Dimona
Dimona
Hebrew transcription(s)
 – Hebrew דִּימוֹנָה
 – ISO 259 Dimona
Arabic transcription(s)
 – Arabic ديمونة

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Dimona is located in Israel
Dimona
Coordinates: 31°4′N 35°2′E / 31.067°N 35.033°E / 31.067; 35.033Coordinates: 31°4′N 35°2′E / 31.067°N 35.033°E / 31.067; 35.033
District South
Founded 1955
Government
 – Type City
 – Mayor Meir Cohen
Area
 – Total 29,877 dunams (29.9 km2 / 11.5 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 – Total 33,600

Dimona (Hebrew: דִּימוֹנָה‎‎) is an Israeli city in the Negev desert, 36 kilometres (22 mi) to the south of Beersheba and 35 kilometres (22 mi) west of the Dead Sea above the Arava valley in the Southern District of Israel. Its population at the end of 2007 was 33,600.[1]

Contents

Etymology

The city's name is derived from a biblical town, mentioned in Joshua 15:21-22.

History

View across Dimona
Dimona Railway Station

Dimona was one of the development towns that created in the 1950s under the leadership of Israel's first Prime Minister, David Ben-Gurion. Dimona itself was conceived in 1953, and settled in 1955, mostly by new immigrants from Northern Africa, who also constructed the city's houses. The emblem of Dimona (as a local council), adopted 2 March 1961, appeared on a stamp issued on 24 March 1965.

When the Israeli nuclear program started later that decade, a location not far from the city was chosen for the Negev Nuclear Research Center due to its relative isolation in the desert and availability of housing.

In spite of a gradual decrease during the 1980s, the city's population began to grow once again with the beginning of the Russian immigration in the 1990s. Currently, Dimona is the third largest city in the Negev, with the population of 33,900.[citation needed]

On 4 February 2008 an Israeli woman was killed and 38 others injured in the town by a Palestinian suicide bomber (see Dimona bombing).

Population

Dimona is home to Israel's Black Hebrew community, governed by its founder and spiritual leader, Ben Ammi Ben-Israel.[2] The Black Hebrews number about 3000 in Dimona, with additional families in Arad, Mitzpe Ramon and the Tiberias area. Their official status in Israel was an ongoing issue for many years, but in May 1990, the issue was resolved with the issuing of first B/1 visas, and a year later, issuing of temporary residency. Status was extended to August 2003, when the Israeli Ministry of Interior granted permanent residency.

Economy

In the early 1980s, textile plants, such as Dimona Textiles Ltd., dominated the industrial landscape. Many plants have since closed. Dimona Silica Industries Ltd. manufactures precipitated silica and calcium carbonate fillers. About a third of the city's population works in industrial workplaces (chemical plants near the Dead Sea like the Dead Sea Works, high-tech companies and textile shops), and another third in the area of services. Due to the introduction of new technologies, many workers have been made redundant in the recent years, creating a total unemployment rate of about 10%. Dimona has taken part of Israel's solar transformation. The Rotem Industrial Complex outside of the city has dozens of solar mirrors that focus the sun's rays on a tower that in turn heats a water boiler to create steam, turning a turbine to create electricity. Luz II, Ltd. plans to use the solar array to test new technology for the three new solar plants to be built in California for Pacific Gas and Electric Company.[3][4][5]

Transportation

In the early 1950s, an extension to Dimona and south was constructed from the Railway to Beersheba, designed for freight traffic. A passenger service began in 2005, after pressure from Dimona's municipality. Dimona Railway Station is located in the southwestern part of the city. The main bus terminal is the Dimona Central Bus Station, with lines to Beersheba, Tel Aviv, Eilat, and nearby towns.

View of Dimona

Notable residents

  • Lucy Aharish, news presenter, reporter, and television host
  • Jacques Amir (1933–2011), Knesset member
  • Yossi Benayoun (born 1980), footballer [6]
  • Kfir Edri (born 1976), footballer

Twin towns

Dimona is twinned with:

Sources

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dimona — Basisdaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dimona — (he) דימונה Données générales Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dimona — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Dimona דִּימוֹנָה Hebreo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Dimona — Dimonạ,   planmäßig angelegte Stadt (gegründet 1955) im nördlichen Negev, Israel, 27 700 Einwohner; Textilfachschule und Textilfabriken, Metallverarbeitung, Strumpffabrik; Kernforschungsinstitut mit Kernkraftwerk (14 MW). In der Nähe (Oron)… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • DIMONA — civitas in tribu Iudae. Ios. c. 15. v. 22 …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Dimona — ▪ Israel       town of the Negev, southern Israel, on the main highway from Beersheba (Beʾer Shevaʿ) to Sedom (Sodom). It is named for the biblical city of Dimonah, mentioned (Joshua 15:21–22) as “belonging to…Judah in the extreme South.”… …   Universalium

  • Dimona — Original name in latin Dimona Name in other language Dimona, Domona, dymwnh, Димона State code IL Continent/City Asia/Jerusalem longitude 31.07127 latitude 35.0337 altitude 555 Population 33558 Date 2012 12 05 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Dimona —    A development town in the central Negev with a population of 34,000 in 2005. Founded in 1955, its name is derived from the book of Joshua in the Bible. It has become a center for textile and other manufacturing activities. Israel, with French… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Dimona — n. city located in the Negev region of Israel …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Dimona Railway Station — (Hebrew: תחנת הרכבת דימונה‎, Takhanat HaRakevet Dimona) is a train station in Dimona, Israel opened in 2005. It is a 35km line between Dimona and Beersheba. It is a separate operating line within Israel Railways. The actual track carries on… …   Wikipedia

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