Atlit detainee camp


Atlit detainee camp

The Atlit detainee camp was a camp for Jewish illegal immigrants seeking refuge in Palestine during the period of the British Mandate for Palestine. Atlit is located on the Mediterranean coast of Israel, 20 km south of Haifa. The camp, which operated in the 1930s and 40s, was a detention center run like a concentration camp, surrounded by barbed wire and watchtowers. [ [http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Immigration/atlit.html Atlit “Illegal Immigration Camp” ] ] Many of the detainees were Jews who had escaped Nazi Europe. The British authorities, succumbing to Arab demands to limit Jewish immigration, refused to allow these Jews to enter the country.

In November 1940, the British authorities decided to send 5000 "illegals" to be detained in Mauritius. One of these deporting ships was the Patria. To stop the deportation, the Haganah, the Jewish underground militia in Palestine, exploded a bomb in the ship's hold on November 25. The size of the explosive charge had been seriously miscalculated, and the ship sank quickly. On board were 1800 refugees; 216 drowned in the disaster. The survivors from the "Patria" were detained in Atlit and not deported to Mauritius. They were released after a few months.

The "Darien II" arrived with 800 refugees in March 1941. They were detained at the Atlit camp until September 1942, when the camp was shut down.

The Atlit camp was reopened in 1945 following World War II, as more and more "illegals" arrived in Palestine. Most of them were Holocaust survivors from DP camps in Europe who made the journey through the Berihah and Ha'apala ("Aliya Beth") clandestine immigration network. On October 10, 1945, the Palmach (special forces unit of the Haganah) broke into the camp and released 200 detainees, who escaped. Yitzhak Rabin, then a young officer, planned this raid and Nachum Sarig commanded it.

Following this event, the British deported illegals to be interned in Cyprus internment camps. These camps operated from 1946 through the establishment of the State of Israel.

The Atlit Detainee Camp is today a museum dedicated to the pre-State illegal immigration.

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Atlit — For the Crusader fortress, see Chateau Pelerin. Atlit Atlit coastline Hebrew …   Wikipedia

  • Cyprus internment camps — were camps run by the British government for internment of Jews who had immigrated or attempted to immigrate to Mandatory Palestine in violation of British policy. The camps operated from August 1946 to January 1949 and in total held about 51,000 …   Wikipedia

  • Yehuda Amital — MKs Date of birth = Birth date and age|1924|10|31|df=y Year of Aliyah = 1944 Date of death = Knesset(s) = Party = Meimad Former parties = Gov t roles = Minister without Portfolio¹ ¹ Though not a Knesset Member Rabbi Yehuda Amital, ( he. יהודה… …   Wikipedia

  • Mordechai Shatner — (Hebrew: מרדכי שטנר‎, 1904 – 1964) was a Zionist activist and a signatory of the Israeli declaration of independence. Biography A member of kibbutz Ein Harod, Shatner worked in Europe between the First and Second World Wars rescuing Jews, a… …   Wikipedia

  • Dov Gruner — (Hebrew: דב גרונר‎) was a Jewish Zionist leader born in Kisvárda, Hungary on December 6, 1912. On April 19, 1947, he was executed by the British Mandatory authorities in Palestine on the charge of firing on policemen, and setting explosive… …   Wikipedia

  • Avshalom Haviv — (June 18 1926 July 29 1947), of the Olei Hagardom, was a member of the Irgun underground caught and executed by the British in the Acre Prison Break.Childhood and AdolescenceAvshalom Haviv was born on June 18 1926 (Tammuz 6 5486 according to the… …   Wikipedia

  • Raquela Prywes — (born Raquela Levy, in Jerusalem; died March, 1985)) was a nurse in Israel, trained in midwifery, and obstetrics, at the Hadassah Medical Center. A ninth generation Jerusalemite, Raquela is the chief protagonist in the eponymous book, written by… …   Wikipedia

  • Military Police Corps (Israel) — Military Police Corps Corps insignia Active 1944–present Country Israel …   Wikipedia

  • Israeli military prison — Like any military prison, the Israeli version is a prison for guarding soldiers who committed crimes during their service. It is estimated that 15,000 18,000 Israeli soldiers (not to be confused with Palestinian detainees) go through an Israeli… …   Wikipedia

  • Lebanese prisoners in Israel — have been a source of contention between Lebanon and Israel and were an issue in the 2006 Lebanon War. The number of such detainees is disputed. According to the Lebanese militant organization Hezbollah, there are currently twoRequest… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.