John II Sigismund Zápolya

John II Sigismund Zápolya

John II Sigismund Zápolya (Hungarian: "Zápolya/Szapolyai János Zsigmond", Croatian: "Ivan Žigmund Zapolja") (18 July 1540, Buda, Hungary – 14 March 1571, Gyulafehérvár, Romania) was the son of John Zápolya and Isabella Jagiełło.

Succeeding his father as an infant, he reigned as king of Hungary from 1540 to 1570, though for much of this time the country was governed by his mother, Isabella, with the support of Suleiman the Magnificent. John passed the Edict of Torda, first broad decree of religious freedom in the modern history of Europe (1568), and supported the establishment of the Unitarian Church in Transylvania. After his abdication as king of Hungary (in favor of the Hapsburgs) he became the first Prince of Transylvania (1570-1571).


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