Acropolis

Acropolis (Gr. "akros, akron," [acro-. (n.d.). The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. Retrieved September 29, 2008, [http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/acro- from Dictionary.com website:] Quote: " [From Greek akros, extreme; see ak- in Indo-European roots.] "] edge, extremity + "polis," city, pl. acropoleis) literally means "city on the edge (or extremity)". For purposes of defense, early settlers naturally chose elevated ground, frequently a hill with precipitous sides. In many parts of the world, these early citadels became the nuclei of large cities, which grew up on the surrounding lower ground, such as modern Rome.

The word "Acropolis", although Greek in origin and associated primarily with the Greek cities Athens, Argos, Thebes, and Corinth (with its Acrocorinth), may be applied generically to all such citadels, including Rome, Jerusalem, Celtic Bratislava, many in Asia Minor, or even Castle Rock in Edinburgh.

The most famous example is the Acropolis of Athens, [ [http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/404 World Heritage: Acropolis, Athens ] ] which, by reason of its historical associations and the several famous buildings erected upon it (most notably the Parthenon), is known without qualification as "the Acropolis". Although originating in the mainland of Greece, use of the acropolis model quickly spread to Greek colonies such as the Dorian Lato on Crete during the Archaic Period.

Because of its classical Greco-Roman style, the ruins of Mission San Juan Capistrano's Great Stone Church in California, United States has been called the "American Acropolis".

Other parts of the world developed other names for the high citadel or alcázar, which often reinforced a naturally strong site. In Central Italy, many small rural communes still cluster at the base of a fortified habitation known as "La Rocca" of the commune.

The term "acropolis" is also used to describe the central complex of overlapping structures, such as plazas and pyramids, in many Mayan cities, including Tikal and Copán.

References

External links

* [http://odysseus.culture.gr/h/3/eh351.jsp?obj_id=2384 The Acropolis of Athens] (Greek Government website)
* [http://ysma.culture.gr/ The Acropolis Restoration Project] (Greek Government website)
* [http://odysseus.culture.gr/a/1/12/ea120.html The Restitution of the Parthenon Marbles]
* [http://www.marblesreunited.com/ Marbles Reunited - The British Campaign to Return the Parthenon Marbles to Athens]
* [http://www.acropolisofathens.gr/ Acropolis of Athens — AcropolisofAthens.gr — one monument, one heritage]
* [http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/404 UNESCO World Heritage Centre — Acropolis, Athens]
* [http://www.acropolisfriends.gr/index.php?lang=en Acropolis Friends]


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  • acrópolis — (plural acrópolis) sustantivo femenino 1. Lugar más alto y fortificado en la ciudades griegas: la acrópolis de Atenas …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Acropolis — A*crop o*lis, n. [Gr. akro polis; a kros extreme + po lis city.] The upper part, or the citadel, of a Grecian city; especially, the citadel of Athens. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • acropolis — (n.) 1660s, from Gk. akropolis citadel (especially that of Athens), from akros highest, upper (see ACRID (Cf. acrid)) + polis city (see POLICY (Cf. policy) (1)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • acrópolis — (Del gr. ἀκρόπολις). 1. f. Sitio más alto y fortificado de las ciudades griegas. 2. Parte más alta de una ciudad …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • acropolis — ► NOUN ▪ a citadel or fortified part of an ancient Greek city, built on high ground. ORIGIN Greek, from akron summit + polis city …   English terms dictionary

  • Acropolis — [ə kräp′ə lis] the fortified upper part of Athens, on which the Parthenon was built …   English World dictionary

  • acropolis — [ə kräp′ə lis] n. [Gr akropolis < akros (see ACRO ) + polis, city] the fortified upper part of an ancient Greek city …   English World dictionary

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