Ilex vomitoria

Ilex vomitoria

name = "Ilex vomitoria"

image_width = 240px
image_caption = Foliage and fruit
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
ordo = Aquifoliales
familia = Aquifoliaceae
genus = "Ilex"
species = "I. vomitoria"
binomial = "Ilex vomitoria"
binomial_authority = Aiton

"Ilex vomitoria" (Yaupon Holly, Yaupon, or Cassina; the latter shared with "Ilex cassine"), is a species of holly native to southeastern North America, occurring in United States from Maryland south to Florida and west to Oklahoma(only in the extreme southeast)Oklahoma Biological Survey: [ "Ilex vomitoria"] ] and Texas, and in Mexico in Chiapas.Germplasm Resources Information Network: [ "Ilex vomitoria"] ]

It is an evergreen shrub or small tree reaching 5-9 m tall, with smooth, light gray bark and slender, hairy shoots. The leaves are alternate, ovate to elliptical with a rounded apex and crenate or coarsely serrated margin, 1-4.5 cm long and 1-2 cm broad, glossy dark green above, slightly paler below. The flowers are 5–5.5 mm diameter, with a white four-lobed corolla. The fruit is a small round or red (occasionally yellow) drupe 4-6 mm diameter containing four seeds, which are dispersed by birds eating the fruit. The species may be distinguished from the similar "Ilex cassine" by its smaller leaves with a rounded, not acute apex.USDA Plant Guide: [ yaupon "Ilex vomitoria" (doc file)] ] Florida Department of Environmental Protection: [ Florida's Hollies] ] Martin, C. O., & Mott, S. P. (1997). Yaupon (Ilex vomitoria): Section 7.5.10,U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Wildlife Resources Management Manual. "Technical Report" EL-97-16, U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, MS. Available [ online (pdf file)] ] Bio "Ilex vomitoria"] ]


It generally occurs in coastal areas in well-drained sandy soils, and can be found on the upper edges of brackish and salt marshes, sandy hammocks, coastal sand dunes, inner-dune depressions, sandhills, maritime forests, nontidal forested wetlands, well-drained forests and pine flatwoods.

The fruit are an important food for many birds, including Florida Duck, American Black Duck, Mourning Dove, Ruffed Grouse, Bobwhite Quail, Wild Turkey, Northern Flicker, sapsuckers, Cedar waxwing, Eastern Bluebird, American Robin, Gray Catbird, Northern Mockingbird, and White-throated Sparrow. Mammals that eat the fruit include Nine-banded Armadillo, American Black Bear, Gray Fox, raccoon and skunks. The foliage and twigs are browsed by White-tailed Deer.

Cultivation and uses

Native Americans used the leaves and stems to brew a tea called asi or black drink for male-only purification and unity rituals. The ceremony included vomiting, and Europeans incorrectly believed that it was the drink itself that caused it (hence the Latin name). The active ingredient is actually caffeine, and the vomiting was either learned or as a result of the great quantities in which they drank the beverage.Hudson, C. M. (1976). "The Southeastern Indians". University of Tennessee Press ISBN 0-87049-248-9.]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ilex vomitoria — Ilex vomi …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ilex vomitoria — nuodingasis bugienis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Bugieninių šeimos dekoratyvinis, vaistinis nuodingas augalas (Ilex vomitoria), paplitęs Šiaurės Amerikoje. atitikmenys: lot. Ilex vomitoria angl. yaupon šaltinis Valstybinės lietuvių… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Ilex vomitoria — ID 42339 Symbol Key ILVO Common Name yaupon Family Aquifoliaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AL, AR, FL, GA, LA, MS, NC, OK, SC, TX, VA Growth Habit Tree, Shrub …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Ilex vomitoria Aiton — Symbol ILVO Common Name yaupon Botanical Family Aquifoliaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Ilex — Ilex …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ilex —   Ilex Ilex aquifolium …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ilex —  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Illex. Ilex …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ilex — Stechpalmen Europäische Stechpalme (Ilex aquifolium), Illustration. Systematik Abteilung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ilex cassine — Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae (unranked) …   Wikipedia

  • Ilex — (I. L.), 1) Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Ilicineae, 4. Kl 4. Ordn. L.; mit vier bis fünfzähnigem Kelche, radförmiger, vier bis fünftheiliger Blumenkrone, vier bis fünf fast sitzenden Narben, vier bis fünf Staubgefäßen u. einer vier bis… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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