreign-born inhabitants. The largest immigrant groups are Turks, Arabs, and Roma. Helsingør has the largest concentration of Roma in Denmark; most of them living in housing projects such as Vapnagård and "Nøjsomhed", 3 km West from the city center.

Districts

Centrum
* North: Grønnehave (Green Gardens), Højstrup and Marienlyst
* West: Sundparken, Grøningen, Nøjsomheden and Vapnagård
* South: Skotterup and Snekkersten.

In fiction

* William Shakespeare's play "Hamlet" takes place at Kronborg Castle in Helsingør, which Shakespeare spelled "Elsinore".
* In the 1983 comedy "Strange Brew", which is loosely based on "Hamlet", the protagonists are given jobs at Elsinore Brewery.
* In Patrick O'Brian's Aubrey–Maturin series, Helsingør fires mortar shells at the heroes in book seven, The Surgeon's Mate, as they sail past on their way to a rendezvous in the Baltic.
*In Philip Roth's second Chapter of his novel "Our Gang" ('71), Trick E. Dixon in a fictive speech tries to claim Helsingør as US-territory and tries to convince the audience to occupy the area
* In Bret Easton Ellis's novel "Lunar Park" the street on which the character Bret Easton Ellis lives with his own father-son haunting issues is named Elsinore Lane.
* Several stories written by the Danish author Karen Blixen (or Isak Dinesen) take place in "Elsinore," including "The Supper at Elsinore" in her first published volume of stories, "Seven Gothic Tales".

ee also

* Helsingør municipality
* Ålsgårde
* Tourism in Denmark

External links

* [http://www.visithelsingor.dk Helsingør Tourist Bureau website]
* [http://www.helsingoerhavn.dk/uk/home.html Port of Helsingør]
* [http://www.helsingor.dk/ Helsingør municipality's official website (in Danish only)]
* [http://www.helsingorleksikon.dk/ Helsingør Leksikon: Local history wiki (in Danish only)]
* [http://drokov.narod.ru/photos/helsinghor200505/index.htm Photos]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Helsingør —   [hɛlseȖ øːr], Stadt im Nordosten von Seeland, Dänemark, an der engsten Stelle des Sunds, 56 900 Einwohner; Sitz eines lutherischen Bischofs; internationale Hochschule, technisches Museum, Handels und Seefahrtsmuseum; Werft, Maschinenbau, Textil …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Helsingør — er en bykommune i Frederiksborg amt. Byen har cirka 45.000 indbyggere, kommunen 60.000. Byen er placeret på Sjælland ved den smalleste del af Øresund. Havnen har bilfærge til Helsingborg i Skåne. Helsingør udgør sammen med København den danske… …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Helsingör — Helsingör, Stadt auf einer Landzunge, an der schmalsten Stelle des Sundes, im Amte Frederiksborg des dänischen Stiftes Seeland, Helsingborg gegenüber; offen, doch geschützt durch die Festung Kronborg (dabei das schönliegende Lustschloß Marienlyst …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Helsingör — Helsingör, See und Handelsstadt auf der dän. Insel Seeland, Amt Frederiksborg, Endpunkt der zwei Staatsbahnlinien Kopenhagen H., an der schmälsten Stelle des Sundes, früher als Zollstelle wichtig, seit Aufhebung des Sundzolles aber weniger belebt …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Helsingör — Helsingör, See und Handelsstadt im dän. Amte Frederiksborg, auf der Insel Seeland, am Sund, dem schwed. Helsingborg gegenüber, (1901) 13.902 E. Dabei Festung Kronborg und Lustschloß Marienlyst …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Helsingör — Helsingör, Elfenör, dän. Stadt am Sund, Helsingborg gegenüber, mit 8400 E., geräumigem Hafen, Seebad, lebhaftem Handel; hier wird der Sundzoll errichtet. Auf einer Landzunge liegt die Festung Kronborg …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • HelsingØr — V. Elseneur …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Helsingør — [hel΄siŋ ör′] seaport in Denmark, on the Öresund, opposite Hälsingborg, Sweden: pop. 57,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Helsingør — Vorlage:Infobox Ort in Dänemark/Wartung/Fläche fehltVorlage:Infobox Ort in Dänemark/Wartung/Höhe fehlt  Helsingør …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Helsingör — Karte der Region um 1888 Schloss Kronborg in Helsingør …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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